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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study of Cutting Factor Analysis and Reliability Evaluation of ASTM(F136-96) Material by Taguchi Method
Jang, Sung-Minl ; Yun, Yeo-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1~6
Machine operator and quality are affected by chip during cutting process to product machine parts. This paper presents a study of the influence of cutting conditions on the surface roughness obtained by turning using Taguchi method for safety of turning operator. In the machining of titanium alloy, high cutting temperature and strong chemical affinity between the tool and the work material are generated because of its low thermal conductivity and chemical reactivity. Therefore titanium alloys are known as difficult-to materials. An orthogonal array, the signal-to-noise ratio, the analysis of variance are employed to investigate the cutting characteristics of implant material bars using tungsten carbide cutting tools of throwaway type. Also Experimental results by orthogonal array are compared with optimal condition to evaluate advanced reliability. Required simulations and experiments are performed, and the results are investigated.
Decision of Optimum Grinding Condition by Pass Schedule Change
Bae, Yong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 7~13
It is important to prevent roll failure in hot rolling process for reducing maintenance cost and production loss. The relationship between rolling pass schedule and the work roll wear profile will be presented. The roll wear pattern is related with roll catastrophic failure. The irregular and deep roll wear pattern should be removed by On-line Roll Grinder(ORG) for roll failure prevention. In this study, a computer roll wear prediction model under real process working condition is developed and evaluated with hot rolling pass schedule. The method of building wear calculation functions for center portion abrasion and marginal abrasion respectively was used to develop a work roll wear prediction mathematical model. The three type rolling schedule are evaluated by wear prediction model. The optimum roll grinding methods is suggested for schedule tree rolling technique.
A Study on Safety Management System for Shipbuilding Industry
Choi, Jeong-Woo ; Yoo, Jin-Hwan ; Kim, Hyun-Joon ; Seo, Jae-Min ; Kim, Seong-Bin ; Yoon, Kee-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 14~20
A large number of accidents have been occurred in the domestic shipbuilding industry. Its number of accidents is approximately twice than that of manufacturing industry and three times larger than that of whole industry in general. There are several reasons that make it hard to control the accidents. First, it is because the shipbuilding industry is composed of many subcontractors who may need improvement in safety education and safety management. Second, the shipyard environments are exposed to lots of hazards such as high elevation works, isolated workspaces, heavyweight and huge structures/components. Last, the shipbuilding industry has grown too rapidly in a short period. For that reason, the safety management standards and safety consciousness could not catch up the speed of its development. In this study, it is suggested to use a more efficient and easier way to conduct safety management using a web-based safety management system for the shipbuilding industry. This system is composed of four main parts, which is available for self-auditing with legal support. Those are checklists based safety and health evaluation, safety inspection, user shared accident database and user shared bulletin board. It is expected that this system can help us to reduce risks in the shipbuilding industry considerably.
An Experimental Study for the Effect of the Density of Polypropylene Foams on the Absorption of Impact Energy
Lee, Yoon-Ki ; Sung, Won-Suk ; Lim, Dong-Jin ; Sun, Shin-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 21~27
Polypropylene(PP) foams are widely used as protective materials such as automotive bumper and safety helmet, but whose dynamic behaviour are not well defined. In this paper, the compression tests by Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar were conducted to obtain the stress-strain curve and to investigate the effect of density on the absorption of impact energy in the PP foams. Three kinds of foams were chosen depending upon the density. The result of the experiment has revealed that the stiffness of the low-density PP foam is remarkably increased at high strain rate compared with that of the high-density PP foam. And it is also shown that the absorption of impact energy are greatly influenced by the density of PP foam. These results are expected to be utilized for the development of a protective structure with polymer foams.
Characterization of Mechanical Properties in the Heat Affected Zones of Alloy 82/182 Dissimilar Metal Weld Joint
Kim, Jin-Weon ; Kim, Jong-Sung ; Lee, Kyoung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 28~33
This paper presents the characteristics of mechanical properties within the heat affected zones(HAZs) of dissimilar metal weld joint between SA508 Gr.1a and F3l6 stainless steel(SS) with Alloy 82/182 filler metal. Tensile tests were performed using small-size specimens taken from the heat affected regions close to both fusion lines of weld, and the micro-structures were examined using optical microscope(OM) and transmission microscope(TEM). The results showed that significant gradients of the yield stress(YS), ultimate tensile stress(UTS), and elongations were observed within the HAZ of SA508 Gr.1a. This was attributed to the different microstructures within the HAZ developed during the welding process. In the HAZ of F316 SS, however, the welding effect dominated the YS and elongation rather than UTS. TEM micrographs demonstrated these characteristics of the HAZ of F316 SS was associated with a dislocation-induced strain hardening.
Low-velocity Impact Characterization of Laminated Composite Materials
Han, Ji-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 34~37
The composite materials are widely used in the many applications of industry as well as aerospace field because of their high specific stiffness and strength which benefits the material and provides potential energy savings. However, composite materials also have a low property about external applied impact. In this paper, impact tests were conducted on different sample types(glass, carbon and kevlar composite) to obtain information such as absorbed energy and composite deformation using an instrumented impact test machine (DYNATUP 8250). 3 type samples were compared to experimental results. The data from impact test provided valuable information between the different type samples by wet lay up. This paper shows results of that kevlar composite has larger absorption energy and deformation than others.
Comparison between a Light-Scattering and a Light-Extinction Methods for the Study on Soot Yielding Characteristics of an Electric Cable Fire
Cho, Sang-Moon ; Lee, Min-Jung ; Kim, Nam-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 38~43
Significant portion of the fire accident is caused by some troubles in electric circuits. To prevent the fire induced by those electric trouble, some indications of electric fire need to be suitably detected at the first stage of the fire development. With this background, the characteristics of soot yielding of electric cables have been investigated using a light extinction method. In this study, a light scattering method was compared with the light extinction method. A slot-type premixed-flame combustor was traversed to bum three types of electric cables by compulsion, then the mass decrease rate and the soot densities were measured. According to the experimental results, the light scattering method is preferred to the light extinction method when the soot yield ratio is relatively small. Thus the former method is more suitable to detect the occurrence of an electric fire in a power distributer box.
The Analysis on the Electric Potential Distribution of Dry and Submerged Condition by Electric Leakage in Street Lamp
Hon, Sung-Ho ; Park, Sang-Tea ; Kim, Sang-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 44~50
This paper presents study on the electric potential distribution when have a short in street lamp. In order to measure electric potential testing ground is built in. A experiment is conducted to simulate dry and submerged situation of street lamp. The street lamp is leaked by artificial means. And electric potential is measured in grounded street lamp and street lamp alone. The results show that touch voltage of grounded street lamp is possible more high than street lamp alone. And the electric shock hazard is high because high electric potential is distributed near submerged street lamp. Also if street lamp is submerged ground is not useful to decrease electric shock hazard.
A Study on Autonomic Analysis for Servicing Intelligent Gas Safety Management Based on RFID/USN
Oh, Jeong-Seok ; Choi, Kyung-Seok ; Kwon, Jeong-Rock ; Yoon, Ki-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 51~56
As RFID/USN technology is used in the latest industry trend, the information analysis paradigm shifts to intelligence service environment. The intelligent service includes autonomic operation, which select activity by defining itself to the status of industry facilities. Furthermore, information analysis based on IT used to frequently data mining for detecting the meaning information and deriving new pattern. This paper suggest self-classifying of context-aware by applying data mining in gas facilities for serving the intelligent gas safety management. We modify data algorithm for fitting the domain of gas safety, construct context-aware model by using the proposed algorithm, and demonstrate our method. As the accuracy of our model is improved over 90%, the our approach can apply to intelligent gas safety management based on RFID/USN environments.
A Study on the Development of Safety Performance Index in Chemical Industry
Kang, Mee-Jin ; Lee, Young-Soon ; Kwon, Hyuck-Myun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 57~61
In order to maintain the continual safety management in a company, it needs to evaluate and monitor its implementation of safety management. Because the number of major-accidents is not an effective method of indicating company's safety performance, various efforts to develop more reasonable indicators have been made in world wide. After Korean government has legally required the PSM report, PSM compliance audit has been developed and made by the authorities concerned since 2005. However, this audit consists of complicate procedures difficult to utilize as companies' own audit program and corresponds to only a conformity check that confirms whether the PSM be operated and maintained properly. So a new index by which to measure easily the level of safety performance and self-monitor the implementation of safety management is needed. We have studied a new method that may quantitatively evaluate the performance of safety management by investigating application cases in foreign countries and doing the domestic survey of lots of companies subject to PSM regulation in Korea. This study proposes three of safety performance indices(SPI) together with the several prerequisite preconditions and the timing for application of each index. Although the first draft of SPI needs further legal support, it might help to evaluate every company's safety level. The second draft of SPI is a voluntarily evaluating method based on web-site online program. The last draft of SPI consists of a series of simple questions about 12 elements of PSM. Also each of 3 indices has differences in evaluation methodology and application area and, therefore, they may be used concurrently.
A Study on Performance of Protective Gloves to Isocyanate Toxicity
Lee, Su-Gil ; Pisaniello, Dino ; Lee, Nae-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 62~69
As the concerns of dermal exposure of spray painters to isocyanates in the automobile industry, glove performance was examined like permeation rate and breakthrough time including fatigue test. Methylene chloride was used as the solvent for derivatization of the isocyanates with a 97.5% recovery. Ghost wipe pads were used to wipe the surface of the glove material after chemical penetration through the glove material placed under a disposable test cell. Several solvents were tested, such as thinner(xylene, toluene) and cleaning agent(acetone) by using a standard permeation test cell(AS/NZS standard 2161. part 10.3). Solvents accelerate chemical permeation through the gloves more quickly than pure HDI hardener products. The longest breakthrough times were from Nitrosolve gloves, not detected in 8 hours, compared with others like Latex, Neoprene, TNT and Dermo Plus. Therefore Nitrosolve gloves could be recommended as personal protective equipment in crash repair shops. In addition, revised exposure limit of korean regulation should be suggested for employee to minimize the risk of health symptoms.
Minimum Autoignition Temperature Behavior(MAITB) of the Flammable Binary Systems
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Lee, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 70~75
The values of the AIT(Autoignition temperature) for fire and explosion protection are normally the lowest reported. The minimum autoignition temperature behavior(MAITB) of flammable liquid mixtures is exhibited when the AIT of mixture is below the AIT of the individual components. The MAITB is an interesting experimental features, which can be significant from the perspective of industrial safety. In this study, the AITs of m-xylene+n-butyric acid and ethylbenzene+n-butanol systems were measured using ASTM E659-78 apparatus. The AITs of m-xylene, n-butyric acid, ethylbenzene and n-butanol which constituted two binary systems were
respectively. The m-xylene+n-butyric acid system is exhibited MAITB at 0.3 mole fraction of m-xylene, and its minimum autoignition temperature was
A Study on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Ability Using Nitrogen and Novec Mixtures Gas
Lim, Woo-Sub ; Jung, Jong-Jin ; Nam, Dong-gun ; SaKong, Seong-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Won ; Choi, Kenu-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 76~83
In the course of increasing in human and material damage caused by fire, it is an important research field to develop clean extinguishing agent which does no harm to global environment as well as has a good extinguishing efficiency. This research is a basic step to develop a new clean extinguishing agent. In order to get a satisfactory result, we tested fire extinguishing ability using nitrogen and Novec mixtures gas which are inert gas and new clean extinguishing agent. We used Cup Burner Test made by international standard ISO-14520 regulations of gaseous extinguishing agent ability test, and the fuels used in the test are n-heptane, methanol, ethanol, iso-propanol and 1-butanol. The experimental results of flame extinguishing concentration are n-heptane 6.54%, methanol 8.47%, ethanol 6.98%, isopropanol 6.10% and butanol 6.54% by pure Novec agent. So the finding is that a new clean agent, Novec has an efficient extinguishing ability in a state of gas. Also, in a test as to mixtures gas of nitrogen and Novec, it has a good result for minimum oxygen concentration is under 16%.
A Study on the Burning Rate of Puzzle Mats
Park, Hyung-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 84~90
The mass loss rate and heat release rate of puzzle mats were analysed using variable external irradiation level. Five samples of puzzle mat were tested in this study : Type A, B, C, D and E. Type A, B and C are all general grades whereas Type D and E are both Flame retardant grades. Incident heat fluxs of
were selected for these experiments. All samples were tested in the horizontal orientation and were wrapped in a single layer of aluminum foil. Each sample was nominally 20mm thick and 100mm square. The combustion heat and mass loss rate were carried out from Oxygen bomb calorimeter and mass loss calorimeter according to ISO 5660-1 respectively. Heat release rates were calculated using the equation
is the horizontal burning area of the sample,
is mass loss rate per unit area,
is complete heat of combustion and 0.75 is combustion efficiency.
Evaluation of Thermal Hazard in Neutralization Process of Pigment Plant by Multimax Reactor System
Lee, Keun-Won ; Han, In-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 91~99
The identification of thermal hazards associated with a process such as heats of reaction and understanding of thermodynamics before any large scale operations are undertaken. The evaluation of thermal behavior with operating conditions such as a reaction temperature, stirrer speed and reactants concentration in neutralization process of pigment plant are described. The experiments were performed by a sort of calorimetry with multimax reactor system The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of heat of reaction in terms of safety reliability to be practical applications. It suggested that we be proposed safe operating conditions and securities for accident prevention on reactor explosion through this study.
Flame Extinguishing Characteristics of Clean Gaseous Agents and Effects of Additives
Shin, Chang-Sub ; Kim, Sung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 95~99
Halon was known as a cause of the ozone layer destruction. In 1987, it was designated as one of the ozone-layer-destroying materials in the Montreal Protocol. Therefore substitutes of Halon agent has been developed including inert gas extinguish system, which is one of the most widely used fire extinguishing system. This study intended to increase the efficiency of inert gas extinguishing agent by using inert gas additives. As IG-541 shows high extinguishing power, the experiment was performed to measure the effects of gaseous additives to it. Cup-burner fire extinguishing apparatus was used with n-Heptane fuel. Among many of pure inert gaseous agents, Helium showed the most excellent extinguishing power. When Helium was added to IG-541, fire extinguishing power was increased and the concentration of oxygen in chimney also risen. By adding Helium to IG-541, the effectiveness of inert gas fire extinguishing system is able to be increased.
The Present State of Earthquake Hazard for the Apartment Structures in Korea
Kim, Hyeon-Jin ; Park, Tae-Won ; Chung, Lan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 100~107
Earthquake is one of the hazard so hard because it is difficult predicted occurred time, scale and characters. Due to a recent Sichuan earthquake in China with a magnitude of 7.8, it is worried about having a major earthquake in Korea peninsula in near future. The earthquake in Kobe, Japan showed that the damages were concentrated on the buildings which were not considered to be protected from the earthquakes. In this study, apartment structures in Korea analyze about earthquake hazard and evaluate seismic performance. Through the this study we have notice of earthquake hazard for apartment structures which live a lot of population of Korea and suppose necessary for seismic retrofit.
Optimal Design of FRP Bridge Decks
Park, Jae-Gyun ; Ahn, Il-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 108~114
Although FRP is relatively new material for constructional use, there are several commercial GFRP bridge decks available today. In this paper we first set variables which decide the design of a GFRP deck based on commercial products. Under the assumption of linear elastic behavior under DB24 load, all the conditions of stability and serviceability are considered. We seek the best solution which minimizes the cross section area using genetic algorithm. The optimal solution shows that the shape is close to the ASSET deck with larger angle of the web and smaller area.
Experimental Study on Development Length of Prestressing Strand in Pretensioned Prestressed Concrete Members
Kim, Eui-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 115~121
By bond mechanism between the prestressing strand and the concrete surrounding it, the effective force of prestressing must be transferred to the concrete entirely. The distance required to transfer the effective force of prestressing is called the transfer length, and the development length is the bond length required to anchor the strand as it resists external loads on the member. Transfer length was determined from the concrete strain profile at the level of the strands at transfer and development length was determined from various external loading lengths and compared with current code equation. Through the test results, bond failure is predicted based on the distress caused by cracks when they propagate within the transfer zone of prestressing strand. The current code equation was found to be conservative in comparison with the measured value.
Cracking Behavior of Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe
Chung, Chul-Hun ; Kim, Jong-Suk ; Song, Na-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 122~130
The cracking behavior of prestressed concrete members is important for the rational evaluation of PCC pipes. However, the test data on the cracking behavior of PCC pipes are very limited. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the cracking behavior of PCC pipes under different settlement conditions. In this paper, experimental test on the full scale model of PCC pipe was conducted and observed in order to study cracking load in PCC pipes. Based test and FEM analysis results, this paper also presents the cracking load prediction in PCC pipe. Based on the numerical analysis results performed in this research, the cracking behaviors of PCC pipe with the variation of the settlement conditions were evaluated.
Evaluation of the Low Replacement Reinforced Ground Using Laboratory Tests
Bae, Woo-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 131~137
SCP(Sand Compaction Pile) method that forms a composite ground by driving compacted sand piles into the soft ground. This method is one of the soil improvement techniques for reinforcing and strengthening soft ground deposits. This thesis describes the investigation on the behavior of soft ground reinforced with SCP by low improvement ratio. Direct shear test and consolidation test carried out to verified behavior of composite ground reinforced with SCP. Test results were discussed with reference to the amount of consolidation settlement, variation of shear resistance with area replacement ratio and effect of the stress concentration. And, laboratory model loading test carried out to verified the effect of the location and failure mode of reinforced embankment. Residual shear strength varies with the area replacement and constrict load in the low replacement ratio. Calculated stress concentration ratio overestimate than proposed valve by experimental, theoretical and analytical method. As regards the location, improving right below of the top of the slope was more effective than below of the toe of the slope. This thesis carried out to obtain fundamental information of behavior of the composit ground. Hereafter, centrifuge test that reproduce stress state of the in-situ must be necessary through the further study about pile penetration, reinforce position and construct time.
The Effect of the Converted Accident Ratio on the PQ Process of Construction
Lee, Myeong-Gu ; Jeong, Myeong-Jin ; Kim, Kyu-Dong ; Choi, Eun-Jin ; Park, Seung-Kook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 138~143
The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of the converted accident ratio on the contract of construction work. For doing the objective, this research analyzed the bid system and the converted accident ratio computation system in force. Additionally, we estimated what risk grades influence a successful bid of constuctin work. As a result of this study, we have recognized that the converted accident ratio scarcely has an effect on PQ process.
The Assessment of the Risk Index in the Bridge Construction by the Accident Analysis
Lee, Myeong-Gu ; Jeong, Myeong-Jin ; Kim, Kyu-Dong ; Paik, Seung-Kook ; Cho, Soon-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 144~149
The purpose of this study is to present the standard risk index according to work type in the bridge construction without regard to the bridge type. The bridge construction cases were researched on the actual condition. construction accidents were investigated from 1998 to 2005. In this paper, we developed a standard risk index for efficient bridge construction safety system.
Effects of Short-term Stretching Type of Muscular Strength Gymnastics on Health-related Fitness and Rating of Perceived Pain for for Automotive Industry Worker
Hong, S.M. ; Park, W.I. ; Park, C.W. ; Jung, S.D. ; Sung, H.R. ; Kang, J.S. ; Kim, T.Y. ; Park, K.Y. ; Yeom, Hye-Gyeong ; Yang, J.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 150~157
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of short-tenn stretching type of muscular strength gymnastics on health-related fitness and rating of perceived pain for automotive industry workers. The subjects selected were 27, who were divided into 3 groups(A group=10, B group=9, C group=8). Group A performed a short-term stretching Type of Muscular Strength Gymnastics only one time. Group B continuously performed the exercise program two times. Group C was a control group. The exercise program was a stretching Type of Muscular Strength Gymnastics, which was performed 3 times per week for 4 weeks. Its intensity was RPE 11-15. Data analysis was conducted by using SPSS ver 14.0. The test was conducted with two-way repeated ANOVA, post-hoc Ducan and paired t-test (a<.05). This study showed the following results. Muscular strength, muscular endurance and flexibility increased in all intra and between groups. Ratio of %fat decreased for group B but the control group presented conversely. Rating of perceived pain of group A decreased at arm and hands. Rating of perceived pain of group A decreased at back and leg.
A Study on the Classification of Uninsured Cost Occurrence
Lee, Tae-Yeong ; Lee, Jong-Bin ; Chang, Seong-Rok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 158~163
Although prior researches have been investigated the impact of insured cost(direct cost) on employers and employees, little work has attempted to categorize the items of unsecured cost(indirect cost) by accidents. On this basis, the goal of this study was to achieve a better understanding of the nature of accident cost of unsecured cost. Specifically, this study aimed to categorize the unsecured cost items according to the domestic industry circumstances and use these results for a basis of other accident cost related studies. The results of this study are as follows: (1) accident development steps were categorized as twelve items for improved management according to each step of accident development (2) the points of occurrence and termination of the unsecured cost were identified for the improved management according to each step of accident development and (3) characteristics of each item in unsecured cost were studied and identified for a better control of accident costs. These results provide a basis for further researches on the unsecured cost.
A Study on the Detecting Method of Intercept Violation Vehicles Using an Image Detection Techniques
Kim, Wan-Ki ; Ryu, Boo-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 164~170
This research was verified detection way of intercept vehicles and performance evaluation after system installation using image detector as detection way of ground installation. By image recognition algorithm was on the trace of moving orbit of violation vehicles for detection way of intercept vehicles. When moving orbit is located special site, utilized geometric image calibration and DC-notch filter. These are cognitive system of license plate by making signal. Then, Bright Evidence Detection and Dark Evidence Detection were applied to after mixing. It is applied to way of Backward tracking for detection way of intercept vehicles. After the field evaluation of developed system, it should be analyzed the more high than recognition rate of minimum standards 80%. It should rise in the estimation of the site applicability is highly from now.
A Study on the Development of a Traffic Accident Ratio Model in Foggy Areas
Lee, Soo-Il ; Won, Jai-Mu ; Ha, Oh-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 23, issue 6, 2008, Pages 171~177
As the risk of traffic accidents caused by mists emerged as a social problem, recently safety facilities to be prepared for mists are being actively installed when designing roads. But in some part, the facilities are being installed imprudently without analyzing the extent of occurrences of mists that would increase the risk of traffic accidents and appropriate countermeasures against the occurrences of mists are not being suggested. For that reason, in this study, first questionnaire surveys were executed on road users in order to draw the factors affecting the traffic accidents caused by mists, a mist traffic accident predicting model was developed and an accident seriousness determining model that can determine accident seriousness was developed. In this way, by extracting major factors affecting mist traffic accidents to grasp risk factors in roads to be caused by mists, safety of roads can be enhanced and traffic accidents in road operations can be decreased. As the affecting factors influencing mist traffic accidents, were extracted sightable distances, durations of mists and whether daytime or nighttime as major factors and the plan to install the facilities for the prevention of mist traffic accidents was suggested to prevent the traffic accidents to be caused by those factors and also the plan to operate roads considering sightable distances was suggested to solve the problem of insufficient sightable distances to be caused by mists was suggested. It is judged that the road safety in the areas where mists occur can be improved through foregoing methods.