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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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A Study on the Fatigue Crack Propagation of Partly Heat Treated Medium Carbon Alloy Steel
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 3~8
It is well known that mechanisms of fracture and fatigue crack propagation depend upon various characteristics such as environmental condition, crack geometry, heat treatment and mechanical properties. It seems to be important for the detailed evaluation of structural components which contain flaws. In this paper, it is studied that the fatigue crack propagation of partly heat treated medium carbon alloy steel(SCM440) by high frequency heat treatment.
A Study on the Dynamic Characteristics of Truncated Cone Type Squeeze Film Damper Bearing and Rotor System
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 9~18
This paper is a study on the dynamic characteristics of truncated cone type squeeze film damper(SFD) bearing and rotor system. This model can alter the radial oil film gap which Is Important to the performance of rotor-bearing system and manufactured easily to change the shape concept of traditional circular type SFD bearing. In theoretical analysis, the oil film pressure distribution, the oil film force, the film damping coefficient and the eccentricity ratio, etc. were induced with regard to the film inertia effect. The film damping coefficients and optimum design parameters are calculated. When unbalance parameter U is greater than 0.2, the nonlinear vibration such as "Jump" phenomena appears in the vicinity of rotor critical speed. At this time, the increases of bearing parameter U, journal distance S, Reynolds number Re can control this unstable vibration. The experimental results show that SFD hearing and rotor system which are designed according to the design parameters in the stable region are operated stably in rotational speed 9,600rpm without nonsynchronous behavior. 1102vior. 1102
Effect of Cold Work on the Stress Corrosion Cracking in Austenitic 304 Stainless Steel
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 19~28
This study was made of the effect of cold working on the stress corrosion cracking(SCC) of austenitlc 304 stainless steel in boiling 42%
solution. For this experiment, specimens cold-worked of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% were fabricated respectively, and then experiments of mechanical properties and stress corrosion cracking(SCC) of these specimens were carried out. The results of these experiments indicate that the maximum resistance to SCC showed at 20% of cold working degree and that the SCC susceptibility depended on the volume fraction of deformation-induced martensite by cold working and the work hardening of matrix. On the other hand, the fracture mode was changed. This phenomenon was considered that deformation-induced martensite was grown from transgranular fracture mode to intergranular fracture mode and caused by increased of dislocation density along the slip planes.
Protecting electronic equipment against lightning surge
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 29~36
Precision electronic equipments for outdoor use are composed of sophisticated microcircuits that are extremely vulnerable to lightning-caused voltage spike. This transient voltage spike may cause upset, latent failure or Interference on electronic equipments. In order to develop efficient lightning protection measures on AC power lines of a road traffic controller as a electronic equipment for outdoor use, experimental surge immunity tests were conducted according to IEC standard 801-5. The combination of gas tube arrester and metal-oxide varistor was installed at the input of AC power lines and the silicon avalanche suppressor installed at the output of DC power supply for the lightning protection measures.
A Study on the Ground Fault Diagnosis System of Power Station DC Power line
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 37~43
There are two kinds of ground fault diagonosis system(GFD), which are for AC and DC power line. The ground fault current of a DC power line Is, first, analyzed for a description of a GFD system for DC power line and then the construction method of the GFD system, which could be processed and analyzed a ground fault current, are explained. Main functions of the system are that the detected ground fault current could be converted to the line insulation resistance by a program and saved in the system memory continuously. Finally a DC power line insulation safety could be decide by a change of the saved Insulation resistance for a given time. This system can detect the ground fault resistance to 100㏀.
A Study for Computation of Swaying Angle for Jumper Safety Improvement in the Overhead Line
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 44~50
As jumpers for overhead transmission lines increase In size, it Is necessary to take into the characteristics of jumper swaying space in order to determine jumper reinforcements adequately. From the theory of a structure made of beams, formulas for the sideway swaying of overhead transmission lines due to wind are modeled. And also natural frequency of the vibrated jumper is estimated to check the system resonance. The theoretical results can be led good suggestions to improve the economy and reliability of jumper structure.
A Study on the Individual and Societal Risk Estimation for the Use and Storage Facility with Toxic Materials
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 51~59
These days leakage incidents of toxic materials cause serious effects on the nearby residents as well as the workers around the accidents accompanying massive material losses and human damages through widening influential areas. The risk measure through adequate quantitative analysis as well as the qualitative analysis of the leakage incidents of toxic materials becomes an urgent issue. The damage of the leakage incident on the surrounding area of the dangerous toxic material facilities was calculated quantitatively by adopting several models in this research. First, the calculations of the leakage velocity from the factories were performed by using source model for the assessment of the influential area, and the damages on the nearly residents were calculated by using the dispersion model and the effort model. The probability of the Incidents was computed based on "The manual for classification and priorization of major incidents" published by IAEA( International Atomic Energy Agency ). Above calculated damage area and incident probability were further adopted in this study to induce the individual and societal risk, quantitatively. The calculated data of the real Incident of the toxic material leakage showed reasonable agreements to the actual damage of the incidents, which showed a validity of this study. The result of this study might be a helpful measure for predicting damages and preparing safety systems for similar kinds of incidents.incidents.
Modeling for the Automation of Start-up Operation in Boiler Plant
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 60~70
Since, human error is a major factor contributing to disaster during start-up of operation in Boiler plant. it is necessary to develop an automation system which prevent mode of operation that are known to be dangerous and to bring a loss of energy. The aim of this study is to suggest a model for the computer-aided synthesis of operation sequence as a part of automation system for start-up operation. Synthesis is accomplished by the formation of a hierarchical network of goals which decide sequence of operations. Hierarchical Network is formed by using method which upper goals ( i.e. upper operation al situation) are classified by the function of themselves into lower goals (i.e. lower operational situation). Knowledge for deciding operation sequence is generated by putting In order the knowledge of hazard operation and energy management.
Study on the Curing Safety of Thermosetting Resin Mold Meterial
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 71~76
In this paper, it was described results of study on curing safety of molding meterial, about the variation of phenol resin contents, wood flour contents and moisture of wood flour, under the same condition. The experimental results are summarized as follows ; 1) When the curing temperature was high, the curing time was short in the case of 4～8wt% moisture of wood flour, but in the case of more than l2wt% moisture of wood flour, the curing time was long. 2) The curing time for curing temperature was more short when 6wt% moisture of wood flour than 4wt% moisture of wood flour. 3) The more wood flour content and moisture of wood flour content, the longer curing time and the more mineral filler content, the shorter curing time. 4) When the phenol resin content of main matrix increase, the curing time was short.
A study on the Analysis of Combustion Gas and its Flow Induced by Fire in an Enclosure
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 77~93
The natural convection and combined heat transfer induced by fire in a rectangular enclosure is numerically studied. The model for this numerical analysis is partially opened, it is divided by a vertical baffle projecting from ceiling. The solution procedure Includes the standard k-
model for turbulent flow and the discrete ordinates method (DOM ) is used for the calculation of radiative heat transfer equation. In this study, numerical simulation on the combined naturnal convection and radiation is carried out in a partial enclosure filled with absorbed-emitted gray media, but is not considered scattering problem. The velocity vectors, streamlines, and isothermal lines are compared the results of pure convection with those of the combined convection-radiation, the combined heat transfer. Comparing the results of pure convection with those of the combined convection-radiation, the combined heat transfer analysis shows the stronger circulation than those of the pure convection. Three different locations of heat source are considered to observe the effect of heat source location on the heat transfer phenomena. As the results, the circulation and the heat transfer In the left region from heating block are much more influenced than those in the right region. It is also founded that the radiation effect cannot be neglected in analyzing the building in fire.
An Experimental Study on the Formation of Smoke Layer of Compartment Fire
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 94~100
The objective of this research is to study the formations of smoke layer in case of several furniture fires such as trashcan, carpet, mattress and wardrobe as a fire starter in a residential room by performing the experimental studies. The uniformly distributed fire in case of carpet showed that the ignition and the initial growth period were relatively short while the fully developed period was considerably long. The concentrated fires such as the trashcan, mattress and wardrobe showed that the ignitions and the initial growth periods were relatively long. The descending speed of the interface height was proportioned to the inflammability of the furniture and the spread of the fire. The time required to come down around 1m was within 1-3 minutes. The Interface heights for the furniture fires were around 1m as the steady state. However, at the time of the maximum temperature, the interface height was lowered to 0.25m-0.75m from the floor. The carbon dioxide concentration reached the highest while the oxygen concentration was minimum.
Slump Loss of High Strength Concrete Containing Mineral Admixture and Gypsum
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 101~107
High strength concrete(HSC) using high range water reducing admixture (HRWR) has the defect which severe slump loss occurs according to elapsed time. For using HSC without any trouble, special caution and countermeasure against this problem are necessary. In this study, for minimizing the slump loss of HSC, mineral admixture( flyash, ground granulated blast furnace slag ) and gypsum were used experimentally. Flyash and ground granulated blast furnace slag are effective in reducing the slump loss of HSC. Especially, the slump loss of HSC containing mineral admixture and gypsum Is minimized by the aggregation inhibiting action of gypsum. Cement substituted with flyash 30% or ground granulated blast furnace slag 50% by weight are very effective in minimizing the slump loss.
A Study on Evaluation of IAQ in Dwelling House
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 108~112
Recently, the use of Dwelling House has been expanded due to the rapid urbainzation and congestion of population in City. Indoor Air Quality in apartment houses was investigated by measuring pollutants such as
gas, dust concentration. In this study, the mesurements of indoor air environment were performed in Dwelling house in Seoul area to investigate indoor air environment and the relation of air contaminative and the response level. Indoor air contamination and living environment of the occupants have been compared & analyzed with practical investigation of IAQ in Seoul, Korea and Tokyo, Japan.
A Method for Considering Performance Shaping Factors in Quantitative Human Error Analysis
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 113~121
Human reliability attempts to make precise quantitative analyses and predictions of the performance of human-machine(or product) systems. In order to yield more precise human error analysis, precise human error probabilities(HEPs) must be used in the analysis. However, because human behavior is influenced by factors that are called performance shaping factors(PSFs), the effects of PSFs must be considered to obtain precise HEPs, These are called basic HEPs or situation-specific HEPs. This paper presents a theoretical method for obtaining basic HEPs (i.e. , considering PSFs) in quantitative human error analysis. In this method, the weight which characterizes the degree of importance of several PSFs is obtained by the analytic hierarchy process. The quality scores of PSFs in the task situation are obtained by percentile concept. These scores are used in conjunction with the relative Importance weights of PSFs to compute the composite quality percentile score of PSFs in the task situation. Then, a new mapping method of the composite quality percentile score of PSFs into a situation-specific basic HEP is proposed with a numerical example.
Two-Phase Approach to Solve Multiobjective Nonlinear Programming Problem
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 122~128
A new approach, called "two-phase approach", has been proposed In this study. Using this approach to solve MONLP(multiobjective nonlinear programming problem), the solution process is divied into two phase. In the first phase, the min-operator is used to aggregate the membership degree of fuzzy goals and constraints. In the second phase, the
-operator is used to test and find an efficient solution in the sense of nondominated. It has been shown that no matter what the solution of the problem is unique or not, an efficient solution can be always obtained at the second phase. The proposed approach can be applied to industrial safety problem with multiobjective problems. On the basis of proposed approach, an illustrative numerical example is presented.presented.
A Design of Hoist Safety Diagnosis System Using Fuzzy Based Self Organizing Neural Network (SONN)
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 129~132
The effectiveness of an ensuring the facility safety depends on the ability to find abnormal part(s) and remove that part(s). This requires the knowledge of that machine and ability to recover that machine. In this paper, it is discribed how to design the fuzzy based self organizing neural network expert system in order to find syptom source(s).
A Prediction of Sound Radiation from Tire Treadband Vibration
Byoung-Sam Kim ; Seong-Gon Cho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 133~139
The noise generated from a treadband mechanism of a tire has been the subject of this research. In particular, the treadband has been treated as an infinite tensioned beam resting on an elastic foundation which includes damping. The main objective is to predict the sound power generated from a system mentioned above by locating harmonic point forces representing the excitation of treadband at the contact patch. It is possible to predict the sound power radiated from this structure by using wavenumber transformation techniques. In order to find out the minimum radiated sound power, All parameters were varied. Thus, this model can be used as a tire design guide for selecting parameters which produces the minimum noise radiation.
The Construction of MSDS Service using World Wide Web Server
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 140~145