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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
The Development of UV-IR Combination Flame Detector
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
All objects emit thermal radiation and this radiation is the basis of the techniques used to detect flames. The usual phenomena occurring in the initial stage of the fire are generally invisible products of a combustion and visible smoke. Liquid or gaseous materials do not undergo a smoldering stage so that fires develop very rapidly. Also, the heat generated by the initial flames is usually not sufficient to activate a heat detector. In this case the most effective criterion for automatic fire detection is the flame. According to the fire regulation of korea, the compulsory standard provided that a flame detector shall be installed in a place that the attachment height of detector is higher than 20 m, chemical plants, hangar, refinery, etc.. The results of the research and development are discriminated between a flame and other radiant emitters, developed a UV detector tube contains an inert gas which absorbs UV radiation, developed PZT pyroelectric element is based on the use of photovoltanic cell, developed IR band-pass filter that only allow a 4.3
radiation wavelength to reach the sensors and developed UV-IR combination flame detector combined into a single detection device.
Low-Velocity Impact Analyses of Isotropic and Anisotropic Materials by the Finite Element Method
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~17
The purpose of this research is to analyze the impact resposes(impulsive stress and strain etc.) of anisotropic materials subjected to the low-velocity impact. For this purpose, a beam finite element program based on modified higher-order beam theory for anisotropic materials are developed and used to simulate the dynamic behaviors [contact force, displacement of ball and target, strain(stress) response histories] according to the changes of material property, stacking sequence, velocity and dimension etc.. Test materials for simulation are composed of
stacking sequences. Finally, the results of this simulation are compared with those of wave propagation theory and then the impact responses and wave propagation phenomena are investigated.
The Effect of Stress Ratio on Fatigue Crack Propagation Rate in SA516/70 Pressure Vessel Steel at Low Temperature
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 18~24
The fatigue crack growth behavior of the SA516/70 steel which is used for pressure vessels was examined experimentally at room temperature,
with stress ratio of R=0.05, 0.1 and 0.3. Fatigue crack propagation rate da/dN related with stress intensity factor range
was influenced by stress ratio in stable of fatigue crack growth (Region II) with an increase in
. The resistance of fatigue crack growth at low temperature is higher compared with that at room temperature, which is attributed to the extent of plasticity-induced by compressive residual stress according to the cyclic loads. Fractographic examinations reveal that the differences of the fatigue crack growth characteristics between room and low temperatures are mainly explained by the crack closure and the strengthening due to the plasticity induced and roughness induced.
Vibration Analysis on the Variable Configurations of Tube Conveying Fluid
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 25~30
This paper studies the effect of vibration characteristics of tube line conveying fluid with the power steering system of bus. We modelled fluid-filled tube line using I-DEAS software to investigate vibration characteristics of the power steering tube line. And we obtained the natural frequency of tube line through finite element analysis. Analytic solutions were compared with experimental solutions to verify finite element model. We tested the tube line to examine an effect of pressure pulse by vane pump and variation of geometry of tube. From both the experimental results and the modeling results for vibration characteristics of the tube line conveying fluid, we confirmed that vibration characteristics induced by pulse propagated along the power steering tube line and resonance occurred around the natural frequency with pulse excitation.
The Research of Fatigue-Crack Initiation and Propagation for S35C Steel
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 31~36
Surface crack growth characteristics and influence of the stress amplitude in rotary bending fatigue test were evaluated for annealed S35C steel, and than fractal dimensions of fatigue crack paths estimated using the box counting method. The following results that will be helpful to understand the fatigue crack growth mechanism were obtained. (1) Crack growth rate ds/dN and db/dN (s : half crack length at the surface crack, b : crack depth) depended on stress amplitude (
), stress intensity factor range (
) and crack length. (2) At the effect area of 0.3 mm hole notch (s＜0.5 mm) crack growth rate did not depend on these factors. (3) The fractal dimensions (D) increased with stress amplitude (
) but decreased with cyclic number.
Measurement and Estimation of Dynamic Resistance of the Human Body Using Body Current at Low-Voltage Levels
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 37~42
The severity of electric shock is entirely dependent on body resistance. When the human body becomes a part of electric circuit, the body resistance is given as a function of shock scenario. Factors which consist of applied voltage, shock duration, body current path and contact area, etc.. The body resistance is defined as the voltage applied to subjects divided by the body current. To secure safety of the subjects, the experiment is conducted on 10 subjects, the body current is limited to 4mA. And only three factors under many shock scenario conditions are used to determine the body resistance. The three factors are the applied voltage, the current pathway and the contact area. The object of this work is to estimate the dynamic resistance of the human body as a function of applied voltage using the body current at low-voltage levels. The data of the body current at low-voltage levels are extrapolated to high-voltage levels using two analytic functions with specified constants calculated by numerical method. Also we can provide permissible body voltage for various copper electrodes on the basis of the data determined with the dynamic resistance and the body current.
Improvements of Impact strength in Glass Fiber/Polypropylene Composite by Silane Coupling Agents
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 43~47
Effect of coupling agent on the mechanical properties of PP/GF blend was investigated. The flexural modulus, Izod impact strength, elongation at yield and tensile strength were improved with using coupling agent. Mopological studies revealed that PP and GF were incompatible and addition of coupling agent was very effective to enhance the compatibility, result in mechanical properties.
Ignition Characteristics and Combustion Gas Analysis of the Plastics Foam
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 48~52
This study was undertaken to investigate fire risk characteristics of the plastics foam that is used an insulating materials in workplaces. The ignition characteristics and combustion gas of the plastics foam were carried out using the ISO self-Ignition tester, the Cone Calorimeter, and NES combustion analyzer. The experimental materials used were commercial samples and their composition is not disclosed by the manufacturer. As the experimental results, the self-ignition temperature of the plastics foam ranges from
, and the flash-ignition temperature of plastics foam ranges from
. The difference of ignition temperature on density with plastics foam type was smaller since the amount of combustible gas to ignite is not caused enough. The time to ignition of the polyethylene foam in samples of the plastics foam was shorter, and its of polyethylene foam was longer. The concentration of carbon dioxide of the polyethylene foam shows higher in samples of the plastics foam. It is found that the concentration values of carbon monoxide of the plastics foam show very fatality on people during exposure of 30 minutes in fire.
Improvable Characteristics of Clay Layers with Time Lapse
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 53~58
Constructions on the soft clay layer of low strength and high compression bring out many problems. Recent studies show that strength of the soft clay layer could be substantially improved by mixing quicklime. For the purpose, a series of uniaxial compression tests were performed, using quicklime, in order to analyze strength characteristics. The major test results are summarized following : When water content is 90%, the strength is observed to precipitously increase between 3～14 days, then, the extent slowly increase in relative terms. When water content is 130%, the strength is observed to precipitously increase up to 28 days. When the strength of water content 90% is compared to that of water content 130%, the initial strength of the former is higher than that of the latter. The analyses show that the improvement of soft clay layers can be realized by the mixture of both quicklime and sand, and by the mixture of quicklime only.
A Proposed method of the Strength Calculation of Pipe Support
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 59~64
Even though there is a guideline for the required strength of pipe support in inspection, it does not mean the nominal strength which can be used for the form work design. And, Concrete Specification defines that the pipe support should be designed according to the steel design guidelines but the design details are not provided, such as buckling length and the sectional modulus, etc. For the better prediction of strength of pipe support, the slenderness ratio of support which reflects the boundary condition should be considered. In this paper, the elastic buckling formula based on the slenderness is derived. The formula contains the strength reduction factor that consider the strength deduction caused by initial lateral deformation and is 0.65 consistently regardless of boundary conditions. And the coefficient of effective buckling length is calculated from the experiment.
Effective Use of Aggregate Fines
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 65~72
Portland cement concrete is made with coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, portland cement, water and, in some cases, selected chemical admixture such as air-entraining agents, water reducer, superplasticizer, and so on, and mineral admixture such as fly ash, silica fume, slags, etc. Typically, in the concrete, the coarse aggregate and fine aggregate will occupy approximately 80 percent of the total volume of the finished mixture. Therefore, the coarse and fine aggregates affect to the properties of the portland cement concrete. As the deposits of natural sands have slowly been depleted, it has become necessary and economical to produce crushed sand(manufactured fine aggregate). It is reported that crushed sand differs from natural sands in gradation, particle shape and texture, and that the content of micro fines in the crushed sand affect to the quality of the portland cement concrete. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the characteristics of fresh and hardened concrete with higher micro fines. This study provides a firm data to apply crushed sand with higher micro fines.
Perceived Discomfort of Females for Static Joint Motions
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 73~78
It has been proposed that the acceptable level of discomfort was a valid measure of postural loading. Although the number of women employees has increased at a much faster rate than men workers did and female workers are thought to be more vulnerable to musculoskeletal disorders, most previous studies dealt with perceived discomforts for joint motions focused on male subjects. This study aims to measure perceived discomfort ratings of females for static joint motions. Ten female subjects participated in the experiment measuring perceived discomforts, in which almost every possible joint motion was included and the free modulus method of the magnitude estimation was employed. The results showed that discomfort levels were dependent on the joint motions and joints, and subjective discomfort ratings of women were significantly larger than those of men.
An EMG Analysis Study of Grinding Work by Posture and Working Time
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 79~83
Posture of the upper limbs in field works is known to be an important risk factor associated with CTD(Cumulative Trauma Disorders). In particular, uncomfortable posture and highly repetitive works in shipbuilding industry(for instance, sand blasting, grinding and blast painting, etc) made workers exposed to a great risk of injuries. The purpose of this paper is to analyze recruitment pattern of the muscles according to posture(joint angle displacement) during grinding. In this study, EMG signals of pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, and posterior deltoid muscle were measured and analyzed from FlexComp EMG solution. And subjective ratings of perceived exertion were made using Borg's CR-10 rating scale.
Development of TRAIN for Accident Management
Moo-Sung Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 84~87
Severe accident management can be defined as the use of existing and alternative resources, systems, and actions to prevent or mitigate a core-melt accident in nuclear power plants. TRAIN (Training pRogram for AMP In NPP), developed for training control room staff and the technical group, is introduced in this paper. The TRAIN composes of phenomenological knowledge base (KB), accident sequence KB and accident management procedures with AM strategy control diagrams and information needs. This TRAIN might contribute to training them by obtaining phenomenological knowledge of severe accidents, understanding plant vulnerabilities, and solving problems under high stress.
Autoregressive Modeling in Orthogonal Cutting of Glass Fiber Reinforced Composites
Gi Heung Choi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 88~93
This study discusses frequency analysis based on autoregressive (AR) time series model, and process characterization in orthogonal cutting of a fiber-matrix composite materials. A sparsely distributed idealized composite material, namely a glass reinforced polyester (GFRP) was used as workpiece. Analysis method employs a force sensor and the signals from the sensor are processed using AR time series model. The resulting pattern vectors of AR coefficients are then passed to the feature extraction block. Inside the feature extraction block, only those features that are most sensitive to different types of cutting mechanisms are selected. The experimental correlations between the different chip formation mechanisms and AR model coefficients are established.