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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Control Strategy for Industrial Safety Based on Dynamic Modeling of Safety Budget-Industrial Accidents Relationship
Choi, Gi-Heung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1~6
This study focuses on the control strategy for industrial safety in Korea. Specifically, the effect of safety budget such as the industrial accident prevention fund on the safety performance to prevent and reduce industrial accidents is statistically examined first and modeled as a second order system. The effectiveness of such a dynamic model is also explained with a simple PI control mechanism in a feedback loop. The simulated model, however, suggests that, without improving the efficiency of the safety system, extra safety budget needed to decrease the accident rate to a level in advanced countries is far beyond the social consensus. An efficient way of reducing industrial accidents based on such a dynamic model with more internal damping but with less elastic nature in a feedback loop framework needs to be implemented.
Breakdown Properties for Insulation Design of the Environment-Friendly Pole Transformer using the Vegetable Insulating Oil
Kwag, Dong-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 7~12
In recent years, environmental concerns have been raised on the use of poorly biodegradable fluids in electrical apparatus in regions where spills from leaks and equipment failure could contaminate the surroundings. The newly invented vegetable insulating oil is highly biodegradable and have negligible impact on the environment, human health and the ecosystem. For development of the environmental-friendly pole transformer using vegetable insulating oil, the dielectric constructions of the pole transformer were discussed in this paper. Depending on the dielectric constructions, the AC breakdown characteristics of the Nomex insulating papers and the vegetable insulating oil were studied by simulated electrode systems. Based on the experimental results, the maximum design stress(
) for insulation design of the environmental-friendly pole transformer were suggested.
Examination of the Cause of Damage to Capacitors for Home Appliances and Analysis of the Heat Generation Mechanism
Park, Hyung-Ki ; Choi, Chung-Seog ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 13~19
The purpose of this study is to examine the cause of damage to electrolytic capacitors and to present the heat generation mechanism in order to prevent the occurrence of similar problems. From the analysis results of electrolytic capacitors collected from accident sites, the fire causing area can be limited to the primary power supply for the initial accident. From the tests performed by applying overvoltage, surge, etc., it is thought that the fuse, varistor, etc., are not directly related to the accidents that occurred. The analysis of the characteristics using a switching regulator showed that the charge and discharge characteristics fell short of standard values. In addition, it is thought that heated electrolytic capacitors caused thermal stress to nearby resistances, elements, etc. It can be seen that the heat generation is governed by the over-ripple current, application of AC overvoltage, surge input, internal temperature increase, defective airtightness, etc. Therefore, when designing an electrolytic capacitor, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the correct polarity arrangement, appropriate voltage application, correct connection of equivalent series resistance(ESR) and equivalent series inductance(SEL), rapid charge and discharge control, sufficient margin of dielectric tangent, etc.
A Experimental Study on the Fire Hazard Analysis For Communication Cable in Buildings
Hong, Sung-Ho ; Choi, Moon-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 20~25
This study presents on the fire hazard analysis of communication cable in buildings. In order to analyze fire hazards for communication cable IEC 60332-1, UL 94 and cone calorimeter test are conducted. The number of cable used to experiment is 10 communication cable which are generally applied to data communication in buildings. The results show that 9 cables do meet the performance requirement of IEC 60332-1 and 8 cables are V-0 classification. IEC 60332-1 and UL 94 test are inadequate for fire hazard classification. The various parameters obtained by cone calorimeter test such as HRR, peak HRR, smoke production rate and so on. Also it is able to evaluate multiply fire hazard for communication cable with cone calorimeter test results.
Experimental Investigations on Explosion Characteristics of LPG/Air Mixture by Electrostatic Discharge Energies
Kim, Nam-Suk ; Park, Dal-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 26~30
Experimental investigations were performed to examine the effects of different electrostatic discharge ignition energies on LPG/air mixture explosions in an explosion chamber. The chamber consisted of 500 mm in length, with a
cross section. Three different ignition energies were used: 0.30 mJ, 46 mJ and 98 mJ. Flame propagations were recorded by a high speed video camera. The results of flame speed and pressure obtained from the different ignition energies were discussed. It was found that as the energy increased, different flame initiations occurred. This caused the time interval in both the flame and pressure developments. It was also found that the flame speed and the pressure were less sensitive to both 0.30 mJ and 46 mJ, except for the ignition energy of 98 mJ.
Temperature and Stress Analysis of Box Culvert in Fire
Kim, Hyun-Jun ; Im, Cho-Rong ; Yoo, Hyeon-Kyeong ; Chung, Chul-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 31~44
This paper has presented a finite element analysis of structural behaviour of box culvert during and after fires. The fire tests were carried out in a furnace on RC slabs using the ISO 834 standard fire curve. The load capacity after cooling of the RC slab that was not loaded during the fire tests was evaluated by means of additional 3 points bending tests. In the past, stress-strain models of concrete under fire loading have been proposed by several researchers. Comparisons are made with the load-displacement relations of RC slabs after fire loading using the existing stress-strain models with temperature, such as Schneider, EUROCODE 2, Lie, Shi and Nan model. By comparing the load-displacement relations, Lie model was found to result in a maximum load about 2.0% higher than that of test. Based on the fire test results of RC slabs, this paper presents an extensive analytical study on the fire response of box culvert during and after fires.
Development of Repair System for Drain Pipe to Enhance Safety
Chung, Jee-Seung ; Kang, Weon-Dae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 45~53
This study was performed to develop repair and reinforcing materials in sewage drain pipe by using 40% of CAC(Calcium Aluminate Cement) and 4% of Polymer Powder. Regarding reinforcing materials to enhance load-bearing capacity, polyester textile and wire mesh were adopted and then they were evaluated by the measurement of deflection and Stress-strain Relationship. Two types of drain pipe made by concrete and PE were considered as plain specimens and then loading test were performed after repaired by CAC mortar impregnated reinforcing materials. As the test results of the load-bearing test on both drain pipe, there was higher load-bearing capacity on the specimen adopted wire mesh but debonding of repair mortar was found due to stiffness of wire mesh. By the way, repair system using CAC mortar impregnated polyster textile without wire mesh showed satisfactory results including bonding and load-bearing capacity regardless substrate, so this repair system using by mixture of CAC mortar and polyster textile is suggested as the reasonable repairing method within this experimental scope.
Characterization of Metal-FRP Laminated Composites for Strengthening of Structures: Part-I Tensile Behavior
Park, Cheol-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 54~63
Steel plate or FRP materials have been typically used for the seismic retrofit of civil infrastructures. In order to overcome the limitation of each retrofitting material, a composite material, which takes advantages from both metal and fiber polymer materials, has been developed. In the study herein, the composite retrofitting material consists of metal part(steel or aluminum) and FRP sheet part(glass or carbon fiber). The metal part can enhance the ductility and the FRP part the ultimate strength. As a preliminary study to investigate the fundamental mechanical characteristics of the metal-FRP laminated composite material this study performed the tensile test with various experimental variables including the number, the angle and the combination of FRP laminates. From the test results, both aluminum and steel-FRP laminate composite material showed increased fracture toughness. However, the angle and the kind of fibers should be carefully considered in conjunction with the expected loading conditions. In general, steel-FRP laminate composite showed better tensile performance in regards to the seismic retrofit purposes.
Measurements of Dynamic Strain of Structures Using PVDF Films
Kim, Su-Min ; Shin, Sung-Woo ; Lee, Jae-Yong ; Kim, Nam-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 64~70
In this study, the applicability of PVDF films for measurements of dynamic strain in a structure was investigated. A relationship between the strain and the voltage response of a PVDF film was analytically derived. Free vibration test on a steel cantilever beam was performed and vibration response of the beam was measured both by a convential foil strain gauge and a PVDF film. Strain-voltage relationship obtained from the experiment was compared with the analytic relationship. Good agreement between the analytic and experimental relationships was observed. It was found that a tailored PVDF film can measure the dynamic strain of a structure as accurate as a conventional foil strain gauge.
Analysis of Work Postures of Fire Fighters for Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders
Roh, Hyo-Lyun ; Son, Sung-Min ; Oh, Hyun-Soo ; Chang, Seong-Rok ; Kim, Yong-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 71~78
The aim of study was to reduce risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders, and prevent it according to evaluation and analysis of its symptoms survey, and work postures which doing much frequently. This study was conducted by 64 firefighters. It was surveyed physical burden levels, distribution of musculoskeletal symptoms, and analized work postures by using ergonomics tools, such as Rapid Entire Body Assesment(REBA), Rapid Upper Lim Assessment(RULA), NIOSH Lifting Equation(NLE). Physical burden levels, and distribution of musculoskeletal symptoms were surveyed according to frequency analysis, and the analysis of above tools were presented figures and scores. The all the results of REBA were that risk level was "High", action level was "Need soon" and the results of RULA were "The results are required detailed survey and immediate improvement" at Require rescue person handling, fire hose, hybraulic rescue equipment, universal axe work postures. The occurrence possibility of musculoskeletal disorders of fire fighters is quite high due to instability postures, excessive physical work and so on. Thus, making various efforts to prevent disorders, and improving working environment is necessary continuously.
A Study on Job Stress and Work Ability of Workers in the Deckhouse Manufacturing Industry
Kim, Myung-Woo ; Chang, Seong-Rok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 79~84
There have been so many studies related to job stress or musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) in the shipbuilding industry. However, study of employee performance evaluation that reflect on the industrial features of the deckhouse manufacturing industry has not been established. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate workers' job stress and work ability through statistical significance tests according to age, work types, years of service, work forms and sex. For this, the study conducted a job stress test using the Korean Occupational Stress Questionnaire Short Form, and employee performance evaluations using the Work Ability Index(WAI) of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH) on 536 workers in the deckhouse manufacturing industry. MINITAB statistics program was used for statistics analysis and significance was verified with the Kruskal-Wallis test, a corporate body of nonparametric statistical analysis. As a result, employee performance had significant differences, depending on age, work types, years of service and sex, and job stress also depended on the number of service year and work form. Additionally, it was found that employee performance decreased more as job stress increased.
An Integrated Approach of Component Reliability Data on Korea Standard Nuclear Power Plants Using PRinS
Jeon, Ho-Jun ; Hwang, Seok-Won ; Chi, Moon-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 85~89
Component reliability data were analyzed by using PRinS(Plant Reliability data information System) based on the latest operating experiences of eight KSNPs(Korea Standard Nuclear Power plants), and these new data were applied to the KSNP PSA models. In addition, the existing PSA models were revised for reflecting as-built and as-operated plant conditions. As a result of newly performing PSA in this paper, CDF and LERF were estimated 26.1% and 18.2% lower than the existing values, respectively. It was identified that the risk measures decreased not because of revising the models but because of applying the new component reliability data. The result and the method of this paper could be used when generating plant specific data and performing the living PSA in the future.
A Study on Necessity of Safety Education for Improving the Worker's Safety Awareness
Lee, Jang-Gook ; Ryu, Si-Wook ; Seo, Sung-Koo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 90~96
It requires to make the safety education not a merely formal education but as a practical one for the factor of safety on the industrial environment. We surveyed the workers who are working for a power plant-related small and medium sized businesses around Incheon about the necessity of safety education to improve the safety awareness for themselves. The answered workers for the survey are numbered 198, and we can analyzed those questionnaires by using SEM(Structural Equation Modeling). We ran the analysis by the tool of statistics, AMOS19.0. We examined the basic hypothesis that self-efficacy, safety education, and perceived safety influenced on the will for the safety on the job through the attitude of safety on the work as a parametric cause. We can derive a result that self-efficacy and education about safety makes an effect not only on the will for the safety directly, but also through the attitude and perceived safety. Perceived safety does not influenced on the attitude of safety on the work. Education, attitude, and perceived safety show positive influential factors, but self-efficacy represents negative effect directly on the will for the safety. Safety eduction makes more positive effect on the attitude and perception of the safety, and it shows the necessity for the reinforcement.
The Effects of Different Frequencies of Self-Monitoring on Safe Sitting Postures
Park, Su-Ryeon ; Oah, She-Zeen ; Lee, Yo-Heang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 97~103
This study compared the effects of different frequencies of self-monitoring on safe sitting postures. Participants were four office workers. The dependent variable was the safety percentage for four body positions. The independent variable was self-monitoring frequency: high and low self-monitoring frequencies. Results showed that the safety percentage increased when self-monitoring was introduced. However, the effects of the two different self-monitoring frequencies on safe performance were not statistically different.
Risk Evaluation Based on the Time Dependent Expected Loss Model in FMEA
Kwon, Hyuck-Moo ; Hong, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, Min-Koo ; Sutrisno, Agung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 104~110
In FMEA, the risk priority number(RPN) is used for risk evaluation on each failure mode. It is obtained by multiplying three components, i.e., severity, occurrence, and detectability of the corresponding failure mode. Each of the three components are usually determined on the basis of the past experience and technical knowledge. But this approach is not strictly objective in evaluating risk of a given failure mode and thus provide somewhat less scientific measure of risk. Assuming a homogeneous Poisson process for occurrence of the failures and causes, we propose a more scientific approach to evaluation of risk in FMEA. To quantify severity of each failure mode, the mission period is taken into consideration for the system. If the system faces no failure during its mission period, there are no losses. If any failure occurs during its mission period, the losses corresponding to the failure mode incurs. A longer remaining mission period is assumed to incur a larger loss. Detectability of each failure mode is then incorporated into the model assuming an exponential probability law for detection time of each failure cause. Based on the proposed model, an illustrative example and numerical analyses are provided.
The Study of Risk Matrix Development for Urban Metro EMU
Kim, Young-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 111~117
Risk-based railway safety management has been mandatory in Korea as by relevant laws and regulations enacted since the Railway Safety Act 2004. In particular, the Railway Vehicle Safety Guidance came into effect on Jan 1, 2008 specifies the details of methodology for hazard analysis, risk assessment and safety verification and validation. Fundamentals for success of the risk-based safety management are systematic hazard identification and risk assessment by use of reasonable risk assessment criteria, but the principle of risk-based safety management has not been applied in an effective way to introduction and maintenance of railway vehicle systems because definite risk assessment criteria have not been set down for each railway system or railway network. The purpose of this study is to suggest a risk matrix development principle for risk assessment of domestic urban metro vehicles by analyses of relevant rules and railway operating environment of Korea.
Developing the Traffic Accident Severity Models by Accident Type
Kim, Kyung-Hwan ; Park, Byung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 118~123
This study deals with the traffic accidents of the arterial link sections. The purpose is to comparatively analyze the characteristics and models by accident type using the data of 24 arterial links in Cheongju. In pursuing the above, this study gives particular emphasis to modeling such the accidents as the side-right-angle collision, rear-end collision and side-swipe collision. The main results are the followings. First, six accident models are developed, which are all analyzed to be statistically significant. Second, the models are comparatively evaluated using the common and specific variables by accident type.
The Effects of Goal-setting on Eco-driving Behaviors
Choi, Shin-Jeong ; Lee, Kye-Hoon ; Choi, In-Sub ; Oah, She-Zeen ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 124~129
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of goal-setting on Eco-driving behaviors. An additional purpose was to examine whether setting goals on target behaviors had spread effects on non-target eco-driving behaviors. Three office workers who drive regularly participated in this study. An AB multiple baseline design was adopted. After baseline (A), participants set goals on two or three target behaviors(e.g., over speeding, put the gears in neutral, extreme acceleration) (B). Results showed that goal-setting was effective in increasing the targeted eco-driving behaviors. In addition, most of the non-target eco-driving behaviors(e.g., extreme break, extreme acceleration) increased.
Traffic Accident Research Using Panel Analysis - Focusing on Seoul Metropolitan Area -
Park, Jun-Tae ; Lee, Soo-Beom ; Kim, Do-Kyung ; Sung, Jung-Gon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 26, issue 6, 2011, Pages 130~136
Since out of a lot of traffic problems traffic accidents cause damage to life and properties of people, it stands out as one of traffic problems which needs improvement, and the loss due to traffic accident negatively affects not only the parties to the accident but also the national economy. Thus, continual concern of the government toward traffic safety is getting bigger and lately each local government is preparing a basic plan for traffic safety and vitalizing traffic safety policies. As expanding the responsibility and role of local governments for traffic safety, traffic safety measures which are based on the characteristics of each local government should be studied. Most of analytical methods in the existing traffic accidents prediction models with macroscopic vision focus on socioeconomic variables such as local population and the number of registered vehicles, and present a great deal of prediction error when they are applied in practice. In this context, this study proposed a traffic accident prediction model in respect of macroscopic level for autonomous districts (administrative districts) of Seoul City. The model development was not based on the entire city but on the type of local land usage (development density) whose relationship with traffic accident frequency was analyzed.