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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
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The Friction Properties on the Loosening of Bolted Joints (I: Thread Friction Experiments)
;;Yanyao Jiang;Ming Zhang;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 1~5
By using an approach developed to determine the torque-tension relationship for bolted joints, frictional properties of several typical bolted joints were studied experimentally. The specific property by bolted joints certify that the most significant influence of materials and bearing surface condition. Experiments on thread friction shows that prevailing torque nuts with distorted threads provide benefit for preventing self-loosening of the nut. Repeated tightening-loosening generally increases frictions in a bolted joint. It was noted that the data scatter of the experimental results of frictions in a belted joint may overshadow the influence of size. speed, and contact positions. The results from the experimental investigation will help to better design bolted joints.
Development of Diagnosis Technique for Converter Bearings by Using Acoustic Emission
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 6~15
A method is presented for diagnosing the converter bearings by using acoustic emission. The flaking mechanism causing the large-scale bearing for furnace to flaw is investigated and a possibility of defect is verified by Finite Element method. he diagnosis logic is proposed fir detecting the flaw of a non-continuous rotating machine. It is proved that the acoustic emission energy can be used as a representative parameter for an acoustic event. Applying the method to the tilting bearings for steel mill in operation, the effectiveness of this logic is evaluated. It is shown that AE signal is generated only when the bearing is tilting, and the trend analysis can be focused upon this process.
Suppression of Coating Formation in Cement Silo
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 16~21
The object of this research is to prevent the industrial accidents which frequently occurred in breaking the coating in cement silo. Research was conducted to identify the cause of the coating formation, and the model experiment of aeration system was done to investigate the effect of moisture air on the coating formation. The results show that dehumidification of supply air in aeration system is the most important factor to suppress the coating formation, and the refrigerated low pressure air dryer applicable to the aeration system of cement silo was newly designed and developed. When this air dryer is applied to the cement silo, 88% of the moisture component of supply air can be reduced. Therefore the cleaning cycle extends over twice, and it contributes to the decrease of industrial accidents and cleaning cost.
Reduction Plan for nip accidents by a Roller Machine
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 22~27
The roller machines installed in the industrial field are operated under hazardous conditions due to no safety devices available, human error during operation, defective safety devices, and inadequate regulation even in case that safety devices are provided. Up to now, most roller machines installed in domestic field are provides with band breaking system as a safety device. In this study, the emergency stop distance is measured within the limit of domestic regulation but violates a foreign regulation(EN1417). Consequently, it is concluded that the roller machines with a band breaking system have high possibility of death or serious injury of the operator and the system should be improved with the introduction of additional safety devices. This thesis suggests the safety measures suitable for the roller machines with different drive systems based on the experiment results. The use of the newly developed safety system has been tested on many cases.
Effect of Spray Angle of Water Mist Nozzle on Temperature Field of Compartment Fire
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 28~33
The present study investigates the effect of injection angle of water mist on fire suppression characteristics by numerical simulation. In order to validate the temperature field by numerical simulation, the predicted results are compared with experimental data. It shows that the temperature difference between measurements and predictions are within
. Numerical simulations of fire suppression are performed for 4 different injection angle(
). The global mean temperature over the fire compartment decrease with increasing of spray angle. The result shows that the heat transfer between droplets and gas phase are enhanced with the increasing of spray angle. Near the fire source, temperature field by the wide spray angle is slightly higher than that of narrow injection angle because of direct cooling of fire source.
The Effects of Temperature Change on the Bending Strength of CF/PEEK Laminates after Impact
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 34~39
In this paper, when CF/PEEK laminates for high efficiency space structure are subjected to FOD(Foreign Object Damage), the effects of temperature change on the impact damages(interlaminar separation and transverse crack) of CF/PEEK laminates and the relationship between residual lift and impact damages are experimentally investigated. Composite laminates used in this experiment are CF/PEEK orthotropic laminated plates, which have two-interlaces [
]. A steel ball launched by the air gun collides against CF/PEEK laminates to generate impact damages. And then CF/PEEK specimens with impact damages are observed by a scanning acoustic microscope under room and high temperatures. In this experimental results, various relations are experimentally observed including the delamination area vs. temperature change, the bending strength vs. impact energy and the residual bending strength vs. impact damage of CF/PEEK laminates.
A Study on Smoke Movement by Using Large Eddy Simulation I. Smoke Control Systems and Extraction Flowrate
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 40~45
To evaluate the smoke control systems, the large eddy simulation turbulence model based Fire Dynamics Simulate was applied to a 2m
2.4m room with an opening. The smoke removal rate was investigated for three different smoke control systems: ventilation, extraction and pressurization. When the opening was closed, the smoke removal rates of the smoke control systems were almost the same as expected. The pressurization system showed a lower smoke removal rate compared with the other two smoke control systems for the room with the opening, and hence the pressurization system might not be efficient for a place with large openings. It was shown that the lower extraction flowrate is, the longer time the ventilation system requires to remove smoke. From these results, the ventilation system is recommended for subway stations where several large openings exist.
Development of The Magnetic Abrasive Using Barium Ferrite
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 46~49
The magnetic polishing is the useful method to finish some machinery fabrications by using magnetic power. This method is one of the precision techniques and has m aim for clean technology in the transportation of the pure gas in the clean pipes. The magnetic abrasive polishing method is not so common in the field of machine that it is not known to widely. There are rarely researcher in this field because of non-effectiveness of magnetic abrasive. Therefore, in this paper we deals with the development of the magnetic abrasive with the use of Ba-Ferrite. In this development, abrasive grain WA has been made by using the min bond fabricated at low temperature. And magnetic abrasive powder was fabricated from the Ba-Ferrite which was crushed into 200 mesh. The XRD analysis result shows that only WA abrasive and Ba-Ferrite crystal peaks were detected, explaining that resin bond was not any more to contribute chemical reaction. From SEM analysis, we found that WA abrasive and Ba-Ferrite were strongly bonding with each other.
Evaluation of Radiation Degradation or Crosslinked Polyethylene using TGA
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 50~55
Radiation degradation of crosslinked polyethylene(XLPE) was investigated using thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), The results of TGA were compared with FT-IR, melting temperature, oxidation induction time, and elongation at break on the XLPE exposed by
-ray. 5% decomposition temperature of
-ray irradiated XLPE showed similar tendencies with the case of elongation at break. Both properties agreed below 1000 KGy, however, did not show any remarkable characteristics above 1000 kGy, these properties can be useful to evaluate the radiation degradation of XLPE for only low irradiated region. Above 1000 kGy, the thermal decomposition activation energy showed decreased, on the contrary, increasing below 1000 kGy. Compared with FT-IR spectrum of irradiated XLPE, it was confirmed that the oxidation reaction was still occurring below 1000 kGy. Radiation degradation of XLPE was dependent upon the irradiation doses, TGA can be a useful tool to evaluate the degradation.
Flame Retardancy and Mechanical Property of Recycled Polyolefinic Plastic Composites with Hybrid fillers
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 56~63
Flame retardancy and mechanical properties of recycled polyolefinic plastics/inorganic filler composite systems were investigated by using several inorganic flame retardants such as magnesium hydroxide and slag powder generated electro arc furnace Compatibilizer user each maleic anhydride functionalized polyethylene (PE-g-MAH) and polypropylene(PP-g-MAH) or used mixture of these. The effect of polymeric compatibilizers on the properties of composites was studied by tensile and impact test, differential scanning calorimetry, in the changed fracture mechanism. The improved adhesion was particularly reflected in the mechanical properties. The flame retardancy of composites was examined by measuring limiting oxygen index(LOI, ASTM D2863), smoke density(ASTM D2843) and vertical burning test(UL94). Regarding the flame retardant effect, the EAF slag powder is behaving as synergists as they are only active in the presence of magnesium hydroxide.
A Comparative Study on Safely Analysis Methodology of Chemical Process
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 64~72
A new reliability assessment methodology is presented and the new method is compared with fault tree analysis. The system is modeled by directed graph at a new methodology, which is composed of nodes and arcs. The directed graph corresponds to the layout of chemical process and is easy to construct. Therefore, the directed graph analysis is applicable to the chemical process that has complex sequence. The example of fault tree analysis and directed graph analysis is given. The directed graph analysis has proved to be a valuable and useful method for the reliability assessment of chemical process.
A Study on the Previous Evaluation Model for Safety Performance of Construction Companies
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 73~78
In order to improve the safety performance oi construction projects, effective and corporative safety management program between head office and job site must be implemented. And its performance must be measured and analyzed for the identification of the problems in the safety management area. This study proposes a previous evaluation model of safety performance for the large construction firm in order to enhance their safety level. The fundamental data for proposed model is based on the past research(Son 2002), which is structured of evaluation criteria. weighted factor. statistical evaluation formula. The model would help the firm management in identifying the weak areas of safety performance in terms of the degree performing certain safety tasks. It is expected that the model could contribute to achieving the "zero accident" level.ot; level.
Analysis of Effects on Concrete Beam Strengthened with CFRP Plate according to Temperature Change
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 79~85
In this study, the behavior characteristics of specimen strengthened with CFRP plate were analyzed according to the change of temperature. CFRP plate itself has a good resistance at the high temperature, but epoxy used as a adhesive is lost its bonding strength at the relatively low temperature. Therefore, this study carries out experiment on the beams slot-bonded with CFRP plates in order to maintain the successful bonding strength of epoxy at high temperature. It is presented that the range of glass transition temperature is 60-8
and RC beams slot-bonded with CFRP plate shows more increasing resistance and failure load than that of interface bonded at the high temperature.
A Study on Decision-making Methods for Improving Technical Specifications
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 86~91
The utility and the nuclear research institutes in korea have conducted research for improving inefficient requirements in technical specifications using the results of probability risk assessments and informations with risk. However, the guidance for reviewing the improved technical specifications has not been developed. The objective of this study is to develop a decision-making framework for investigating and reviewing the technical documents associated with the to changes of technical specification This study has developed a decision-making framework for reviewing the improvements of the RI-TS(Risk-Informed Technical Specifications). This work may contribute to enhancing both the safety and the efficiency of nuclear power plants by changing Technical Specifications proposed by the utility.
Analysis on Worker's Consciousness for Prevention of a Disease in the Work Using QFD Technique
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 92~97
There are many and various problems due to a disease in the work. These problems result in serious social Problems such as individual and family Problem, economical loses of company. The objective of this study is to analyze the worker's consciousness and provide the precautionary measures far prevention of a disease in the work. Also, this paper presents quantitative value of priorities for prevention of a disease in the work using QFD technique. The samples for this study are chosen from the companies with less than 300 employees under charge of the Kangnung Ministry of Labor during three months (2002. 3. 2 - 2002. 5. 31).
Evaluation of Human Reliability Analysis Results in Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Korea Standard Nuclear Power Plants
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 98~103
Based on ASME probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and NEI PRA peer review guidance, we evaluate a human reliability analysis (HRA) in probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) for Korea standard nuclear power plants, Ulchin Unit 3&4, to improve it performed at under design. The HRA for Ulchin Unit 3&4 is assessed as higher than Grade I based on ASME PRA standard and as higher than Grade 2 based on NEI PRA peer review guidance. The major items to be improved identified through the evaluation process are the documentation, the systematic human reliability analysis, the participitation of operators in the works and review of HRA. We suggest the guidance on the identification and qualitative screening analysis for pre-accident human errors and solve some items to be improved using the suggested guidance.
AGAPE-ET: A Predictive Human Error Analysis Methodology for Emergency Tasks in Nuclear Power Plants
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 104~118
It has been criticized that conventional human reliability analysis (HRA) methodologies for probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) have been focused on the quantification of human error probability (HEP) without detailed analysis of human cognitive processes such as situation assessment or decision-making which are crticial to successful response to emergency situations. This paper introduces a new human reliability analysis (HRA) methodology, AGAPE-ET (A guidance And Procedure for Human Error Analysis for Emergency Tasks), focused on the qualitative error analysis of emergency tasks from the viewpoint of the performance of human cognitive function. The AGAPE-ET method is based on the simplified cognitive model and a taxonomy of influencing factors. By each cognitive function, error causes or error-likely situations have been identified considering the characteristics of the performance of each cognitive function and influencing mechanism of PIFs on the cognitive function. Then, overall human error analysis process is designed considering the cognitive demand of the required task. The application to an emergency task shows that the proposed method is useful to identify task vulnerabilities associated with the performance of emergency tasks.
A study on coupling effect during lifting
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 119~124
Despite rapid technological advance and increased automation facilities, many jobs and activities in our living require manual materials handling(MMH). These include wide variety of activities such as moving things, lifting bags. boxes or cartons, etc. Many studies found that handle could affect on maximum acceptable weight of lifting, but there were few studies f3r the effects of work posture and coupling in lifting tote box. This study performed that ten male college students were required to lift a tote box with and without handle for three postures (bending, straight, right angle posture). From the experiment, following results were obtained. (1) MVC reduced maximum 23% by type of handle. (2) MVC was highest in straight posture, but was lowest in right angle posture. (3) As a result of ANOVA, MVC paid attention to posture and coupling. (p<0.01) (4) To all handle types, biceps brachii activity was increased in right angle posture. but reduced in straight posture. (5) To all posture, biceps brachii activity was most lively in no handle. The results of MVC measurement, subjective rating, EMG analysis, statistic analysis showed that maximum acceptable weight of lifting was influenced by type of handle and straight posture was more comfortable than other postures. Based on these results, it was concluded that acceptable weight of lifting has to differ for work posture and coupling.
Development and Application of a Loading/Unloading Device for Effective Material Handling
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 125~131
In recent years, the Korean Army made use of fork-lifters or conveyors when loading and/or unloading military material in order to prevent accidents and to promote efficiency of military material handling activities. However, in troops smaller thin battalions, manual material handling activities are still committed for many reasons. In this thesis, a brand new loading/unloading device for efficient military material handling or manual workers was developed, and its validation study was conducted through objective assessment based on electromyography, subjective assessment based on Body-Map technique developed by Corlett and Bishop, and finally work performance comparison. The results of EMG analysis showed that muscular workload improved by 24% when using the device compared to manual work without the device, and complain of each body part was remarkably reduced. In addition, remarkable effectiveness enhancement was observed in the work performance. Consequently, it could be concluded that ergonomic devices like one developed in this research should be studied further in the ergonomic sense as well as in the economical sense.
Rail-Stress of High-Speed Railway Bridges using tong Rails and subjected to Spatial Variation of Ground Motion Excitations
Ki-Jun Kwon ; Yong-Gil Kim ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 18, issue 2, 2003, Pages 132~138
The use of long rails in high-speed railway bridges causes additional stresses due to nonlinear behaviours between the rail and bridge decks in the neighbourhood of the deck joints. In the seismic response analysis of high-speed railway bridges, since structural response is highly sensitive to properties of the ground motion, spatial variation of the ground excitation affects responses of the bridges, which in turn affect stresses in the rails. In addition, it is shown that high-speed trains need very long distances to stop when braking under seismic occurrence corresponding to operational earthquake performance level so that verification of the safe stoppage of the train is also required. In view of such additional stresses due to long rails, sensibility of structural response to the properties of the ground motion and braking distance needed by the train to stop safely, this paper proposes and establishes a time domain nonlinear dynamic analysis method that accounts for braking loads, spatial variation of the ground motion and material nonlinearities of rails to analyze long rail stresses in high-speed railway bridges subjected to seismic event. The accuracy of the proposed method is demonstrated through an application on a typical site of the Korean high-speed railway.