Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Mode II Dynamic Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional CFRP Laminates
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 1~7
In this paper, an investigation was performed on the ModeII dynamic interlaminar fracture toughness of unidirectional CFRP laminates. The stacking sequences used in this experiment are two kinds of [
] and [
]. In the experiments, Split Hopkinson's Bar test was applied to dynamic and notched flexure test. The Mode II fracture toughness of each unidirectional CFRP was estimated by the analyzed deflection of the specimen and J-Integral with the measured impulsive load and reactions at the supported points. As an experimental results, the specimen [
] appears greater than that of [
] for the J-integral and displacement velocity at a measuring point within the range of experiment.
A Study on Degradation Behavior of 1Cr-1Mo-0.25V Steel
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 8~14
The remaining life estimation for the aged components in power plants as well as chemical plants are very important because mechanical properties of the components are degraded with time of service exposure in the high temperature. Since it is difficult to take specimens from the operating components to evaluate mechanical properties of components, accelerated aging technique are needed to estimate and analyse the material degradation. In the this study, test materials with 4 different degradation levels were prepared by isothermal aging heat treatment at
. And tensile test,
test, hardness test and Scanning Electron Microscope analysis were performed in order to evaluate the degradation of 1Cr-1Mo-0.25V steels.
The Evaluation of the Fracture Criterion having an Effect on Crack Extension Simulation for a Thin Sheet
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 15~19
The exact estimation of the ductile crack growth in a thin sheet would be needed in part of the commercial transport aircraft industry fields. A 2-dimensional elastic plastic finite element analysis was carried out to simulate a stable crack extension in a thin sheet 2024 aluminium alloy. Two kinds of crack modeling were used to evaluate curves of the stable crack extension. And then CTOA(crack tip opening angle) and CTED(crack tip energy density) were calculated in order to determine whether they can be used as useful crack extension criterions in a thin sheet. Results indicate that stable crack extension behaviors were simulated well and CTED is more admirable even though CTOA also is reasonable as a criterion for a stable crack extension in a thin 2024 aluminium alloy sheet.
Collapse Characteristics of vehicle Members with Spot Welded Hat-Shaped Section under Axial Compression
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 20~27
The hat shaped section members, spot welded strength resisting structures are the most energy absorbing ones of automobile components during the front-end collision. Under the static axial collapse load in velocity of 10mm/min and quasi-static collapse load in velocity of 1000mm/min, the collapse characteristics of the hat shaped section and double hat shaped section member have been analyzed by axial collapse tests with respect to the variations of spot weld pitches on the flanges. In addition, the quasi-static collapse simulations have been implemented in the same condition to the experiment's using FEM package, LS-DYNA3D. The simulated results have been verified in comparison with these from the quasi-static axial collapse tests. With the computational approaches the optimal energy absorbing structures can be suggested. Simulations are so helpful that the optimized data be supplied in designing vehicles in advance.
The Effect of Process Parameter in Direct Extrusion of Copper Clad Aluminum Composite Materials
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 28~34
Copper clad aluminum composite materials are being used for economic and structural purposes, The development of an efficient production method of copper clad aluminum composite material rods by extrusion is very important. This paper describes experimental investigations in the direct extrusion of copper clad aluminum rods through conical dies. There are several parameters that have an influence on determining a sound clad extrusion. These variables are extrusion temperature, extrusion ratio, semi-cone angle of die, extrusion force, extrusion velocity, friction of between the container and billet, percentage of copper used and ratio of flow stress of copper to aluminum. In order to investigate the influence of extrusion temperature, extrusion ratio, semi-cone angle of die on the hot direct extrudability of the copper clad aluminum composite material rods, the experimental study have been performed with these variation.
The Effect of Cyclic Loading History on the Creep of
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 35~40
The influence of cyclic loading history on the creep behavior of the 30 vol% hot-pressed $SiC_f/Si_3N_4copmposite was experimentally investigated at
. The duration of loading/unloading had great effects on the creep behaviors. The short term duration cyclic loading history test results showed significant reduction in the primary and steady-state creep rates. For example, 300sec loading/300sec unloading history resulted in 70% lower steady-state creep rate than that of the continuous loading. However the long term duration cyclic loading history test results showed little change in creep rates compared to those of the continuous one. The reason for the significant change in the short term duration cycles was estimated due to the change in the stress redistribution between the fiber and matrix during the creep recovery in the primary stage.
Electrical Properties of Silicone Rubber for High-Voltage
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 41~46
Silicone rubbers are elastomeric materials and organic copolymers, of which backbone is siloxane with high bonding strength. Silicone rubbers have been used as an power insulator because they are well weather proof, ozone proof and have excellent electric characteristics, thermal stability, cold resistance and low surface energy. Especially, it is known that they have very excellent characteristics at 200[
]. For this study, we made silicone rubbers as specimens and measured volume resistivity due to applied voltage and a variation of temperature 25[
] to 180[
]. Also we measured dielectric loss tangent due to applied voltage at temperature range 25[
] to 180[
] and frequency range 20[Hz] to 1
A Study on Classification of Electric Shock Disasters and Countermeasures
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 47~55
In this modern age which electric energy is the fundamental source of energy in the industry, electric shock disasters are unavoidable. Although numerous efforts, time, and money have been invested to prevent such electric shock disasters, the number of electric shock disasters are on the increase. In this study, models for equivalent electric circuit are developed for the different types of electric shock which are classified into three groups. The objective of these models is to calculate the electric current flowing through the body at the time of the shock. Based on the analysis, countermeasures to prevent the shock are suggested. The data used in this study are based on 28 actual incidents which occurred in the Daegu area during January of 1995 through June of 1999. The results of this study can be used as a technical manual for workers treating electrical facilities.
Loss Modeling in order to Predict the Efficiency Performance of Induction Motor Drive System
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 56~61
The precise and reliable loss model for induction motor and converter system is very important in order to predict the efficiency performance of variable speed drives. This paper proposes an accurate loss model of induction motor and converter system. The motor losses, such as stator and rotor copper loss, core loss and stray loss, are considered for fundamental and harmonic frequencies. Also considered are the skin effect on rotor resistance, temperature effect on bath stator and rotor resistance, magnetizing inductance saturation, and friction and windage loss. All the above features are incorporated in a synchronous frame dynamic d-q equivalent circuit. The converter system, consisting of a diode rectifier and PWM transistor inverter, is modeled accurately for conduction and switching losses. Validity of the models, in both steady state and transient conditions, is verified by simulations.
Damage and Failure Characteristics of Semiconductor Devices by ESD
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 62~68
Static electricity in electronics manufacturing plants causes the economic loss, yet it is one of the least understood and least recognized effects haunting the industry today. Today's challenge in semiconductor devices is to achieve greater functional density pattern and to miniaturize electronic systems of being more fragile by electrostatic discharges(ESD) phenomena. As the use of automatic handling equipment for static-sensitive semiconductor components is rapidly increased, most manufacturers need to be more alert to the problem of ESD. One of the most common causes of electrostatic damage is the direct transfer of electrostatic charge from the human body or a charged material to the static-sensitive devices. To evaluate the ESD hazards by charged human body and devices, in this paper, characteristics of electrostatic attenuation in domestic semiconductor devices is investigated and the voltage to cause electronic component failures is investigated by field-induced charged device model(FCDM) tester. The FCDM simulator provides a fast and inexpensive test that faithfully represents ESD hazards in plants. Also the results obtained in this paper can be used for the prevention of semiconductor failure from ESD hazards.
A study for Decision Method of Human Body Safety according to Power Load Fluctuation of the Chechon Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 69~77
This paper presents a study for decision method of human body safety according to power load fluctuation of the Chechon area. To cope with substantial electromagnetics analysis, the safety assessments were analyzed the double 154 [kV] T/L, 345 [kV] T/L, Chechon-Ichon, Chechon-Youngju, respectively. As the results of case study, in case of 345 [kV] T/L, the electric field value was 11.4927 [kV/m], magnetic field value was 0.4622 [G] at the point about 7 [m] away from the line in severest case. The results showed that the membership of a proposition fuzzy '11.4937 [kV/m] is hazardous' is 0.7063 for the severest case in case of 345 [kV] T/L. As the analytic results using the fuzzy qualifier term, the membership in case of very false is 0.0862 and fairly false is 0.5419, respectively.
The Aging Effects on Electrical Properties for the Irradiated EPDM
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 78~87
-ray irradiation and aging effects on electrical characteristics of
-ray irradiated ethylene-propylene-diene-terpolymer(EPDM) contained with 1 to 3phr phenolic and quinolinic antioxidants as antirads were investigated. The marked effects of type and amounts of the antioxidant on the volume resistivity and AC breakdown strength of the
-ray irradiated EPDM are different. A phenolic antioxidant(IR 1010) contribute to improving the electrical insulation properties on the EPDM better than quinolinic antioxidant(Kumanox RD) during irradiation. In aging the irradiated EPDM specimens contained antioxidants at room temperature in air, it was shown a improvement of insulation properties due to radical scavenging and crosslinking of EPDM aged until 360 days.
Study on Adsorption Characteristics of Tharonil from Aqueous Solution by Activated Carbon Adsorption
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 88~94
The adsorption characteristics of Tharonil on granular activated carbon were experimentally investigated in an adsorber and in a packed column. It was estabilished that the adsorption equilibrium of Tharonil on granular activated carbon was more successfully fitted by Freundlich isotherm equation than Langmuir isotherm equation in the concentration range from 1 to 1000 mg/1. Intraparticle diffusivities (pore and surface diffusivity) of Tharonil were estimated by the concentration-time curve and adsorption isotherm. The estimated values of pore diffusivity and surface diffusivity are
, respectively. From comparison of intraparticle diffusivities, it was found that surface diffusion was the limiting step for adsorption rate. The break time and breakthrough curve predicted by constant pattern-linear driving force model were shown to agree with the experimental results.
A Study on Dust Explosion Characteristics of Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 95~100
This study was performed in Hartmann type dust explosion apparatus in order to research the dust explosion characteristics of hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose(HPMC): minimum explosive limit, minimum ignition energy, limiting oxygen concentration, maximum explosion pressure, rate of pressure rise, etc. The samples of HPMC dust were distributed into 120-140 mesh, 170-230 mesh and 325 under, and the gap distance of the discharge electrode was setted up at 5mm. The experimental results were obtained as follows: (1) The minimum explosive limit for HPMC dust was founded at 180g/㎥. the minimum ignition energy at 9.8mJ and the limiting oxygen concentration at 12%. (2) The maximum explosion pressure of HPMC dust was
abs at the concentration of
and the maximum rate of pressure rise was 203.98 bar/sec at the concentration of
for 325 under.
A Study on the P.S.M. system for the Construction Safety
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 101~111
In order to introduce P.S.M. system adequate to domestic construction first, many cases similar to advanced foreign P.S.M. system have been collected and compared to the domestic situation. Then, the current safety management status of bridges, subways, apartment and office building construction are investigated while visiting interview, using questionnaire at site have being done. The potential hazard and measurement have been investigated for each kind of works, and the domestic introducing method of P.S.M. system is analyzed with expert discussion. In order to represent how to make out P.S.M. plan, the questionnaire is made out using each five place for bridge, subways, apartment and office building. As the weight factor for potential hazard of each work obtained from more than forty site places, is produced and shown. Also, a direction the recommendation is suggested to improve tool in each construction site with work schedule. It is thought that proposed schedule contributed to keeping in safe business administration of each company in decreasing many effort at the construction site.
Improving Self-control Safety & Management Ability of Construction Contractors
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 112~118
This paper is resulted from the research to activate Self-control Safety Management system that adopted to improve an assessment system for Hazard Prevention Plan. And members of company, university and research institute have jointly participated in the research. First, it is investigated that introduced background and processing method with existing practical data & materials references in order to understand what domestic Self-control Safety Management system will be available for. And general construction company at site have their ability to assess Hazard Prevention Plan by mailing questionnaire to on thousand site, visits, and interviews. Also, It is investigated how much they have the assessment ability. It is selected to do a questionnaire survey for the status of self-regulatory safety assessment ability of the designated self-regulatory companies in order to produce and enhance the self-regulatory assessment ability and the necessity of Self-control Safety Management system. Finally, it is selected to do a questionnaire survey for fixing and the enhance Self-control Safety Management system of general construction contractors
Fatigue Test and Service Life Assessment of Steel Truss Bridges with Initial Imperfections
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 119~122
The truss bridge is composed of numerous steel beams. In long span bridges the size of beams is getting larger, so the number of plate girders is increasing instead of rolled beams. This plate girder has long welding lines at the intersection of steel plates. The improper welding at the intersection line causes the steel bridge to be structurally unsafe. In this paper the loss of member section from improper welding was measured and the experimental testing was performed to get the S-N curve from testing models with sectional losses. The improper welding resulted in the lowering of structural safety and the shortening of life cycle.
Consolidation Characteristics of Chungju Dam Deposit Soil in the Load Increment Ratio
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 123~126
This study shows consolidation properties resulted from the experiment made on changes by load increment ratio and consolidation duration of standard consolidation test using deposit soil of Chungju Dam. Though the comparison and analysis of the result turned out that void ratio by load increment ratio was unchanged greatly, the result was inclined as followes : the smaller load increment ratio is, the bigger void ratio is, while the bigger load increment ratio is the bigger settlement is. Also coefficient of consolidation is increased in inverse ratio to load increment ratio. Coefficient of permeability is increased in proportion to load increment ratio, it is not fixed changes by consolidation duration, however. Degree of consolidation is increased to load increment ratio.
Development of Treatment Facilities for Swinery Wastewater Using Steel-making Slag
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 127~133
The incomplete treatment of the swinery wastewater is one of the major factors of the river contamination resulting from an eutrophication. Even through many treatments were considered to reduce the contamination of the river by the swinery wastewater, the most effective treatment was not developed yet. Therefore, this project was focused on the development of the treatment that was a low cost and a high efficiency using a steel-making slag. The swinery wastewater was passed through a U-type tube packing the slag in the laboratory. And the swinery wastewater was cleaned effectively in the laboratory experiment. Based on these laboratory results, the treatment facility in a stock farm was constructed to confirm the effect of slag on the first-treated swinery wastewater. After the treatment of the first-treated swinery wastewater through the slag, the water quality of the river was improved and the biodiversity was increased.
Evaluation of the Signal Word Cognition using Quantification Methods
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 134~138
Signal words such as DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION, etc. have been used in order to transmit a potential hazard easily and quickly. But they were applied to a number of the sites without consistency. Thus, this study took Quantification Method and Cluster Analysis in order to judge the signal words corresponding to the urgency of situations, and to analyze whether signal words are used properly or not. According to the result of Quantification Method II signal words were most affected by Understanding, Severity and Likelihood in both student group and industrial worker group. And in Quantification Method III CAUTION corresponded to Immediacy and Understanding whereas NOTICE did to Receptivity, WARNING, DEADLY and DANCER did to Likelihood, Dangerousness and Severity. Finally, Cluster Analysis showed that CAUTION and NOTICE were recognized as similar words.
A Review of Postural Classification Schemes for Evaluating Postural Load - Focused on the Observational Methods
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 139~149
This study aims to review and assess the existing postural classification schemes used for evaluating postural loads in industry. The schemes can be classified into three categories: self-report, observational and instrument-based techniques depending upon how to record working postures. Of the three techniques, this study was mainly focused on the observational methods. The observational technique is most widely used in the industrial sites because it does not interfere with work, and is easy and simple to use and cost-effective without requiring the use of expensive equipment for estimating the angular deviation of a body segment from the neutral position. In spite of the usefulness and applicability, the techniques have some problems: 1) The existing observational techniques lack the consistency in the class limits of the motion categories in each body segment; 2) Most of them do not provide the post-analysis criteria needed to judge whether or not any posture is acceptable in view point of the postural load; and 3) They can not precisely evaluate the postural load for a given posture because the external loads and dynamic factors including acceleration, moment and force were not taken into consideration.
An Application of the HRA Methodology in PSA: A Gas Valve Station
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 150~156
In this paper, the human error contributions to the system unavailability are calculated and compared to the mechanical failure contributions. The system unavailability is a probability that a system is in the failed state at time t, given that it was the normal state at time zero. It is a function of human errors committed during maintenance and tests, component failure rates, surveillance test intervals, and allowed outage time. The THERP (Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction), generally called "HRA handbook", is used here for evaluating human error rates. This method treats the operator as one of the system components, and human reliability is assessed in the same manner as that of components. Based on the calculation results, the human error contribution to the system unavailability is shown to be more important than the mechanical failure contribution in the example system. It is also demonstrated that this method is very flexible in that it can be applied to any hazardous facilities, such as gas valve stations and chemical process plants.ss plants.
A Development of the Performance Measurement System for Safely Management
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 157~162
A performance measurement system for safety management was suggested with which performance of a company's safety activities can be expressed rationally, and analysis of impact with performance improvement. A key of the measurement system is performance index of the safety management activities, which consists of 3 perspectives; an external perspective, an internal perspective, and a innovation & learning perspective. Every perspective consists of 18 performance indices and each indices consist of activity unit a such planning, support, implementation, evaluation and review.
A Fracture Mechanics Analysis on Fatigue Life Estimation of DEN Plate
Lim Chang-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 15, issue 4, 2000, Pages 163~169
This paper mainly deals with fatigue lift estimation and prediction in notched structures. The fatigue crack initiation life and the fatigue crack growth behavior in the DEN specimens were predicted using S.I.F. K solution derived in this study and the Paris' crack growth equation. Predicted results showed good agreement with experimental crack growth behaviors under constant-load-amplitude.