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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Tensile-Shear Fatigue Strength of Self-Piercing Rivets Joining Dissimilar Metal Sheets
Kang, Se Hyung ; Kim, Taek Young ; Oh, Man Jin ; Kim, Ho Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.1
Self-piercing riveting (SPR) process is gaining popularity due to its many advantages. The SPR does not require a pre-drilled hole and has capability to join a wide range of similar or dissimilar materials and combinations of materials. This study investigated the fatigue strength of self-piercing rivet joint with aluminum alloy (Al-5052) and steel (SPCC) sheets. Static and fatigue tests on tensile-shear specimens were conducted. From the static strength aspect, the optimal punching force for the specimen with upper SPCC (U.S) sheet and lower aluminum alloy(L.A) sheets was 34 kN. During static test the specimens fractured in pull-out fracture mode due to influence of plastic deformation of joining area. There was a relationship between applied load amplitude
and number of cycles N ;
for U.S-L.A and U.A-L.S specimens, respectively. U.A-L.S fatigue specimens failed due to fretting crack initiation around the rivet neck between upper and lower sheets.
Characterization of Co-Ni Based Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy
Han, Ji-Won ; Park, Sung Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 8~13
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.8
The magnetic shape memory alloys have recently received a lot of attention due to the considerable progress achieved in understanding the particular importance and the development of the factors. Among these alloys, the ferromagnetic Co-Ni- alloys have been concerned specially because of the thermoelastic character of the fcc (g) - bct (a) martensitic transformation which exhibits under the action of the temperature (shape memory effect), the stress (superelasticity) and the magnetic field (magnetoelasticity). The morphological, the crystallographical, and the thermal characteristics of thermally induced martensite in Co-35.3Ni-11.3Al(wt.%) and Co-28.1Ni-47.4Fe-3.3Ti (wt.%) alloy have been investigated by the scanning electron microscope (SEM), the X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and the differential scanning calorimeter (DSC).
A Study on Intelligent Technique for Correlation Application of Overcurrent and Leakage Current Signals in the Indoor Wiring
Kim, Doo-Hyun ; Kim, Eun-Jin ; Kim, Sung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 14~19
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.14
The purpose of this paper is to study the correlation application that electrical fire causes occurs for overcurrent and leakage current signals in the indoor wiring. In the order to purpose, the causes data of overcurrent, or leakage current of electrical fire are drawn out referring to past studies, consulting with experts and experimental data. The correlation application was then applied with fuzzy logic of intelligent technique. To check the reliability and performance of the correlation application, modified center of area(CoA) was adopted to calculate the possibility that electrical fire occurs, whose value was then compared to the results. The chance of electrical fire calculated is higher when two causes of fire are put into the CoA of the correlation application of this paper than that of when each cause is separately put into the CoA. The correlation application developed in this study enables better analysis on possible electrical fire due to overcurrent, or leakage current and provides managers with the possibility of electrical fire so that they can better manage at a time of overcurrent, or leakage current.
Risk of Electric Arcs by Conductive Dust Accumulated on Circuit Breaker
Kim, Doo Hyun ; Kang, Yang Hyun ; Kim, Eun Jin ; Hwang, Dong Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 20~25
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.20
In general, the causes of the electrical fire are overcurrent, short circuit, poor contact, etc. This study is aimed to recognize the risk of electric arc to prevent electrical fires due to the conductive dust accumulated on the circuit breaker. The experiment was carried out by the method that conductive metal dust collected from the field is being accumulated on the experimental electrodes with gap of 13 mm until the arc is generated. In case that arc was generated, the amount of conductive dust was measured and the thickness was calculated. This experiments was conducted by particle size. In order to distinguish particle size, mesh size(60~100, 100~150, 150~200, 200~250mesh) was classified using a sieve. As the results of experiment for each of the particle sizes, it was confirmed that there is differences in the generation of arc depending on the thickness of dust accumulated.
Verification of Reliability by the Induced Voltage of a Downscaled and Simulated 22.9kV-Y Distribution Line
Kim, Jeom-Sik ; Choi, Chung-Seog ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 26~31
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.26
The purpose of this paper is to measure the induced voltage of the downscaled and simulated overhead ground wire of a 22.9kV-Y distribution line. This study performed a test of the downscaled and simulated distribution line according to whether it is grounded or not and the value of the ground resistance. In order to verify the reliability of the data measured by the test, the data was analyzed using the Minitab 17 program. It was found that the induced voltage of the downscaled and simulated distribution line is influenced by the value of the ground resistance. It was also found that the ground resistance obtained at a certain point is closely related to whether electric poles are grounded or not. The analysis results of the measured test data with a statistical method showed that the Anderson Darling (AD) was analyzed to be the smallest as 0.188 when the ground resistance of the electric poles had been maintained at
. In addition, the P value analyzed to be 0.894 which is in the proximity of the theoretical value of 1 and verified the reliability of the test data. It could be seen that the data measured by the downscaled simulation test forms a linear graph. It is thought that if a distribution line is installed in the same manner as the downscaled, simulated distribution line, the mean induced voltage will be reduced and reliability will be increased.
Analysis on the Fire Accident of Vehicle Due to Damage of the Vehicle's Electrical Components
Park, Nam-Kyu ; Kim, Jin-Pyo ; Nam, Jung-Woo ; Sa, Seung-Hun ; Song, Jae-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 32~38
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.32
In this paper, we analyzed the vehicle fire accidents due to damage of vehicle's electrical components, which is applied to a vehicle. In recent development of electrical components technology, approximately 40% of vehicle manufacturing parts have applied electronic circuit technology. Phenomenon such deterioration of insulating performance or electric breakdown on the vehicle's electrical components and printed circuit boards(PCBs) resulted from moisture, contamination and aging due to repetitive operations, lead to the vehicle fire. Therefore, the application of electrical components with adequate electric capacity for vehicle and usage of molding techniques using a non-combustible materials to shut off the oxygen should be applied in order to prevent vehicle fire due to damage of the electrical components and PCBs.
Development of Integrity Evaluation Instrument for the Power Line Surge Protective Device
Chang, Sughun ; Kim, Youngjin ; Kim, Sungju ; Kim, Jaehyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.39
This paper deals with development of integrity evaluation instrument for the power line surge protective device. A reliable power supply is an essential element in the developed information and communication society by highly advances in IT technology. However, the lightning incidence also increased with the recent extreme weather events. In Korea, in order to protect the electrical system from lightning surge, SPD(Surge Protective Device) has been used for these past 30 years. However, the method of diagnosing the safety of the SPD in the industry is insufficient. In this paper, SPD integrity evaluation system was composed of a variable DC power source unit, voltage-current sensor and the embedded controller. In order to measure V-I characteristics of MOV, 3 type samples were degraded by impulse current generator. After impulse tests, the varistor voltage of all samples and nonlinearity coefficient were decreased. It confirmed the utility of the developed equipment by this experimental test and the reliability of SPD is expected for surge accident prevention when applied to industrial plant.
Measurement and Analysis of Ground Impedance according to Arrangement of Auxiliary Probe around Ground Grid
Gil, Hyoung-Jun ; Shong, Kil-Mok ; Kim, Young-Seok ; Kim, Chong-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 46~50
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.46
This paper describes the measurement and analysis of ground impedance according to arrangement of auxiliary probe around ground grid using the fall-of-potential method and the testing techniques to minimize the measuring errors are proposed. The fall-of-potential method involves passing a current between a ground electrode and a current probe, and then measuring the voltage between a ground electrode and a potential probe. To minimize interelectrode influences due to mutual resistances, the current probe is a generally placed at a substantial distance from the ground electrode under test. In order to analyze the effects of ground impedance due to the arrangement of auxiliary probe and frequency, ground impedances were measured in case that the arrangements of auxiliary probe were straight line, perpendicular line, and horizontal line. The distance of current probe was located from 10[m] to 200[m] and the measuring frequency was ranged from 55[Hz] to 513[Hz]. As a consequence, the ground impedance increases with increasing the distance from the ground electrode to the point to be tested, but the ground impedance decreases with increasing the frequency.
The Verify of Environmental Toxicity of Foam Extinguishing Agents by Fish-Acute Toxicity Test
Lee, Jungyun ; Kang, YoungJin ; Kim, Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 51~55
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.51
There are various studies on the fire suppression process but the study on second pollution from fire products is not enough yet. Therefor, in this study verify that environmentally-friendly properties(
) of foam extinguishing agent with increases its amount used through with Fish-Acute Toxicity Test using a fish named Misgurnus anguillicaudatus that is appointed by OECD Test Guideline. In conclusion, proven that environmentally friendly properties of the agent of hoseo university through 16 times of LC50 than that of market.
A Forensic Engineering Study on Evaluation of Explosive Pressure and Velocity for LNG Explosion Accident using AUTODYN
Kim, Eui Soo ; Kim, Jong Hyuk ; Shim, Jong Heon ; Kim, Jin Pyo ; Goh, Jae Mo ; Park, Nam Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 56~63
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.56
Gas explosion accidents could cause a catastrophe. we need specialized and systematic accident investigation techniques to shed light on the cause and prevent similar accidents. In this study, we had performed LNG explosion simulation using AUTODYN which is the commercial explosion program and predicted the damage characteristics of the structures by LNG explosive power. In the first step, we could get LNG's physical and chemical explosion properties by calculation using TNT equivalency method. And then, by applying TNT equivalency value about the explosion limit concentration of LNG on the 2D-AUTODYN simulation, we could get the explosion pressure wave profiles (explosion pressure, explosion velocity, etc.). In the last step, we performed LNG explosion simulation by applying to the explosion pressure wave profiles as the input data on the 3D-AUTODYN simulation. As a result, we had performed analyzing of the explosion characteristics of LNG in accordance with concentration through the 3D-AUTODYN simulation in terms of the explosion pressure behavior and structure's destruction and damage behavior.
A Study on the Safety of Small LPG Storage Tanks at External Fires
Yim, Ji-Pyo ; Ma, Byung-Chol ; Chung, Chang-Bock ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 64~72
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.64
The purpose of this study is to study the safety of a small LPG storage tank with a capacity less than 3 ton when it is exposed to an external fire. First, simulation studies were carried out using ASPEN Plus and PHAST to demonstrate that overpressurization in the tank can be relieved by discharging the LPG through an adequately sized safety valve, but the release may lead to the secondary risk of fire and explosion around the tank. Next, the temporal variations of the temperatures of the lading and tank wall were obtained using AFFTAC, which showed that the tank wall adjacent to the vapor space could be overheated in about 11 min to such a point that the weakened strength might cause a rupture of the tank and subsequent BLEVE. The consequences of the BLEVE were estimated using PHAST. Finally, several practical measures for preventing the hazards of overheating were suggested, including an anti-explosion device, sprinkling system, insulation, heat-proof coating, and enhanced safety factor for tank fabrication. The effectiveness of these measures were examined by simulations using AFFTAC and ASPEN Plus.
Prediction and Measurement of Autoignition Temperature of Toluene and 2-Butanol System
Ha, Dong-Myeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 73~78
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.73
The autoignition temperatures(AIT) of solvent mixture is important index for the safe handling of flammable liquids which constitute the solvent mixtures. Therefore, the AITs of common pure chemical substances are widely reported, but very limited data are available for mixtures. This study, the toluene and 2-butnaol system which used mixture solution solvent was measured the AIT and ignition delay time by using ASTM E659 apparatus. The AITs of toluene and 2-butanol constituted binary system were
, respectively. The experimental AIT of toluene and 2-butanol were a good agreement with the calculated AIT by the proposed equations with a few average absolute deviation(A.A.D.).
Characteristics of Protein Foam Agent by Stabilizer on the Ship Fire Extinguishment
Lee, Eungwoo ; Shin, Changsub ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 79~85
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.79
Onboard fire extinguishing system is important to protect cargo and human lives and every oil tanker has foam type fire extinguishing system. Because of environmental problem, agent which contains materials such as Perfluorinated compounds are regulated and the development of the environmental friendly agent is required. The protein foam has less environmental pollution problem and has an excellent fire extinguish performance to oil fire. In the research, bivalency metal salts were added as stabilizer to increase fire resistance and stability of the foam. Ferrous sulfate, Iron chloride and Nickel chloride were used and to adjust to vessel, sea water was applied. As a stabilizer increased, the expansion ratio was raised. However 25% drainage time was decreased over 2.0 wt.% which is knowable that the foam brokes easily. The amount of generated foam was measured to check fluidity of foam and it appeared that when
1.2 wt.% was added, the amount of generated foam reached large and also the 25% drainage time was high. To evaluate the fire extinguishing performance for oil fire, the small scale oil fire test was executed. When
1.2 wt.% was added, fire extinguishing time was in its shortest which informs fluidity of foam and stability are important factors on fire extinguishing efficiency.
Flash Point Calculation for n-Octane+n-Decane and n-Octane+n-Dodecane by UNIFAC Group Contribution Model
Ha, Dong-Myeong ; Lee, Sungjin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 86~91
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.86
The flash point is used to categorize inflammable liquids according to their relative flammability. Such a categorization is important for the safe handling, storage, and transportation of inflammable liquids. The flash point temperature of two binary liquid mixtures(n-octane+n-decane and n-octane+n-dodecane) has been measured for the entire concentration range using Seta-flash closed cup tester based on the ASTM D3278 method. The closed cup flash point temperature was estimated using the UNIFAC(Universal Functional Activity Coefficient) group contribution model. The experimentally derived flash point was also compared with the predicted flash point from the UNIFAC model. The UNIFAC model is able to estimate the flash point fairly well for n-octane+n-decane mixture and n-octane+n-dodecane mixture.
A Method on Safety Assessment of Shell-type Roller Gate
Chung, Jee-Seung ; Jung, Hae-Wook ; Lim, Hyung-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 92~98
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.92
This paper was carried out to prove the relation between static loads acting on the sluice(hydrostatic) and dynamic loads (additional loads) arising from opening or closing of sluice, through measuring the operation of shell-type roller gate by using the method of measuring of the completely opening water gate, as measured from one excitation state, it was confirmed to be capable of measuring the natural frequency reliable measurement results. Throughout the test, we prove that it's a reasonable way to estimate the default margin of safety when calculated by dividing the sum of the hydrostatic stress to the maximum stress and additional stress. The application of this paper's safety estimation method can be utilized as the basic data for the systematic and rational maintenance management of dams and submerged weirs in the future, and it is expected that this study can bring forth.
Experimental Verification of Displacement Estimation Algorithm using Velocity Time History
Joh, Sung-Ho ; Jeon, Jun-Chang ; Hwang, Seon Keun ; Lee, Hee-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 99~105
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.99
In this study, displacement estimation algorithm, which is not requiring an absolute reference point unlike the conventional displacement measurement method, is developed using the geophone. To estimate displacement of the bridge, measured velocity time signal is integrated in the frequency domain. And, the estimated displacement is compared with the measured result using a conventional method. Based on the dynamic field test results, it was found that the estimated displacement by the present algorithm is similar to that of a conventional method. The displacement estimation algorithm proposed in this paper can be effectively applied to measure the displacement of a structure, which is difficult to install a displacement transducer at the fixed point.
A Survey Study on Job Stress for Construction sites Safety Managers
So, Han-sub ; Oh, Ki-Taek ; Park, Jongkeun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 106~112
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.106
For the construction safety manager, it is expected that job stress is significantly high due to lack of expertise about new technology, new construction methods, and enlargement of scale as well as due to work intensity and unstable work hours. It is probable that such an increase in job stress not only has bad effects on individual, but also the bad effects spread to construction industry at large, resulting in rise in accident rate, increase in direct and indirect loss cost, and loss of reputation. In this context, methods for controlling construction safety manager's job stress are needed at the levels of both government and company. Therefore, this study investigated and analyzed the effects of construction safety manager's job stress on job satisfaction and job commitment, and proposed methods for relieving job stress. In addition, this study was suggested policies for higher job satisfaction and job commitment at the levels of the government and companies.
Factor Analysis and Intergroup Awareness Investigation of Workers' Safety in Logistic Center
Choi, Hyunjoon ; Moon, Sangyoung ; Ok, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 113~119
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.113
This study is to examine the workers' awareness of the safety in logistic centers. For that purpose, the exploratory factor analysis of workers' safety awareness in logistic centers was performed at first, and the 6 variables extracted from the factor analysis were then used to investigate the difference in intergroup awareness of the safety environment in the logistic centers. We administered a survey to 147 workers attending the logistic centers and collected data from them. The results of the study showed that the intergroup awareness of the safety environment turned out to be statistically different from each other in terms of working environment, safe behavior, work risk, safety knowledge and effort, risk justification and compromising attitudes. Experiences in industrial accidents influenced awareness of working environment, work risk and risk justification. The group who experienced accidents is more likely to feel risky and unsatisfied with working place, and their awareness toward risk justification was high as well. It was also observed that there exists awareness difference between manager group and worker group. The group who manages the working place showed more positive awareness of working environment, safe behavior, work risk, safety knowledge and effort, risk justification and compromising attitudes than the worker group. On the contrary, the worker group showed high recognition in risk of working place, and felt that they are willing to compromise on safety for increasing production. The scale of the logistic center produced negative influence on awareness of safety. The group in small logistic center showed the highest awareness in safety, whereas the group in large logistic center with more than 100 workers showed the highest awareness in risk. They are more likely to deviate from correct and safe work procedures due to over-familiarity with the job, as well. The findings suggest that there is a need for the safety management and education to change the workers' understanding and attitudes towards safety.
Durability of Alkali-Activated Blast Furnace Slag Concrete: Chloride Ions Diffusion
Nam, Hong Ki ; Kyu, Park Jae ; San, Jung Kyu ; Hun, Han Sang ; Hyun, Kim Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 120~127
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.120
The aim of the present study is to investigate some characteristics of concrete according to addition of blast furnace slag and alkali-activator dosages. Blast furnace slag was used at 30%, 50% replacement by weight of cement, and liquid sulfur having NaOH additives was chosen as the alkaline activator. In order to evaluate characteristics of blast furnace slag concrete with sulfur alkali activators, compressive strength test, total porosity, chloride ions diffusion coefficient test were performed. The early-compressive strength characteristics of blast furnace slag concrete using a sulufr-alkali activators was compared with those of reference concrete and added 30, 50% blast furnace slag concrete. Also, Blast furnace slag concrete using sulfur-alkali activators enhanced the total porosity, chloride ions diffusion coefficient than two standard concrete. Alkali-activated blast furnace slag concrete was related to total porosity, compressive strength and chloride ions diffusion coefficient each others. As a result, it should be noted that the sulfur-alkali activators can not only solve the demerit of blast furnace slag concrete but also offer the chloride resistance of blast furnace slag concrete using sulfur alkali activators to normal concrete.
A Study on the Effect of School Construction Work on the Learning Environment
Park, Sung Choon ; Lee, Young Dae ; Go, Seong Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 128~134
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.128
The number of schools which have passed 30 years after the construction takes up 30% (5% falling to class D and E) in Korea. So, the offices of education across the nation conduct large works for the expansion, improvement and renovation of the school. But as the work takes a lot of time, the work is also conducted while the students are studying at the schools. The work at the school causes the noise, dust, vibration as the school often has the reinforced concrete structure. So, as the windows are closed to prevent the nuisance from hampering the education, the problems related to the illumination, ventilation, and control of humidity and temperature are give damages to students studying the school buildings. Actually, as the current renovation or expansion is conducted across the nation due to the implementation of the new education system and the resulting integration and construction of hub school, specialized school, meister school and it causes a lot of nuisance to the learning students and others, there are a lot of complaints from concerned people. Accordingly this study suggests the method of evaluating the factors which affect the learning environment such as the noise, dust or fine dust and reducing the nuisances to the level proper for the learning environment when the existing school is expanded, improved or renovated.
A Study on the Improvement of KOSHA 18001 Utilization in Construction Industry associated with the External Evaluator
Lee, Jin Seop ; Lee, Dong Yul ; Oh, Tae Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 135~141
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.135
At the end of 2014, ordering organizations, 25 general contractors and 80 specialty contractors were certified by the KOSHA 18001 for the establishment of safety & health management system. However, safety management departments in the certified companies have been disrupted due to the financial difficulty and CEO's indifference, which has resulted in the cancellation of more than 30% of the certifications. Furthermore, the KOSHA 18001 due to the shortage of internal evaluators in KOSHA and the increase of applications for new certification & the extension of the certification is placed in a difficult situation in the near future. Therefore, it is necessary to enhance the KOSHA 18001 by solutions such as introducing outside evaluators, which is the key point of this study. This study was performed through the questionnaire survey & the interviews with the construction companies, ordering organization and KOSHA 18001 specialists The content is centered on the introduction of external evaluators. As a result, the introduction of external evaluators is necessary through amending certification regulation because only internal evaluators cannot afford to process all the new application and the extension of existing certifications.
Study on the Indoor Acoustic Field Analysis using the Blast Wave Model
Song, Kee-Hyeok ; Kang, Woo-Ram ; Lee, Duck-Joo ; Kim, Young-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 142~150
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.142
A portable recoilless guided missile generates a strong back blast and impulsive noise at the nozzle when it launches. In the case of indoor operations, the hazard of the blast noise from a recoilless weapon increases due to limited indoor spaces. Also, the noise levels determine the operational feasibility of a weapon; therefore, it is important to predict the blast noise levels distribution in the indoor space in advance. In addition, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method generally used for fluid related simulations, requires high computing cost and time to simulate the whole domains. The domain includes both blast wave region and large and various indoor space region. Therefore, an efficient method for predicting the far-field noise level within a short time should be developed. This paper describes an analysis model for predicting the indoor noise distributions by considering the shape effect of the building within a short time. A new developed blast wave model was implemented using the noise source. Additionally, noise reflections at the closed surfaces such as walls and noise transmissions at the opened surfaces such as windows and doors were considered in calculating the noise levels. The predicted noise levels were compared with the experimental data obtained from the indoor launch test to validate the reliability of program.
Risk Assessment using Fuzzy Linguistic Variables in Korean
Lim, Hyeon-Kyo ; Byun, Sanghun ; Kim, Hyunjung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 151~158
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.151
Usually risk assessment is performed for the safety of diverse industries though, many kinds of risks cannot be analyzed effectively by using classical probability models due to lack of experience data and impreciseness of human decision making. For these reasons, fuzzy risk assessment utilizing subjective judgment and experience of skillful experts has been considered as a solution. In this study, to comprehend the relationship between conventional fuzzy theory and human conceptual images on risks, linguistic variables were reviewed with reference to fuzzy membership functions, especially in the Korean language. As interviewees, about a hundred people including students as well as safety engineers voluntarily participated. The research results showed that most people were in favor of adjective expressions decorated with adverbs rather than naive expressions such as "high" or "low", and that directly translated linguistic variables were not appropriate for the Korean people in risk assessment as far. Therefore, with consideration of the selection tendency by the Korean people in linguistic variables, it could be concluded that 5 level expressions would be most favorable for linguistic variables in risk assessments in Korea.
Research for the Experience of Fire Fighting Aafety Education and Living Safety Consciousness of Department of Noncommissioned Officer in College Students
Lee, Wonjoo ; Kwon, Shin Young ; Kang, Soon Hyung ; Nah, Yoon-Chae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 159~167
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.159
The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the awareness survey on the experience of fire fighting safety education and living safety consciousness of college students in the department of noncommissioned officer. Additionally, making provision of basic references and the effective fire fighting safety education is another important purpose of this study. In order to evaluate the awareness, the survey consist of 43 queries based on 6 queries for general characters, 9 queries for experiences of fire fighting safety education and 30 queries for living safety consciousness. The collected data from survey was analyzed using SPSS 20.0 win program. The interrelationship for general characters was confirmed using analysis of frequency, percentage, independent T-tset, ANONVA analysis, and regression analysis. The results show that the experience of fire fighting safety education and living safety consciousness of students from the combatant branch and ordnance corps are higher than those students from quartermaster corps. This may be attributed to the presence or absence of safety relevant courses on a curriculum. Therefore, the presence of safety courses on a curriculum should be one of important points for improving the experience of fire fighting safety education and living safety consciousness of these college students.
Analysis of Tube Support Plate Reinforcement Effects on Burst Pressure of Steam Generator Tubes with Axial Cracks
Kang, Yong Seok ; Lee, Kuk Hee ; Kim, Hong Deok ; Park, Jai Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 168~173
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.168
A steam generator tubing is one of the main pressure boundary of the reactor coolant system in the nuclear power plants. Structural integrity refers to maintaining adequate margins against failure of the tubing. Burst pressure of a tube at tube support plate can be higher than that for a free-span tube because failure behaviors could be interfered from the tube support plate. Alternative repair criteria for out-diameter stress corrosion cracking indications in tubes to the drilled type tube support plate were developed, however, there are very limited information to the eggcrate type tube support plate. This paper discussed reinforcement effect of steam generator tube burst pressure with axial out-diameter stress corrosion cracking within an eggcrate type tube support plate. A series of tube burst tests were performed under the room temperature and it was found out that there is no significant but marginal effects.
Development of A New Methodology for Evaluating Nuclear Safety Culture
Jae, Moosung ; Han, Kiyoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 4, 2015, Pages 174~180
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.4.174
This study developed a Safety Culture Impact Assessment Model (SCIAM) which consists of a safety culture assessment methodology and a safety culture impact quantification methodology. The SCIAM uses safety culture impact index (SCII) to monitor the status of safety culture of the NPPs periodically and it uses relative core damage frequency (RCDF) to present the impact of safety culture on the safety of the NPPs. As a result of applying SCIAM to the reference plant (Kori 3), the standard for the healthy safety culture of the reference plant is suggested. SCIAM might contribute to improve the safety of the NPPs (Nuclear Power Plants) by monitoring the status of safety culture periodically and presenting the standard of healthy safety culture.