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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Oct 2013
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Sep 2013
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study of Detecting Broken Rail using the Real-time Monitoring System
Kim, Tae Geon ; Eom, Beom Gyu ; Lee, Hi Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.001
Train accidents can be directly connected to fatal accidents-collision, derailment, Fire, railway crossing accidents-resulting in tremendous human casualties. First of all, the railway derailment is not only related to most of railway accidents but also it can lead to much more catastrophic accompanying train overtured than other factors. Therefore, it is most important factor to ensure railway safety. some foreign countries have applied to the detector machines(e.g., ultrasonic detector car, sleep mode, current detector, optical sensing, optical fiber). Since it was developed in order to prevent train from being derailed. In korea, the existing track method has been used to monitor rail condition using track circuit. However, we found out it impossible for Communication Based Train Control system(CBTC), recent technology to detect rail condition using balise(data transmission devices) without no track circuit. For this reason, it is needed instantly to develop real-time monitoring system used to detect broken rails. Firstly, this paper presents domestic and international statues analysis of rail breaks technology. Secondly, the composition and the characteristics of the real-time monitoring system. Finally, the evidence that this system could assumed the location and type of broken rails was proved by the experiment of prototype and operation line tests. We concluded that this system can detect rail break section in which error span exist within
Fatigue Crack Growth Rates of a Railway Wheel Steel under Mixed Mode Loading Conditions
Kim, Taek-Young ; Lee, Man-Suk ; You, In-Dong ; Kim, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 8~13
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.008
Fatigue crack growth tests were conducted on urban railway wheel steel under mode I and mixed-mode conditions. Fatigue crack growth rates were evaluated in terms of equivalent stress intensity factor ranges, using both the extended and projected crack lengths. The equivalent stress intensity factor range with the growth rate results obtained under mode I loading conditions can be used to predict the crack growth rate under mixed-mode loading conditions. Extended crack length rather than projected crack length is appropriate for the prediction of the crack growth rate under the mixed-mode loading conditions.
The Experimental Evaluation of the Mixed Mode Delamination in Woven CFRP/GFRP Laminates under MMB Test
Kwak, Jung-Hoon ; Kang, Ji-Woong ; Kwon, Oh-Heon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 14~18
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.014
Blades of horizontal axis are nowadays made of composite materials. Generally, composite materials satisfy design provides lower weight and good stiffness, while laminate composites have often damages as like the delamination and cracks at the interface of laminates. The box spar and tail parts of a blade are composed of the CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composites. However, delamination and the interfacial crack often occur in the interface of CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composites under the mixed mode fracture condition, especially mode I and mode II. Therefore, there is a need for the evaluation of the mixed mode fracture behavior during the delamination of CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminates. This study shows the experimental results for the delamination fracture toughness in CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composites. Fracture toughness experiments and estimation are performed by using DMMB(Dissimilar mixed mode bending) specimen. The materials used in the test are a commercial woven type CFRP(Carbon fiber reinforced plastic) prepreg(CF3327) and UD type GFRP(Glass fiber reinforced plastic) prepreg(HD224A). A CFRP/GFRP hybrid laminate composite is composed by the 10 plies CFRP and GFRP prepreg for DMMB. A thickness of CFRP and GFRP layer is 2.5mm and 3.0mm, respectively. Also the fulcrum location which is a loading parameter is changed from 80 to 100mm on the specimen of length 120mm because it defines the ratio of mode I to mode II. In this study, the effects of the fulcrum location are evaluated in the viewpoint of energy release rate in mode I and mode II contribution. The results show that the delamination crack initiates at higher displacement and lower load according to the increase of the fulcrum location ratio. And the variation of the energy release rate for mode I and II contributions for the mode mixity are shown.
Safety Enhancement of Teleoperation using Haptic Control
Kim, Yun Bae ; Choi, Gi Sang ; Choi, Gi Heung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 19~25
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.019
For safe remote control, information on remote environment has to be delivered to operator realistically, and there have been numerous research efforts on this respect. Among them, haptic technology can significantly enhance safety and overall effectiveness of remote operation by delivering various kinds of information on virtual or real environment to operator. In this study, remote control based on haptic feedback is applied to control of mobile robot moving according to the command from operator avoiding collision with environmental obstacles and maintaining safe distance from them using ultrasonic sensors. Specifically, a remote feedback control structure for mobile robot is proposed. The controller is based on the inner feedback loop that directly utilizes information on distance to obstacles, and the outer feedback loop that the operator directly commands using the haptic device on which the computed reaction force based on the distance information is acting. Effectiveness of the proposed remote control scheme using double feedback loops is verified through a series of experiments on mobile robot.
A Study of the Strain Measurement for Al 6061-T6 Tensile Specimen using the Digital Image Correlation
Kwon, Oh Heon ; Kim, Sang Tae ; Kang, Ji Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 26~32
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.026
A digital image correlation(DIC) method is a whole-field measurement technique that acquires surface displacements and strains from images information which characterized a random speckle as intensity grey levels. Recently years, this DIC method is being developed and used increasingly in various research. In this study, we tried to apply to aluminum alloy(Al 6061-T6) using DIC method and strain gauge. DIC results demonstrated the usefulness and ability to determine a strain. The test specimen used in this study was an aluminum alloy(Al 6061-T6, thickness 1 mm). For a strain measurement, a strain gauge was attached at the center of a specimen. A specimen was lightly sprayed with a white paint and a black dot pattern was sprayed on its fully dried white surface to obtain a random speckle. The experimental apparatus used to perform the tensile test consisted of universal dynamic tester(5 kN; T.O. Co.) under displacement speed of 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 mm/min. A Model 5100 B Scanner(V. Co.) used to obtain a strain. A CCD camera connected to a PC uses to record the images of the specimen surface. After acquisition, the images were transferred to PC where the DIC software was implemented. An acquired image was evaluated by the DIC program. DIC method for displacement and strain was suggests and it results show a good consistent remarkably. DIC results demonstrated the usefulness and ability to determine surface strain was better than by using classical measurements. The strain field measurement using a DIC is so useful that it can be applied to map strain distributions at a full area. DIC method can evaluate a strain change so it can predict a location of fracture. The findings of the investigation suggest that the DIC method is an efficient and reliable tool for full-field monitoring and detailed damage characterization of materials.
Proposed Revision of Standard on Articles for Forklift Trucks in Manufacturing Industries
Shin, Woonchul ; Rhee, Hongsuk ; Park, Jai Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 33~37
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.033
A forklift truck, commonly used for transporting heavy materials in manufacturing industries, etc., is a useful machine. However accidents occur frequently during the operation of the machine. In order to prevent accidents it is necessary to examine the current safety regulations on a forklift truck. Because the regulations have not revised for a long time, they do not reflect the rapidly changing environment of industries. Proposed revision of standard on articles for forklift trucks was presented after analysing the causes of occurred injuries, comparing domestic standards with international standards and examining the survey results. We analyzed the safety regulation articles and the injuries according to the type of work conducted with forklift. The major differences in safety regulations between Korea and the major foreign countries were investigated. The opinions of field workers on the safety regulations were surveyed using e-mail or interview. As a result, it was found that preventing workers from contacting with the forklift is very important. To prevent accident due to movement of a stopped forklift, actions are necessary to prevent slip of a forklift. Also supervision is required to make workers fasten safety belt and to prohibit workers from using a forklift for undesignated purpose.
Quantitative Distribution of Created Voids by Applying General Flame and DC Short-circuit Current to 2.5 mm
Kim, Seung-Sam ; Choi, Chung-Seog ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 38~42
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.038
This study performed the quantitative distribution analysis of created voids to an insulator when applying general flame and DC short-circuit current to 2.5
HIV (600 V Grade Heat-Resistant Polyvinyl Chloride Insulated Wires). The diameter of cross-section of HIV normal product and the radius of conductor were measured to be 3.3 mm and 1.8 mm. The exterior of HIV exposed to general flame showed severe carbonization and its interior exhibited voids created by dechlorination reaction. This study observed the characteristics that, when the shortcircuit current applied for 2 seconds from a DC 12 V lead battery, the conductor and neighboring insulator were melted, causing the insulator adhering to the conductor. On average, 87 voids were created on 10 mm of the HIV. The average diameter of voids was 0.25 mm. In addition, it was found that, when the short-circuit current applied for 4 seconds, the interior of insulator in contact with conductor severely carbonized and showed exfoliation phenomenon. On average, 47 voids were created, with more voids at the bottom. The average diameter of voids was 0.20 mm. When the short-circuit current for 6 seconds, most parts of upper part of conductor was carbonized, 20 voids were created. The average diameter of voids was measured to be 0.24 mm. It could be seen that the created voids received little influence by the type of energy source and the number of created voids was reduced as the energy supply time increased.
Study on the Evaluation of the Tension and Contact Resistance of a 3 Φ 3 W Plug-In MCCB
Lee, Byung-Seol ; Choi, Chung-Seog ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 43~47
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.043
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the performance of a Plug-In MCCB developed for rapid power supply restoration when the MCCB is installed in a power system and to verify its reliability. Since the developed 3
3 W Plug-In MCCB can be installed on and removed from a bus bar by one touch using a plug housed at the rear, it can be replaced in a short period of time. Therefore, it can quickly respond to the normalization of a power system. When the Plug-In MCCBB is installed on a bus bar, the resistance between each phase and plug was measured to be 0.46
in average. When the Plug-In MCCB is installed, the tension in the vertical direction was measured to be 112.78 N in average, which is greater than the tension of 50 N specified in the related regulation. The withstanding voltage tests performed 5 times repeatedly by applying 6 kV to the developed Plug-In MCCB for 60 seconds shows good withstanding voltage characteristics. In addition, both the general waterproof test using a water injection method and the insulation resistance analysis using a Mega meter showed good waterproof and insulation characteristics.
A Study on the Toxicity Analysis of Combustion Gases of Architectural Surface Materials and Architectural Adhesives
Kim, Won-Jong ; Park, Young-Ju ; Lee, Hae-Pyeong ; Lim, Suk-Hwan ; Kim, Jung-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 48~52
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.048
This study was carried out, using toxicity test apparatus, to analyze toxic gases of heat insulation material and adhesives of composite panels used for the architectural surface material when a fire occurs. The findings of this study show that CO,
were detected from styrofoam, reinforced styrofoam, polyurethane foam and glass fiber, but in the case of the polyurethane foam, HCl and HCN were detected as well. All the architectural adhesives released CO,
, but HCHO was only detected from the adhesives for styrofoam, wood, tile, windows and doors;
was only from those for wood and stone;
was only from those for wood. The toxicity index was also measured for architectural surface material and adhesives. Polyurethane foam showed the highest index, 11.7, and glass fiber was followed as 6.8. Reinforced styrofoam showed 5.7 and styrofoam revealed the least 4.9. In the case of architectural adhesives, the highest ranking was those for stone 7.4, windows and doors 6.1, wood 5.3, tile 3.8, and styrofoam 3.7 were followed, respectively.
The Measurement of Fire and Explosion Properties of n-Pentadecane
Ha, Dong-Myeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 53~57
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.053
For the safe handling of n-pentadecane, the lower flash points and the upper flash point, fire point, AITs(auto-ignition temperatures) by ignition delay time were experimented. Also lower and upper explosion limits by using measured the lower and upper flash points for n-pentadecane were calculated. The lower flash points of n-pentadecane by using closed-cup tester were measured
. The lower flash points and fire point of n-pentadecane by using open cup tester were measured
, respectively. This study measured relationship between the AITs and the ignition delay times by using ASTM E659 apparatus for n-pentadecane. The experimental AIT of n-pentadecane was
. The calculated lower and upper explosion limit by using measured lower
and upper flash point
for n-pentadecane were 0.54 Vol.% and 6.40 Vol.%.
Stability Analysis of Upper Structures by Soil Grouting
Hwang, Chulsung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 58~65
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.058
Transportation and further expansion of social infrastructure was needed along the development of urbanization and population concentration. To use the underground space due to the lack of availability of land, it is inevitable to intersect between present structure and tunnel during construction. Soil grouting is one of the ground improvement methods to reinforce weak soil around the underground structures by injection of grouting liquid. Some of central columns of an upper structure are damaged during injection of grouting liquid by injection pressure. To investigate and improve the stability of the tunnel, three dimensional analysis are performed with full construction stages which includes the construction of present underpass, damaging columns of the underpass, reinforcing the columns by H-pile and shear walls, and excavation and construct tunnel. The arrangement of grouting holes such as curtain and horizontal type affects largely to the stability of upper structure and horizontal arrangement diminish the shear forces which is the cause of damage of central columns. The liquid injection type of reinforcement for tunnel is not recommended while the presence of upper structure with columns. Wall type reinforcing is utilize for permant support of upper structures which is affected by grouting injection pressure. H-pile is utilize for temporary support, but not for permanent since the sharing of shear forces is not much to shear wall during tunnel construction.
An Experimental Study on the Behavior of Scaffolding System without a Part of Column
Son, Ki-Sang ; Jong, Jung Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 66~71
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.066
There is a critically structural problem of scaffolding system when one of scaffold columns is remove to be used as a gangway for their temporary office in the structure before finishing all such as an apartment or office building. This is not used to checking to structurally checking at a construction site. This study is to find out which system at a site will be more effective and low-cost-high effectiveness of aluminum ladder, timber ladder,
1/2 inch steel pipe truss with a type of concave, convex warren truss ladders. Theses are structurally tested with horizontal set as a truss type with 1.8 meter long. Concentrated load has been loaded at the upper center of the system and checked its strain at the bottom center, using aluminum-use strain gage and steel-use gauge have been attached concave warren truss with diameter 1/2 inch has 14% stronger than convex truss. Convex truss has almost same strength as an aluminum ladder truss, it is found out.
Weighting Factor of Consciousness between Main and Sub Contractor for Establishing an Effective Risk Management in Construction Industry
Son, Ki-Sang ; Eun, Nam-Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 72~80
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.072
Accident prevention plan it a construction site should be analyzed and made with risk evaluation and management, from recent year, in Korea. Accidents occurred in construction site are related to all parties such as owner, main and subcontractor, labour. But analyzing some relationship between main and subcontractor is very important to estimate what risk between then are existed in a site. There are some different aspects concerning with risk management between them. Everywork has its own risk in there, This is the reason why everywork which are made by subcontractor himself should be evaluated for risk level. And main contractor should provide for subcontractor to prevent each risk at the work, all the time.
A Study of Methods on Risk Assessment for Plant Construction using FMEA(Failure Mode and Effect Analysis)
Kim, Ho Min ; Woo, In Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 81~90
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.081
To meet increased demand and lead to execution of successful overseas's plant construction, A prompt System is urgently needed to carries prevention and control of hazards associated with work related tasks and activities. This study is aimed to develop efficient and reliable safety management program to identify control measures for high risk activities by choosing and conducting proper risk assessment methodology that addresses Risk Priority Number(RPN) of adverse effects.
A Study on Safety Improvement of Forklift Truck
Chae, Jongmin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 91~96
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.091
Forklift truck is one of the dangerous machines which causes the fatal accidents most frequently. The causes of fatalities by forklift from 2008 to 2011 were analyzed. Crushing the operator when tipping over or falling off a truck were the major causes of death in this study. The purpose of this study is to show measures from the engineering point of view to prevent the forklift truck accidents. In order for that, the domestic requirement for forklift safety was compared with those of foreign and international standards. The manufacturers' opinion was also collected regarding to improve the forklift safety. Several measures were suggested in order to prevent fatalities caused by forklift.
Anti-seismic Capacity Improvement of Underground Box Structures Strengthened with Pressure Bracing
Chung, Jee-Seung ; Moon, In-Gi ; Min, Dae-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 97~102
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.097
This paper presents a new strengthening method of underground box structures against seismic loads for anti-seismic capacity improvement. A threaded steel member with pressure devices(so called 'I-bracing pressure system') is used to improve seismic capacity of the RC box structure. The I-bracing pressure system is fixed the corner of opening after chemical anchor was installed by drilling hole on the box structure. The structural performance was evaluated analytically. Two bracing types of strengthening methods were used; conventional bracing method and improved I-bracing pressure system. For the performance evaluation, seismic analyses were performed on moment and shear resisting structures with and without I-bracing pressure system. Numerical results confirmed that the proposed I-bracing pressure system can enhance the seismic capacity of the underground RC box structures.
The Research of Safety Effects by using a Hearing Protection(Ear Plug) in the Military
Hwang, Sung Ho ; Joo, Myo Kyoung ; Park, Jae Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 103~106
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.103
During a military service, noise has unusual characteristics, and constitutes a serious hazard to hearing of military servicemen. The purpose of this study is to understand the use of hearing protection and to assess the safety effects of hearing protection by using a ear plug in military. A total of 208(the army : 101, an air force : 107) serviceman were studied utilizing a questionnaire to know how many serviceman use the hearing protection and a total of 202(the army : 110, an air force : 92) serviceman were also studied using a ear fit validation device to assess the safety effects of hearing protection by using a ear plug. The results showed that the army have low used of hearing protection than an air force because of the low frequency of the noise exposure in the army. Personal attenuation rate was increased with 8 dB after fitting education. Therefore, it is recommended that use of proper hearing protection and fitting education was more suitable for military servicemen who were being exposed of the noise in domestic military.
Simulation on Loading Strength of Rainwater Storage Tank Unit
Lee, Sang-Woo ; Nam, Dong-Kun ; Choi, Jong-Moon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 28, issue 4, 2013, Pages 107~113
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.107
The design of rainwater storage system unit to manufacture its reservoir tank was tried, the simulation to predict of their structural strength was carried out. Rainwater storage system unit should be easy to their machinability, transport and assemble. Especially, their structure was able to secure the water storage space, withstand loads and easily response to pollution. Considering these various requirements, they have to Doria-pillar structure of the Roman architectural style because these designs could disperse the loads which are applied to them. Therefore, the six kinds of models possible were proposed. Several boundary conditions were given to each model. Their structural strength was predicted through the simulation on their stress and the displacement distribution to constant load. From the evaluated data, the structure which has a large pillar in the central of unit and four small pillars each corner was the best.