Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Electrical and Thermal Signal for Series Arc in Electrical Contact
Kim, Doo Hyun ; Hwang, Dong Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.1
This paper is aimed to analyze the electrical and thermal signal such as ignition possibility, ignition time, thermal characteristics and arc fault power that are associated with electrical fire in case of the occurrence of series arc at IV wiring used for interior wiring at commercial power source. In order to analyze the signal, series arc was induced by generating the constant vibration through vibrating device in the one phase (R phase) and ignition possibility was analyzed along the condition of current value by adding cotton material to the contact point of wiring. The ignition time is shortened as the electric current value increased, burning time is not associated with current value and the temperature rose up to
though it was not ignited. It was checked out that the temperature was the energy source enough that can generate the fire related with insulation aging of wiring and the inflammable. The possibility of electrical fire by series arc was shown as more than 12% at 5A, more than 42% at 20A and arc showed 27W at 5A, 180W at 20A. It was confirmed that the possibility of electrical fire exists at the condition as above and the circuit breaker did not operate. This data can be used as the reference value for the investigation of electrical fire or development of the circuit breaker.
A Study on the Operating Characteristics of Molded Case Circuit Breakers according to Temperature Rise
Jung, Da-Woon ; Kim, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 8~13
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.8
Molded Case Circuit Breakers (MCCBs) are typically used to provide over current protection for electrical safety caused by short circuit faults and overloads in indoor low voltage power systems. The MCCB automatically connects and disconnects loads from the electrical source when the current reaches a value and duration that will cause an excessive. However, the MCCB sometimes is not interrupted due to a malfunction, nuisance tripping, or in a fire. Ensuring electrical safety is very important in a indoor low voltage power system. This paper presents the operating characteristics of MCCBs according to a temperature rise from room temperature to 160 degrees Celsius delivered by a radiant panel heater. The ABS 54c(rated current: 30A) of the hydraulic magnetic trip type was used in the experiments. The signals of temperature, voltage, and current were measured using the high accuracy Signal Conditioning Extensions for Instrumentation (SCXI) measurement system with the LabVIEW program manufactured by National Instruments. The operating characteristics were measured as functions of current amplitude and ramp-up rate. The MCCB tripping time decreased as a result of increasing current amplitude and ramp-up rate under a temperature rise condition, because the temperature and level of the current are directly proportional to the tripping time. Additionally, an instantaneous operation was observed after 8 times of the rated current, and the MCCB began to melt a surface temperature of around 300 degrees Celsius of. The experimental results coincided well with the operating curve.
An Evaluation of Induced Voltage according to the Grounding Resistance of a 22.9 kV-Y Distribution Line Simulated for its Field Application for Lightning Prevention
Kim, Jeom-Sik ; Choi, Chung-Seog ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 14~19
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.14
This study performed simulation tests to prevent induced lightning that occurs to a 22.9 kV-Y distribution line. A simulated distribution line reduced to 1/50 of an actual distribution line was installed to measure the induced voltage according to the change in grounding resistance. It was found that the induced voltage increased as the grounding resistance increased but that the range of its increase was small. This study examined the reliability of the proposed lightning preventive distribution line using the Minitab program (Minitab 17). When a grounding resistance of
was maintained for each electric pole, the Anderson Darling (AD) was 0.410, the smallest, and the P value was analyzed to be 0.323, verifying that the reliability and stability were excellent. Therefore, these results will be utilized as a basis for the substantiation of a lightning preventive distribution line before its installation.
A Study on the Accident Case and Analysis on the Actual Condition of Construction Machinery in Railroad Construction Sites
Son, Du-Hyun ; Song, Do-Heom ; Go, Seong-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 20~28
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.20
Recently, railroad's preference greatly increased as the environment-friendly means of transportation as the importance in the aspects of environment and energy efficiency. So the government established the Korea Rail Network Authority which takes full charge of railroad construction in 20047 for regular railroad construction to combine major key points in the whole country with each other to be one city region by connecting them to each other to be within the commute time range of a hour and thirty minutes. And it has arranged large-scale railroad construction by establishing plans to build the 1st and 2nd national railroad networks as the national project and investing about 100 trillion won in it from 2006 to 2020. As large-scale railroad construction is promoted as the national project like this, there has been a string of safety accidents in it due to the large and complex construction project. As the government strengthened the safety accident prevention plans, safety accidents have tended to decrease in 2011. However, accidents of construction machinery have found to increase. Therefore, this study tried to investigate accident cases of the Korea Rail Network Authority for the recent 5 years and analyze accidents of construction machinery to prevent them in railroad construction sites and suggest accident prevention plans due to it by conducting, investigating, and analyzing the survey of its operators and superintendents of the construction sites and drawing the problems.
Economic Feasibility of Common Utility Tunnel based on Cost-Benefit Analysis
Kang, Yeong Ku ; Choi, Ik Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.29
Common utility tunnel is essential to the daily lives of people underground utilities (electricity, gas and supply facilities such as water, communication facilities, sewer facilities, etc.) to improve the appearance by co-acceptance and disaster prevention, important for the conservation of the city's population was concentrated road construction the city-based facilities. There is recognition of the importance of the various supply treatment facilities in common utility tunnel as infrastructure to accommodate joint according to the city expanded, the demand for infrastructure. In this paper, a cost-benefit analysis using a one-time occurrence, without simply relying on cost or current cost, project manager for the city-dimensional feasibility study conducted, the user level of the maintenance costs and user costs, including social costs items from various angles can be investigated and proposed a mechanism of economic feasibility common utility tunnel. Evaluation of the proposed technique is cost-benefit and cost caused by installing common utility tunnel the existing pipeline area - was investigated by the benefit analysis, extended and repeated common utility tunnel installation depends much affected by the excavation, so users of reducing the number of repeat excavation convenience can be seen that this occurs.
Effects of Minimum Horizontal Load on Structural Safety of System Supports
Chung, Dae Hyun ; Kim, Gyeoung Yun ; Won, Jeong-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.37
This study examined the effects of the minimum horizontal load on the structural behaviors and safety of system supports. The minimum horizontal load was frequently ignored in the design of system supports even though the level of that load was specified in the code and guide in Korea such as 'Standard Specification in Temporary Construction' and 'Guide to Installation of Shores for a Concrete Bridge'. To examine the effects of considering the minimum horizontal load, the finite element analysis were performed for various system supports. By varying installing parameters of system supports such as the vertical member spacing, the installation height, and the thickness of slab, the maximum combined stress ratios were estimated to investigate the structural safety of system supports. The results showed similar axial stress in vertical members but an increase in bending stress with a consideration of the horizontal load. The combines stress ratios are remarkably increased due to the consideration of the horizontal load. Consequently, the system supports, which were initially estimated to be safe when only the vertical loads were considered, were changed to be unsafe in most cases by the effects of the both the vertical and horizontal stresses. Therefore, the minimum horizontal load following the code and the guide is an essential load that could control the structural safety of system supports.
A Study on the Hazard Analyses of Construction for Base Station of Mobile Communication
Lee, Sang-wook ; Kwon, Soon-joon ; Yi, Young-seop ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 44~51
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.44
As the domestic communication industry has been made rapid progresses, the construction of base stations are also expanded yearly from more than 86,000 ones in the year 2005 to over 300,000 ones in 2013. While the new construction and rebuilt works have been rapidly increased, there has been not tried about the analysis as well as the control of hazards for the construction works. This study is conducted to do not only the focus interview for 27 expert groups who are engaged in the construction works and safety, but also the questionnaires for AHP analysis which is suggested by the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency for 92 persons who are engaged in the construction works in order to analyze the hazards of construction works for base stations. The high ranked risk works which are acquired from the two methods are fall under installation of antennae, struck by the hand tools and construction materials under installation of antennae, fall during going up and down the steel tower and telegraph poles and the fall by electric shock during the underground cable works. The control for the above hazards are the installation of fall protection equipments, the installation of safety nets for falling objects and the installation of protection equipment of electric shock.
The Corelation Analysis between Condition Evaluation Factors and Defect Index on the Concrete Retaining Wall
Seong, Joo Hyun ; Byun, Yoseph ; Lee, Dong Yul ; Oh, Tae Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 52~58
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.52
Although lots of safety inspection and precision safety diagnosis have been conducted on concrete retaining wall, there is no comprehensive analysis on the basis of the accumulated data associated with the statistic. Especially, the concentrated management is necessary on the evaluation items that cause critical damages for the efficient performance. In this regard, this study conducted a correlation analysis between the 18 condition evaluation items and defect index for the concrete retaining wall as well as how each item affects the final defect index as much as in the manual. As a result, correlation coefficient between sliding and overturning was 0.601, which means that they have a strong correlation, and the most influential item on defect index is the condition of drainage that scored the 0.750 correlation coefficient. In addition, as a result of regression analysis, the condition of drainage with the 0.683 correlation coefficient has a strong correlation with the defect index. If the condition evaluation items are integrated or readjusted based on the results of the statistical analysis in this study, the more efficient and accurate maintenance will be possible.
Investigation of Construction Work Participants' Recognition for Assigning Safety and Health Management Responsibility to Client
Won, Jeong-Hun ; Park, Hyung-Keun ; Lim, Se Jong ; Park, Yong Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.59
This study investigated the recognition difference among construction work participants for the assignment of the safety and health management responsibility to a client by survey. Recently, there were some studies for the client's responsibility and duty and they suggested the client-initiative safety and health management system in order to prevent construction accidents. To supplement the existed studies, this study surveyed various construction participants such as clients, safety managers, construction managers, supervisors, others. The clients and construction managers considered the contractor as most important person to prevent construction accidents, but the safety managers and supervisors considered the client. For the opinion that the assignment of the safety and health management duty to a client is helpful, safety managers were agreed with the most. However, the clients showed the lowest agreement. The reasons that the negative opinion for the assignment of client's the safety and health management were different between clients and other construction parties. Since, clients showed large difference to other construction participants for the recognition of works' safety and health, the education about the works' safety and health management should be continuously performed for clients to have correct recognition for works' safety and health.
A Study on the Modified Simple Truss Model to Predict the Punching Shear Strength of PSC Deck Slabs
Park, Woo Jin ; Hwang, Hoon Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 67~73
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.67
In this paper, the simple truss model was modified to predict the punching shear strength of long-span prestressed concrete (PSC) deck slabs under wheel load including the effects of transverse prestressing and long span length between girders. The strength of the compressive zone arounding punching cone was evaluated by the stiffness of inclined strut which was modified by considering aging effective modulus. The stiffness of springs which control lateral displacement of the roller supports consists of the steel reinforcement and prestressing which passed through the punching cone. Initial angle of struts was determined by the experimental observation to compensate for uncertainties in the complexities of the punching shear. The validity of computed punching shear strength by modified simple truss model was shown by comparing with experimental results and the experimental results were also compared with existing punching shear equations to determine level of predictability. The modified simple truss model appeared to better predict the punching shear strength of PSC deck slabs than other available equations. The punching shear strength, which was determined by snap-through critical load of modified simple truss model, can be used effectively to examine punching shear strength of long span PSC deck slabs.
A Study on the Motion Analysis of CPR on EMT Who Wearing PPE
Shin, Dong-min ; Chung, Jae-han ; Kim, Seung-yong ; Hong, Eun-jung ; Kim, Kyoung-yong ; Han, Yong-taek ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 74~79
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.74
The purpose of this study is to find out its effect on changes in the joint angle and the success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by conducting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) when wearing and not wearing PPE (personal protective equipment) targeting 20 paramedics with more than 5 years of experience. The subjects carried out CPR in 30:2 for 4 minutes and collected images were digitized by Kwon3D XP Software Package(Version 4.0) and then data were obtained. Data, which were collected by analyzing the motion when starting in one cycle, when pressing to the maximum, in the final position (relaxed), were analyzed by using SPSS 18.0. In conclusion, during CPR, the angle of the both shoulder joints was not significant (p>.05) and the angle of the right elbow joint was reduced in all positions and was statistically significant (p<.05) and the angle of the left was significantly reduced in the maximum pressure posture and the final position (p>.05). In the case of the trunk, the angle increased statistically significantly at all stages (p<.01, p<.001). Also, during CPR, the average compression rate was significantly reduced after wearing PPE (p<.05) and average hand escape time by cycle increased statistically significantly (p<.05) but chest compression execution rate at the correct depth did not show any significant difference between the two groups (p>05).
A Study on Assessment of Stress at Work between White and Blue Collar Workers in Shipyard
Jeong, Hyunwook ; Kim, Yuchang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 80~85
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.80
In recent years, Korea's shipbuilding industry have expanded its business into offshore plant. These changes are increasing the interest on job stress in shipbuilding industry. The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences of job stressors between white and blue-collar workers. The survey was using Korean Occupational Stress Scale(KOSS) questionnaire and was administered to 8,080 workers of large shipyard company. As a result of the survey, compared with the median score of Korean workers, job stress level of shipyard company workers was low. However, seven categories of KOSS, except for job demand showed higher stress levels of blue-collar workers than white-collar workers. The overall stress level of shipyard company workers is low, however, it is important to find stressors by considering the type of work, working period etc., through a detailed analysis of KOSS 8-categories. The results of this study may be helpful to identify the level of stress and to establish preventive measures in Shipyard Company.
Safety Measures for Main Risk Factors in Cultivating Shiitake Mushrooms
Jo, Sungpill ; Choi, Kyeong-Hee ; Kong, Yong-Ku ; Chae, Hye Seon ; Lee, Inseok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 86~91
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.86
It is important to provide the farmers with practical and effective information of safety and health for individual crop to prevent or reduce occupational injuries in agricultural sector, since work characteristics and risk factors are not the same for all crops. In this study, risk assessment was carried out for cultivating shiitake mushrooms and then safety measures, which were based on the results of the risk assessment, were summarized and presented as the information of safety and health of shittake farmers. Guidelines for safety and health of the farmers of shiitake mushrooms, which were developed based on the risk assesment and safety measures, can be used by the farmers as self-educational tools or by the agricultural facilitators as an educational material for agricultural safety. It is expected that the guidelines can be useful in preventing occupational injuries of shiitake farmers.
A Study on Acceleration Performances of EMUs According to Wheel Diameter Changes
Min, Seung Kon ; Ko, Jeong Seo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 92~99
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.92
The diameter of a new wheel in EMUs is 860mm and it can be used up to 773mm. To obtain an predefined acceleration despite wheel diameter changes, the tractive efforts of the vehicles must be properly controlled. In the commencement of this study, acceleration tests were performed for empty EMUs when the wheel diameter was changed to 860mm, 820mm and 780mm, respectively. In order to deal with more complicated running conditions, we developed dynamic simulation models of the EMUs using VI-Rail, and simulated the models in empty and full passenger loads, respectively. Using the simulation results, we analyzed the gradient of time-velocity graphs by considering the changes of the total weight vehicles and moment of inertia of the wheelsets as well as tractive effort according to the wheel diameter changes. As the results, it was found that there are significant differences in acceleration performances according to the wheel diameters and the payloads of EMUs. In case of 860mm which is the maximum wheel diameter, the test & simulation results show that the vehicle couldn't reach the predefined acceleration, 3.0km/h/s, due to lack of tractive effort.
The Relationship between Workers' Safety Behaviors and Safety Climate in Chemical Industry
Baek, Jong-bae ; Uhm, Minyong ; Kim, Ji-sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 100~107
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.100
Korea government has established and enforced countermeasures about the various policy of industrial accident prevention. Recent chemical accidents included hazardous materials. Exposure to these chemicals can cause serious environmental poisoning and various health problems. The key factor causing these major accidents may be associated with the mistake in workers' safety behaviors. Some researchers noted workers' safety behaviors may be related to workers' safety climate. In this research, a survey was conducted to explore workers' safety behaviors and safety climate in a large petrochemical company in Korea. The company processes major petrochemical materials and any spills can be hazardous and cause chemical disasters. In this study, we explored one petrochemical company to investigate three hypotheses. 593 workers were surveyed for this study. We checked association between workers' safety behavior and safety climate. The survey result shows the people who have safety climate do safe behavior.
Risk Priority Number using FMEA by the Plastic Moulding Machine
Shin, Woonchul ; Chae, Jongmin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 108~113
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.108
Plastic injection moulding machine is widely used for many industrial field. It is classified into mandatory safety certification machinery in Industrial Safety and Health Act because of its high hazard. In order to prevent industrial accidents by plastic injection moulding machine, it is necessary for designer to identify hazardous factors and assess the failure modes to mitigate them. This study tabulates the failure modes of main parts of plastic injection moulding machine and how their failure has affect on the machine being considered. Failure Mode & Effect Analysis(FMEA) method has been used to assess the hazard on plastic injection moulding machine. Risk and risk priority number(RPN) has been calculated in order to estimate the hazard of failures using severity, probability and detection. Accidents caused by plastic injection moulding machine is compared with the RPN which was estimated by main regions such as injection unit, clamping unit, hydraulic and system units to find out the most dangerous region. As the results, the order of RPN is injection unit, clamping unit, hydraulic unit and system units. Barrel is the most dangerous part in the plastic injection moulding machine.
Risk Assessment for Pneumatic Braking of EMU
Lee, Sung-Kwun ; Kim, Jong-un ; Koo, Jeong-Seo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 114~122
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.114
FMEA and FTA have been widely applied to the safety studies for railway systems respectively. But it would be more effective to use these two methods at a same time because these are complementary. This article suggests a FMEA-FTA combined analysis technique to evaluate the risk for railway systems. A FMEA-FTA combined risk evaluation model and process are proposed and a case study is dealt with for PBU(Pneumatic Breaking Unit), a major subsystem of a railway vehicle.
Risk Assessment for Abolition of Gross Containment Leak Monitoring System Test in CANDU Design Plant
Bae, Yeon-Kyoung ; Na, Jang-Hwan ; Bahng, Ki-In ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.123
Wolsong Unit 2,3&4 has been performing a containment integrity test during power operation. This test could impact to the safe operation during test. If an accident occurs during pressure dropping phase, reactor trip can be delayed because of the increased pressure difference which causes a time delay to reach the trip set-point. On the contrary, if an accident occurs during pressure increasing phase, reactor trip could be accelerated because the pressure difference to the trip set-point decrease. Point Lepreau nuclear power plant, which installed GCLMS (Gross Containment Leakage Monitoring System) in 1990, has discontinued the test since 1992 due to these adverse effects. Therefore, we evaluated the risk to obviate the GCLMS test based on PWR's ILRT (Integrated Leak Rate Test) extension methodologies. The results demonstrate that risk increase rate is not high in case of performing only ILRT test at every 5 years instead of doing GCLMS test at every 1.5 years. In addition, the result shows that GCLMS test can be removed on a risk-informed perspective since risk increasement is in acceptable area of regulatory acceptance criteria.
Identification of the Most Conservative Condition for the Safety Analysis of a Nuclear Power Plant by Use of Random Sampling
Jeong, Hae-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Safety , volume 30, issue 5, 2015, Pages 131~137
DOI : 10.14346/JKOSOS.2015.30.5.131
For the evaluation of safety margin of a nuclear power plant using a conservative methodology, the influence of applied assumptions such as initial conditions and boundary conditions needs to be assessed deliberately. Usually, a combination of the most conservative initial conditions is determined, and the safety margin for the transient is evaluated through the analysis for this conservative conditions. In existing conservative methodologies, a most-conservative condition is searched through the analyses for the maximum, minimum, and nominal values of the major parameters. In the present study, we investigates a new approach which can be applied to choose a most-conservative initial condition effectively when a best-estimate computer code and a conservative evaluation methodology are utilized for the evaluation of safety margin of transients. By constituting the band of various initial conditions using the random sampling of input parameters, the sensitivity study for various parameters are performed systematically. A method of sampling the value of control or operation parameters for a certain range is adopted by use of MOSAIQUE program, which enables to minimize the efforts for achieving the steady-state for various different conditions. A representative control parameter is identified, which governs the reactor coolant flow rate, pressurizer pressure, pressurizer level, and steam generator level, respectively. It is shown that an appropriate distribution of input parameter is obtained by adjusting the range and distribution of the control parameter.