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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on Improvement of Inhalation Efficiency of Hood in Ventilation System for Elimination of Industrial Dust
Yang, Ho-Dong ; Oh, Yool-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 1~6
The present study investigates on improvement of inhalation efficiency of hood in ventilation system for elimination of industrial dust. The hood, one of local exhaust ventilation system, has an important function to inhale a pollution source such as harmful dust and industrial waste. In this study, in order to improve the inhalation efficiency of the industrial hood, a new device named "gas-guide-device" was attached to inside of hood. The thermal fluid commercial code "Phoenics ver 3.1" was used to analyze the flow velocity distribution at the hood inlet and around the hood after gas-guide-device was installed. And the flow velocity on each position inside and around the hood was actually measured using the hot wire type anemometer under the same condition as that of numerical analysis. Also, in order to identify the optimum shape of gas-guide-device, numerical analysis and experiments are performed under various conditions and their results are presented. The results of this study revealed that the hood attached with gas-guide-device was higher the inhalation efficiency than that for without one and can be possible to improve the capture velocity of the industrial dust. And the optimum shape of gas-guide-device was identified that the ratio of two sizes of gas-guide-device, X to Y, has 4 to 6 on the basis of the hood size in use and the width (b) of gas-guide-device.
Analysis of Soil-Structure Interaction of a Long-Span Bridge Considering Incident Angle of Input Ground Motion
Park, Jang-Ho ; Shin, Yung-Seok ; Choi, Seung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 7~13
In a long-span bridge which is constructed on soft soil, it is requested to make a plan considering soil-structure interaction, and soil-structure interaction is partially under consideration at the actual bridge plan. Many researches on dynamic behavior of a bridge affected by soil-structure interacting have been accomplished, but it is difficult to estimate dynamic behavior of a bridge on soft soil accurately because of many uncertainties. This paper presents the results about dynamic response of a long-span suspension bridge in the site composed of soft soil considering incident angle of input ground motion. The effect of soft soil was evaluated by the use o computer program SASSI and a long-span suspension bridge was modeled by finite element program MIDAS. The effect of incident angle of input ground motion was investigated on the dynamic response of a long-span bridge.
A Study on the Fatigue Behavior of the Welded Structural Details in Plate Girder
Lee, Myeong-Gu ; Lee, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 14~20
The objective of this study is to examine fatigue strength of the welded details. In order to attain the goal of this study, the bending fatigue tests was performed for four kinds of welded details used in steel bridges, such as in-plane gusset, out-of-plane gusset, cruciform, and cover plate. The effect of the length of welded attachment on fatigue strength was greater in out-of-plane gusset than in in-plane gusset. The fatigue strength of welded details with short attachment was superior to that with long attachment. Fatigue strength of welded details with transversely loaded welds was lower than that with longitudinally loaded welds, and those results were not satisfied with AASHTO specifications. For the fatigue strength of cover plate, cover plate with rectangular section was superior to that with tapered section. It was found that the fatigue crack initiates at the points of stress concentration which are the boundary between the base metal and the bead of weld in the part of the longitudinal edge of attachment, and propagates first along the boundary and along the perpendicular to the direction of the principle stress in the base metal of welded tip.
An Experimental Study to Determine the Effective Prestress force of PSC Beam
Chung, Chul-Hun ; Park, Jae-Gyun ; Kim, Kwang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 21~29
To evaluate the structural integrity of the NPP containment building more rigorously, the effective prestress, which is one of the most affecting elements, needs to be estimated exactly. This paper presents the results of an experimental study to determine the effective prestress force in prestressed concrete beams. It is possible to improve the effective prestress measuring method by test beam, which is being applied for the investigation of the nuclear power plant in operation. If experimentally evaluated Lift-Off method in this study can be coupled with test beam test currently being used in in-service nuclear power plant, it is possible to measure prestress loss of the tendon and the level of the effective prestress load.
The Effects of Short Break Time and Mouse Clicks on the VDT Work by using Subjective Discomfort
Kim, Yu-Chang ; Lee, Jun-Pal ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 30~36
This paper suggests the best work conditions, including short break time and number of mouse clicks on a computer, to prevent MSDs(Musculoskeletal Disorders) on VDT(Visual Display Terminal) work. Discomfort measures are calculated according to the Borg's CR-10 Scale. The short break time conditions are grouped into 7, 15, and 30 seconds after every 10-minute work period and the number of mouse clicks are divided into 10 clicks/min, 20clicks/min, and 30clicks/min. The result of the ANOVA on the shift value of subjective discomfort shows the following: 1) Regarding the break time and the number of mouse clicks, there are statistical differences between the measured values for the neck and the wrist(p<0.05). 2) Regarding the number of mouse clicks, there are statistical differences between the measured values for the shoulder and the forearm(p<0.1). 3) Regarding the break time and the number of mouse clicks, there are no statistical differences between the measures values for the eyes, upper arms and back(p<0.1).
A Study on the Collecting Method of Reliability Database for Gas Facilities
Rhie, Kwang-Won ; Yoon, Ik-Keun ; Han, Sang-Tae ; Oh, Sin-Kyu ; Kim, Tae-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 37~44
The safety assessment for facility industry is now being periodically performed. For the purpose of scientific safety management, QRA(Quantitative Risk Assessment) is also being performed, and reliability data of the facilities is essential to perform the assessment. Generally, the existing safety assessment is performed by using the values announced in other industry processes, which result in the drop of reliability. In order to solve this problem, there is an urgent need to establish reliability database for the facilities. The most appropriate method is to perform a direct reliability analysis towards the facilities undergoing safety assessment. In this study, in compliance with the assessment method and procedure of OREDA-2002 handbook, the facility reliability data are collected, which include the calendar time and operational time in terms of different facility items, the number of failures in terms of different failure mode, the mean, standard deviation, lower limit and upper limit of failure rate, and the failure rate. And the data process method for this special occasion is also proposed when the number of failure is 0.
Effect of Age on Judgment in Driving: A Simulation Study
Lee, Joon-Bum ; Kim, Bi-A ; Lee, Se-Won ; Lee, Jae-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 45~50
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the age difference in driving behavior(more specifically, left-turn). The participants were instructed to report whether they can turn left their car in the T-shape road(road and other vehicles' behavior relating to driver's tasks were recorded in advance and projected the simulation screen) after the leading vehicle passed them(i.e., before the target vehicle arrived). The participants' judgment accuracy and response bias were analyzed by using signal detection theory. The results showed that the old group tended to be less sensitive but more confident in their judgement of turning left their car. In particular, both age groups appeared to more depend on the distance from observation location to approaching vehicle rather than arrival times or driving speeds of the approaching vehicle.
A Study for Improvement of Work using Digital Human Modeling
Kim, Dong-Joon ; Park, Ju-Yong ; Kim, Hyun-Woo ; Chang, Seong-Rok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 51~56
In these days, work-related musculoskeletal disorders(WMSDs) is one of the issues in the shipbuilding industry. As the number of injured workers and demands for worker's compensation have rapidly increased, improvement of work conditions and environments to prevent WMSDs has been more demanded. To reduce WMSDs' hazards in the shipbuilding industry, simulation technique which showed it's ability of increasing the manufacturing productivity was applied, because simulation technique has the evaluation ability for a worker's danger level of production process by RULA(Rapid Upper Limb Assesment). In this research, worker's altitude had modeled and worker's action has simulated. After the caution level was evaluated, we pointed out clues which had high workload. To reduce work-load, we applied ergonomic principles for improving working conditions and environments. Improved working conditions and environments were simulated using human modelling and simulation and their workload were evaluated again.
An Empirical Study on the Safety Climate and Worker's Safe Work Behavior in Semiconductor Industry Related Work Site in Korea
Chung, Nak-Kyung ; Kim, Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 57~64
The Semiconductor industry in Korea has achieved a great contribution to the growth of its economy for the last 20 years with its product export ranked to #1 nowadays. However, the working environment in semiconductor industry is always exposed to a potential risk of critical safety issue for workers with many kinds of utilities used such as toxic chemicals, gases, high vacuum and high voltages of electricity. This study is focused on empirical research to find out the factors on safety climate and to examine the relationships of safety climate and safe work behaviour in the work site of Korea semiconductor industry. As a result of simulation, a strong positive relationships and safe work behaviour have been identified in this study. Its result and implications has been discussed and suggested further studies on its limitation from this study.
A Development of Models for Analyzing Traffic Accident Injury Severity for Signalized Intersections
Ha, Oh-Keun ; Hu, Ec ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 65~71
As the interest in traffic safety has been increasing recently, social movement is being made to reduce the number of traffic accidents and the view on improving the mobility of the existing roads is being converted into on establishing traffic safety as a priority. The increase of traffic accidents related to an intersection in a state that traffic accidents are decreasing overall may suggests the necessity to investigate the specific causes. In addition, we have to consider them when establishing the measures against traffic accidents in a intersection by investigating and analyzing the influences and factors that may affect traffic accidents. To induce the accident severity model, we collected the factors that affect accidents and then applied the Poisson Regression Model among nonlinear regression analysis by verifying the distribution of variables. As a result of the analysis, it turned out that the volume of traffic on main roads, the right turn ratio on sub-roads, the number of ways out on sub-roads, the number of exclusive roads for a left turn, the signals for a right turn on main roads, and an intersect angle were the factors that affect the accident severity.
A Study on the Effect of Delta-V Based on Vehicle Damages and Injuries Subjected by Rear-End Collisions
Kang, Sung-Mo ; Ahn, Byung-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 72~80
In a case of an automobile collision, vehicle damage and injury of the driver and the passenger occur. The scale of the collision which is effected by the extent of vehicle damage and the injury of the passenger, depends on the delta-V. Based on the photograph interpretation o the actual case of accidents in the Seoul and the Incheon area, this study measured the depth of crush and calculated the delta-V. Through verifying the correlation of the depth of crush and the change of velocity, relative equation was evaluated and compared with the prior study results to prove that they are almost identical. Thus, the depth of crush can be used as an index of the degree of impact, which can be utilized as the change of velocity to evaluate the level of injury done to the passengers. However, the period of hospitalization and diagnostics claimed by the injured proves to have no correlation with the delta-V and the extent of vehicle damage, this is due to the non-objective way of diagnosis and the anamnesis of the injured. This study established the absolute limit harmlessness and the choosing limit harmlessness, allowing the appraisal for Yes or No of the injury or the harmlessness based on the prior studies. Moreover, utilizing the relative equation formed between the depth of crush and the delta-V, each case of collision was compared and evaluated in comparison to the limit harmlessness to prove that the 90.4% of the so-called 'claiming-to-be-injured' were exaggerating or fabricating.
Interactions Between a Propagating Flame and Rectangular Wall Obstacles in a Rectangular Confinement
Park, Dal-Jae ; Lee, Tae-Sung ; Lee, Young-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 81~86
Experimental studies have been performed to examine the influences of wall obstructions in a rectangular confinement. Three wall obstacles with blockage ratios ranging from 10 to 30% were used. Temporally resolved flame front images were recorded by a high-speed video camera to investigate the interaction between a propagating flame and the obstacle. The local flame displacement speed and its probability density functions(PDFs) were obtained for the wall obstructions. During the interaction with the sharp-edges of the wall obstacles, the local propagation speed increased. The increase of local speed became larger as the obstruction ratio increased. However, the averaged flame displacement speeds with different blockage ratios were not significantly different within the chamber as shown in the paper of Park et al. The flame front interaction investigated in this work was less dependent of the obstacle obstructions compared to that published in the literature for large L/D.
Design and Safety Control in Construction Stage of Prestressed Concrete Box Girder Bridge with Corrugated Steel Web
Kim, Kwang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 2, 2008, Pages 87~97
The Ilsun Bridge is the world's longest box girder bridge(801m) with corrugated steel webs and has the widest width(
: tri-cellular cross section) among these kinds of composite girder bridges. It has fourteen spans(50m, 10 at 60m, 50m, 2 at 50.5m) where twelve spans are erected by the incremental launching method and two spans by full staging method. Special topics related to the structural safety of prestressed concrete box girder bridge with corrugated steel web in construction stage and service were reviewed. Investigations focus on the span-to-depth ratio, shear stress of corrugated steel webs and optimization of tile length of steel launching nose. The span-to-depth ratio of Ilsun bridge has been found to be well-planned while the corrugated steel web has been designed highly conservative and it has been observed that the conventional nose-deck interaction equation do not fit well with corrugated steel web bridges. As a result, detailed construction stage analysis was performed to check the stress levels and the safety of preceding design conditions. Finally, from the design review of Ilsun bridge, this study suggests optimal design issues which should be of interest in designing a prestressed concrete box girder bridge with corrugated steel webs.