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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
High-temperature Mechanical Properties Measurement and Life Assessment of Boiler Equipment by Instrumented Indentation Technique
Ro, Dong-Seong ; Hong, Jeong-Wha ; Kim, Kwang-Ho ; Lee, Jung-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~6
Recently power plants and oil refineries are focusing on capacity enlargement for better efficiency through higher temperature and higher pressure. Thickness of boiler tubes becomes lessened due to oxidation and erasion caused by high temperature bums gas flowing over tubes outside. Accordingly, mechanical stress of tubes is increasing and that is a critical factor to make a crack and fracture. To prevent those sorts of accidents, aging assessment for proper periodic repair and replacement should be conducted reliably and reasonably. We performed IIT test on Cr-Mo steel, one of the most heat-resistant materials for facilities in power plants, and we report the test result and the considerable effectiveness of IIT test.
Fatigue Strength Evaluation of Tensile-Peel Loaded Adhesively Bonded and Mechanical Pressed Joints
Kang, Jung ; Kim, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 7~12
The tensile and fatigue experiments were conducted with tensile-peel specimens for investigating on strength of adhesively bonded and mechanical press joints of aluminum sheet used in the field of the automobile industry. The combining epoxy adhesive bonding and mechanical press joining exhibits an increase in joining force as a result of interaction between static forces of the two joining methods. The fatigue strength of pure adhesive joint was measured as 91% of that of the combination of adhesive bond and mechanical press joint, suggesting that the interaction between the bonding and mechanical joining was about 9%.
Development of H/W and S/W for Detecting Electrical Fire Precursor Signal on Electrical Wirings
Kim, Sung-Chul ; Kim, Doo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 13~18
This paper is purposed to develop DAQ H/W, S/W and DB which can be used in developing electrical fire alarm system or in analyzing electrical fire cause, by detecting and monitoring precursor signals which have high possibility leading to electrical fire on electrical distribution wires. In this paper, developed was DAQ H/W adopting the C8051FXXX CPU which can analyze the measurement signals of current and voltage in electrical distribution wires, other CPU was investigated in view of the best digital sampling rate on the basis of previous researches for electrical fire alarm system. Also, the S/W which can interface with DAQ H/W's communication protocol and can be applied for electrical fire causes analysis, are embodied by LabVIEW. The combined DAQ H/W and S/W could analyze efficiently normal as well as abnormal electrical signals such as RMS value, instantaneous value of current and voltage, frequency signals etc, on the electrical wires. Also, DB system was constructed for recording various analysis results for precursor signals including voltage and current signals. The results by simulator and experiment showed that the suggested scheme with DAQ H/W, S/W and DB in this paper has high usability.
The Influence of Repeated Loading Cycles on Strength Ratio of Carbon/Epoxy Composite Laminates
Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Kim, Young-Feel ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 19~24
Currently the technique of composite material field is developed day by day. The many kinds industrial facility and life articles are coming to make with the composite material. But still the engineering works field the building and the bridge uses the material which is old era and is making. To here there is a various problem but the biggest problem the theory of the composite material is complicated too and means that the application is been delayed about constructive structure. When the composite material is used widely from constructive field, too with difficult theory in technical expert and easily with the research for the experiment data accumulation is necessary. The tensile and fatigue test of the carbon/epoxy which is a high-class composite material led from the present paper consequently and the change of the intensity coefficient which follows in repeated load researched.
Formulation to Produce Safety Engineers by Project Amount Assigned to Construction Site
Son, Ki-Sang ; Gal, Won-Mo ; Choi, Jea-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 25~31
Safety engineers should be reasonably assigned to construction sites in order to prevent accidents specially for large-scaled projects. More engineering-oriented safety engineers should be assigned to those large-scaled projects because accident causes are found to be due to more technical aspects rather than general safety problems. more experienced engineers should be assigned to larger scaled projects for covering more technical aspects. This one is analyzed by the existing accident results. This study is to find out some formulae to calculate how many safety engineers should be assigned to construction sites, by amounts, by project kinds, by project scales, by engineer grades. So that construction contractor can assign them to their site economically.
A Study on the Effect of Safety Education to Prevent the Disasters and Accidents in Construction Field
Woo, Heung-Sik ; Ryu, Boo-Hyung ; Jo, Jae-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 32~38
Construction companies economic to lighten the restrictions on safety education and training due to the domestic recession as long as the global downturn. With this, the Korean government lightened that restrictions, but the incidents are being sharply increased nowadays. The construction industry is more hazardous than any others, so, they insist to reinforce the training for incidents prevention, but it is prone to be disregarded at the subcontractors of the bigger construction companies due to their financial problems. According to these matters, this study hereby surveyed regarding their suggestions for the improvements of the training concepts through questionnaires below.
Experimental Study for Shear Behavior of RC Beam Strengthened with Channel-type FRP Beam
Hong, Ki-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 39~46
A recent and promising method for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete(RC) members is the use of near surface mounted(NSM) fiber reinforced polymer(FRP) reinforcement. In the NSM method, the reinforcement is embedded in grooves cut onto the surface of the member to be strengthened and filled with an appropriate binding agent such as epoxy paste or cement grout. This paper illustrates a research program on shear strengthening of RC beams with NSM channel-type FRP beams which is developed in this study. The objective of this study is to clarify the role of channel-type FRP beam embedded to the beam web for shear strengthening of reinforced concrete beams. Included in the study are effectiveness in terms of spacing and angle of channel-type FRP beams, strengthening method, and shear span ratio. the study also aims to understand the additional shear capacity due to glass fiber reinforced polymer beams and carbon reinforced polymer beams. And anther objective is to study the failure modes, shear strengthening effect on ultimate force and load deflection behavior of RC beams embedded with channel-type FRP beams on the shear region of the beams.
Structural Safety Analysis of Newly Developed Roof-Typed Falling Rock Protection System
Park, Cheol-Woo ; Lee, Hak-Yoog ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 47~53
Road is typically constructed along ridge area of mountain because of topographical and economic reasons. Therefore, road may face lots of open cut slope which can easily cause rock falling. This study evaluates the structural safety of newly developed falling rock protection system which has a roof deck plate. The structural performance under self-weight, snow load and load from falling rock was investigated using a finite element numerical analysis method. From the analysis results, the H-beam space was limited not to exceed 2.2m. The deck plate was also safe under the examined loading condition. A hinge and connection in the system were investigated through detailed numerical modelling and analysis. The results showed that the hinge was safe enough and that the connection should strengthened with appropriate stiffeners.
Safety Assessments for the IS(Iodine Sulfur) Process in a Hydrogen Production Facility
Lee, Hyon-Woo ; Jae, Moo-Sung ; Cho, Nam-Chul ; Yang, Jon-Eon ; Lee, Won-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 54~58
A substitute energy development has been required due to the exhaust of the fossil fuel and an environmental problem. Consequently, possible technologies producing hydrogen from water that does not release carbon is a very promising technology. Also, Iodine-Sulfur(IS) thermochemical water decomposition is one of the promising processes that are used to produce hydrogen efficiently using the high temperature gas-cooled reactor(HTGR) as an energy source that is possible to supply heat over 900
. In this study, to make a initiating events identification for the IS process, Master Logic Diagram(MLD) is used and 9 initiating events that cause a leakage of the chemical material are identified. Also, 6 events are identified among 9 initiating events above and are quantified using event tree.
Survey of Musculoskeletal Disorders for Fanners
Kee, Do-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 59~64
This study was conducted in order to investigate prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) for farmers. The study was based on self-reporting questionnaire. The MSDs prevalence was ascertained by using three criteria, which are known as NIOSH criteria 1, 2 and 3. The results showed that the prevalences of MSDs in at least one body site by criteria 1, 2 and 3 were 96.4%, 66.7% and 26.2%, respectively. The MSDs prevalences for the shoulder by criterion 1 was the highest, followed by the lower back, neck, while the rates for the hip, feet and fingers were relatively low. Farmers' age, types of corps, working hours/day, length of service and length of service in current corps were not significant on the MSDs prevalences, except that types of corps and length of service in current corps were significant on the MSDs prevalences by criterion 2(p
Position of Intersection Recognition and Tum Signal Operation Approaching at Target Intersection
Jeon, Yong-Wook ; Tatsmu, Daimon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 65~70
In-vehicle route guidance information(RGI) systems have been developed with the advancement of the information and communication technologies. However, the RGI is provided by a pre-determined option, drivers occasionally pass the target intersection owing to non- or late- recognizing it. The purpose of this experiment is to examine the position of driver's tum signal operation and intersection recognition approaching at the target intersection which is difficult to identify as a preliminary research on developing the additional RGI connecting with the tum signal control. The field experiment was conducted to measure distances of the turn signal operation and intersection recognition from the target intersection according to driving lanes and landmarks at adjacent intersection. And, glance behavior to the car navigation display was evaluated by using an eye camera. The results indicate that drivers operate the turn signal after confirming a landmark in the case of the intersection with it. However, most case of driving, drivers operate the tum signal at 40 to 50m before coming to the target. To provide the additional RGI, when drivers do not operate the tum signal approaching at the target intersection based on the results, is expected to improve the traffic safety and the comfort for drivers.
Variation of Psychophysiological Characteristics Related with Human Errors during a Simple Pointing Task
Lim, Hyeon-Kyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 71~78
During a learning process, a human being is assumed to experience knowledge-based behaviors, rule-based behaviors, and skill-based behaviors sequentially if Rasmussen was right. If any psycho-physiological symptom to those different levels can be obtained, it can be useful as a measure whether a human being is fully trained and has gotten a skill in his work. Therefore, this study aimed to draw relationships between human performance measures and psycho-physiological measures while committing a computer-simulated pointing task by utilizing the power spectrum technique of EEG data, especially with the ratio of relative beta-to-alpha band power. The result showed that, during correct responses, the ratio came to stabilize as all the performance data went stable. However, response time was not a simple linear function of task difficulty level only, but a joint function of task characteristics as well as behavior levels. Comparing relative band power ratios from errors and correct responses, activated states of one's brain could be explained, and characteristics of the task could understood. To tell that of pointing task, correlations around C3, C4, P3, P4 and 01, 02 area were significant and high in correct response cases whereas most correlation coefficients went down in error cases standing for imbalance of psycho-motor functions. Though task difficulty was the only one factor that could influence on relative band power ratio with statistical significance, it should be comprehended to mean a different way of expression indicating task characteristics since at least error-some situation could be explained with the help of relative band power ratio that absolute band power failed.
Development of Accident Scenario Models for the Risk Assessment of Railway Casualty Accidents
Park, Chan-Woo ; Wang, Jong-Bae ; Cho, Yun-ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 79~87
The objective of this study is to develop accident scenario models for the risk assessment of railway casualty accidents. To develop these scenario models, hazardous events and hazardous factors were identified by gathering various accident reports and information. Then, the accident scenario models were built up. Each accident scenario model consists of an occurrence scenario model and a progress scenario model. The occurrence scenario refers to the occurrence process of the event before the hazardous event. The progress scenario means the progress process of the event after the hazardous event. To manage a large amount of accident/incident data and scenarios, a railway accident analysis information system was developed using railway accident scenario models. To test the feasibility of the developed scenario models, more than 800 domestic railway casualty accidents that occurred in 2004 and 2005 were investigated and quantitative and qualitative analyses were performed using the developed information system.
The Study of Crowd Movement in Stair and Turnstile of Subway Station
Kim, Myeoung-Hun ; Kim, Eung-Sik ; Cho, Ju-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 88~95
Most of subway stations are located underground and the number of passengers is far more than that of designed value, therefore the risk of accident is growing bigger and serious damage is expected in case of disaster. In Korea the period of evacuation study is short and numerical and experimental data of evacuation phenomena in subway station is rare. Many egress evaluation depend on foreign commercial S/Ws which are not yet proven its availability in special case such as subway station. In this paper outflow coefficients which are essential in egress evaluation are calculated at train door, stairway and turnstile at 3 most crowed subway stations. This numerical data can be used in prediction of egress evaluation and the result of other prediction methods can be verified with these experimental data
Development of Risk-Appearance Frequency Evaluation Model for Railway Level-Crossing Accidents
Kim, Min-Su ; Wang, Jong-Bae ; Park, Chan-Woo ; Choi, Don-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 24, issue 3, 2009, Pages 96~101
In this study, a risk-appearance frequency evaluation model for railway level-crossing accidents is developed with the frequency estimation based on the accident history. It follows the worldwide common safety management approach and reflects the operation conditions and accident properties of the domestic railway system. The risk appearance frequency evaluation process contains a development of accident scenarios by defining the system configurations and functions, and a frequency estimation of hazardous events based on the accident history. The developed model is verified with the accident history during 5 years('03-'07) for 3 hazardous events: 'Being trapped in level crossing(Hl)', 'Crossing during warning signal(H2)' and 'Breaking through/detouring the barrier(H3)'. This risk appearance frequency evaluation model will be combined with a consequence evaluation model so as to offer full risk assessment for the railway accident. The accident risk assessment will contribute to improving the safety management of the railway system.