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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Forest Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Forest Society
Editor in Chief :
Man Yong Shin
Volume & Issues
Volume 102, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 102, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 102, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 102, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Variation of Fruit and Seed Morphology of 6 Natural Populations of Sorbus commixta Hedl. in Korea
Song, Jeong-Ho ; Jang, Kyung-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.001
This study was conducted to investigate the variation of fruit and seed morphology among populations and among individuals within population of Sorbus commixta Hedl. distributed in Korea. Fruits collected from 42 trees in six natural populations and their six fruit and four seed characteristics were analyzed. In all characteristics, there were significant differences among populations and among individuals within populations. Especially, number of fruits per fruit-bearing branch and number of seeds per fruit showed higher values among populations in total variance component. Coefficients of variation in the number of fruits per fruit-bearing branch and seed weight are relatively high (42.0~75.3%) compared to other traits (11.9~32.1%). As a result of simple correlation analysis, the number of fruits per fruit-bearing branch showed a significant positive correlation with latitude but showed a negative correlation with longitude. According to cluster analysis, geographically close populations showed the tendency of clustering into the same group. Three principal components (PC) were deduced from principal component analysis, which explain the 87% of total variance of fruit and seed characteristics. The highest contribution was seed length and seed weight in PC1, fruit width and seed index in PC2 and fruit length and number of fruits per fruit-bearing branch in PC3.
Optimum Condition of Pellicle Peeling Using Abrasion Peeling Machine and its Characteristics among Chestnut Varieties (Castanea spp.)
Joo, Sukhyun ; Kim, Mahn-Jo ; Lee, Uk ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 7~14
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.007
This study investigated the optimum condition of abrasion peeling machine and pellicle peeling ability of chestnut (Castanea spp.) varieties for the efficient production of peeled chestnuts. The optimum conditions were 50 minutes peeling time and 27 rpm of drum rotation speed and chestnut pellicle peeling ratio was 89.3%. Among 8 Korean chestnut varieties which were peeled under the optimum condition (27 rpm/50 min), 'Tsukuba (89.3%)', 'Tanzawa (72.2%)' and 'Ishizuchi (70.9%)' showed the highest ratio of pellicle peeling ratio. 'Tsukuba' had the most excellent peeled (grade I) chestnuts (77.3%), followed by 'Ishizuchi (46.7%)', and 'Tanzawa (45.0%)'. Regarding the chestnuts quality for commercialization, 'Tsukuba' had the most excellent peeled chestnuts (90.5%), followed by 'Tanzawa (74.8%)', and 'Ishizuchi (74.3%)'. 'Mipung (37.2%)' had the most broken and injured chestnuts and 'Tsukuba (5.9%)' had the least broken and injured chestnuts. Therefore this study concluded that 'Tsukuba' was the superior variety for producing high value-added processed chestnuts.
Villagers' Participation in Conservation of Village Woodlands -Two cases of Namwon City, Korea
Park, So-Hee ; Koo, Ja-Choon ; Youn, Yeo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 15~23
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.015
This study aims to analyze factors affecting villagers' participation in conservation of village woodlands. We postulated that socio-economic characteristics such as gender, age, place of birth, wealth level, frequency of use and leader experience could contribute to decision-making of participation in the village woodland conservation. Data were collected by interviewing 52 villagers in village A and 41 villagers in village B and were used to estimate the probability function of villager's participation in village woodland conservation using ordered logit model. The results indicate that frequent use of village woodlands increases the probability of villagers' participation in conservation of village woodlands in the case of village A. In the case of village B, people who were born in the village and have experiences of serving the village as a village leader are more likely to participate in the village woodland conservation activities. Considering the fact that the village woodland of village A is owned by the community as a village common, and that cultural activities remain in the village woodland of village A, the utility of village woodlands to the residents and their common understanding of village woodlands seem to influence the likelihood of villagers' participation in conservation of village woodlands. In order to induce villagers' participation in the village woodland conservation, it is necessary to recognize the right of villager's access and provide villagers with common understanding of village woodlands through cultural activities and education programs.
Profitability Analysis of Yield Net in Chestnut Harvest
Park, Sang-Byeong ; Kim, Mahn-Jo ; Lee, Uk ; Park, Yunmi ; Kim, Eui-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 24~29
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.024
This study was carried out for preliminary feasibility review to investigate work efficiency of chestnut harvest using yield net and to find a way to reduce the cost for purchasing and managing yield net. To this end, we conducted a survey of 6 forest farm houses in Cheongyang, Gongju and Buyeo regions where yield nets are being used efficiently. Cost-benefit analysis based on Net Present Value and Benefit Cost Ratio was used to examine the investment profitability. While regions of Cheongyang A, Cheongyang B and Buyeo A are profitable in spite of no subsidy for purchasing yield net from the government, the regions of Gongju A, Gongju B and Buyeo B are not profitable without subsidy. When an 80% of subsidy for purchasing yield nets is provided, the forest farm houses in Cheongyang A, Cheongyang B, Buyeo A and Gongju B regions are found to be profitable while those in Gongju A and Buyeo B regions are still not profitable. We consider that the different results come from the differences in the planting method of chestnut, labor efficiency, labor skill and the orchard conditions such as slop. Finally, several efforts for government and cultivator are suggested to expand the use of yield net; planting chestnut in line, establishing installation and management methods, supporting the cost for purchasing yield net and studying detailed effects besides profitability issue.
Analysis of the Forest Road Cut-slope Erosion Control and Rehabilitation Techniques using Gabion Systems with Vegetation Base Materials
Park, Jae-Hyeon ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 30~37
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.030
Analysis of new approaches to achieve naturally good ecological potential of forest road cut-slope by making the best use of advantages of gabion systems with vegetation base materials to prevent slope failure and erosion, in the area with highly erodible soil. Existing gabion systems can be divided into monolithic and modular system and can be divided into ten subtypes according to the purpose of establishment and combination of other measures. As a result on the monitoring of erosion amount from forest road cut-slopes in the test applications, the order of erosion amount from largest to smallest is as follows: the curved road cut-slope site where normal gabion system was established 5,840
; the control site 5,833
; the straight road cut-slope site where normal gabion system was established 5,621
; the curved road cut-slope site where the new gabion system was established 4,298
; and the straight road cut-slope site where the new gabion system 4,117
. Therefore, the result shows that the new gabion system is more effective than the normal gabion system to reduce erosion amount from forest road cut-slopes. During the study period, vegetation coverages of the straight and curved road cut-slope site where the new gabion system was established were about 56(30~85)% and about 45(28~65)%, so average vegetation coverage of the sites where the new gabion systems was established was higher than the sites where the normal gabion systems was established. Therefore, it was concluded that the new gabion system can be more effective for cut-slope revegetation.
A Reconsideration of the List of National Endemic Plants (appendix 4-1) Under the Creation and Furtherance of Arboretums Act Proposed by Korea Forest Service
Park, Soo Kyung ; Gil, Hee-Young ; Kim, Hui ; Chang, Chin-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 38~58
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.038
The existence of endemism in many parts of the world is an important factor for conservationists. Conservation can only be carried out under national legislation, and national endemics, which have very limited ranges, fully depend on the effort and success of conservation. A total of 523 vascular plant taxa were listed in the latest national checklist by Ministry of Environment in 2005, while the 'Creation and Furtherance of Arboretums Act' including a national endemic list (appendix 4-1) was established by Korea Forest Service and was legislated as a law in late 2011. This legislation by Korea Forest Service on endemism of Korean vascular plants have required much attention because of discrepancies of nomenclature, taxonomic bias and inflation. Examining data for both lists proposed by Ministry of Environment and Korea Forest Service, of the total of 360 legislated taxa, around 286 taxa are shared with the list of Ministry of Environment, of which about 80% have been found as common taxa. Around 67(18.7%) are typographic errors, and 14 taxa (3.9%) are recorded as illegitimate and invalidly published names. Through this analysis 12 taxa (3.4%) were found in China as well as in Korea and these are thought to be non Korean endemic taxa. Taken together, the legislated list displayed 1/4 (24.9%) errors out of the total list. Only 59 taxa (16.5%) are identified as national endemic species. The remainder are either unresolved candidates (73 taxa, 20.4%) or synonyms (196 taxa, 54.7%) status. It must be noted, that the concept of endemism very much depends on the knowledge of the species concept, taxonomic bias and geographical range of a species. Also, the most major nomenclatural problem tend to be more stable if the information on database about Korea Plant Name, which is managed by Korea National Arboretum are well updated year to year. These exaggerated numbers underscore the urgency for regional conservation planning and implementing effective strategies to preserve these real endemic taxa into the future.
Assessment of Genetic Relationship among Date (Zizyphus jujuba) Cultivars Revealed by I-SSR Marker
Nam, Jae-Ik ; Kim, Young-Mi ; Choi, Go-Eun ; Lee, Gwi-Young ; Park, Jae-In ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 59~65
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.059
The jujube is an important fruit tree species in Korea. Traditionally, classifications of jujube cultivars have been based on morphological characters; however, morphological identification can be problematic because morphological traits are affected by environmental conditions. Therefore, DNA markers are now being used for the rapid and accurate identification of plant species. Inter-simple sequence repeat (I-SSR) is one of the best DNA-based molecular marker techniques, which is useful for studying genetic relations and for the identification of closely related cultivars. In this study, 5 Korean jujube trees and 1 jujube tree imported from China were analyzed for 16 I-SSR primers. Amplification of the genomic DNA of jujube cultivars by using I-SSR analysis generated 100 bands, with an average of 6.25 bands per primer, of which 45 bands (45%) were polymorphic. The number of amplified fragments with I-SSR primers ranged from 2 to 13. The percentage of polymorphism ranged from 10% to 100%. I-SSR finger printing profiles showed that 'Boeun jujube' and 'Daeri jujube' had characteristic DNA patterns, indicating unequivocal cultivar identification at molecular level. According to the results of clustering analysis, the genetic similarity coefficient ranged from 0.68 to 0.92. 'Boeun jujube' and 'Daeri jujube' were divided into independent groups, and 'Bokjo jujube', 'Geumseong jujube', 'Wolchul jujube', and 'Mudeung jujube' were placed in the same group. Therefore, I-SSR markers are suitable for the discrimination of 'Boeun jujube' and 'Daeri jujube' cultivars.
Effects of Rice Hull Cover for Seed Germination, Types of Tray and Soil, Shading Conditions for Seedling Growth of Codonopsis pilosuala
Lee, Su Gwang ; Ku, Ja Jung ; Cho, Won Woo ; Kang, Ho Duck ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 66~73
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.066
This study was conducted to determine the effects of rice hull cover on seed germination and tray types, soil types, shading conditions for seedling growth of Codonopsis pilosuala. We also examined the feasibility of cultivation of small seedlings transplanted in the Gyeonggi-do area for a month. Under control condition, the seed germination was 8% whereas it dramatically increased to 78% under rice hull cover treatment. Under the different conditions (tray types, soil types, and shading conditions), young seedlings showed the best quality without shading in TKS soil of 50 plug cell tray, with the growth characteristics of plant height (11.9 cm), number of leaves (71), leaf width (3.1 cm), leaf length (2.6 cm), and root length (14.3 cm). Seedling quality was the best without any shading in TKS+perlite, with the physiological characteristics of evaporation (3.9
), carbon assimilation (9.1
), and water use efficiency (2.2
). Considering the economical, morphological, physiological and survival rate of the seedlings, it was an ideal method for transplanting seedlings in the field after they have been grown for 30-45 days in TKS and TKS+perlite of 200 plug cell tray in 0% or 30% shaded conditions. As the results of 5 months examination on the possibility to cultivate Codonopsis pilosuala in the Gyeonggi-do area, 88% to 96% of survival rate was observed with normal induced flowers. Therefore, cultivation of Codonopsis pilosuala was possible in the Gyeonggi-do area. While there were symptoms of etiolation and wilting under no shading condition, they did not appear in 30% and 70% shading conditions. Therefore, cultivation of Codonopsis pilosuala is considered to be necessary 30% or 70% shading.
A Study on the Relationship Between Attitudes Toward Forest and Aggression in Young People
Son, Ji Won ; Ha, Si Yeon ; Kim, Jae Jun ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 74~81
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.074
Research has shown that attitudes of young people toward forest and the relationship between the attitudes and aggression in the forest. Results from factor analysis on forest attitude scale of young people showed two factors; enjoying the forest, importance and usefulness of forest. Based on the comparison of two means(factors) young people recognized that forest was important and had to be protected but, little perceived as interesting. Also this study showed that the forest attitude was negatively correlated with aggression, especially in physical and verbal aggressive behavior.
Estimation of Long-term Effects of Harvest Interval and Intensity, and Post-harvest Residue Management on the Soil Carbon Stock of Pinus densiflora Stands using KFSC Model
Park, Chan-Woo ; Yi, Koong ; Lee, Jongyeol ; Lee, Kyeong-Hak ; Yi, Myong-Jong ; Kim, Choonsig ; Park, Gwan-Soo ; Kim, Raehyun ; Son, Yowhan ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 82~89
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.082
Harvest is one of the major disturbances affecting the soil carbon (C) dynamics in forests. However, researches on the long-term impact of periodic harvest on the soil C dynamics are limited since they requires rigorous control of various factors. Therefore, we adopted a modeling approach to determine the long-term impacts of harvest interval, harvest intensity and post-harvest residue management on soil C dynamics by using the Korean Forest Soil Carbon model (KFSC model). The simulation was conducted on Pinus densiflora S. et Z. stands in central Korea, and twelve harvest scenarios were tested by altering harvest intervals (50, 80, and 100-year interval), intensities (partial-cut harvest: 30% and clear-cut harvest: 100% of stand volume), and the residue managements after harvest (collection: 0% and retention: 100% of aboveground residue). We simulated the soil carbon stock for 400 years for each scenario. As a result, the soil C stocks in depth of 30 cm after 400 years range from 50.3 to 55.8 Mg C
, corresponding to 98.1 to 108.9% of the C stock at present. The soil C stock under the scenarios with residue retention was 2.5-11.0% higher than that under scenarios with residue collection. However, there was no significant impact of harvest interval and intensity on the soil C stock. The soil C dynamics depended on the dead organic matter dynamics derived from the amount of dead organic matter and growth pattern after harvest.
Study on the Stability Evaluation of Concrete Erosion Control Dam by using Non-destructive Test for Compressive Strength
Park, Ki-Hyung ; Kim, Min-Sik ; Joh, Sung-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Woo ; Youn, Ho-Joong ; Kim, Kyong-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 90~96
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.090
This study was conducted to investigate a stability trend within 6 above average and 4 blow average erosion control dams, which were selected by The Korean Association of Soil and Water Conservation and were built in 1990s in Gyeonggi and Gangwon Province. The study was aimed to measure rebound hardness of upstream face, flood way and downstream face from those dams selected by using 'Concrete Test Hammer'. The main purposes of the study are selection of compression strength prediction equation and scope of wavelength, which successfully demonstrate non-destructive test results for erosion control dams. There is an opportunity to increase disaster prevention ability when stability vulnerability of concrete erosion control dam is detected in a timely manner. Results of the compression strength investigation express that there is a consistency with visual inspection of stability that has been processed by The Korean Association of Soil and Water Conservation. We concluded that a prediction equation, which was developed by Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ), shows highest suitability in Korean erosion control dams when stability investigation is performed. The detailed criteria for the test result are 'stable', 'detail inspection required' and 'poor' for over 300
and below 250
respectively. Standards for stability of Korean erosion control dam and a compression strength prediction equation (that corresponds to the standards of the stability) should be established on the basis of chronological data of erosion control dam compression strength. Systematical approach for stability inspection that carries out remodeling or repair when problem on erosion control structures are detected through visual inspection and simple stability test, is necessary for the future disaster prevention.
Community Structure, Species Diversity of Insects (ants, ground beetles), and Forest Health in the Hongneung Forest
Lee, Cheol Min ; Kwon, Tae-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 97~106
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.097
The present study is aimed to evaluate forest health in a fragmented urban forest using characteristics of insect communities. Ants (Formicidae) and ground beetles (Carabidae) surveyed by pitfall trap method in the Hongneung forest located in the urban area of Seoul were compared with those in the Gwangneung forest. The Gwangneung forest is supposed to be health due to its high biodiversity and well-conserved nature. Ants of the Hongneung forest was much more abundant compared with those of the Gwangneung forest. However, ground beetles showed the opposite patterns; much more abundant in the Gwangneung forest than in the Hongneung forest. Species richness was higher in the Gwangneung forest than in the Hongneung forest, but species diversity was higher in the Hongneung forest. In the Hongneung forest, forest specialist species and generalist species were balanced, whereas few forest specialists dominated in the Gwangneung forest. This dominance decreased species diversity in those Gwangneung forest. Thus, characteristics of insect community in the Hongneung forest were greatly different with those in the Gwangneung forest.
ROI(Return on Investment) Analysis of Open-field Cultivation of Rhus verniciflura
Park, Yong Bae ; Lee, Ho Sang ; Jeon, Chul Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 107~112
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.107
The purpose of the study is to give ROI information about management status and investment returns to someone who will newly cultivate Rhus verniciflura and expand area of Rhus verniciflura cultivation. In this study, IRR (Internal Rate of Returns), B/C Ratio and NPV are applied for ROI analysis. We basically surveyed thirty household among Rhus verniciflura cultivation farmhouses in chief producing districts Won-ju in Gang- Won, Ok-Cheon in Chung-Buk, Ham-Yang in Gyeong-Nam in Korea from May until October in 2011. Hence, the research surveyed these farmers about production cost, management cost, input labors and materials, land price and etc. by working process to calculate production and operation cost. As the result of farm survey, the result of the analysis shows income rate 27.76%, B/C Ratio 2.5, and NPV 121,830,831 won in
with 10 years period when local price of Rhus verniciflura is 2,200,000 won/3.75 kg at locals with 3% discount rate is applied. Therefore, starting open field cultivation of Rhus verniciflura, which requires intensive labor or expanding the cultivation area needs more labor force.
Relationships Between Edge Formation of Burned Forests and Landscape Characteristics with Consideration on Spatial Autocorrelation
Lee, Sang-Woo ; Won, Myoung-Soo ; Lee, Hyun-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 113~121
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.113
It has been known that edges of forest fire areas play significant roles in post-fire change of forest ecosystem and recovery process. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between edge formation of burned forests and landscape characteristics with consideration on spatial autocorrelation. Samcheok fire site burned in 2000 was selected as the study area. Seven hundred fifty three of 500
grid cells were generated for measuring landscape characteristics. This study used the topographic variables including slop, elevation, topographic wetness index, solar radiation index and proportions of fuel and land use types. In delineating landscape characteristics correlation analysis with modified t-test were performed for exploring the relationships between edge formation and landscape characteristics. The results indicated that edge formation of burned forests was positively correlated with most variables including TWI, SRI, water, paddy, developed, farm, grass, bare soil, and negatively related with elevation, slope and all fuel types. Especially TWI (r=0.437) showed a strong positive correlation with edge formation. According to the results, edge of burned forests were likely formed when proportions of heterogeneous land use types were high with mild slope and low elevation.
Genetic Diversity and Population Genetic Structure of Exochorda serratifolia in South Korea
Hong, Kyung Nak ; Lee, Jei Wan ; Kang, Jin Taek ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 122~128
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.122
Genetic diversity and population genetic structure were estimated in nine natural populations of Exochorda serratifolia in South Korea using ISSR marker system. Average of polymorphic loci per primer was 5.8 (S.D.=2.32) and percentage of polymorphic loci per population was 78.7% with total 35 loci from 6 ISSR primers. In AMOVA, 27.8% of total genetic variation came from genetic difference among populations and 72.2% was resulted from difference among individual trees within populations. Genetic differentiations by Bayesian inference were 0.249 of
and 0.227 of
. Inbreeding coefficient for total populations was 0.412. There was significant correlation between genetic distance and geographic distance among populations. On the results of Bayesian cluster analysis, nine populations were assigned into three groups. The first group included 5 populations, and the second and the third had two populations per group, respectively. These three regions could explain 10.0% of total genetic variation from hierarchical AMOVA, and the levels of among-population and among-individual were explained 19.7% and 70.3%, respectively. The geographic distribution of populations following the three Bayesian clusters could be explained with mountain range as Baekdudaegan which is the main chain of mountains in Korea. The mountains as the physical barrier might hamper gene flow in the pearlbush. So when protected areas are designated for conservation of this species, we should consider those three regions into considerations and would better to choose at least one population per region.
Stem Girding Increases Seed Production and Nitrogenous Compounds in Larix leptolepis
Lee, Wi Young ; Park, Eung-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 129~135
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.129
Japanese larch (Larix leptolepis) has been extensively planted in Korea as a reforestation species but their supply has been a major bottleneck due to sporadic natural seed production. In this study, stem girdling was applied to 32-year-old grafted Japanese larches, resulting in significantly enhanced seed production compared to the controls. Stem girdling induced about 4 times higher cone production than that of controls in the Japanese larch seed orchard. Time-dependent metabolic alterations after girdling were investigated by stable isotope ratio mass spectrometer, HPLC, and GC-MS analysis. In girdled trees, the contents of total nitrogen, sucrose, and total free amino acids were significantly higher than the non-girdled trees at the flowering differentiation season (from July to August). Moreover, the numbers of female strobilus per tree were positively correlated with the contents of both total nitrogen (r=0.765, p<0.01) and total amino acids (r=0.802, p<0.01) in the bark being collected at the flowering differentiation time (August 20). Interestingly, the levels of various individual amino acids at the flowering differentiation times, such as aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, serine, and cysteine, were also significantly correlated (p<0.05) with the numbers of strobilus, suggesting that those amino acids might be involved in the induction of female strobilus formation of Japanese larches.
Optimal Condition for Pollen Germination of Rare and Endangered Forsythia saxatilis
Han, Sim-Hee ; Kang, Hye Jin ; Kim, Gil Nam ; Kim, Du Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 136~142
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.136
Optimal condition for pollen germination was suggested as a basic research of flowering physiology in order to identify the characteristics of flowering and seed setting of rare and endangered Forsythia saxatilis Nakai. Pollen samples were collected during flowering time from the end of March to the beginning of April. First, a suitable germination temperature, medium sucrose concentration and germination time were determined for pollen germination and pollen tube elongation in vitro, and then an optimal pH of culture medium. Pollen germination and tube elongation were significantly different among the levels of germination temperature, sucrose concentration and germination time. Interactive effects were observed between germination temperature and time, germination temperature and sucrose concentration, germination time and sucrose concentration. Pollen germination was the highest at
and increased with the increase of sucrose concentration, whereas it had no relation with germination time. In addition, pollen germination and tube elongation did not increase at more than 15% of sucrose concentration and 24 hours later. Pollen germination was the highest at pH 5 (20.8%) and the lowest at pH 6 (3.8%). In conclusion,
, 15% sucrose and pH 5 were proposed as the optimal condition for pollen germination 24 hours later of pollen culture.
The Techniques Development for the Possibility Area Analysis of Yarding Operation and the Forest-road Network Arrangement using GIS
Kwon, Hyun-Jung ; Park, Sang-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 143~155
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.143
In order to establish efficient timber harvesting system and provide the necessary data for the system establishment, the techniques to identify areas possible of the yarding-operation and design forest-road networks were newly developed and the applicability of the techniques are tested in this study. The new techniques were developed based on ArcGIS, particularly with utilizing the Viewshed Analysis Tool. From the results of the identification of the possible yarding-operation areas, it is found that the percentage of possible yardingoperation area decreases with the increment of maximum yarding distance due to terrestrial effects. When forest road networks are extended in impossible yarding-operation sites, the area of possible yarding-operation sites increases. If a forest road network is newly designed, its overall extension is altered, resulting in changes in the possible yarding-operation areas. Through the comparative analysis among the different possible yardingoperation areas from different forest road networks, the maximization of the yarding-operation possible area can be achieved. The results from this study can be utilized for establishing more efficient timber-harvesting system and developing GIS-based programs to manage the system.
Changes in Chlorophyll Contents and Net Photosynthesis Rate of 3-year-old Quercus variabilis Seedlings by Experimental Warming
Lee, Sun Jeoung ; Han, Saerom ; Yoon, Tae Kyung ; Jo, Wooyong ; Han, Seung Hyun ; Jung, Yejee ; Son, Yowhan ;
Journal of Korean Forest Society, volume 102, issue 1, 2013, Pages 156~160
DOI : 10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.156
Global warming affects terrestrial ecosystem productivity including photosynthesis and plant growth. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of experimental warming on chlorophyll contents and net photosynthetic rate of Quercus variabilis Blume seedlings. One-year-old Q. variabilis seedlings were planted in control and warmed plots in April 2010. The air temperature of warmed plots was increased by
compared to control plots using the infrared lamp from November 2010. Total chlorophyll contents were higher in warmed plots than those in control plots in May, July, August, September and October, 2012, however, the differences were statistically significant only in October. Net photosynthetic rates were also higher in warmed plots than those in control plots in May (57.0%), September (21.4%), and October (89.6%), however, the differences were significant only in May and October. Higher chlorophyll contents and net photosynthetic rate of warmed plots in spring and fall might be related to the extended growing season length.