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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Oct 2013
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Sep 2013
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Skull Injury Using MDCT image and ADINA F.E.M. Program
Kim, Eui Soo ; Kim, Jong Hyuk ; Yang, Kyung Moo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~5
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.001
In this paper, the finite element analysis using ADINA has performed to investigate an accident that a man`s head was damaged by the falling object. The simulation condition has defined by the point of forensic medicine view and the CCTV image analysis. From the CCTV image analysis, we expected that the sphere diameter of object is 15cm and object color is white. Assuming the falling mass is the ice mass, the results of the ADINA simulation show that a man`s head can be broken by the falling ice mass.
Effects of Damping and Elastic Nature on the Control Performance of a Safety Budget-Industrial Accidents Model
Choi, Gi Heung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 6~11
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.006
In this study, the effect of damping and elastic nature on the control performance of a safety budget-industrial accident rate model in Korea is examined first. The effectiveness of such dynamic model in establishing safety policies is shown with a simple proportional-integral(PI) feedback control mechanism. Control performance of the safety system model is explained in view of maximizing the effect of IAPF and minimizing the absolute amount of IAFP. Control performance is then evaluated and proved to be effective to prevent and reduce the industrial accidents. Implications in feedback control of a safety system model suggested to optimization of safety policies are also explored. Without proper restructuring of the safety system, it would not be possible to hit the target industrial accident rate. Even if the control objective is met, the amount of industrial accident prevention fund required to reduce the industrial accident rate from the current level to the target level would be far beyond the social consensus.
The Effects of the Initial Crack Length and Fiber Orientation on the Interlaminar Delamination of the CFRP/GFRP Hybrid Laminate
Kwon, Oh-Heon ; Kwon, Woo-Deok ; Kang, Ji-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 12~17
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.012
Considering the wind power system and the rotor blades which are composed of much technology, the wind power blade would be the most dangerous part because it revolves at high speed and weighs about dozens of tons, if the accident happens. Therefore, the light weight composite materials have been replacing as substitutional materials. The object of this study is to examine the delamination and damage for CFRP/GFRP hybrid composite that is used for strength improvement of a wind power blade. The influence of the initial crack length and fiber orientation for the interlaminar delamination was exposed for the blade safety. Plain woven CFRP instead of GFRP was inserted into the layer of the box spar for improving the strength and blade life. DCB(Double Cantilever Beam) specimen was used for evaluating fracture toughness and damage evaluation of interlaminar delamination. The material used in the experiment is a commercial material known as CF 3327 EPC in plain woven carbon prepreg(Hankuk Carbon Co.) and UD glass fiber prepreg(Hyundai Fiber Co.). From the results, crack growth rate is not so different according to the variation of the initial crack length. Mode I interlamainar fracture toughness of fiber direction
is higher than that of
. Interlaminar fracture has an effect on fiber direction and K decreased with lower value according to increasing initial crack length. Also energy release rate fracture toughness was evaluated because CFRP/GFRP hybrid composite with a different thickness is under the mixed mode loading condition. The interlaminar fracture was almost governed by mode I fracture even though the mixed mode.
The Validation of Newly Developed Portable Slipmeter
Kim, Jung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 18~23
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.018
The purpose of this study were to develop and validate a prototype slipmeter used on-site floor. The developed slipmeter was dreg sled type. It measured static coefficient of friction(SCOF). The developed slipmeter was evaluated with ASTM 2508-11 which use four different standard surfaces(polished granite, glazed porcelain, vinyl composite tile, and ceramic tile). The SCOF was then measured with developed slipmeter under the three different contaminants and seven different floors. The test results of slipmeter were also compared with those of BOT-3000, floor surface roughness, and human perception. The test results revealed that developed slipmeter successfully ranked all four standard surfaces and differentiated among standard surfaces with varying degrees of slipperiness. The developed slipmeter couldn`t properly measure slipperiness under the two kind of floors(polished tile, ground steel plate) and one kind of contaminant(glycerol). The test results of developed slipmeter had stronger correlation with those of BOT-3000 and floor roughness under the water and detergent solution than under the glycerol. The test results of developed slipmeter also showed stronger correlation with those of BOT-3000 and surface roughness than those of human perception. The newly developed slipmeter had been found to give consistent results under the test conditions except for two kind of floors(polished tile, ground steel plate) and one kind of contaminant(glycerol).
Evaluation on Accuracy of Noise Measurement Applications for iPhone 4 and iPhone 3Gs
Ma, Hye Ran ; Park, Doo Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 24~28
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.024
This article evaluates the accuracy of noise measurements for 37 noise measurement applications for iPhone 4 and iPhone 3Gs. Noise levels were measured using simultaneously a precision sound level meter and iPhones installed noise measurement applications at the levels of 70 dB, 80 dB and 90 dB at 1,000 Hz. Measurement errors were estimated by subtracting two measurements between iPhone and sound level meter. It was found that measurement errors of 34 applications(89.2%) were greater than
dB which is the maximum allowable error range for the Type II sound level meter. It was only 4 applications that measurement errors lie within
dB error range. There was no significant differences among measurements with four iPhone 4s. However, there were significant differences between the measurements with iPhone 4 and iPhone 3Gs using the same application. It was due to the different hardware specifications such as microphone. Therefore, noise measurement applications, for example, which has to utilize hardware of the smartphone, should be programmed to identify hardware specifications and to adopt appropriate correction factors upon hardware specifications. In conclusion, it is necessary to check accuracy and validity before using the noise measurement applications for iPhones. Also, it was suggested that it should develop an evaluation guideline or protocol on accuracy testing for the measurement applications using a smartphone.
Measurement of Minimum Ignition Energy by Electrostatic Discharge for Flammable Ternary Gas Mixtures
Choi, Sang-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 29~34
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.029
When flammable gases are mixed with air or oxygen in the explosion concentration range and are ignited by sufficiently large electrostatic discharge energy, they may explode causing severe disaster in workplace. The minimum ignition energy(MIE) of single gas-air mixtures has been already investigated by many research, but the MIE of mixtures of more than ternary gas mixture is not examined yet. The purpose of this study is to investigate the MIE of a ternary gas(methane, ethylene, hydrogen, propane) mixtures experimentally. The results of our experiment show that the ignition of a methane-ethylene-air, methane-hydrogen-air, methane-propane-air, ethylene-hydrogen-air, ethylene-propane-air and hydrogen-propane-air mixture due to electrostatic discharge energy primarily depends on that the mixture: the MIE decreases gradually with the increase of having the lower MIE than other mixture ratio in the normal atmospheric pressure.
The Measurement of Lower Flash Points For Binary Mixtures
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Lee, Sungjin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 35~39
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.035
The flash point is an important indicator of the flammability of a chemical. In this study, the flash points for the n-propanol+n-butanol and n-propanol+acetic acid systems were measured by Tag open-cup apparatus. The experimental data were compared with the values calculated by the Raoult`s law and optimization method based on van Laar and UNIQUAC equations. The calculated values by optimization method were found to be better than those based on the Raoult`s law.
The Development of Quantitative Audit System for Safety Management Systems based on Accident Database
Ahn, Sung Joon ; Lee, Chang Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 40~46
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.040
In the chemical process industries, accidents have a high potential and large effects on catastrophic results. Therefore the safety management for accident prevention plays a crucial role to guarantee the process safety. For these reasons, many systematic methods for safety management system have been widely employed in the fields of chemical processes. PSM (Process safety management) is one of most representative methods. The audit system, which is one of PSM system components, evaluates the performance of PMS system. However, most existing safety audit systems are not systematic and these are performed based on knowledges and experiences of various specialist. Moreover, the safety audit is only performed based on each independent technical component. So, the results of safety audit are not a quantitative index but only a series of commentaries. Finally, it is very difficult to obtain the comparison with other plants or industries. In this study, the novel systematic method and index-based accident database of auditing safety management systems for quantitative assessment are proposed. First, the elements of safety audit replace technical methods to categories of accident database. The F-N curve of each category for accident database is employed to derive the index for quantitative assessment. The Accidental Factor Risk Index (AFRI) is suggested for evaluating the effect of each element in accident database and safety audit system. The safety audit can be modified according to the proposed index.
A Study for Construction Workers` Safety Consciousness and Safety Education Activation Methods
Jung, Ji-Yeon ; Yu, Hee-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 47~51
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.047
This research is the descriptive survey research targeting construction workers for searching a vitalization method on safety education by understanding the real condition of the sense of safety consciousness and the condition of safety education. The collected data of 147 workers are analyzed by using arithmetic mean, t-test, and ANOVA Analysis of Variance through SPSS PC program. This research investigated the real condition of safety consciousness, recognition on safety education, and the differences of safety consciousness depend on the general characteristic of subject. According to the result of the study, development of standardized safety consciousness assessment tool and institutionalization of safety education program is needed.
A Case Study for Influence of Form-oil on Surface Condition of Steam-cured Concrete
Han, Sang Hoon ; Yoon, Ju Yong ; Hong, Ki Nam ; Choi, Jae Wan ; Lim, June Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 52~56
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.052
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of form-oil on steam-cured concrete surface condition. Based, viscosity(high, medium, low) and flash point(
) of form oil were considered as test variables. The digital image process method was applied for the extraction of air-void area from concrete surface. Test result showed that oil-based form oil reduced air-void by approximately 46% compared to water-based form oil, and the higher the viscosity was, the smaller air-void rate was. In addition, it was conformed that flash point of form oil had a considerable influence on the surface condition of steam-cured concrete.
Prediction of Aerodynamic Coefficients of Bridges Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Hong, Young-Kil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 57~62
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.057
Aerodynamic characteristics of cross section shape is an important parameter for the wind response and structural stability of long span bridges. Numerical simulation methods have been introduced to estimate the aerodynamic characteristics for more detailed flow analysis and cost saving in place of existing wind tunnel experiment. In this study, the computational fluid dynamics(CFD) simulation and large eddy simulation( LES) technique were used to estimate lift, drag and moment coefficients of four cross sections. The Strouhal numbers were also determined by the fast Fourier transform of time series of the lift coefficient. The values from simulations and references were in a good agreement with average difference of 16.7% in coefficients and 8.5% in the Strouhal numbers. The success of the simulations is expected to attribute to the practical use of numerical estimation in construction engineering and wind load analysis.
A Study on Accuracy Improvement for Estimation of Vehicle Information Using BWIM Methodology
Hwang, Hyo-Sang ; Kyung, Kab-Soo ; Lee, Hee-Hyun ; Jeon, Jun-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.063
Dynamic strain history curve measured in the field is influenced by various factors such as vehicle type, speed, noise, temperature and running location etc.. Because such curve is used for vehicle weight estimation methodology suggested by Moses, exact strain history curve is the most important thing for exact estimation of vehicle weight. In this paper, effect of such factors mentioned above is investigated on the measured strain history curves, and results of weight estimation of vehicles are discussed quantitatively. From this study, it was known that temperature effect contained in the strain history curve measured for long time in-site gives the biggest effect on result of weight estimation and it can be removed by using the mode value. Furthermore, gross vehicle weight can be estimated within 5% error corresponding to A class of the European classification if effects of temperature and noise are removed and vehicle properties such as speed, axle arrangement and running location are considered properly.
FORM-based Structural Reliability Analysis of Dynamical Active Control System
Ok, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 74~80
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.074
This study describes structural reliability analysis of actively-controlled structure for which random vibration analysis is incorporated into the first-order reliability method (FORM) framework. The existing approaches perform the reliability analysis based on the RMS response, whereas the proposed study uses the peak response for the reliability analysis. Therefore, the proposed approach provides us a meaningful performance measure of the active control system, i.e., realistic failure probability. In addition, it can deal with the uncertainties in the system parameters as well as the excitations in single-loop reliability analysis, whereas the conventional random vibration analysis requires double-loop reliability analysis; one is for the system parameters and the other is for stochastic excitations. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is demonstrated through a numerical example where the proposed approach shows fast and accurate reliability (or inversely failure probability) assessment results of the dynamical active control system against random seismic excitations in the presence of parametric uncertainties of the dynamical structural system.
A Study of Crane Operators` Overexertion of Neck Muscles
Oh, Sae Loom ; Lee, Kwan Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 81~87
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.081
Crane operators usually work with their necks bent forward in a seating position for a long period. They have complained of their musculoskeletal stress at their necks. The objective of this study was to find the level of stress at the neck when crane operators bend their neck forward during their work. Experiments were conducted in the laboratory where subjects bent their necks forward for 1 minute and took a rest for 0.5 minute and repeated this performance for 60 minutes. Subjective evaluation using Borg`s CR-10 scale and electromyography (EMG) were used to check the level of the stress at the neck. Subjects reported that the level of pain at the end of 60 min. experiment was close to the extreme pain(level 8.95). The EMG level(amplitude) increased 80% on the average and the center frequency of EMG shifted to the lower frequency level which indicated fatigue of neck muscles. Thus, it was found that there is quite much neck stress for crane operators when they maintain their neck posture of bending forward for a long time during their work. This information will be a basis in searching for an intervention measure for the crane operators` neck stress.
Analysis of Foot Pressure according to the Work Postures on Fire Fighters
Son, Sung Min ; Roh, Hyo Lyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 88~94
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.088
The purpose of this study is to find out the difference of foot pressure according to the firefighter`s work postures for providing the basic information to prevent Musculoskeletal disorders. This study was conducted by 9 male firefighters. Work postures were selected for rescuee handling, fire hose and hydraulic rescue equipment work postures. These were divided into 3 position, "High", "Middle" and the postures of taking out and letting down hydraulic rescue equipment were analyzed as starting point and end point respectively. Foot Pressure was used to analyze contact area, peak pressure, and maximum force in terms of work postures, and compared between fire hose and hydraulic rescue equipment work postures. The results of foot pressure are as follows. According to the results of rescuee handling work postures, one person handling posture showed wide contact area and foot pressure showed the highest at right foot. Accoridng to the (High), (Middle), (Low) postures of fire hose, the results didn`t show the difference among the contact area, peak pressure and maximum force. As the results of hydraulic rescue equipment work postures, (Low) postures showed the highest in terms of the right foot of contact area, peak pressure and maximum force and (High) postures showed the highest in left foot. The increase of foot pressure lead to be inconvenience of low extremity and muscle fatigue for maintaining postural control cause pain. Thus, it is necessary to design insole-equipped working shoe for reduce the impulse and effect of foot during the rescuee handling work which standing out as foot pressure.
A Case Study on Risk Levels of Shoulder Postures Associated with Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders at Automobile Manufacturing Industry
Park, Dong Hyun ; Hur, Kuk Kang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 95~101
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.095
This study tried to develop a basis for quantitative index of working postures associated with WMSDs(Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders) that could overcome realistic restriction during application of typical checklists for WMSDs evaluation. The baseline data for this study was obtained from automobile manufacturing company(A total of 603 jobs were observed). Specifically, data for shoulder postures was analyzed to have a better and more objective method in terms of job relevance than typical methods such as OWAS, RULA, and REBA. Major statistical tools were Clustering, Logistic regression and so on. The main results in this study could be summarized as follows; 1) The relationships between working postures and WMSDs symptoms at shoulder were statistically significant based on the results from logistic regression. 2) Based on clustering analysis, three levels for WMSDs risk at shoulder were produced for both flexion and abduction were statistically significant. Specific results were as follows; Shoulder flexion: low risk(<
), medium risk(
), high risk(>
) Shoulder abduction: low risk(<
), medium risk(
), high risk(>
). 3) The sensitivities on risk levels of shoulder flexion and abduction were 64.0% and 20.6% respectively while the specificities on risk levels of shoulder flexion and abduction were 99.1% and 99.3% respectively. The results showed that the data associated with shoulder postures in this study could provide a good basis for job evaluation of WMSDs at shoulder. Specifically, this evaluation methodology was different from the methods usually used at WMSDs study since it tried to be based on direct job relevance from real working situation. Further evaluation for other body parts as well as shoulder would provide more stability and reliability in WMSDs evaluation study.
Impact of Workers` Perceptions of the Safety Climate on Job Satisfaction and Intention to Turnover in the Manufacturing Industry
Lee, Kyoung A ; Lee, Jae Hee ; Oh, Shezeen ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 102~108
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.102
This study aimed to examine the impact of workers` perceptions of the safety climate on job satisfaction and intention to turnover in the manufacturing industry. Data was collected from employees(n
Safety Management for Small Food Manufactures
Lee, Kwan Suk ; Chung, Da Yeh ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 109~116
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.109
The objective of this study is to develop a new system that is simpler to be used to keep the safe workplace at the small food manufacturers which employees less than 10 persons. The number of these small food manufacturers is 13,853 and account for almost 80% of all food manufacturers. Most of these companies do not pay attention to safety and thus keep high accident potential. It is very important to persuade these companies to manage safety but they can hardly handle the complicated requirements of safety, health, quality, food quality, and musculoskeletal disorders intervention. This system is intended to develop a system which can be easily implemented but comprehensive to reflect main points in safety management, musculoskeletal disorders intervention,. ISO 9001, ISO 14001, KOSHA 18001, GAP and ISO 22000.
A Study on the Difference of Response Characteristics according to Description and Expression Method of Procedures
Jang, Tong Il ; Lee, Yonghee ; Oh, Yeon Ju ; Lee, Yong Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 117~124
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.117
Emergency operating procedures(EOPs) of nuclear power plants should be described considering the cognitive capability and limitation of operators and provide appropriate information in the aspect of human factors. Procedures which doesn`t consider cognitive characteristics of operators can become causes of human errors. In previous researches, in order to reduce these problems related to the description of EOP, an improvement suggestion for EOP writer`s guide has been proposed, which is reflected human factors aspects that should be considered when describing EOPs. The proposed items, however, have a necessity to be validated because it was listed from various documents such as standards and guidelines without any special validation process. For that reason, in this study, a validation process were performed to show that procedures, which are described in compliance with the requirement items proposed in the improved EOP writer`s guide, have positive effects in the aspects of human errors and performance comparing with previous procedures. Experiments were performed to compare the performances of two tasks which are described in compliance with each writer`s guide of before and after the improvement During each task was performed in experiments, changes of physiological responses such as EEG and ECG were measured to evaluate the cognitive workload and the stress of operators in each task. And also, as the performance, frequencies of errors and cognition speeds of each task were evaluated. In the results of the experiment, the portions of the
wave decreased in the tasks overall after the improvement. In the case of ECG, change rates of the mean of R-R interval were decreased in the tasks after improvement. In the results of the performance, the cognition and the response time of the tasks after the improvement were predominant with statistical significancies. Error times in the tasks after improvement were decreased or same to the tasks before improvement. Conclusively, it was validated that the procedures were described in compliance with the improved EOP writer`s guide had effects on the reduction of human errors and improvement of performance.
Numerical Analysis on the Effect of Improved Fractional Effective Dose(FED) for Evacuation by FDS_EVAC
Kim, Hong Jin ; Bae, Sung-Yong ; Choi, Young Ki ; Hong, Ki Bae ; Ryou, Hong Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 125~131
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.125
When fire occurs in complex or building, toxic gas is important factor for evacuation because it cause death of evacuees. The effect of toxic gas which effects human motion is calculated using Purser`s Fractional Effective Dose(FED). The FDS_EVAC is used for evacuation. However, FED of FDS_EVAC has some problem of application because it dose not considers evacuees`s gender and age groups but using single subject. In this study, numerical analysis using modified FED which considers gender and age group of evacuees was performed. We investigate the effect of improved FED on the evacuation. We applied evacuation analysis to exhibition centre where the evacuees was set one thousand five hundred people. The FED is increasing with children 2%, male 17%, female 4%, adult 13% and elderly people 22%. Fatality is increasing due to increased FED.
A Study on the Application of Disaster Management System for Business Area
Oh, Se-Jung ; Kim, Chan-O ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 132~136
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.132
Even though most of domestic corporations are doing various activities to reduce disasters, it is true that those are actually limited to some parts of business or the formalities in order to obtain specific certificates. For that reason, this writer study a efficient utilization of a guideline about accident provision and business continuity management for less disasters of companies, prevent interruption of critical mission. In short, it is required to operate an effective disaster recovery system and safety management system integrated by a mutual recognition on the relevant parts and different parts. And there is a need to establish a integrated recovery center in order to manage disaster recovery system realistic and effective.
A Study on the Database of Disasters and Disaster Technologies in the Joseon Dynasty Era
Lee, Ji Hee ; Fang, Rong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 137~143
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.137
Cultural heritage passing down to posterity is a global concern. But there are many culture heritage that not remained to now disappeared by various disasters. It is told that disaster is learnt from disaster. The most fundamental task in disaster prevention is to collect and analyze cases of accidents so as not to repeat a disaster. In other words, an analysis of various disaster-related materials and their countermeasures in the Joseon period is an actual condition-based phenomenological methodology used to prevent disasters at cultural properties today. In this context, it is important to collect histories of disasters in the Joseon period, to extract disaster-related historical data and to categorize the data to build a disaster literature database. This study has produced [Database of Disasters in the Joseon Era], a collection of articles on fire outbreaks based on The Annals and The Daily Records belonging to the Memory of the World. On the basis of this chronology, human and property damages caused by fires in Joseon have been examined, identified by districts, as well as disaster technologies, have been analyzed. It has also built disaster vulnerability maps in the Joseon Dynasty Era.
A Review Study on Devolution of Central Government`s Affairs to Local Governments for Occupational Safety and Health Administration in the Lee Myungbak`s Government
Park, Doo Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 144~150
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.144
The devolution of central government`s affairs to local governments for several occupational safety and health(OHS) administration affairs was tried by Lee Myungbak`s government in 2010. It seems that the trial was eventually failed since only trivial 3 items among 25 trials were made for the devolution. It was found that there was a procedural fault since stake-holders and experts were excluded during preparing the plan. Therefore validity and problems were not properly reviewed. It was also found that the devolution of the OHS administration affairs from the central government to local governments has several disadvantages such as high possibility of deregulation. The devolution of the OHS affairs to local governments is contradictory to uniform principle of safety standards and principle of coincidence of empowerment and responsibility. Therefore it is concluded that the devolution of the OHS affairs to local governments is inappropriate.
Comparative Study on the Institutional Framework of Risk Assessment between German, UK and Korea, Japan in Asian Countries
Shin, In Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 151~157
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.151
This paper is a comparative study on risk assessment policy between Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, Singapore and EU countries, German, UK. Risk assessment is a tool adopted currently in many countries in order to reduce occupational risk in workplace because it help employers to identify their hazard arousing in their working conditions then to settle the issues. This paper compares institutional framework posed in EU and Asian countries. As a result of comparative study, EU countries have more concrete legal system for risk assessment than Asian countries. But Asian countries are now interested in risk assessment such as Japan, Korea and Singapore. The author also suggests successful ways to settle down the risk assessment policy in a country. These findings help to understand occupational health and safety policy on risk assessment in Asian countries.
A Study on the Methods for the Robust Job Stress Management for Nuclear Power Plant Workers using Response Surface Data Mining
Lee, Yonghee ; Jang, Tong Il ; Lee, Yong Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 1, 2013, Pages 158~163
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.1.158
While job stress evaluations are reported in the recent surveys upon the nuclear power plants(NPPs), any significant advance in the types of questionnaires is not currently found. There are limitations to their usefulness as analytic tools for the management of safety resources in NPPs. Data mining(DM) has emerged as one of the key features for data computing and analysis to conduct a survey analysis. There are still limitations to its capability such as dimensionality associated with many survey questions and quality of information. Even though some survey methods may have significant advantages, often these methods do not provide enough evidence of causal relationships and the statistical inferences among a large number of input factors and responses. In order to address these limitations on the data computing and analysis capabilities, we propose an advanced procedure of survey analysis incorporating the DM method into a statistical analysis. The DM method can reduce dimensionality of risk factors, but DM method may not discuss the robustness of solutions, either by considering data preprocesses for outliers and missing values, or by considering uncontrollable noise factors. We propose three steps to address these limitations. The first step shows data mining with response surface method(RSM), to deal with specific situations by creating a new method called response surface data mining(RSDM). The second step follows the RSDM with detailed statistical relationships between the risk factors and the response of interest, and shows the demonstration the proposed RSDM can effectively find significant physical, psycho-social, and environmental risk factors by reducing the dimensionality with the process providing detailed statistical inferences. The final step suggest a robust stress management system which effectively manage job stress of the workers in NPPs as a part of a safety resource management using the surrogate variable concept.