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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Safety Evaluation of Design for Piping Materials (II)
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 3~10
For most engineering materials are influenced by the dominant mechanism resisting crack extention under large scale yielding conditions. Continuum mechanics analysis shows that fracture toughness, in addition to depending on young's modulus, flow stress strain hardening exponent, and yield strain, should be nearly proportoinal to the effective fracture ductility obtained for the stress state characteristic for region ahead of the crack; plane stress or plane strain. It's known that, in most ductile materials, crack propagation of the material strongly governed by the
value, which is still difficult to determine for it's complicate and treble-some determinative process. This paper, on the assumption that, initiation of crack tip strain field reaches on the relationships between the critical value of J-integral (
) and the local fracture strain(
) in uniaxial tensile test in the region of maximun reduction areas was described.
A Study on Development 9f Rotary Valve for Performance Enhancement in SI Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 11~20
In recent years, the study on the high efficiency of the internal combustion engine has been mainly proceeding. In this study, we developed rotary valve to achieve the improvement of volumetric efficiency and to be simple construction. And then made a comparative analysis between rotary and poppet valve. In this experiment, rotary valve enlarged the flow area of valve port to minimize the resistance of the fluid flow and to flow smoothly in intake and exhaust process. Indeed, valve timing was controlled properly lest positive pressure in exhaust process should affect intake process. Motoring and firing experiments were using engine speed and air-fuel ratio as the principle parameter and the full opening of throttle valve and minimum spark advance for best torque (MBT) as engine operating variables.
Study on the Shifting Transients by Interfacing ECU with Simulation Program
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 21~29
The automotive transmission is the principal component of the power transmission system which converts the engine power into the adjustable power for the vehicle driving system. To the unskilled driver the automization of transmission is required for the safety and fuel economy. In this study, the dynamic model of the automotive power transmission system was presented and simulation program and interface board which interface IBM-PC with ECU was devloped. Through the traveling simulation by interfacing ECU with simulation program, the shifting transients are investigated. For verification of simulation experiment was carried out, the results of simulation was agreed well with those of simulation.
A Study on the In-Process Measurement of Metallic Surface Roughness in Cylindrical Grinding by Diode Laser
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 30~41
This paper proposed a simple method for measuring surface roughness of ground surface. Utilizing non-contact in-process measuring system using the diode laser. The measurement system is consisted of a laser unit with a diode laser and a cylindrical lens, a detecting unit with polygon mirror and CCD array sensor, and a signal processing unit with a computer and device. During operation, this measuring system can provide information on surface roughness in the measuring distance with a single sampling and simultaniously monitor the state of the grind wheel. The experimental results, showed that the Increase of the feed rate and the dressing speed an caused increase in the surface roughness and when the surface roughness is 4Rmax-10Rmax, the cutting speed is 1653m/min-1665m/min, the table speed is 0.2n1/min -0.9m/min, the dressing speed is 0.2mm/rev～0.4mm/rev, the stylus method and the in-process method can be obtained the same results. Thus, under limited working conditions, using the proposed system, the surface roughness of the ground surface during cylindrical grinding can be obtained through the in-process measurement method using the diode laser.
CAD System Development for Geometric Design and Motion Analysis of Tangential Cam
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 42~46
To purpose of this study is to model design and motion analysis of tangential cam mechanism using personal computer system. The CAD(Computer Aided Design) system used in this study was constructed with CPU(Central Processing Unit) 80486, RAM(Random Access Memory) 8M, CGA graphic card. By using developed program for tangential cam mechanism, we designed tangential cam models and analysed displacement, velocity, acceleration of follower.
A Study on the Development of Hoisting Rope Automatic Vertical Controller for the Hoist Crane
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 47~55
We got operational safety limit angle being able to affect operators or materials surrounding the center of vertical line of the hoist on working from the theoretical review and experimental result. Then we inferred the distance to about 1.2m-1.4m from the center which materials hanged on the hook were able to effect to the surround. Therefore, we got about
to the inclined or crossed operational safety limit angle of the crane with 6m lift. Also, we developed heisting rope automatic vertical controller which could control this kind of dangerous operation. And we did experiments again after establishing the inclined or crossed operational safety limit to
. The result is satisfied.
Effects of Explosion Pipe Structure on the Flame Propagation Velocity and the Quenching Ability of Ceramic Honeycomb Monolity
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 56~61
The behaviors of flame propagation and quenching in a pipe were investigated to make a design criteria of flame arrester. The effects of sealing condition of pipe end, pipe diameter and lengh were studied, and also the effects of thickness of ceramic honycomb monolith on the quenching ability were discussed. Experimental results showed that the flame velocity in case of closed pipe was increased about twenty times faster than that of opened and the sealing coditions of pipe end and length showed significant effects on it. The quenching ability of ceramic honycomb monolith was Increased with thickness and coincided well with Palmer's equation.
A Study on the Flame Retardant Effect for Metal Complexes-Cellulose Hybrid Insulator
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 62~67
The combustion characteristics of cellulose Insulation treated with several metal complexes such as Aluminium hydroxide, Cupric sulfate pentahydrate, Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, Manganese chloride tetrahydrate and Tnisodium phosphate dodecahydrate are studied to evaluate the effectiveness as a potential flame retardant for cellulosic materials. In this study, we found that LOI values of cellulosic materials treated with the metal complexes are generally increased with the increase of their content. At high concentration, CS(24% ) and SP(24% ) show high LOI values, suggesting resistance to flame spread, The materials examined in this study were found to be relatively more resistance to smouldering and flaming combustion in comparision with untreated cellulosic material. The flammability behavior of the materials exhibits combustion process as follows : LOI
smouldering-flaming spread region
flame spread region.
A Numerical Study on the Short-term Dispersion of Toxic Gaseous and Solid Pollutant in an Open Atmosphere : Chemical Species, Temperature, Relative Velocity
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 68~80
A series of parametric calculations have been performed in order to investigate the short-term and short-range plume and puff behavior of toxic gaseous and solid pollutant dispersion in an open atmosphere. The simulation is made by the use of the computer program developed by this laboratory, in which a control-volume based finite-difference method is used together with the SIMPLEC algorithm for the resolution of the pressure-velocity coupling appeared In Wavier-Stokes equation. The Reynolds stresses are solved by the standard two-equation k-
model modified for buoyancy together with the RNG(Renormalization Group) k-
model. The major parameters considered in this calculation are pollutant gas density and temperature, the relative velocity of pollutants to that of the surrounding atmospheric air, and particulate size and density together with the height released. The flow field is typically characterized by the formation of a strong recirculation region for the case of the low density gases such as
and air due to the strong buoyancy, while the flow is simply declining pattern toward the downstream ground for the case of heavy molecule like the
, even for the high temperature,
. The effect of gas temperature and velocity on the flow field together with the particle trajectory are presented and discussed in detail. In general, the results are physically acceptable and consistent.
An Experimental Study on Establishing Criteria of Gripping Work in Construction Site
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 81~95
Now, safety assurance in construction sites should be accomplished by its own organization rather than control of the code or government. It is believed that the safety assurance can be considerably improved by a lecture or an education using the existing theories or literatures up to now, but it is thought that fundamental safety assurance we not able to be accomplished without developing safety devices '||'&'||' equipment or taking fundamental measures, based on the result analyzed from workers behaviors. There are various behaviors of the workers showed in construction site, but only tests for hammerusing works such as form, re-bar, stone workers directly related to the grip strength are mainly performed, investigated and measured here for the study. The above works are similar to power grip, 7th picture on seven items which are categorized for hand grip types(Ammermin 1956 ; Jones ; Kobrick 1958). Measurements of grip strength are commonly taken in anthropometric surveys. They are easy to administer but unfortunately it is rather dubious whether they yield any data that are of interest to the engineer. Very fewer controls of tools are grasped and squeesed studies showed very little overall correlation between grip strength and other measures of bodily strength (Laubach, Kromer, and Thordsen 1972), but hammer-using work which is practically progressed in construction site are mainly influenced with grip strength. According to the investigation on work measurement, it is shown that 77% of form worker are using hammer to be related to grip strength. In this study, it is particularly noticed that wearing safety gloves in construction site is required for workers safety but 20% difference between grip strength with safety gloves and without ones are commonly neglected in the site(Fig. 1). Nevertheless, safety operation with consideration of the above 20% difference is not considered in the construction site. Factors of age, kinds of work, working time, with or without safety gloves are in vestigated '||'&'||' collected at the sites for this study. Test, not at each working hour but at 14 : 00 when the almost all of the workers think the most tired, resulting from the questionaires, also when it is shown on the research report has been performed and compared for main kinds of works : form '||'&'||' re-bar work. Tests were performed with both left SE rightand of the workers simultaneously in construction site using Rand Dynamometer(Model 78010, Lafayette Instrument Co., Indiana, U.S.A) by reading grip strength on the gauge while they are pulling, and then by interviewing on their ages, works, experiences and etc., directly. The above tests have been performed for the dates of 15th march-26th May '95 with consideration of site condition. And even if various factors of ambient temperature on the testing date, working condition, individual worker's habit and worker's condition of the previous ate are concerned with the study. Those are considered as constants in this study. Samples are formwork 53, rebar 62, electrician 5, plumber 4, welding 1 from D construction Co., Ltd, ; formwork 12, re-bar 5, electrician 2, from S construction Co., Ltd, , formwork 78, re-bar 18, plumber 31, electrician 13, labor 48, plumber 31, plasterer 15, concrete placer 6, water proof worker 3, maisony 5 from B construction Co., Ltd. As In the previously mentioned, main aspect to be investigated in this study will be from '||'&'||' re-bar work because grip strength will be directly applied to these two kinds of works ; form '||'&'||' re-bar work, eventhough there are total 405 samples taken. It is thought that a frequency of accident occurrence will be mainly two work postures "looking up '||'&'||' looking down" to be mainly sorted, but this factor is not clarified in this study because It will be needed a lot of work more. Tests has been done at possible large scale of horizontally work-extended sites within one hour in order to prevent or decrease errors '||'&'||' discrepancies from time lag of the test. Additionally, the statistical package computer program SPSS PC＋has been used for the study.
Computer Simulation for Working Condition of Undergroundwork Using TOP DOWN Technique
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 96~105
The better industry develops, the more spaces need but in the limited area. Most building become larger and more complicated if the more spaces need in the constant area. And this leads to do underground work in long period generally six(6) months for 6 basement stories due to the selection of TOP DOWN technique. Working environment in this underground area can be problems and should not be overlooked, because air quality in underground spaces become quickly worse. Recently, department name to control construction safety has been changed to ENVIRONMENT & SAFETY TEAM from SAFETY TEAM. This means that it is very important to control against environmental condition at site so much. Overall construction work as well as underground work should conform to the requirement of working environment, particularly against inhabitants around the construction area. Strut protection, one of earth protection method, in case to 40m long strut may become weaker due to thermal stress or its longitudinally compressive strain and the another one, earth anchor protection may not be applied to the site In case of encroaching on vertical underground borderline because of regulation to prohibit it. It is necessary that TOP DOWN technique should be introduced in order to solve the external and internal problem of the site such as difficulty level of the work, potential danger with excavating depth, and shortening workperiod. It is needed that improving way of working condition should be shown and simplified computer simulation program should be also provided for checking pollution level & ventilation, excluding of lighting problem here. Results measured with conformance to the Regulation for Working Environment Measurement, enforced by Ministry of Labor have been applied to the computer program developed here. Sample air taken at unit workplace which was considered as exposing condition of pollutant at breathing point and within a range of behavior of the workers, Identified exposing group in underground work, using Moded Flow Life Finally, three types of ventilation system, type I with blower & ventilator, type II natural supply with mechanical ventilation system, and type I mechanical ventilation with Drivent Fan Unit System are selected for this study.
An Ergonomic Design of Brake and Accelerator Pedal Placement for Korean Driver
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 106~109
Optimum relocation of the brake relative to the accelerator can reduce stopping diatance and may mean the difference between an accident and a near-accident. A driving simulator was used to examine effiency of brake time. Brake time was measured for 30 participants in six conditions. Brake times were shown to improve as a result of moving the brake pedal from its typical heights above the accelerator to positions below the accelerator.
A Study on the Development of Finger Fault Diagnosis System for Industrial Robots
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 110~114
Bacause of increasing the use in Industrial robots, the accident rate has been increasing now a days. The prediction of accident could be very hard as there are so many factors which occured accident. Removing the accident factors in industrial robots can be diagnosed by the human experts who are very familiar with in those area. The purpose of this study is a development of finger fault diagnosis system for industrial robots. We have many problems such as a long time to get the expert knowledge and the number of expert to be limited. To solve these problems lots of investment and time are required, and then the exepert system to finger fault diagnosis for industrial robots can be applied.
The Development of Knowledge-Based CBT System for Ensuring the Facility Safety
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 115~119
The effectiveness of an ensuring the facility safety depends on the ability to train the worker efficiently and strategy of facility control. This requires the instructor's awareness of the worker's current knowledge, in the specific areas of the worker's lacks of knowledge, and preferred methods of training. This paper presents a development of knowledge based on CBT system which will reduce the role of instructor from the training loop and be used the high technological method such as computer animation technique.
Numerical Simulation of Swirl Effect on the Flow Fields and Spray Characteristics in Direct Injection Engine
K. B. Hong ; H. S. Kim ; H. C. Yang ; H. S. Ryou ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 120~129
Since the rate and completeness of combustion in direct injection engines were controlled by the characteristics of gas flow fields and sprays, an understanding of those was essential to the design of the direct injection engines. In this study the numerical simulations of swirl effects on the characteristics of gas flow fields and sprays were performed using the spray model that could predict the interactions between gas fields and spray droplets. The governing equations were discretized by the finite volume method and the modified k- e model which included the compressibility effects due to the compression/expansion of piston was used. The results of numerical calculation of the spray characteristics in the quiescent environment were compared with the experimental data. There were good agreements between the results of calculation and the experimental data, except in the early stages of spray. In the motoring condition, the results showed that a substantial air entrainment into the spray volume was emerged and hence the squish motion was relatively unimportant during fuel injection periods. As the swirl ratio increased, the evaporation rate was increased due to the wide dispersion of the spray droplets and the strong interaction between spray droplets and gas fields.