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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Nov 2007
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Aug 2007
Volume 20, Issue 2 - May 2007
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
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An Inquiry into the Significance of Theory of Podiatry in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 1~8
In "Hwangjenaegyeong", pathogenesis is explained based on theory of Yin and Yang. According to the theory, all environments surrounding us, physical and emotional both, are related to outbreak of diseases. This also reflects one of the major theories in oriental medicine, in which a human body is perceived as a correspondence to natural environment. In this theory, the main idea is to understand changes in the universe based on mutual correlations from within. This kind of perspective is easily criticized from scientific point of view. Whereas modern science pursue analytic thinking and objective information, the theories above seem rather vague. However, from a different angle, through a characteristic perspective of oriental medicine, actual significance can be found in the theory. Many diseases result from one's intemperate living habits. Therefore, much prevention can be made by self-control. Also, once disease occurs, the essential step to treatment is to find cause in the living environment and regain balance. Natural cure will take its' course when living habits recover moderate pace and are back in harmony with the environment.
Pulse, Reason, Symptom and Treatment of Haeyok;mainly referred to commentary of "Somun(素問)", "Uihakyimmun(醫學入門)"
Park, Yong-Ho ; Jo, Hak-Jun ; Kim, Ho-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 9~22
We got some conclusion like below. after comparison and consideration mainly with commentary of "Somun(素問)", "Uihakyimmun(醫學入門)"about pulses, reasons, symptoms, treatments of HaeYok. The name of Haeyok was appeared "Somun(素問)", "Youngchu(靈樞)" for the first time, and from then 'Treatment From Pulse' was promoted into details. About the Pulse of Haeyok, every doctor followed the 'chokmaekwansaek' mentioned in "Somun Pyoungingisanglon(素問 平人氣象論)". But the letter 'wan(緩)' in 'chokmaekwansaek' was translated not pulse but drooped skin in "SomunKumsok(素問今釋)". On the reasons of Haeyok, we can lot out in detail like next; (1) heat of liver and abdomen, lack of blood. (2) declining Gi, little blood, (3) declining and little Gi of spleen, (4) Lack of Gi and Blood, (5) weak kidney energy, (6) nutritional vacancy, (7) no energy circulation from hardened kidney, (8) exogenous disease on void kidney (9) both weak meridian of liver, kidney. And it can be divided broadly into two groups; weak liver and kidney, declining and little Gi of spleen. The symptoms of Haeyok is that patient feels cold, but really that is not cold, feels weak, really not weak, feels vigorous but not. So hardly be named. the members are exhausted, people get lazy, annoying, sick. and have no vitality. Treatments about this, some prescriptions are suggested such as Baekhaptang(白合湯) from "Naekyoungsupyoubanglon(內經拾遺方論)", Yishintang(利腎湯) from "Hwangjesomunsonmyoungbanglon(黃帝素問宣明方論)". In "Dongyanguihakdaesajon", there's some treatment according to some reason; when we are lazy and don't know where is sick, use Haryoungmansudan(遐齡萬壽丹) or Shinsongijedan(神仙旣濟丹), When it is from Liquor, use Galhwahaedokdan(葛花解毒丹), When from humidity use Gamichulbutang(加味朮附湯), from cold use Ganghwalchunghwatang(羌活沖和湯), and when it comes from instable menstruation, it will be good Gamisoyosan(加味逍遙散). And treatment principle from "Uihakyimmun(醫學入門)" is that "Circulate Gi and blood, be thin skin, prescribe exogenous disease over for void organs."
A Study on the Combinations of Prescriptions in "Osibi-byeongbang . Jeobyeong(五十二病方 . 疽病)"
Kim, Do-Hoon ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 23~32
For the purpose of understanding the feature of earlier prescriptions before Jeonhan-era(前漢時期), we invastigated "Osibi-byeongbang Jeobyeong(五十二病方 疽病)" and come to the follwing conclusions. 1. Hwanggi and Baeglyeom were combined in many cases of prescriptions. And Warming and Heating herbs such as Gye(桂), Gang(薑), Cho(椒) are the main herbs in combination of the herbs and adjusting the portions. 2. Out of inspection of the Current prescriptions of Jeobyeong(疽病), we find that the remedies were very diverse at that time. There are the synthetic methods of expelling toxin from within the body method, elimination from within method, sweat-inducing method, replenish Eum and Heat-reducing method. 3. The principles of combinations of prescriotions in "Osibi-byeongbang Jeobyeong(五十二病方 疽病)"are simple and have obvious orientations in remedies.
A study on the application of Sanghallon prescription for febrile disease by Wu-Tang
Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 33~48
Before the advent of febrile disease theory, people had used Sanghallon's theory to cure febril disease. Therefore, Wu-Tang both suggested new prescription and used the former prescription of Sanghallon(傷寒論) in curing febrile disease. However, he didn't use the original prescription of Sanghallon and modified the quantity and ingredients properly. Through this process, the fault of Sanghallon was supplemented and the method of curing febrile disease was advanced. To research about this, it will be much easier to understand prescription of Sanghallon and even the treatments and views of Wu-Tang about febrile disease. In this study, I researched the way Wu-Tang applied prescription of Sanghallon, focusing on Decoction for Purgation, White Tiger Decoction, Decoction for Restoring Pulse which was used by Wu-Tang in various ways and applied in treatment of febrile disease.
Interpretation of Excess and Deficiency Syndromes(有餘不足證) Described in "Somun . Jogyongron(素問.調經論)"
Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 49~56
The "Somun Jogyongron(素問 調經論)" describes excess and deficiency syndromes. The study suggests that excess syndrome(實證) is caused by vigorous pathogenic fire(火邪)(the spirit(神)), pathogenic dryness(燥邪)(Gi(氣)), pathogenic wind(風邪)(blood(血)), pathogenic dampness(濕邪)(physique(形)) or pathogenic coldness(寒邪)(will(志)). When pathogenic fire is dominant within the body, Gi and blood becomes excessive and come out of the body, but the body cannot take them back, leading to the symptom in which the patient cannot stop laughing. When pathogenic dryness prevails, the lung(肺) cannot function properly. This means that the convergence(收斂) function of the clearing the lung and descending Gi(肅降) is deteriorated, and the patient shows symptoms of dyspnea and cough. Strong pathogenic wind increases the ascencling Gi in the liver(肝氣) and fuel angry emotion when the patient becomes upset. When pathogenic dampness is dominant, spleen(脾) function drops due to lumping effects, and the patient will experience abdominal distention(腹脹), which will disturb urination and defecation. When pathogenic coldness prevails, abdominal distention occurs due to condensating effects, and Yang Gj(陽氣) in the kidney(腎) is disturbed, leading to digestion disorders and eventually water-grain dysentery. Deficiency syndrome is caused by the lack of essential Gi(精氣) in the five viscera(五藏). Deficiency of sprit means the lack of Gi in the heart(心氣), so the patient becomes vulnerable to sadness. Deficiency of Gi means the lack of Gi in the lung(肺氣), so the patient may have breathing disorders. Deficiency of blood means the lack of Gi in the Liver(肝氣), so the patient can be easily scared. Deficiency of physique means the lack of Gi in the spleen(脾氣), making it difficult to use arms and legs. Deficiency of will means the lack of Gi in the kidney(腎氣), so Gowl syndrome(厥證) can ensue.
The Study on Three-portion and Nine-position Pulse Taking Diagnosis
Eom, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 57~65
This present study tried to observe an each feature that the difference of Neijing(內經) and Nanjing(難經) descriptions about the three-portion and nine-position pulse taking(三部九候脈). It was interpreted and contradistinguished that discrimination of position, diagnosis object, and the perceptions of Earth of the center among the Five Phase of each literature were described in Neijing and Nanjing for the three-portion and nine-position(三部九候). In Neijing, the three-portion and nine-position method divided three parts the whole body. Then the each three parts again divided with Heaven, Earth and Man(天地人). About the corresponding parts of pulse diagnosis, there mentioned for the head and the Zang-Fu organs(臟腑), but not mentioned for the hand and foot. In addition, Earth is assigned to the Earth(土), an each Earth accounted for the source of life. In Nanjing, three-portion divided Chon, Gwan, and Cheok(寸關尺) and each spots separated three stage of pulse taking. For the pulse taking spots and diagnosis, there mentioned the hand and foot instead of the unclear mention of Zang-Fu organs. Then Gwan spot and middle stage of pulse taking were assigned to the Earth, respectively. It was emphasized stomach Qi(胃氣) that the region of Earth, Gwan spot and middle stage among the pulse taking spots each literature were described in Neijing, Nanjing.
The Prescriptions of Enriching Blood and Nourishing Vital Essence (補陰血方劑) in "The Elimination & Supplement about The Famous Prescription Comments(刪補名醫方論)" of "The Golden Mirror of Medicine(醫宗金鑑)";focus on translation & comparative study with "The Famous Prescription Comments on Ancient and Modern Times (古今名醫方論)"
Kim, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Yong-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 67~77
Through the translation and comparative study of the enriching blood and nourishing vital essence(補陰血方劑) in "The Elimination & Supplement about the Famous Prescription Comments(刪補名醫方論)" of "The Golden Mirror of Medicine(醫宗金鑑)" with "The Famous Prescription Comments on Ancient and Modern Times(古今名醫方論)", we confirmed that about 50% of the sentences from "The Elimination & Supplement about the Famous Prescription Comments(刪補名醫方論)" were quoted in "The Famous Prescription Comments on Ancient and Modern Times(古今名醫方論)", and that many of the text were not quoted unchanged, but were revised and supplemented. In organization, the prescription with the fewer number of component drugs is given first, followed by that with more component drugs, and that with similar component drugs is explained subsequently to facilitate understanding. In the prescription notes, it is emphasized that when enriching blood, the invigorative method(補氣法) is very important and that cold or pungent herb should be very carefully used.
A Study of the History of Medical Administration in Qing(淸) Dynasty
Kim, Ki-Wook ; Park, Hyun-Kuk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 79~99
Basic summary of the medical administration : Due to Qing dynasty being the last of the dynastic era, it revealed overall extreme political traits in politics, economy, phenomenon, and cultural aspects. Few emperors of the early Qing dynasty adopted appeasement policy that mitigated ironies to a certain extent and showed growth in various business related fields. Even the medical administration had freshness during that period. United medical administrative system was generally formed, chicken pox was effectively prevented, shamanistic treatment was banned, medical journals were complied by the government, medical relief was more intensely done. However, actions on restoring Ming dynasty and against Qing dynasty as well as the reform power grew against Qing government threatening it. The drastically grown forces from the western region damaged Qing dynasty that the governors had to adopt despotic measures in politics, economy and culture. Social chaos began to arise, economy stagnated and weakened that the medical field also dwindled to the point where it could not be restored to the original point. The era of Qing dynasty was the period that had scientific culture at its fast growing pace, but for Chinese medicine, by contrary, due to autocracy and other factors, was faced with barriers in the medical development.
"주해상한론(註解傷寒論) 변태양병맥증병치법상제오(辨太陽病脈證幷治法上第五)"에 대(對)한 연구(硏究)
Kim, Jin-Ho ; Bang, Jeong-Gyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 101~120
A Study on the 'Zhe Zhong Pai'(折衷派) of the Traditional Medicine of Japan
Park, Hyun-Kuk ; Kim, Ki-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 121~141
The outline and characteristics of the important doctors of the 'Zhe Zhong Pai'(折衷派) are as follows. Part 1. In the late Edo(江戶) period The 'Zhe Zhong Pai', which tried to take the theory and clinical treatment of the 'Hou Shi Pai (後世派)' and the 'Gu Fang Pai (古方派)' and get their strong points to make treatments perfect, appeared. Their point was 'The main part is the art of the ancients, The latter prescriptions are to be used'(以古法爲主, 後世方爲用) and the "Shang Han Lun(傷寒論)" was revered for its treatments but in actual use it was not kept at that. As mentioned above The 'Zhe Zhong Pai ' viewed treatments as the base, which was the view of most doctors in the Edo period, However, the reason the 'Zhe Zhong Pai' is not valued as much as the 'Gu Fang Pai' by medical history books in Japan is because the 'Zhe Zhong Pai' does not have the substantiation or uniqueness of the 'Gu Fang Pai', and also because the view of 'gather as well as store up' was the same as the 'Kao Zheng Pai', Moreover, the 'compromise'(折衷) point of view was from taking in both Chinese and western medical knowledge systems(漢蘭折衷), Generally the pioneer of the 'Zhe Zhong Pai' is seen as Mochizuki Rokumon(望月鹿門) and after that was Fukui Futei(福井楓亭), Wadato Kaku(和田東郭), Yamada Seichin(山田正珍) and Taki Motohiro(多紀元簡), Part 2. The lives of Wada Tokaku(和田東郭), Nakagame Kinkei(中神琴溪), Nei Teng Xi Zhe(內藤希哲), the important doctors of the 'Zhe Zhong Pai', are as follows First. Wada Tokaku(和田東郭, 1743-1803) was born when the 'Hou Shi Pai' was already declining and the 'Gu Fang Pai' was flourishing and learned medicine from a 'Hou Shi Pai' doctor, Hu Tian Xu Shan(戶田旭山) and a 'Gu Fang Pai' doctor, Yoshimasu Todo(吉益東洞). He was not hindered by 'the old ways(古方), and did not lean towards 'the new ways(後世方)' and formed a way of compromise that 'looked at hardness and softness as the same'(剛柔相摩) by setting 'the cure of the disease' as the base, and said that to cure diseases 'the old way' must be used, but 'the new way' was necessary to supplement its shortcomings. His works include "Dao Shui Suo Yan", "Jiao Chiang Fang Yi Je" and "Yi Xue Sho(醫學說)" Second. Nakagame Kinkei(中神琴溪, 1744-1833) was famous for leaving Yoshirnasu Todo(吉益東洞) and changing to the 'Zhe Zhong Pai', and in his early years used qing fen(輕粉) to cure geisha(妓女) of syphilis. His argument was "the "Shang Han Lun" must be revered but needs to be adapted", "Zhong jing can be made into a follower but I cannot become his follower", "the later medical texts such as "Ru Men Shi Qin(儒門事親)" should only be used for its prescriptions and not its theories". His works include "Shang Han Lun Yue Yan(傷寒論約言) Third. Nei Teng Xi Zhe(內藤希哲, 1701-1735) learned medicine from Qing Shui Xian Sheng(淸水先生) and went out to Edo. In his book "Yi Jing Jie Huo Lun(醫經解惑論)" he tells of how he went from 'learning'(學) to 'skepticism'(惑) and how skepticism made him learn in 'the six skepticisms'(六惑). In the latter years Xi Zhe(希哲) combines the "Shen Nong Ben Cao jing(神農本草經)", the main text for herbal medicine, "Ming Tang jing(明堂經)" of accupuncture, basic theory texts "Huang Dui Nei jing(黃帝內徑)" and "Nan jing(難經)" with the "Shang Han Za Bing Lun", a book that the 'Gu Fang Pai' saw as opposing to the rest, and became 'an expert of five scriptures'(五經一貫). Part 3. Asada Showhaku(淺田宗伯, 1815-1894) started medicine at Zhong Cun Zhong(中村中倧) and learned 'the old way'(古方) from Yoshirnasu Todo and got experience through Chuan Yue(川越) and Fu jing(福井) and received teachings in texts, history and Wang Yangmin's principles(陽明學) from famous teachers. Showhaku(宗伯) meets a medical official of the makufu(幕府), Ben Kang Zong Yuan(本康宗圓), and recieves help from the 3 great doctors of the Edo period, Taki Motokato(多紀元堅), Xiao Dao Xue GU(小島學古) and Xi Duo Cun Kao Chuang and further develops his arts. At 47 he diagnoses the general Jia Mao(家茂) with 'heart failure from beriberi'(脚氣衝心) and becomes a Zheng Shi(徵I), at 51 he cures a minister from France and received a present from Napoleon, at 65 he becomes the court physician and saves Ming Gong(明宮) jia Ren Qn Wang(嘉仁親王, later the 大正犬皇) from bodily convulsions and becomes 'the vassal of merit who saved the national polity(國體)' At the 7th year of the Meiji(明治) he becomes the 2nd owner of Wen Zhi She(溫知社) and takes part in the 'kampo continuation movement'. In his latter years he saw 14000 patients a year, so we can estimate the quality and quantity of his clinical skills Showhaku(宗伯) wrote over 80 books including the "Ju Chuang Shu Ying(橘窓書影)", "WU Wu Yao Shi Fang Han(勿誤藥室方函)", "Shang Han Biang Shu(傷寒辨術)", "jing Qi Shen Lun(精氣神論)", "Hunag Guo Ming Yi Chuan(皇國名醫傳)" and the "Xian Jhe Yi Hua(先哲醫話)". Especially in the "Ju Chuang Shu Ying(橘窓書影)" he says "the old theories are the main, and the new prescriptions are to be used"(以古法爲主, 後世方爲用), stating the 'Zhe Zhong Pai' way of thinking. In the first volume of "Shung Han Biang Shu(傷寒辨術) and "Za Bing Lun Shi(雜病論識)", 'Zong Ping'(總評), He discerns the parts that are not Zhang Zhong Jing's writings and emphasizes his theories and practical uses.
"금궤요략심전.혈비허노병맥증병치제육(血痺虛勞病脈證幷治第六)"에 대한 번역연구
Lee, Seon-Ran ; Lee, Yong-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 20, issue 3, 2007, Pages 143~157