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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Experimental Study on Calculation of Critical Velocity in Accordance with Gradient of a Road Tunnel at Fire
Kim, Jong-Yoon ; Seo, Tae-Beom ; Rie, Dong-Ho ; Lim, Kyung-Bum ; Yoo, Ji-Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 1~5
This study provides a basic data necessary to design a facility of smoke management after calculating the critical velocity of the gradient scale model tunnel and reviewing its adequacy to establish an optimum disaster prevention system for a road tunnel at fire. The experiment is carried out by using Froude scaling to a scale model which is about 1/29 as big as the real tunnel, and its critical velocity calculation is calculated to the 0-2% gradient of the tunnel. The result shows that the higher the gradient is, the stronger the critical velocity, but that it doesn't affect the critical velocity so much when the gradient is less 2%. In addition, this result is studied in comparison with the results done by other researchers to review the adequacy of the critical velocity.
A Study on the Characteristics of Smoke Control using PIV in Tunnel Fires
Ko, Jae-Woong ; Kim, Jong-Yoon ; Seo, Tae-Beom ; Lim, Kyung-Bum ; Rie, Dong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 6~11
This study aims to measure a smoke density and velocity by using the PIV method in case a fire occurs in tunnels. By doing so, this will estimate a critical velocity, examine its appropriateness, and present the basic materials necessary for designing a smoke control equipment. For this study, a visualization test was conducted based on the 1/20 miniature of a real tunnel according to the Froude scaling. As a part of basic experiments, a correlation between smoke density and brightness was analyzed here, and a critical velocity was estimated on the condition that a fire breaks out in tunnels. As a result, this study finds that there is a correlation between smoke density and brightness within a range of 100% to 30% transmittance, from which a quantitative smoke density can be obtained. The study also suggests that a critical velocity calculated from the Kennedy formula shows about 10% difference from that estimated in the test.
Noise Reduction of Reciprocating Type Air Compressors
Lee, Kwang-Gil ; Park, Jae-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 12~16
This paper deals with the noise evaluation and noise reduction of a reciprocating air-compressor. The reciprocating air-compressor is widely used in the small and medium sized industrial firms, many employees exposed and irritated by their noise in the workplace. Thus, appropriate noise control actions should be taken to prevent hearing loss due to the its noise exposure. Lead-wrapping techniques are employed to identify the contribution of principal noise sources which are generally known to be motor, belts, suction valves, discharge valves, moving parts, and flow-induced noise caused by edges or discontinuities along the flow path including expansions, contractions, junctions and bends. As a result, the main noise sources of the air-compressor are categorized by the suction and discharge noise, valve noise, and compressed air tank noise. Based on the investigations, mufflers are designed to reduce both the suction and discharge noise and the compressed-air tank noise. Instead of the conventional valve plate, polyethylene resin is used the reduction of valve impact noise. In addition, attempts are made to reduce the valve noise propagation to the cylinder head and the compressor tank by using the insulation casings. As a result of the countermeasure plans, a noise reduction up to 10dB(A) could be achieved for the air-compressor.
Fatigue Strength Evaluation of SPCC Cross-Tension Spot Weld Joints
Kim, Ho-Kyung ; Choi, Deok-Ho ; Yang, Kyoung-Tak ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 17~21
In this study, SPCC cross-tension type specimens produced under various spot welding conditions were tensile and fatigue tested. Decrease of 2 kA in normal current condition of 10 kA caused a large amount of reduction in both static joining strength and fatigue life. And 2 kA increase resulted in increase of static joining strength and an increase in low cycle regime but a decrease in high cycle regime, revealing the fact that fatigue strength rather than static joining strength would be a major factor during design process in view of the body endurance. As a results of estimating the fatigue lifetimes of various types of spot weld specimens. equivalent stress intensity factor is the proper parameter for predicting the lifetimes of various types of specimens. which can be expressed as
A Study on the Structural Reform of Urban Transit Vehicle Considering Elevation of Fire Safety
Lee, Keun-Oh ; Kim, Kyu-Joong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 22~27
Even though the interior of urban transit vehicle has been changed as a preventing measure against fire to make it inflammable, there remains a possibility of fire breaking out in case of gasoline etc being brought in the subway. However, there is also the possibility that in case if fire toxic gas is generated and hot air spreads in carriage it will prove very dangerous for people sitting inside. This is a comparative study where we compare simulation results with model examining the time and direction the fire spreads when it breaks out. Also there is vertical distribution of temperature in carriage where the fire spreads out. This study is about demonstrating how to establish smokeless system in urban vehicle, about its necessity, and about vehicle system restructuring. This study also makes an effort to find more advanced method for efficient fire safety in trains. In existing vehicles, in case of fire, the smoke can't go out when doors are closed and hence it spreads in whole train. Even though the method of using ventilation or exhaust established inside the carriage to throw smoke out is much better than the way of opening end doors in each carriage, this study is trying to do research on second way. Through simulation we see that in second case, even though not as good as the first one, smoke can exit through gates. Even though the first method is better, the second can also be uses to let fire out. We can know that in the first case as the smoke can exit out faster, it provides more safety for people. So this system provides better fire safety condition.
A Study for Development the Air Cleaner Using Air Ionizing Phenomena and Optical Catalizer
Shim, Chung-Han ; Lee, Won-Dae ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ; Jung, Yong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 28~33
The rapidly advanced industrial society takes advantage of high-technology, but it also suffered from the side effects such as various diseases by contamination. Of these problems, air pollution is considered as the most important problem nowadays. Air contamination is not only limited outdoors, but it also causes more serious effect in our indoor air environment. Depending on the notion that indoor air effects physical health seriously, the needs of the air cleaner is more earnest. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to develop the air cleaner to meet the standard and get rid of poisonous and harmful material from the atmosphere by using a Corona Discharge. According to the purpose of this study, We set the negative ion generator, the UV,
optical catalyzer, the electrical dust collector and the air filter in series order. It emits a lot of negative ions. We use these ions to purify harmful factors and contaminated materials. We collect the dust using static power that comes from the discharge of corona. At the same time, we try to develop the air cleaner to keep the air quality to meet the standard and kill the various viruses using UV LED and
optical catalyzer. In this study, we use the UV LED that is smaller and efficient than a existing UV lamp. What is more, the UV LED has a features that a stabilizer occupying much space is not needed any more.
Analysis of Electric Field Distribution according to Surface Roughness of Aramid Insulating Paper Using Boundary Element Method
Kim, Tag-Yong ; Ahn, Byung-Chul ; Cho, Kyung-Soon ; Park, Hyung-Jun ; Hong, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 34~39
In this paper, we investigated the electric field distribution according to the roughness in aramid insulating paper for electric machine. Aramid insulating paper has been used to electric insulating of the traction motor and generators for large capacity. We studied the electric field distribution using boundary element method for Aramid insulating paper. As a result of simulation, the electric field increased according to the surface roughness existence. Electric field decreased due to radius of surface roughness reduction, and Electric field concentration appeared at electrode boundary and rough surface.
Reliability Evaluation of the Partial Discharge Measuring Sensor for Hydro Generator
Byun, Doo-Gyoon ; Hong, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 40~45
In the operation of large capacity hydro generators, it's a very important thing that to minimize several kind of electrical trouble and accident. In order to overcome these problems, the on-line and off-line partial discharge (PD) measuring method has become an important one. Nowadays, epoxy mica coupler(EMC) has been the most widely used sensors for on-line PD detection in rotating machines. This time, we have made a ceramic coupling sensor using
, because at present, most of sensors has high cost and difficult procedure to making. This paper deals with the electrical characteristics of a ceramic coupling sensor, which has been made to continuously measure PD activity during the operation condition for 13kV class hydro generator. And we have performed the evaluation of sensor life and reliability based on the characteristic testing. The experimental results confirm that the sensor has satisfied at electrical required performance and output characteristic for simulated input signal.
A Study on the Phenomena of Dust Removal by the Layout Changes in the Turbulent Type Clean Room
Kim, Yeon-Hee ; Kim, Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 46~52
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the removal efficiency of fine dusts as the configuration condition of machinery and equipments in Clean Room and to analyze the flowing behaviors of fine dusts as the layout of Clean Room. The layout of the Clean Room was classified into side layout type, 2 center line type and center concentration type layout, and the flow rates used in this research were 0.22m/s, 0.44m/s and 0.80m/s. Dust removal efficiency as layout change was decreased 37% for side layout type, 31% for 2 center line type and 20% for center concentration type layout at the flow rate of 0.22m/s, compared with the state without machinery and equipments in Clean Room. The efficiency was decreased 42% for side layout type, 22% for 2 center line type and 8% for center concentration type layout at the flow rate of 0.44m/s, and decreased 20% for side layout type, 18% for 2 center line type and 10% for center concentration type layout at the flow rate of 0.80m/s. According to the result of dust removal behavior,
dust except for
showed the higher change of the behavior in side layout type than in center concentration type layout due to the change of air flow. It was confirmed that removal behavior depends on the layout of machinery and equipments as the dust size decreases.
Estimating Relative Risk Level of Construction Work
Son, Ki-Sang ; Yang, Hak-Soo ; Gal, Won-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 53~59
Standard safety management costs can not be applied to each site with same rate, it is very difficult, because it depends on the experience, work method, work kind, work progress schedule, and hazard level of each construction company. Therefore, this study is to find out hazard level of each work kinds through questionnaire and interview and investigate analyze the status which standard safety management costs have been used. Also, this study is to show reasonable rates of standard safety management costs in construction industry and to set up countermeasures against those problem after reviewing its status in korea with in Japan and Europe. The domestic system of standard safety management costs is not considered in the foreign country, while only related subjective items have been investigated and evaluated for this study. This study is to investigate eleven project kinds of domestic system, first, and to investigate eleven items of apartment bldg, office, civil work such as bridge, tunnel, dam, plant etc, secondly. Additionally, three items of gymnasium, railway, particular steel tower are investigated in this study. Also this study is to investigate and analyze performed costs of presently processing worker finished work so that it shows a new reasonable rate against standard safety management costs in construction industry, in order to make basial data and material to be systemized.
A Study on the Safety Climate and Worker's Safe Work Behavior in Construction Site
Choi, Soo-Il ; Kim, Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 60~71
In recent years, the most safety studies have been focused on identifying the relationship between safety climate and safe work behavior in accordance with the awareness that prime causes of accidents are organizational, managerial, and human factors rather than pure technical failures across the world. This study focused empirical research aimed at finding out the safety climate factors and examining the relationships of the safety climate and safe work behavior in construction site in Korea, too. A 10 numbers of safety climate factors were adapted from the Mohamed's study(2002) and tested using PLS-GRAPH 3.0 expecting same results as Mohamed' study. And then the relationship between safety climate and safe work behavior was examined. Only two safety climate factors-personal risk appreciation and worker's safety competence-were found and a strong positive relationship between safety climate and safe work behavior was identified in this study. Discussed in details about the results and implications and suggested further studies.
A Study on the Efficient Technical Assistance for Small-sized Construction Sites
Lee, Gi-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 72~76
This study deals with problems of technical assistance through accidents analysis and questionnaires on small-sized construction sites which are difficult to understand real condition and administrate legally and indicated following efficient methods of technical assistance. (1) Ensuring access to the small-sized construction sites. (2) Delegation technical assistance service to civilian and supporting selected. (3) Raising of the person's safe consciousness concerned with the small-sized construction sites. (4) Safety consulting for the head office of small-sized construction sites.
Organizational Personality Types, Employer-Organization Fit and Job Satisfaction/Involvement of the Nuclear Power Plants
Kim, Dae-Ho ; Lee, Yong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 77~83
The purpose of this study is to assess the organizational personality types, employee-organization fits and the job satisfaction/involvement in a Korea standard nuclear power plant(NPP), which is a representative safety work place. First we chose 427 procedures that are related to safety out of 777 officially managed procedures referenced by 13.5 of FSAR(final safety analysis report). Next, we finally chose 70 procedures of 8 divisions for 44 employees regarding the duties for NPPs' division, experiences of operations, an operational know-how, and the indication of operational weakness. This study used OPTI(organizational personality type indicators) and the combination of 4 preference types for determining the organizational personality to produce personality types of organizations for NPPs' division. To assess the job satisfaction and involvement, we used a questionnaire and an interview, for 300 employees(83.5%) of the Korea standard NPP.
A Questionnaire Survey on Occupational Disease of Fisheries
Kim, Jae-Ho ; Chang, Seong-Rok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 84~91
The purpose of this study was to find out morbidity rate and pattern of occupational disease and affect of variables related disease of Fishing sailors'. The subjects this study were 624 fisheries sailors' who took a safety education course in Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology. This questionnaire was focused on finding the basic data for prevention of occupational disease and promotion health on the fishing sailors'. The collected data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, cross tab by SPSS package. The result of this study are as follow. 1) The morbidity rate within recent 12 months was 70.2%. There were significant differences of occurred disease in age, rank, perceived health status, fatigue symptoms, rest time, workload, overtime duration 2) The more aging(p<0.01), perceived fatigue(p<0.01), workload(p<0.01), overtime(p<0.05) and the less perceived health status(p<0.01), rest time(p<0.01), the higher morbidity rate. 3) Considering disease unable to work more than 4 hour, the number of those who had musculoskeletal disease were 20.9%, which revealed the highest rate, digestive disease 14.3%, traumatic disease 13.5%.
A Study to Revitalize of the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector System - In Manufacturing Industry -
Yoon, Jo-Duk ; Han, Choong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 92~102
The Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector System, which is with the object of establishment of an autonomic and collaborative industrial accident prevent system, comes into force on 1995 through the administration provision of the Ministry of Labor, one year after it had legal basis. The purpose of this study is to put forward revitalization of the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector System by using the survey(2005.05) of the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector in the manufacturing industry. It can be summarized to develop the system as the following: 1) Obligation to the appointment of the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector and the Extension to be appointed workplace, 2) Cooperation of the Safety/Health Manager with the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector, 3) Grant the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector to make the round of the workplaces for the providing guidance to workers, 4) Employers' fulfillment of the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector's recommendations, 5) Guarantee the Honorary Industrial Safety Inspector instructions and its hours.
A Study on Driving Characteristics of the Elderly Driver using a Driving Simulator
Lee, Won-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 21, issue 5, 2006, Pages 103~111
The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationships between cognitive abilities and driving characteristics of elderly drivers. Driving characteristics of elderly and younger drivers who were driving a fixed base driving simulator vehicle were examined. Participants consisted of 12 drivers over age 65 (the 'older' group) and 12 drivers between the ages of 25 and 55 (the "younger" group). As indices of cognitive ability, critical flicker fusion frequency (CFF) tests and cognitive reaction tests were given before the driving task. CFF was also tested after the simulated driving task for both groups. Cognitive reaction tests, which were composed of speed estimation tests, multiple choice reaction tests and obstacle avoidance tests, were developed by the Korean Road Traffic Safety Authority in 2003. CFF values between the two groups exhibited significant differences both before and after the task, with a p-value less than 0.01 and a t-value of -3.01 before the test and a p-value less than 0.031 and a t-value of -2.35 after the test. Older drivers' CFF values were lower than those of the younger. However, there was no difference in older or younger driver CFF values before and after the task within the same group. Except for the multiple choice reaction test, there was no difference in cognitive reaction test results between the two groups. The elderly drivers made more errors though they did not differ from the younger drivers in reaction times. At the simulated driving task the reaction time of the elderly driver was longer than that of the younger; however, the driving speed of the elderly was lower and the number of collisions greater. There was a positive correlation (r=.496) between the number of errors in the multiple choice reaction test and the number of collisions in the driving task. Therefore, it was identified that critical attributes contributing to automobile crashes involving elderly drivers included cognitive difficulty in judging and responding to complex situations.