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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Study on the Performance Deterioration of Erosion-corrosion Damaged Automotive Water Pump
Jeon, Seung-Won ; Park, Chan-Seong ; Kim, Yoon-Ho ; Lee, Kyu-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~6
A flow analysis for the erosion-corrosion damaged automotive water pump which causes vehicle fire is numerically performed using the CFX program, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. The blade bending deformation and the blade clearance enlargement are considered in the analysis of performance reduction. For the cavitation analysis, the homogeneous multi phase model is adopted using the Ralyleigh-Plesset model for the rate equation controlling vapor generation and condensation.
Effect on Axial Rake Angle of Cutting Edge for Machinable Ceramics
Jang, Sung-Min ; Yun, Yeo-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 7~12
The machining process of ceramics can be characterized by cracking and brittle fracture. In the machining of ceramics, edge chipping and crack propagation are the principal reasons to cause surface integrity deterioration. Such phenomenon can cause not only poor dimensional and geometric accuracy, but also possible failure of the ceramic parts. Thus, traditional ceramics are very difficult-to-cut materials. Generally, ceramics are machined using conventional method such as grinding and polishing. However these processes are generally costly and have low MRR(material removal rate). To overcome such problems, in this paper, h-BN powder, which gives good cutting property, is added for the fabrication of machinable ceramics by volume of 10 and 15%. The purpose of this study is an analysis of endmill's rake angle for appropriate tools design and manufacturing for the machinable ceramics. In this study, Experimental works are executed to measure cutting force, surface roughness, tool fracture, on different axial rake angle of endmills. Cutting parameters, namely, feed, cutting speed and depth of cut are used to accomplish purpose of this paper. Required experiments are performed, and the results are investigated.
A Study on Cause Analysis of the Crash for the Ski Lift
Kim, Eui-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 13~16
A ski lifter for winter sports is one of the necessary and familiar facilities. But recently safety concern about ski lifter has been built. The ski lifter crash in Pocheon happened recently showed an example of safety concern and frigidity for safety awareness. In this report, the cause of the ski lifter crash in Pocheon was reviewed, and some suggestions were made to prevent a similar accident base on this review.
Thermal Stress Evaluation by Elastic-Creep Analysis during Start-up of Boiler Header
Shin, Kyu-In ; Yoon, Kee-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 17~22
Thermal stress and elastic creeping stress analysis was conducted by finite element method to simulate start-up process of a boiler header of 500MW standard fossil power plant. Start-up temperature and operating pressure history were simplified from the real field data and they were used for the thermal stress analysis. Two kinds of thermal stress analysis were considered. In the first case only temperature increase was considered and in the second case both of temperature and operating pressure histories were considered. In the first analysis peak stress was occurred during the temperature increase from the room temperature. Hence cracking or fracture may occur at the temperature far below the operating maximum temperature. In the results of the second analysis von Mises stress appeared to be higher after the second temperature increase. This is due to internal pressure increase not due to the thermal stress. When the stress components of radial(r), hoop(
) and longitudinal(z) stress were investigated, compression hoop stress was occurred at inner surface of the stub tube when the temperature increased from room temperature to elevated temperature. Then it was changed to tension hoop stress and increased because of the operating pressure. It was expected that frequent start-up and shut-down operations could cause thermal fatigue damage and cracking at the stub tube hole in the header. Elastic-creeping analysis was also carried out to investigate the stress relaxation due to creep and stabilized stress after considerable elapsed time. The results could be used for assessing the creep damage and the residual life of the boiler header during the long-tenn service.
The Behavior of Tensile Fracture for Al/CFRP Hybrid Composite Material
Kang, Ji-Woong ; Kwon, Oh-Heon ; Ryu, Jin-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 23~29
The hybrid composite materials are recently used in many field as an advanced material due to their high resistance to fracture. However, hybrid composite materials have several problems, especially delamination, compared with homogeneous materials such as an aluminum alloy, etc. In this study, we carried out the tensile test to study the tension failure appearances and tensile ultimate strength of CFRP/Al/CFRP hybrid composite materials. The CFRP material used in the experiment is a commercial material known as CU175NS in unidirectional carbon prepreg. Also Al/CFRP/Al hybrid composites with three kind length of a single edge crack were investigated for the relationship between an aluminium volume fraction and a crack length. The crack length was measured by a traveling microscope under a universal dynamic tester. Futhermore the stress intensity factor behavior was examined according to a volume fraction and an initial crack length ratio to a width.
Development of Thermal Precursor DB for Partial Disconnection and Poor Contact on Electrical Wire
Kim, Doo-Hyun ; Kim, Sung-Chul ; Lee, Jong-Ho ; Kang, Dong-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 30~36
This paper aims at the precursor analysis and DB development of electrical fires based on thermal and current signals for partial disconnection and poor contact on electric wires through experiments and simulations. Also, DB system required for developing the precursor DB with these data was studied and designed. Firstly, in case of partial disconnection, characteristics were derived and analyzed by experiment and electrical-thermal finite element method(Flux 3D) on the model wires which consist of VCTF and IV electric wires. Based on the characteristics, About 351 partial disconnection precursor patterns were generated by the thermal analysis for electric wire according to deterioration time under normal state and 200% overload state of rated current. Secondly, in order to develop poor contact precursor patterns, temperature value and the current signal were considered. In simulating the poor contact situation on connector area of MCCB, connection torque was changed. Through the experimental analysis, about 251 poor contact precursor patterns were generated. Finally, Using thermal precursor patterns obtained by partial disconnection and poor contact, electrical fire thermal precursor DB was developed.
A Study on the Degradation Analysis of PVC Hose for Gas
Kim, Wan-Jin ; Yi, Young-Seop ; Ryu, Keun-Jun ; Kim, Hyun-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 37~41
PVC hose for gas is used widely in many of places which is used for connector between combustor and gas cock. In this study, it is collected by 5 regional area as Gyeonggi, Jeonnam, Gyeongbuk, Jeju and Gangwon and tested in leakage, hardness, anti-low temperature. As a result, the color on it is started to change rapidly when it is installed. Some of specimen are broken in bending test after keeping in
, 24hours. It's hardness has a tendency to increase gradually. If hardness of hose is increased, PVC hose is separated easily from cock or combustor so that LP gas or city gas can be escaped. For prevention of gas leakage accidents of PVC hose, the available period of it should be presented.
Investigation of Reliability of Flash Points and Autoignition Temperatures of Acids
Ha, Dong-Myeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 42~47
The flash point and the AIT(auto-ignition temperature) are the most important combustible properties used to determine the potential for the fire and explosion hazards of flammable material. In order to know the accuracy of data in MSDS(Material Safety Data Sheet), the flash point of n-acids were measured by using Pensky-Martens closed cup tester(ASTM D93), Setaflash closed cup tester(ASTM D3278), Tag open cup tester(ASTM D1310) and Cleveland open cup tester(ASTM D92). Also, the AIT of n-acids were measured by using ASTM E659-78 tester. The measured the flash points and the AIT were compared with literatures and MSDS in KOSHA. The measured the flash points and the AIT were different from those in literatures and MSDS. Therefore, This paper shows that it is needed to investigate the MSDS compatibility of n-acids for the fire safety objectives.
Evaluation on Optimal Height of the Bin Wall using Stability Analysis
Bae, Woo-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 48~54
Structures to support against slop failures or resist earth pressure like masonry retaining walls or retaining walls have continued to advance and evolve to new eco-friendly, easy-to-construct, crib retaining walls with varied forms and construction methods, meeting the needs of the times. Researches until now, however, have focused on the analyses of site displacement or stability of the whole site including structures like retaining walls, and thus, researches on rational design or method for stability analysis are lacking. Therefore, this study was conducted on a number of stability analyses, such as the visual power line or stability on sliding, being presented for bin walls, which enable vegetation to grow and were developed and applied in varied forms, meeting the development demands for eco-friendly retaining wall structures. This study compared the results of stability analyses, determined their feasibility, and evaluated their stability according to the height and facade slope of retaining walls. According to the results of this study, traditional masonry retaining wall analysis showed rather conservative stability evaluation results in the stability evaluation of bin walls, and the method using the visual power line seems to be objective because it produced similar results to the stability evaluation method on sliding or turnover.
Seismic Safety Analysis of Intake Tower with Hollow Inside Section
Bae, Jung-Joo ; Kim, Yon-Gon ; Lee, Jee-Ho ; Han, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 55~61
Seismic Safety Analysis of Intake Tower is very important because failure of intake tower may incur huge chaos on the modem society. Recently, there has been growing much concern about earthquake resistance of existing structures. This research demonstrates the dynamic fluid pressure calculation using added mass simulation. The actual safety evaluation has been conducted through not only the static analysis but also the dynamic analysis. According to the analysis results, the vibration incurred by earthquake may induce considerable damage to the hydraulic structure. Therefore, the appropriate design process out of exact calculation is quite necessary.
Decision Method on Target Safety Level in Suspension Bridges by Minimization of Life Cycle Cost
Bang, Myung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 62~68
Life Cycle Cost(LCC) is adopted to decide the target of safety level in designing suspension bridges. The LCC are evaluated considering two types of uncertainty; aleatory and epistemic. The nine alternative designs of suspension bridge are simulated to decide the safety level which can minimize the LCC. The LCC is calculated through the probability of failure and safety index including the uncertainty. This method results in the useful tool deciding the optimum safety level with minimal LCC as the main design factor.
A Study of the Effects of the Trunk Angles and the Upper Ann Angles on Workloads in the Lifting Work
Chang, Seong-Rok ; Park, Hyung-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 69~75
It is well-known that lifting capacity of a worker is influenced by body posture during the task. When a task analyst make use of RULA and REBA Trunk and upper arm angles are recorded in a separate item. It means that the interaction between the angles of two body segments may be ignored in a final score. The NLE(NIOSH Lifting Equation) has been used to supplement this problem. However, there is no study to validate the result of RWL (Recommended Workload Limit) under the existence of interactions between trunk and upper arm angles. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of the interaction between trunk and upper arm angles. Three responses, including NMVC(normalized maximum voluntary contraction), RWL(Recommended Weight Limit) and subjective judgment in psychophysical method (Borg's scale), were recorded according to the combinations of three trunk angles and nine upper arm angles. The results showed that lifting capacity is highly influenced by interaction of two body segments(trunk and upper arm). It means that the task workload has to be analyzed along with the interaction of trunk angles and upper arm angles when the task analyst assesses potential risk factors on the postures. This study may be able to be a fundamental study to develop an assessment method for lifting task analyses according to body postures.
Development of an Application Model of Simple NIOSH Lifting Equation to Multi-stacking Complex Lifting Tasks
Park, Jae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 76~82
The NIOSH lifting equation has been used as a dominant tool in evaluating the hazard levels of lifting tasks. Although it provides two different ways for each simple and complex lifting task, the NIOSH simple lifting equation is almost used for not only simple tasks but also complex tasks. However, most of lifting tasks in industries are in the form of complex lifting. Therefore some errors occur inevitably in the evaluation of complex lifting tasks. Among complex lifting tasks, a multi-stacking task is the most popular in lifting tasks. To compensate the error in the evaluation of multi-stacking tasks by using the NIOSH simple lifting equation, a set of calculations for finding LIs(Lifting Indices) was performed for the systematically varying multi-stacking tasks. Then a regression model which finds the equivalent height in simple lifting task for multi-stacking task was established. By using this model, multi-stacking tasks can be evaluated with less error. To validate this model, some real multi-stacking tasks were evaluated as examples.
A Study on the Evaluation of Horizontal, Vertical, Asymmetric and Coupling Multipliers of the NIOSH Lifting Equation in Korean Male
Bae, Dong-Chul ; Kim, Yong-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 83~88
The objective of this paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of horizontal, vertical, asymmetric and coupling multipliers for manual material handling. Lifting tasks with 5 different horizontal distances (
) for 6 vertical distances(ankle, knee, waist, elbow, shoulder and head height) were experimented. The muscle activity and muscle exertion level during asymmetric load handling(without trunk flexion) was experimented. Lifting tasks with and without handle tote box for three postures(straight, bending, right angle posture) were experimented. The degrading tendency did not appeared almost in
interval's horizontal distance. As a result of ANOVA, MVC paid attention to horizontal and vertical distance but cross effect was insignificant(p<0.01). The change of the MVC according to the horizontal, vertical distance appeared similar from of RWL. The results of normalized MVC measurement were decreased about 16%, 24%, 34% respectively as the asymmetry angle was
. RMS EMG values of right erector spinae muscles were decreased as the work posture went to
and those of left erector spinae muscles were increased until the asymmetry angle was
but decreased continually over
. 7 subjects, activities of left and right latissimus dorsi muscles were maintained constantly, while for remainer, those were irregular. MVC reduced maximum 23% by type of handle. MVC was highest in straight posture, but was lowest in right angle posture. As a result of ANOVA, MVC paid attention to posture, coupling(p<0.01). To all handle types, biceps brachii activity was increased in right angle posture, but reduced in straight posture. Based on the results of this study, it is suggested that the NIOSH guideline should not be directly applied to Korean without reasonable reexamination. In addition, we need to afterward study through an age classification.
Psychophysical Modeling for Lifting Capacity Using Isometric & Isoinertial Strength Variables
Yoon, Hoon-Yong ; Chu, Dong-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 89~93
The muscular-skeletal disorders that have become a major issue recently in Korean industrial safety area are mainly caused by manual material handling task. The objective of this study is to provide scientific data for the establishment of work safety standard for Korean workers through the experiments of lifting task under various conditions, in order to prevent the muscular-skeletal disorders in the industrial work site. This study used the psychophysical approach to determine the maximum acceptable weight(MAWL) for seven young male subjects, and used isometric and isoinertial strength variables as predictors to develop prediction models. Also, the oxygen consumption, heart rate, and RPE were measured or recorded while subjects were lifting their MAWL. Three different lifting frequencies(1, 3, 5lifts/min) with two lifting range from floor to knuckle height and knuckle to shoulder height for one hour's work shift using free style lifting technique were studied. These results may not only provide scientific data in establishing the safety standards for Korean workers' lifting tasks, but also contribute preventing the rapidly increasing muscular-skeletal disorders lately on the industrial site.
Traffic Accident Models of 3-Legged Signalized Intersections in the Case of Cheongju
Park, Byung-Ho ; Han, Sang-Uk ; Kim, Tae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 94~99
This study deals with the traffic accidents at the 3-legged signalized intersections in Cheongu. The goals are to analyze the geometric, traffic and operational conditions of intersections and to develop a various functional forms that predict the accidents. The models are developed through the correlation analysis, the multiple linear, the multiple nonlinear, Poisson and negative binomial regression analysis. In this study, two multiple linear, two multiple nonlinear and two negative binomial regression models were calibrated. These models were all analyzed to be statistically significant. All the models include 2 common variables(traffic volume and lane width) and model-specific variables. These variables are, therefore, evaluated to be critical to the accident reduction of Cheongju.
A Study on the Environmental Radiation of Concrete Apartments and Neighborhood Living Facilities
Ji, Tae-Jeong ; Kwak, Byung-Joon ; Min, Byung-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 2, 2009, Pages 100~104
In this study, the space gamma dose rates in the apartments structured with concrete were measured in accordance with construction year. In addition, the environmental radiation rates coming from the subway platforms and the road tunnels were analyzed in the equivalent dose by multiplying the absorbed dose with the radiation weighting factors. The space gamma dose rates measured in apartments were higher than those of outdoor which was
in the natural conditions. Especially, the older construction year is, the higher becomes space gamma dose rate. The average gamma dose rates in the subway platforms were measured. In the case of Busan and Daegu subway, the earlier the opening year is, the higher becomes dose rate. However, the dose rates of Seoul subway Lines were high overall, regardless of opening year. Seoul subway Line 6 showed the highest value of 0.21uSv/h. The gamma dose rate in road tunnels was higher than one of the outdoor and increased with opening year like as apartment. In dose rate comparison of the concrete structures with the outdoor, therefore, the space gamma dose rate of indoor is higher than one of the outdoor and the older structures have a higher dose rate.