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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Dynamic Characteristics of Slipmeters with Force Platform
Kim, Jung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 1~8
The purpose of this study were to evaluate the dynamic characteristics of the portable slipmeters with respect to actual slipping and to compare their output with those of force platform. The selected slipmeters were commonly used devices for slipperiness measurement in situ floors. Their output quantity represented force (BOT-3000), loss of energy(British pendulum striker) and angle of inclination(English XL). The validity of these devices was studied with respect to actual slipping using a force platform. The precision of these devices was also evaluated with force platform. Based on dynamics of human subject behavior when slipping during normal walking, the all devices tested in this study showed poor performances: low built up ratio, low normal pressure, and long contact time prior to slip. Nevertheless, their results reasonably correlated with those calculated from the ground reaction forces generated by the operation of the selected slipmeters on the force platform although the absolute values of COF from these three devices could be quite different. Also the results showed good repeatability under the some test conditions.
The Effects of Combustion Products Dilution and Wall Temperature on the Ignition of Methane Fuel
Song, Keum-Mi ; Oh, Chang-Bo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 9~15
The ignition characteristics in a confined axisymmetric coflow
jet were investigated numerically with the Fire Dynamics Simulator(FDS). The
fuel stream was diluted with main combustion product gases, such as
, and the mixed fuel stream was heated up to the sufficient temperature where a supplying fuel stream can be ignited. For the calculation of chemical reaction in the simulation, a 2-step global finite chemistry model was considered. Boundary condition for confined wall was optimized by investigating the effects of wall temperature on the ignition characteristics of fuel stream. In addition, the effects of composition of diluents in the fuel stream and fuel stream temperature on the ignition of fuel steam were investigated. The ignition characteristics of
stream with diluents were very sensitive to the wall temperature, composition of diluents in the fuel stream and fuel stream temperature.
Accident Analysis and Usage Actual Condition about Roller
Choi, Jin-Woo ; Shin, Woon-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 16~21
The purpose of this study is to try to find the risk of roller(mixing mill) in working site. In order to achieve the purpose, accident analysis and survey was carried out. This analysis revealed that average of loss days is 334.3 by roller jamming accident and 229.2 by other causes. It means jamming accident entails serious bodily harm. According to our research, we realize that most of rollers have some risk of the jamming accidents. It is simply because the roll gap in the roller is not more than 10cm. It also does not meet minimum distance so as to avoid the risk for jamming accident by KS. Furthermore, 28% of rollers have only one switch and 40% of rollers have two switches operating emergence stop equipment so as to reduce the risk of jamming accidents. Therefore, we presume that it is very difficult to turn on the switch of emergence stop equipment when they confront the accident because most of engineers are working alone.
Site Survey on the Safe use of the Industrial Robots
Rhee, Hong-Suk ; Shin, Woon-Chul ; Kwon, Hyuck-Myun ; Lee, Jun-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 22~29
Robot related injuries in industrial accidents statistics during 2008~2010 have accounted for a total of 109 cases equivalent to 30~40 cases for each of those years. The number of injured compared to the dissemination of industrial robots(51,302 units/2004) can be regarded as quite low. However, the fatal injuries sustained by 7 (6.4%) out of 109 cases paints the stark reality of robot-related accident fatalities. It is a sad probability that as the automation process expands its use of industrial robots which have increased significantly in demand, the incidence of workplace accidents will also increase. Therefore, the incidence of accidents throughout the period of 2008~2010 has been analysed to prevent the injuries due to the increased use of industrial robots. In the analysis, the injuries occurred during the industrial robot operation accounted for 45.9% of the entire accidents. Thus, we examined the present status of the industrial robot operation to analyze the root cause of accidents occurred in our studied time period. We looked at a total of 469 workplaces. 456 workplaces responded in the year 2009 and survey studies were implemented at 13 of the 29 workplaces where work injuries were sustained in the year 2010. Even where protective measures and interlock devices were in place, our studies indicated that workers could access the robot area to perform the tasks in 188 sites(40.1%). Also, the 143 sites(30.5%) had control measures and equipment located in the safety fence. In addition, the robots found at 164 sites(35.0%) could be restarted without additional restarting operation. These three causes accounted for most of the workplace injuries during the industrial robot operations. Futhermore, we confirmed the fact that the protective measures of the current safety regulations were not strictly enforced. Based upon our studies and the investigation of the present status of the industrial robot operation, higher standards in training and supervision of workers in the robot operation must quickly be met in order to prevent these industrial injuries.
A Study on the Shock Absorption Performance of the Safety Helmet using Coefficient of Restitution
Shin, Woon-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 30~34
A safety helmet is a personal protective equipment to protect the head from falling and flying objects. A safety helmet has the maximum delivered impact force as shock absorption performance, the lower delivered impact force the better performance, which was not a controlled variety during manufacturing safety helmet. Accordingly there were some difficulties in establishing the standard for improved performance as there was not a clear controllable impact force for improved performance. In this study the shock absorption performance was intended to be found as coefficient of restitution related to impulse. As a research method, a coefficient of restitution during the absorption of shock was calculated using the impulse transferred to pharynx utilizing the safety helmet shock absorption performance testing device based on the theory of momentum and impulse. The estimated impulsive force curve was derived assuming that shock was not absorbed using the measured data. The sample was selected as tested goods of ABS material for safety certification available mainly in the market. As a result of study, the maximum delivered impact force of safety helmet made by a domestic safety certified a company was 735 N, and its coefficient of restitution proved to be 0.64. The smaller coefficient of restitution is, the lower maximum delivered impact force and the higher shock absorption performance. The coefficient of restitution can be used as a performance index of safety helmet.
Numerical Study on the Isothermal Flow Field abound Rectangular Cross Section Bluff Body
Lee, Jung-Ran ; Lee, Eui-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 35~41
The Numerical simulation was performed on the flow field around the two-dimensional rectangular bluff body in order to complement the previous experimental results of the bluff body stabilized flames . For both fuel ejection configurations against an oxidizer stream, the flame stability was affected mainly by vortex structure and mixing field near bluff body. FDS(Fire Dynamic Simulator) based on the LES(Large Eddy Simulation) was employed to clarify the isothermal mixing characteristic and wake flow pattern around bluff body. The air used atmosphere and the fuel used methane. The result of counter flow configuration shows that the flow field depends on air velocity but the mixing field is influenced on the fuel velocity. At low fuel velocity the fuel mole fraction is below the flammable limit and hence the mixing is insufficient to react. Therefore, as the result, the flame formed at low fuel velocity is characterized by non-premixed flames. For the flow field of co-flow configuration, flame stability was affected by fuel velocity as well as air velocity. the vortex generated by fuel stream has counter rotating direction against the air stream. Therefore, the momentum ratio between air and fuel stream was important to decide the flame blow out limit, which is result in the characteristic of the partially premixed reacting wake near extinction.
Peel-tension Fatigue Strength of Mechanical Press Joints of Cold Rolled Steel Sheet
Lee, Man-Suk ; Park, Jong-Min ; Kim, Taek-Young ; Kim, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 42~48
Peel-tension fatigue experiments were conducted for investigating on fatigue strength of mechanical press joints of SPCC steel sheet used in the field of the automobile industry. In addition, finite element method analysis on the peel-tension specimen was conducted using HyperMesh and ABAQUS softwares. The cold rolled mild steel was used to join the T-shaped peel-tension specimen with a button diameter of 5.4 mm and a punch diameter of 8.3 mm. The fatigue limit load amplitude was found to be 112.4 N at the number of cycles 106, indicating that the ratio of fatigue limit load to static peel-tension strength was about 8%. This value suggests that the mechanical press joint is highly vulnerable to peel-tension load rather than to tensile-shear load, considering that the ratio of fatigue limit load to static tensile-shear strength was about 43%. Fatigue failure mode was found to be interface-failure mode.
Characteristics of Induced Voltage in Loop Structures from High-frequency Radiation Antenna
Choi, Sang-Won ; Kwon, Hyuk-Myun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 49~54
There is a possibility that electrical sparks may occur at discontinuities in metallic structures from distance of close to high power radio/radar transmitters. Voltage may be induced on these metallic structures by the radio-frequency transmitter. In this case, a person who comes into contact with these structure may be undergone a severe electrical shock. In this paper, assessment of the electrical shock and ignition hazards was investigated through experimental which are consisted radio transmitter and metallic loop-type structure in shield room. We measured that the induced voltage was highest at 61 MHz of transmission frequency, and confirmed the possibility of electric shock and explosion induced by a voltage or spark. But it is needed additional research where is opened site.
A Study on the Safety Improvement at the Flare System in the Chemical Process
Ma, Byung-Chol ; Kwon, Hyuck-Myun ; Kim, Young-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 55~63
The purpose of this study is to suggest new safety code to improve the safety of the flare safety system. Firstly, we analyzed the major accidents occurred at the flare system since 1996 and proposed 3 articles which is required to be added newly to the existing KOSHA code. Secondly, we also performed the HAZOP study for each study node and also suggested 5 articles. Finally, we analyzed the commented contents of PSM reports which have been submitted from the enterprise located in Honam province since 2005 and proposed 5 articles as well. We understand that all 13 articles proposed above, should be added to the KOSHA code in order to improve the safety in the flare system and to prevent the major fire and explosion accidents in the design stage.
Towards the Application of Safety Integrity Level for Improving Process Safety
Kwon, Hyuck-Myun ; Park, Hee-Chul ; Chun, Young-Woo ; Park, Jin-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 64~69
The concept of SIL is applied in the most of all standards relating to functional system safety. However there are problems for the people to apply SIL to their plants. as these standards don't include sufficient informations. In this regards, this paper will suggest the direction of SIL application and concept based on IEC 61508 and IEC 61511. A Safety Integrity Level(SIL) is the discrete level(one out of possible fours), corresponding to a range of the probability of an E/E/PE (Electric/Electrical/Programmable Electrical) safety-related system satisfactorily performing the specific safety functions under all the stated conditions within a stated period of time. SIL can be divided into the target SIL(or required SIL) and the result SIL. The target SIL is determined by the risk analysis at the analysis phase of safety lifecycle and the result SIL is calculated during SIL verification at the realization phase of safety lifecycle. The target SIL is determined by the risk analysis like LOPA(Layer Of Protection Analysis), Risk Graph, Risk Matrix and the result SIL is calculated by HFT(Hardware Fault Tolerance), SFF(Safe Failure Fraction) and PFDavg(average Probability of dangerous Failure on Demand). SIL is applied to various areas such as process safety, machinery(road vehicles, railway application, rotating equipment, etc), nuclear sector which functional safety is applied. The functional safety is the part of the overall safety relating to the EUC and the EUC control system that depends on the correct functioning of the E/E/PE safety-related systems and other risk reduction measures. SIL is applied only to the functional safety of SIS(Safety Instrumented System) in safety. EUC is the abbreviation of Equipment Under Control and is the equipment, machinery, apparatus or plant used for manufacturing, process, transportation, medical or other activities.
The Evaluation of Hazard by Measurement of Combustible Characteristics of n-Tetradecane
Ha, Dong-Myeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 70~76
For the safe handling of n-tetradecane, the lower flash points and the upper flash point, fire point, AITs (auto-ignition temperatures) by ignition delay time were experimented. Also lower and upper explosion limits by using measured the lower and upper flash points for n-tetradecane were calculated. The lower flash points of n-tetradecane by using closed-cup tester were measured
. The lower flash points and fire point of n-tetradecane by using open cup tester were measured
, respectively. This study measured relationship between the AITs and the ignition delay times by using ASTM E659 apparatus for n-tetradecane. The experimental AIT of n-tridecane was
. The calculated lower and upper explosion limit by using measured lower
and upper flash point
for n-tetradecane were 0.63 Vol.% and 3.18 Vol%.
Characteristics of Thermal Hazard in Methylthioisocyanate Synthesis Reaction Process
Han, In-Soo ; Lee, Keun-Won ; Lee, Joo-Yeob ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 77~87
Compared to a batch reactor, where all reactants are initially charged to the reactor, the semi-batch reactor presents serious advantages. The feed of at least one of the reactants provides an additional way of controlling the reaction course, which represents a safety factor and increases the constancy of the product quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of thermal hazard such as a feed time, catalysis concentration and solvent concentration in methylthioisocyanate(MTI) synthesis reaction process. The experiments were carried out by the Multimax reactor system and Accelerating rate calorimeter(ARC). The MTI synthesis reaction process has many reaction factors and complicated reaction mechanism of multiphase reaction. Through this study, we can use as a tool for assessment of thermal hazard of other reaction processes by applying experiment method provided.
A Comparative Study on the Performance Evaluation of Concrete Slab and Latex Modified Concrete for Bridge Deck Overlay
Kim, Doo-Hwan ; Lee, Ji-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Pil ; Song, Kwan-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 88~94
In order to develop high performance concrete that overcome defects of asphalt and latex modified concrete for bridge deck overlay, this study aims to evaluate durability performance of concrete slab for bridge deck overlay. The present study is an exploratory research concerned with evaluation of two types of high performance concrete for bridge deck applications. This study is composed of a set of experiments, including static loading test and fatigue test and compared with data of defection, crack, concrete and steel strain. Also, experimental results were verified with analytical models by ABAQUS program. But overall behaviors of all specimens are comfortable, so those take sufficient load carrying capacity and high stiffness in cyclic load.
An Experimental Study on Penetration Resistance of Styrofoams Mounted on Falling Prevention Net for Re-bar
Son, Ki-Sang ; Jeon, Soo-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 95~98
There are many high-rise apartment building construction in Korea. There was an accident to pass through worker head by rebar dropped from height place. Therefore, low cost-high effectiveness method to prevent this type of accident should be revised and applied into the construction site. This study is to find out which method could be effectively applied to a site with low cost. Practical field test at 4th floor, 10th floor of apartment building site using re-bar diameter D10, D13, D16, D19, D22 with a length of 1 m, 1.5 m, 2 m, 2.5 m, 3 m which are common by used in a site. The test has also been done with a cover of styrofoam thickness 4.5 cm and thickness 9cm on field drop preventing net. One sheet of styrofoam thickness 45 mm has approximately two times stronger than only prevention net, It is found. Also, Two sheets have approximately two times stronger than one sheet of it.
An Analytical and Experimental Study on the Mechanical Behavior of Excavating Turnels beneath the Roadway
Chung, Kuang-Mo ; Bang, Myung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 99~104
A turnelling work beneath roadways or railways in use is unsafe and dangerous. A turnelling method should be analytically and experimentally studied to verify stability and safety of excavating works by construction step. The conventionally analytical method was ineffective in computational time and cost, so the new analytical method named homogenuity method, was developed and verified compared with analytical results. That method was applied to parameterly study the effect of distance of steel supports and overburdening height of soil. It showed that the homogenuity method was very practical and effective in step-by-step analysis considering construction sequences. A measuring device was set at the construction field and mechanical behavior was monitored during construction. Measuring values are larger than analytical values because impact of inserting steel pipes, lowering level of underground water and vibration of passing vehicles affected soil density during construction, but those values were within allowable limits.
The Development of Aluminum Pipe Support for Apartment Slabs(I)
Cha, Jung-Koo ; Yi, Young-Seop ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 105~110
Steel elements are widely used for temporary structures on every construction site. but despite its strong resistences against heavy concrete volumes, they are easily eroded by oxygens in the space as times have been gone. If they are used several times in the construction fields, their elements are rusted and deformed and the strength is gradually reduced through the weak part. From this point of view, aluminum pipe support has been developed in stead of steel pipe sopport with enhancing durability against oxygens all the more. The developed aluminium pipe support has been lighter than steel unit, so workability has been improved. In another advantage of aluminium pipe support, different level control is possible with being equipped with the level control nut which enables the length adjustment of aluminium pipe support and the collapse of aluminum pipe support could be also prevented from the structures in the long term.
Accidents Analysis and Research on Risk of the Actual Conditions in Roof Works
Choi, Don-Hoeng ; Choi, Jin-Woo ; Shin, Woon-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 111~116
This study analyzed the accidents and researched on risk of the actual condition in roof works. This study revealed that 68% of accidents in roof works occurred on small sized construction sites. And 79% of accidents are caused by fall. It is simply because most laborers do not wear the safety harness and the mounted equipment is not properly installed. According to our research, we realize that most of roof works have some risk of the fall accidents. Most of roof working sites have the danger of falling at ladder and temporary walkway. In oder to prevent accidents in roof works, the basic rule such as wearing the safety harness must be followed.
Tension Creep Model of Recycled PET Polymer Concrete with Flexural Loading
Chae, Young-Suk ; Tae, Ghi-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 117~125
In recent years, polymer concrete based on polyester resin have been widely generalized and the research of polymer concrete have been actively pursued by the technical innovations. Polymer concrete is a composite consisting of aggregates and an organic resin binder that hardens by polymerization. Polymer concrete are stronger by a factor of three or more in compression, a factor of four to six in tension and flexural and a factor of two in impact when compared with portland cement concrete. In view of the growing use of polymer concrete, it is important to study the physical characteristics of the material, emphasizing the short term properties as well as long term mechanical behavior. If polymer concrete is to be used in flexural load-bearing application such as in beam, it is imperative to understand the deformation of the material under sustained loading conditions. This study is proposed to empirical and mechanical model of polymer concrete tension creep using long-term experimental results and mathematical development. The test results showed that proposed model has been used successfully to predict creep deformations at a stress level that was 20 percent of the ultimate strength and viscoelastic behavior of recycled-PET polymer concrete is linear of stress level up to 30 percent. It is expected that the present model allows more realistic evaluation of varying stresses in polymer concrete structures with a constant loading.
A Mechanical Experimental Study for Waterproofing Performance Evaluation of Self Adhesive Sheet Combined Polymer Resin and Poly-Iso Butylene
Min, Inki ; Tae, Ghi-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 126~134
The purpose of this study is to investigate waterproofing performance of self adhesive sheet combined polymer resin and poly-iso butylene. For the performance estimation of external waterproofing of concrete underground structures, there can be required various properties such as adhesion strength, hair crack resistance, repeat low and high temperature test, and so on. In this study, there engineering properties of composite system using polymer resin and poly-iso butylene were examined and could be confirmed to satisfy the guidelines of KS. Especially, it was turn out that the adhesion properties was excellent and high crack-resistance up to 1.49mm will be perform.
Prediction on Safety Time of Water Intake at Paldang Reservior According to Scenarios of Water Pollution
Baek, Kyong-Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 135~140
In this study, the behavior of pollutant was calculated at Paldang reservior according to several scenarios of the accidental water pollution by means of the numerical models for forecasting water quality. Also managemental plans for situation of the accidental water pollution happening at Paldang watershed were simulated. According to the simulating results, a plan of increase of discharge at Cheongpyeong dam reduced the peak concentration of pollutants, whereas extended the time for stopping water intake. Another plan, drop of water elevation at Paldang dam, decreased seriously the time for stopping water intake although there were a little effect to decrease the peak concentration. Thus it was concluded that appropriate combinations of the plans for the increase discharge and the dropping water elevation should be used to deal with the accidental water pollution at Paldang watershed.
An Experiment of Flexural Behavior for the Prestressed Concrete Beams with Partially Bonded External Tendons
Yoo, Sung-Won ; Lee, Sang-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 141~147
Recently, the external prestressed concrete structures are increasingly being built. The mechanical behavior of prestressed concrete beams with external tendon is different from that of normal bonded PSC beams in that the increment of tendon stress was derived by whole member behavior. By this reason, the ultimate stress of external tendon is smaller than that of bonded tendon or internal unbonded tendon. The purposes of the present paper are therefore to improve the mechanical behavior of external unbonded tendon by using partially bonded external tendon and to evaluate the flexural behavior of partially bonded external tendon by the flexural member experiment. From the experimental results, before flexural cracking, there was no difference between external unbonded, partially bonded and bonded tendons. However, after cracking, yielding load of reinforcement, ultimate load, and tendon stress were increased in the sequence of external unbonded, partially bonded and bonded tendon members. The equation of ACI-318 and AASHTO 1994 were not matched with test results and had no correlations. So the newly proposed equation will be needed including the consideration of tendon profile, tendon bonded type, and so on. The proposed partially bonded external tendon in this paper will be a effective basis for the evaluation of external tendons in construction and design.
Reliability-based Structural Design Optimization Considering Probability Model Uncertainties - Part 1: Design Method
Ok, Seung-Yong ; Park, Wonsuk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 148~157
Reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) problem is usually formulated as an optimization problem to minimize an objective function subjected to probabilistic constraint functions which may include deterministic design variables as well as random variables. The challenging task is that, because the probability models of the random variables are often assumed based on limited data, there exists a possibility of selecting inappropriate distribution models and/or model parameters for the random variables, which can often lead to disastrous consequences. In order to select the most appropriate distribution model from the limited observation data as well as model parameters, this study takes into account a set of possible candidate models for the random variables. The suitability of each model is then investigated by employing performance and risk functions. In this regard, this study enables structural design optimization and fitness assessment of the distribution models of the random variables at the same time. As the first paper of a two-part series, this paper describes a new design method considering probability model uncertainties. The robust performance of the proposed method is presented in Part 2. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, an example of ten-bar truss structure is considered. The numerical results show that the proposed method can provide the optimal design variables while guaranteeing the most desirable distribution models for the random variables even in case the limited data are only available.
Estimation of Wind Speeds for Return Period in Cellularized District of Basan by the Recent Meteorological Data
An, Jae-Hyeok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 158~163
This study is concerned with the estimation of wind speeds for return period in cellularized district of Busan by the recent meteorological data. Recently standard of the wind load in Busan area is determined by using meteorological wind speed data which is observed on Automated Synoptic Observing System(ASOS) only. Applying the existing basic wind speed that is 40m/s to the construction design of Busan area is inefficient. Because the wind speeds of Busan area show different amounts depend on the location of cellularized district. This research analyze the observed data of wind speeds of cellularized district in Busan based on Automate Weather System(AWA). In addition that we compute regional wind speeds for return period by using Gumbel distribution and study and compare with the existing basic wind speeds after evaluating appropriateness by Hazen's plot method.
Effective Detection Technique of Near Miss using 4M Risk Assesment Methodology
Seo, Seong-Hwa ; Weon, Jong-Il ; Woo, Heung-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 164~170
In this study, a new technique for detecting near miss using 4M risk assessment method is suggested. Until now, the safety education with instances of near miss has just been progressed in most industrial settings, without any systematic guideline. By menas of appling 4M risk assessment method, the organized technique, which could effectively manage the fundamental prevention of industrial accident in advance, is developed. The organized technique of near miss-management suggested in this study will take an effective role in basically expanding the application of risk assessment method, as well as in contributing the activity of zero-accident as a safety guideline in hazardous workshops.
Information Strategic Planning of HSE Management in the Shipbuilding Industry
Oh, Hyunsoo ; Chang, Seong Rok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 171~178
Shipbuilding is basically labor-intensive industry. It creates a number of job opportunities, but it is classified as a high risk industry like the construction industry. Shipyards show similarities in many aspects compared with the construction sites. There are many stakeholders of the HSE managements in the shipbuilding industry, such as ship owner, primary contractor and multi-layered subcontractors. The ship owners who are almost foreigners are treating strictly about safety and health. Therefore, it is necessary to development an appropriate HSE management systems and for the management systems it is desirable to information technology (IT) to accommodate these complex and complicated problems and situations. It was developed the ISP (Information Strategic Planning) as a HSE management system for the shipbuilding industry. It consisted of the environment analysis, the As-Is analysis and the To-Be design. In this study, the ISP is introduced and further it is suggested that it should be connected to system of HR(Human resource), PM(Plant maintenance) and KM(Knowledge Management) to make the HSE management system efficient.
Measurement Criteria for Drag-Sled Type Slip Resistance Tester Based on Human Gait and Slip
Park, Jae-Suk ; Kwon, Hyuck-Myun ; Oh, Whan-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 179~184
This study was performed to find out the measurement criteria of slip resistance from analysis of human gait and slips. Many kinds of slip resistance testers were developed based on mechanical friction testers. But, there are, as yet, no unambiguous slip resistance measurement methodologies and generally accepted safety criteria or safety thresholds for estimating slipping hazard exposures. Also, there are variety of measuring conditions between those testers. The measurement criteria should be tested within the range of human slipping conditions observed in biomechanical studies. It's results should clearly consider whether the devices reflect the human slipping conditions. In this study a dragsled type friction tester, which was constructed in accordance with ISO 15133 basically, was used. Test conditions were set in order to determine the range of measurement criteria. It is shown that drag velocity should be more than 1 m/s, acceleration be more than 10
, contact time be less than 0.1sec, and contact pressure be within 350~400 kPa.
Slip Resistance of Contaminants on the Floor for Variation of Viscosity
Park, Jae-Suk ; Oh, Whan-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 185~189
While there is no standards on slip risk for contaminants on surface, glycerol is described in standard contaminant for measuring coefficient of friction(COF) and slip resistance such as ISO 13287. But that is just used to measure the slip resistance of surface materials and shoes not to evaluate the contaminant materials. Therefore the objective of this study was to find out the relationship between standard contaminant and the contaminants used usually at the workplaces. For this, some measurement criteria were acquired from the analysis based on biomechanics and kinetics of human gait during slips. The slip resistance according to viscosity of the contaminants was measured applying the criteria and slip probability was determined by the gait analysis. Some factors which should be considered when measuring the slip resistance were identified. The velocity, acceleration, contact time and contact pressure should be 1 m/sec, 10
, 350 kPa and less than 0.5sec respectively. The variation of viscosity according to temperature for working oils was different from that of standard contaminant. The static coefficient of friction (SCOF) of working oils was almost 0.5 times as large as the SCOF of standard contaminant. So it was assumed to be difficult to compare the contaminants at the workplaces with the glycerol as a standard contaminant for estimating the slip risk.
A Survey Study on Occupational Safety and Health Management Activities in Contractor and Supplier Companies of the Steel Industry
Choi, Seung-Ju ; Lee, Kwang-Gil ; Shin, Woon-Chul ; Kim, Young-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 190~195
This study is aimed to investigate the occupational safety and health management of contractor company in the steel industry. Many companies now only carry out core functions inhouse and ancillary functions have been outsourced. This results in transferring risk to the contractor. The questionnaire survey was conducted on the suppliers and contractors of steel industry. Data were collected from 29 companies and their 240 contractor companies. From the survey result, it was found that the level of safety and health management is above the average. To strengthen the relationship for safety and health management, the supplier should provide more data and design a curriculum to train workers of contractor company. Also it is needed that the supplier company employ the person in exclusive charge to support contractor.
A Study on Ventilation Holes Near the Crown of Industrial Safety Helmets
Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Choi, Hyeck-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 196~202
An industrial safety helmet primarily intended to protect the wearer's head. It is to prevent or reduce the danger due to flying or dropping objects, falling and prevent the danger due to an electric shock given to the head. However, thermal discomfort of the head is one of the main complaints in the case of wearing safety helmet. Ventilation holes are not allowed in safety helmets on domestic regulations except for industrial safety helmets which are to protect wearer's head against flying or dropping objects. This paper is to produce the need for enlargement of allowing on ventilation holes' regulation to class B. This study reviewed foreign standards' regulations on ventilation holes of safety helmets. Some standards recommend that ventilation may be improved when fresh air is able to enter the helmet around its lower edge and to exit via holes in the helmet located in the upper one third of the helmet. And in the experiments, relationships of ventilation holes and the temperature over the head are analyzed. The experimental results show that the cooling effect of ventilation holes in the upper one third of the helmet is meaningful.
Empirical Study on the Risk Analysis of Young Driver Utilizing Integrated Data Base(DB)
Kim, Tae-Ho ; Lee, Soo-Il ; Choe, Byong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 203~210
Traffic accident risk of young drivers(less than 25) is reported to have 8 times as high as that of middle aged drivers(between 30 and 49). Despite the rise of traffic accident risk, few have been attempted to take a look into driving characteristics of young drivers. The purpose of this paper is to analyze age-specific risks of young driver by means of database of insurance and vehicle inspection, thereby collecting data such as age, vehicle mileage, injuries and so on. We conducted Data-Mining(CART) and Portfolio analysis according to age groups(every 10 years). The conclusions which can be drawn from this empirical study are as follows: (1) Despite the fact that young drivers have low vehicle mileage, the rate of fatality is relatively high. (2) Being concerned of vehicle mileage, 24,000km of driving experience is thought to be critical in differing in fatality rate. Having annual average mileage fewer than 24,169 km, accident frequency is relatively lower than that exceeding 24,169 km(1,571 cases). Backed upon these, some recommendations about driver's license system for young driver to improve are given.
A Study on the Analysis of Safe Driving Behavior on Curve Section by Curve Radius and Road Surface Condition
Kim, Keun-Hyuk ; Lim, Joon-Bum ; Lee, Soo-Beom ; Kim, Joo-Hee ; Kim, Sun-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 211~218
Two experiment are planed to identify driver's safe driving behaviour by curve radius, road surface condition in curve section. At four-lane and two-lane road, conducted experiments are check on driver's feeling of safety that 30 subjects do not feel discomfort. And using the data from these experiments, this study compare physical speed (not slipping, fall our of the road) with safety driving speed(drivers felt a comfortable and safe speed) each curve radius and fiver road surface condition(drying, wet, rain, snow and ice). As a result, safe driving behaviour factors that are derived to curve radius of 100m units, five road surface conditions enable to represent quantitative analysis of driver's discomfort. This study will develop road design method and evaluation reflected ergonomic aspects.
Development of Web-based Off-site Consequence Analysis Program and its Application for ILRT Extension
Na, Jang-Hwan ; Hwang, Seok-Won ; Oh, Ji-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 219~223
For an off-site consequence analysis at nuclear power plant, MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System(MACCS) II code is widely used as a software tool. In this study, the algorithm of web-based off-site consequence analysis program(OSCAP) using the MACCS II code was developed for an Integrated Leak Rate Test (ILRT) interval extension and Level 3 probabilistic safety assessment(PSA), and verification and validation(V&V) of the program was performed. The main input data for the MACCS II code are meteorological, population distribution and source term information. However, it requires lots of time and efforts to generate the main input data for an off-site consequence analysis using the MACCS II code. For example, the meteorological data are collected from each nuclear power site in real time, but the formats of the raw data collected are different from each site. To reduce the efforts and time for risk assessments, the web-based OSCAP has an automatic processing module which converts the format of the raw data collected from each site to the input data format of the MACCS II code. The program also provides an automatic function of converting the latest population data from Statistics Korea, the National Statistical Office, to the population distribution input data format of the MACCS II code. For the source term data, the program includes the release fraction of each source term category resulting from modular accident analysis program(MAAP) code analysis and the core inventory data from ORIGEN. These analysis results of each plant in Korea are stored in a database module of the web-based OSCAP, so the user can select the defaulted source term data of each plant without handling source term input data.
A Risk Impact Assessment According to the Reliability Improvement of the Emergency Power Supply System of a Nuclear Power Plant
Jeon, Ho-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 224~228
According to the results of Probabilistic Safety Assessment(PSA) for a Nuclear Power Plant(NPP), an Emergency Power Supply(EPS) system has been considered as one of the most important safety system. Especially, the interests in the reliability of the EPS system have been increased after the severe accidents of Fukushima Daiichi. Firstly, we performed the risk assessment and the importance analysis of the EPS system based on the PSA models of the reference plant, which is the Korean standard NPP type. Considering a portable Diesel Generator(DG) system as the reliability reinforcement of the EPS system, we modified the PSA models and performed the risk impact assessment and the importance analysis. Although the reliability of the potable DG could be about 20% of the reliability of the alternative AC DG, we identified that Core Damage Frequency(CDF) was decreased by at least 4.6%. In addition, the risk impacts due to the unavailability of the EPS system on CDF were decreased.
An Evaluation of Operator's Action Time for Core Cooling Recovery Operation in Nuclear Power Plant
Bae, Yeon-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 27, issue 5, 2012, Pages 229~234
Operator's action time is evaluated from MAAP4 analysis used in conventional probabilistic safety assessment(PSA) of a nuclear power plant. MAAP4 code which was developed for severe accident analysis is too conservative to perform a realistic PSA. A best-estimate code such as RELAP5/MOD3, MARS has been used to reduce the conservatism of thermal hydraulic analysis. In this study, operator's action time of core cooling recovery operation is evaluated by using the MARS code, which its Fussell-Vessely(F-V) value was evaluated as highly important in a small break loss of coolant(SBLOCA) event and loss of component cooling water(LOCCW) event in previous PSA. The main conclusions were elicited : (1) MARS analysis provides larger time window for operator's action time than MAAP4 analysis and gives the more realistic time window in PSA (2) Sufficient operator's action time can reduce human error probability and core damage frequency in PSA.