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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Property Evaluation of Machinable Ceramics by M/C Machining and Multiple Linear Regression Method
Jang, Sung-Min ; Yun, Yeo-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~6
In machining of ceramic materials, they are very difficult-to cut materials because of there high strength and hardness. Machining of ceramics are characterized by cracking and brittle fracture. Generally, ceramics are machined using conventional method such as grinding and polishing. However these processes are generally costly and have low MRR(material removal rate). This paper focuses on machinability evaluation of machinable ceramics for products with CNC machining center. Thus, in this paper, experiment applying cutting parameters is performed based on experimental design method. A design and analysis of experiments is conducted to study the effects of these parameters on the surface roughness by using the S/N ratio, analysis of ANOVA, and F-test. And multiple linear regression analysis is applied to compare experimental with predicted data in consideration of surface roughness. Cutting parameters, namely, feed, cutting speed and depth of cut are used to accomplish purpose of this paper. Required experiments are performed, and the results are investigated.
Design of a Laboratory Specimen for Simulation of Weld Residual Stress
Kim, Jin-Weon ; Park, Jong-Sun ; Lee, Kyoung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 7~13
The objective of this study is to design a laboratory specimen for simulating residual stress of circumferential butt welding between pipes. Specimen type and method to generate residual stress were proposed based on the review of prior studies and parametric finite element analysis. To prove the proposed specimen type and loading method, the residual stress was generated using the designed specimen by applying proposed method and was measured. The measured residual stress using X-ray diffraction reasonably agreed with the results of finite element analysis considered in the specimen design. Comparison of residual strains measured at several locations on the specimen and given by finite element simulation also showed good agreement. Therefore, it is indicated that the designed specimen in this study can reasonably simulate the axial residual stress of a circumferential butt welding of pipe.
Numerical Investigation of the Flamelet Structure of Buoyant Jet Diffusion Flames
Oh, Chang-Bo ; Lee, Eui-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 14~20
Direct numerical simulations(DNS) were performed for the prediction of transient buoyant jet diffusion flames where the Froude numbers(Fr) are 5 and 160, respectively. The thermodynamic and transport properties were evaluated using CHEMKIN package to enhance the prediction performance of the DNS code. The simulated buoyant jet diffusion flame of Fr=5 and 160 showed the transient, dynamic motion well. It was identified that the buoyant jet flames were flickered periodically, and the simulated flickering frequency of the jet diffusion flame of Fr=5 was 12.5Hz, which was in good agreement with the experimental results. The flamelet structures of the buoyant jet diffusion flames could be well understood by comparing the scalar dissipation rates(SDR) and the heat release rates(HRR) of the flames. It was found that the SDR was strongly coupled with the HRR in the buoyant jet diffusion flames.
Flame- Extinguishing Concentrations of Inert Gases in Jet Diffusion Flames
Ji, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Eui-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 21~25
Extinguishing limits of laminar ethylene/oxygen flames in both normal and inverse co-flow jet burner have been determined experimentally and computationally. An inert gas(
) was added into the oxidizer to find the critical concentration and the effectiveness of the agents on flame extinction. The experimental results showed that the physical aspect of inert gases was main mechanism for flame blow-out as same as cup burner test, but the flow effect should be considered to determine the extinction concentration. The numerical prediction was performed with modified WSR model and the result was in good agreement with the measurements. The experimental and numerical methods could be used for the assessment of various flame suppression agents such as minimum extinguishing concentration.
A Study on the Shape Memory Characteristic Behaviors of Ti-42.5at%Ni-10at.% Cu Alloys
Woo, Heung-Sik ; Park, Yong-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 26~30
Shape memory recoverable stress and strain of Ti-42.5at%Ni-10at%Cu alloys were measured by means of constant temperature tensile tests. The alloys' transformation behavior is B2 - B19 by DSC result. The strain by tensile stress were perfectly recovered by heating at any testing conditions but shape memory recoverable stress increased to 66MPa and then slightly decreased. Transformation temperatures from thermal cycling under constant uniaxial applied tensile loads linearly increased by increasing tensile load and their thermal hysteresis are about 110K and their maximum recoverable strain is 6.5% at 100MPa condition.
Development of CCD(Corrosion Control Document) in Refinery Process
Kim, Jung-Hwan ; Kim, Ji-Yong ; Lee, Young-Hee ; Park, Sang-Rok ; Suh, Sun-Kyu ; Lee, Yoon-Hwa ; Moon, Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 31~36
This paper focuses on techniques of improving refinery reliability, availability, and profitability. Our team developed a corrosion control document(CCD) for processing of the crude distillation unit(CDU). Recent study shows the loss due to corrosion in US is around $276 billion. It's a big concern for both managers and engineers of refinery industry. The CCD consists of numerous parts namely damage mechanism(DM), design data, critical reliability variable(CRV), guidelines, etc. The first step in the development of CCD is to build material selection diagram(MSD). Damage mechanisms affecting equipments and process need to be chosen carefully based on API 571. The selected nine DM from API 571 are (1) creep/stress rupture, (2) fuel ash corrosion, (3) oxidation, (4) high temperature sulfidation, (5) naphthenic acid corrosion, (6) hydrochloric acid(HCL) corrosion, (7) ammonium chloride(salt) corrosion, (8) wet
corrosion, and (9) ammonia stress corrosion cracking. Each DM related to corrosion of CDU process was selected by design data, P&ID, PFD, corrosion loop, flow of process, equipment's history, and experience. Operating variables affecting severity of DM are selected in initial stage of CRV. We propose the guidelines for reliability of equipments based on CRV. The CCD has been developed on the basis of the corrosion control in refinery industry. It also improves the safety of refinery process and reduces the cost of corrosion greatly.
The Safety Assessment to Breakwater Systems by Placing Submarine Rectangular Trench
Kim, Sung-Duk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 37~42
The present study is to estimate the effect of wave height affecting at the front face of breakwater systems, when a submarine trench is dredged in the distant offshore from outer breakwater. The wave diffraction field, which is important hydraulic factor in the ocean, is considered to be two dimensional(2D) plane and the configuration of the submarine trench on the sea bed designated by single horizontal long-rectangular system. The numerical simulation is performed by using Green function based on the boundary integral equation and meshed at moving boundary conditions. The results of present numerical simulations are illustrated by applying the normal incidence. It is shown that the ratios of wave height reduction at the front face of breakwater systems are approximately 20% by the effect of placing long trench on the sea bed. This study can effectively be utilized for safety assessment to various breakwater systems in the ocean field.
Development of Safety Management Manual for Deconstruction Works - Focused on the Mechanical Deconstruction Method -
Choi, Jong-Soo ; Heo, Seong-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 43~49
The primary focus of this study is to develop a practical safety management manual that can be served as a guideline for building deconstruction works over the entire deconstruction processes; say, pre- and during the deconstruction process. Built upon the analysis findings of domestic deconstruction codes and laws, deconstruction manuals from several countries, and actual deconstruction practices, a safety manual is proposed. Total of 940 safety items are included in the manual according to the predetermined 15 safety categories. To improve the efficiency of end users' utilization, the proposed manual is embodied in the form of e-safety manual. Detailed descriptions and discussions on research findings are elaborated. in the main text.
A Study on the Safety Management Items for Preventing Accidents of Aged Construction Workers
Lee, Hyun-Chul ; Song, Do-Heom ; Go, Seong-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 50~59
Korea reached an aging society in 2000, and it is progressed quickly now. Government forecasts that the number of aged people over 65 years old will increase from 7.2%(2000) to above 14.3% among total population in 2018. Workers over fifty years old are increasing in construction field every year. These aged workers are exposed to various construction accidents, and also their accident rate is very high because of physical and psychological changes by aging. Specially, a disaster of aged workers more than 50 years old is fronted at the serious situation in the construction industry which has variable working environment. Thus, the purpose of this study is to suggest the precaution by analysing disaster characteristics of aged construction workers. Also, this study aims to present a basic counter-plan according to important safety management list which is abstracted from the work, aged construction workers' accident rate is high.
A Study on the Compatibility Evaluation of Hand-arm Adequate Vibration and an Oscillating Spectrum for Vibrating Tools
Yun, Hee-Kyung ; Kim, Tae-Gu ; Yun, Yu-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 60~68
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the compatibility of anti-vibration gloves, to predict the attenuation of vibration with different types of anti-vibration gloves, to estimate the spectra of the ISO 10819 standard, and to present an oscillating spectrum adequate for vibrating tools. This paper use two ISO standards for the measurement and evaluation of hand-arm vibration. Some anti-vibration gloves can attenuate vibration, but all the anti-vibration gloves in this study do not satisfy the ISO 10819 requirements. In case of equal vibration types, the outside materials are effective in order of leather, fabrics and rubber-coating. Anti-vibration gloves manufactured in the United State satisfy ISO 10819 criteria using United State subjects, but do not satisfy ISO 10819 using Japanese subjects. M-spectrum acceleration exists below 10Hz and H-spectrum exists above 500Hz. Generally vibrating tools have the peak of Z-axis, but generation of vibration differ from each vibrating tools.
Analysis of Old Driver's Accident Influencing Factors Considering Human Factors
Kim, Tae-Ho ; Kim, Eun-Kyung ; Rho, Jeong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 69~77
This paper reports the aging driver traffic accident severity modeling results. For the modeling, Poisson regression approach is applied using the data set obtained from the Korea Transportation Safety Authority's simulator-based driver aptitude test results. The test items include the estimations of moving objects' speed and stopping distance, drivers' multi-task capability, and kinetic depth perception and so on. The resulting model with the response variable of equivalent property damage only(EPDO) indicated that EPDO is significantly influenced by moving objects' speed estimation and drivers' multi-task capabilities. More interestingly, a comparison with the younger driver model revealed that the degradation of such capabilities may result in severer crashes for older drivers as suggested by the higher estimated parameters for the older driver model.
A Study on the Improvement of the Silver-Zone Selecting Method
Kim, Jang-Wook ; Hong, Joo-Hee ; Kim, Jeong-Hyun ; Lee, Soo-Beom ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 78~88
As the silver population rapidly increased, it became more urgent to establish a scheme of the traffic safety for the old. As part of the scheme, a polity to apply 'designation of the silver zone' was legislated into law. However, the standard quoting 'the silver zone should be within 300m - radius of the relevant facility' was considered homogeneous and even limited to apply its original objective. This study was to introduce a new standard to select the silver zone reflecting the actual scale. Consequently, I hope that this study would be useful reference for further development and the approach in the research could be legislated into law for more efficient designation and operation of the silver zone.
A Study on Flash Flood Warning Trigger Rainfall in Mountainous Area
Jun, Kye-Won ; Oh, Chae-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 1, 2009, Pages 89~94
The purpose of this study is to estimate the critical flood discharge and flash flood trigger rainfall for alarm system providing for a flash flood in mountainous area. The flash flood need non-linear approaching method, because rainfall-runoff is nonlinear and it is difficult to explain the existing linear rainfall-runoff. Hydrological characteristics would be utilized to apply such as hydrologic modelling or basin management. This study was effectively estimated a topographic characteristic factor of basin using the GIS. Especially, decided stream order using GIS at stream order decision that is important for input variable of GCIUH. A flash floods defined as a flood which follows shortly after a heavy or excessive rainfall event, with a few hours. In this study, we gave a definition that a critical flood for alarm is the flood when valley depth judging dangerous depth is over 0.5m depth from the bottom of channel. Result that calculate threshold discharge to use GCIUH, at the Mureung valley basin, flash flood trigger rainfall was 16.34mm in the first 20minutes when the threshold discharge was