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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Numerical Analysis for Light Weight and Strength Improvement of Wind Power System Nacelle Cover
Kang, Ji-Woong ; Kwon, Oh-Heon ; Jeong, Woo-Yul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 1~6
Wind power system is composed by 3 major parts, rotor blade, nacelle and tower. Especially, the nacelle cover has an important role to prevent the component of nacelle and rotor from an extreme external circumstance. Therefore it is necessary to analyze and evaluate the stress distribution and deformation for them in the design level. There are two major points in nacelle cover analysis. The one is nacelle cover itself and the other is cover support structure. According to GL specification, this study shows the result that CFRP nacelle cover of wind turbine satisfies the strength and deformation through numerical analysis using the commercial finite element analysis program.
A Numerical Analysis for the Strength Improvement of Composite Wind Turbine Blade
Kwon, Oh-Heon ; Kang, Ji-Woong ; Jeong, Woo-Yul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 7~12
The average growth in the wind power energy market during the past five years has been 26% per year. Renewable energy resources, of which wind energy is prominent, are part of the solution to the global energy problem. Wind power system and the rotor blade concepts are reviewed, and loadings by wind and gravity as important factors for the mechanical performance of the materials are considered. So, the mechanical properties of fiber composite materials are discussed. In addition, it is necessary to analyze and evaluate the stress distribution and deformation for them in the design level. This study shows the result that CFRP rotor blade of wind turbine satisfies the strength and deformation through numerical analysis using the commercial finite element analysis program.
A Study on Ignition Hazard Caused by Electrostatic Discharge of Gasoline Used in the Gas Station
Moon, Kyoon-Tae ; Chung, Jae-Hee ; Mizuki, Yamaguma ; Choi, Kwang-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 13~18
To investigate electrostatic ignition hazards of commercial gasoline used in the gas station, experiments were conducted dealing with the minimum ignition energy(MIE) of several kinds of gasoline under the various temperature. The conductivity of gasoline that was required for an accurate risk assessment as well as the MIE were also examined. The solvent ignitability apparatus which can heat up the inside of the vessels up to
was used in this study. Four kinds of premium gasoline and four kinds of regular gasoline, differing with respect to the companies, were used as test specimens. The following results were obtained: (1) all gasoline specimens were so sensitive that even an electrostatic discharge with a very low energy, such as about 0.5mJ, could ignite them. The ignitability of premium gasoline was constant irrespective of the companies. On the other hand, the ignitability of regular gasoline was variable depending on the company. (2) The MIE of all specimens depended markedly on the temperature; in other words, an increase in temperature decreases the ignition energy value. (3) The conductivity values of all specimens were low. Those must be taken into consideration in electrostatic risk assessment.
Experimental Study on Electrostatic Hazards of Powder in Fluidized Bed
Moon, Kyoon-Tae ; Chung, Jae-Hee ; Choi, Kwang-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 19~24
A large amount of electrostatic charges is often generated on polymer powders in fluidized bed and thereby may lead to electrostatic problems. In this study, to evaluate electrostatic hazards of powder in fluidized bed, the electric field(E[v/m]) and the charge amount(q[c/g]) during fluidizing were monitored. We also investigated the Minimum Ignition Energy(MIE [J]) of sample powder used in fluidized bed with the Hartman vertical-tube apparatus. The batch-type fluidized bed system and 2kg as Polypropylene(PP) resin powders were used in the experiments. The following results were obtained: (1) Even when a safe margin of several times was considered, the values of E obtained with PP powder in this paper did not exceed 3 to 5kV/cm, at which an incendiary electrostatic discharge could occur. (2) the ave. q was -0.26
C/g during fluidizing. This value was high enough to cause electrostatic agglomeration and adhesion. (3) the entrained PP powder in upper column due to fluidizing could be ignited by electrostatic discharges of 71mJ.
Analysis of Performance and Development of Environment-friendly High Expansion Foam Concentrate
Kim, Ha-Young ; Nam, Jun-Seok ; Rie, Dong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 25~29
Foam concentrate is used for fire-extinguishing purposes, occurring foam, mixed with air. In huge oil-fire or the efficiency of fire-extinguishing with small quantity of water, Foam concentrate is used widely. However, perfluorooc tanoicsulfonate and nonylpenol that are included in Foam concentrate could be exposure in danger while they were discharged. The purpose of the research is the development of environment-friendly high expansion foam that exclude the dangerous substances and improvement of danger of the existing foam concentrate. The developed foam is analyzed as the environment-friendly foam in indexes of the environment-toxicity, the biodegradation appraisal, and the dangerous substances-detecting. In addition, the performances of expansion rate, discharge rate, and fire-extinguishing are suitable in the domestic regulation, so it is useful for fire-extinguishing in real fire situation.
The Measurement and Investigation of Fire and Explosion Properties for Acetone
Ha, Dong-Myeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 30~35
For the safe handling of acetone, the flash point, the explosion limit at
and the temperature dependence of the explosion limits were investigated. And the AIT for acetone were experimented. By using the literatures data, the lower and upper explosion limits of acetone recommended 2.5 vol% and 13.0 vol%, respectively. In this study, the lower flash points of acetone recommended
. This study was determined relationship between the AITs and the ignition delay times by using ASTM E659-78 apparatus for acetone, and the experimental AIT of acetone was
. The new equations for predicting the temperature dependence of the explosion limits of acetone is proposed. The values calculated by the proposed equations were a good agreement with the literature data.
A Satisfaction Survey On the Safety Environment and Education Time in University Laboratories
Lee, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 36~41
This paper seeks to survey and analyze the status of obligatory execution from key institutional aspects that have taken effect according to laws on creating safe environment for laboratory and of general details such as the level of satisfaction on the part of people engaged in research activity regarding the laws after they have taken effect. The subjects of this study were MA and PhD graduate students in science and engineering who are primarily involved in research. This questionnaire survey was focused on finding basic data required for safety education for researcher and for efficient safety management by examining the correlation between education time and level of satisfaction. The collected data were analyzed by using frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, one way anova by SPSS12 package. The results obtained by this study are as follow. 1) Awarences of safety management rules, ordinary inspection, safety education were around 70% and other law clauses were around 50%. 2) The general satisfaction after the Laboratory Safety Act enforcement was usual level with 4.72 points in 7. 3) Researchers demanded ordinary inspection and protective equipment in a safe environmental composition. 4) The safety education time for improvement of a safe consciousness level was needed 12h or 24h at 1 years.
Effect of Moisture Conditions in Soils on Mode Attenuation of Guided Waves in Buried Pipes
Lee, Ju-Won ; Shin, Sung-Woo ; Na, Won-Bae ; Kim, Young-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 42~47
Recently, many techniques have been developed for the inspection of pipelines using guided waves. However, few researches have been made on the application of those techniques for buried underground pipes. Guided wave motions in the buried pipes are somewhat different from those of on-ground pipes which have traction-free (air) boundary condition on outer pipe walls and thus are strongly affected by the mechanical property of the surrounding soils. Therefore, it should be investigated the effect of soil properties on the guided wave behavior in buried pipe. On the other hand, the mechanical property of soil is largely depending on its moisture conditions nevertheless of other influential factors such as void ratio. In this study, the effect of moisture conditions in soils on mode attenuation of guided waves in the buried pipe is investigated. To this end, numerical study is performed to characterize mode attenuation behavior in buried pipes and the effective mode which is suitable for long range inspection is identified.
Strength Properties of RC Slabs under Elevated Temperatures from Fire
Im, Cho-Rong ; Chung, Chul-Hun ; Kim, Yu-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 48~60
The fire resistance performance of 2 RC slabs after exposure to the ISO-834 fire standard without loading has been experimentally investigated. A Comparison is made of the fire resistance performance between RC slabs without PP(polypropylene) fibers and RC slabs with PP fibers. From the fire test results, the presence of PP fibers in RC slabs can reduce spalling and enhance their fire resistance. Until now, the determination of fire resistance of reinforced concrete(RC) slabs has essentially been based on tabulated data. According to ACI 216 code and EUROCODE 2, the design of concrete structures is essentially based on tabulated data for appropriate concrete cover and various fire durations. From the comparison between fire test results and codes, current fire design provisions of codes such as the ACI 216 and the EUROCODE 2 are unconservative for estimating mechanical properties of RC slabs at elevated temperatures.
Mathematical Basis for Establishing Reasonable Objective Periodsin Zero Accident Campaign
Lim, Hyeon-Kyo ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Chang, Seong-Rok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 61~67
Though "Zero Accident Campaign" is a desirable campaign for industrial accident prevention and reducing victims, the number of industrial enterprises has been decreasing abruptly in recent years. One of the reasons for this phenomenon may be attributed to irrationality of 'target accident-free time periods' established by related organizations. This study was carried out to develop a new rational scheme for the campaign. Therefore, for a numerical basis, Poisson process was introduced, and problems induced by current target periods were analyzed mathematically one by one. As a result, it was verified that current target periods were uneven since the probability that manufacturing plants get them would be different form industry to industry. To develop countermeasures, a brand new method were suggested in this research. The first characteristic was that group classification should be based upon average accident rates resulted from past several years, and the second was that adjustment probability which can make the target acquisition probability even. About the suggested method, a questionnaire survey was conducted. To make a conclusion, most manufacturing plants agreed with the suggested method such high affirmative portion that the suggested method would be expected to help promote the campaign again.
The Difference of Subjective Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Health Related Quality of Life in Vinylhouse and Non-vinylhouse Farmers
Chong, Bok-Hee ; Yang, Chung-Yong ; Oh, Gyung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 68~75
This study was conducted to evaluate the differences in symptoms of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between vinylhouse farmers and non-vinylhouse farmers. The study included 118 residents who lived in a rural community. All subjects were assigned to the vinylhouse farmers group (N=58) and the non-vinylhouse farmers group (N=60) according to main agricultural work type. All respondents were interviewed by means of a structured questionnaire. WMSDs symptoms were measured by a self- assessed questionnaire on symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders, and HRQoL was measured by SF-36. Vinylhouse farmers had significant more symptoms of WMSDs in each regional parts of musculoskeletal system, and had significant poor total health status in SF-36. Symptoms of WMSDs were most reliable risk factor for HRQoL. Various health promotion interventions are needed to prevent WMSDs in all farmers and especially vinylhouse workers.
A Study on the Evaluation of Safety Climate in the Service Industry
Kwon, Oh-Jun ; Choe, Seong-Weon ; Kim, Young-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 76~83
As one of crucial industries, the service industry occupies a large part of economy in Korea poor in natural resources. However, prevention of industrial disasters has been promoted mainly in manufacturing and construction industries where the frequencies of such disasters and victims are high. Research on the evaluation of workplace safety climate has been conducted centering on traditional industries like manufacturing and construction, and few studies have been made for service businesses. The objective of this study was to evaluate workplace safety climate perceived in the field by workers engaged in service businesses and to contribute to the establishment of industrial safety and health policies in consideration of the characteristics of each business category. Using research variables safety knowledge, safety attitude, safety motivation, safety participation, safety compliance, and safeness of work environment, we evaluated comprehensive workplace safety climate based on the causal relations among the variables. In the results of analyzing data from a questionnaire survey of service business employees, statistically significant effect relations among the variables were identified, and the fitness of the model with approved reliability and validity was verified.
Development of System for Assessment of Uninsured Costs
Lee, Tae-Yeong ; Lee, Jong-Bin ; Chang, Seong-Rok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 84~89
In Korea, the method of assessing uninsured costs is not adopted in a direct way, but in an indirect way on the basis of the insured cost. From this method, the cost of accidents can be approximately calculated, but accurate calculation of uninsured costs is not easy. Therefore, a better method of assessing uninsured costs caused by industrial accidents is necessary. In this study, the system program and database for assessing uninsured costs from industrial accidents were developed on the basis of the results of previous studies. This program and database could quantitatively assess uninsured costs more accurately and quickly than other studies. This system would contribute to the efficient analysis of industrial accident costs.
Accidents Model of Arterial Link Sections by Logistic Model
Park, Byung-Ho ; Lim, Jin-Kang ; Han, Su-San ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 25, issue 4, 2010, Pages 90~95
This study deals with the accident model of arterial link section in Cheongju. The objective is to develop the accident model of arterial link section using the logistic regression. In pursuing the above, the study uses the 258 accident data occurred at the 322 arterial link section. The main results are as follows. First, Nagellerke
of developed accident model is analyzed to be 0.309 and t-values of variable that explains goodness of fit are evaluated to be significant. Second, the variables adopted in the model are AADT, the number of exit and entry. These variables are all analyzed to be statistically significant. Finally, the analysis of correct classification rate shows that the total accident of correct classification rate is analyzed to be 72.7% at the arterial link section.