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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 21, Issue 2 - May 2008
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The Medical Study about the Development of Pediatrics for Song(宋) Dynasty
Park, Hyun-Kuk ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Yi, Yeong-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 1~20
The Song Dynasty(宋代) period gained the summit in the developmental phase of the history in pediatrics. In 1076, Taeuiguk(太醫局) was founded and Sobangmaek(小方脈) was the one of nine branch in Taeuiguk(太醫局). As a result, educational agency and system was arranged in the field of pediatrics. At the same time, pediatrics have furnished with foundation to develop independent field in medical science. Especially, Byeonjeungnonchi(辦證論治) system is established in pediatrics science according to the compilation of "Soayakjeungjikgyeol(小兒藥證直訣)" by Jeoneul(錢乙). Children's doctors, Jeoneul(錢乙), Jinmunjung(陳文中) and Donggeup(董汲) arranged clinically theories, so they made that age the peak of the pediatrics. Looking at the developmental part of theory in pediatrics of the Song Dynasty period, Jeoneul(錢乙), who was the representative children's doctor in Song Dynasty period, insisted that children had formed Ojang-yukbu(五臟六腑) in the physiological part but they were not perfect like adult's. Therefore they had to consider the poor part in children's body, and then they had to cure them. 'Byeonjeung(變蒸)' was considered to be normal physiological phenomenon. Also he insisted that Yukeum(六淫), 'Pung, Han, Seo, Seup, Jo, Hwa(風, 寒, 暑, 濕, 燥, 火)' and 'Gyeong, Pung, Gon, Cheon, Heo(驚, 風, 困, 喘, 虛)' are the main cause of the children's five vital organ's pathology Like this, his academic thought, which lay emphasized on children's spleen and stomach and Ojangbyeonjeung(五臟辦證) main principles, affected on doctors, Donggeup(董汲), Yeomhyochung(閣孝忠), Yubang(劉肪), Jang-wonso(張元素), Idong-won(李東垣), Manjeon(萬全). Bangje(方劑) fields of pediatrics had developed so fast and "Taepyeongsunghyebang(太平聖惠方)" contained about 2689 kinds of children's prescription. According to this, there are so many kinds of medicinal shape, for example 'Hwan, San, Go, Dan(丸, 散, 膏, 丹)', which cured children' s disease. Through this, we find that the shape of medicine about the children's diseases had developed to the more simple direction, taking account of the children's clinical trait.
Translational Study for "Treatise on Bundon Disease in Chapter 8 of the Essence of the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber"
Li, Xian-Lan ; Lee, Yong-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 21~28
After translating the contents of "Treatise on Bundon Disease in Chapter 8 of the Essence of the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" and it was compared with the contents of "The Lecture of Synopsis of Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber" and speculated to review the characteristics of the comments of Ui(尤怡) and the following conclusions were made. As the causes of bundon(奔豚) disease, which means gas rushing like a running piggy from the lower abdomen to the throat, they could be categorized into the cases belongs to miscellaneous diseases (雜病) and into the cases of suffering from cold diseases(傷寒). If it was diagnosed as miscellaneous disease, terror and fear(驚恐) could be regarded as its cause and if it was diagnosed as cold disease, insufficiency of heart Gi(心氣) due to the excessive sweating and the invasion of exterior coldness could be regarded as its cause. As the pathogenesis of this disease, the pathogenic factors of liver and kidney could be found. Since the liver and Soyang meridian(少陽經) are subjected to the exterior and interior relation in case of the pathogenic factor of liver, alternate attacks of chills and fever(寒熱往來) could be characteristic for the disease. If this disease was caused by the pathogenic factor of kidney, there are two cases. One is the palpitation under the umbilicus(欲作奔豚: 臍下動悸) developed by the lack of heart Gi(心氣) and the other is gas rushing like a running piggy from the lower abdomen to the throat which could be developed by the exterior cold disease which invade into the interior and reach into the kidney when the heart Gi(心氣) was insufficient. In its treatment, bundon disease caused by the pathogenic factor of liver could be treated with Bundontang(奔豚湯), and the understanding of Ui(尤怡) on Pinellia ternata Breitenbach(半夏) having the effect of perspiration in the prescription is quite unique concept. In case of bundon disease caused by the pathogenic factor of kidney, treatment is focused to treat exterior coldness by applying moxibustion(灸) and Gyejigagyetang(桂技加桂湯), and in case of the palpitation under the umbilicus(欲作奔豚: 臍下動悸), its pathogenic factor of kidney is controlled with Cinnamomum louerii Nees(桂技), Polia cocos Walf and the spleen Gi(脾氣) is cared by using Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer et. De Candolle(甘草) and Zizyphus jujuba Mill(大棗). Especially, Ui(尤怡) emphasized Cinnamomum louerii Nees(桂技) as the medication to treat the pathogenic factor of kidney.
On Estimation of Indication, Property and Processing of Rhus Verniciflua Stokes
Eom, Seok-Ki ; Kim, Kyung-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 29~37
Based on 11 Classics of Materia Medica designated by Ministry of health and welfare bulletin 1995-15 as legal basis in scope and preparation of herbal prescription, we reviewed indication, property and processing of Rhus Verniciflua Stokes which appear extensively in literature since earlier Joseon Dynasty. Following is the conclusion of this review after comparing with 'Korean Pharmacopoeia: commentary on herbal product standard'. 1. The properties of Rhus Verniciflua Stokes in 'Korean Pharmacopoeia :commentary on herbal product standard' should be changed as 'Tonifying the middle, restoring the muscle, fulfilling marrow, breaking old static blood, tonifying and activating after removing mass, unblocking the meridian, killing worms' and indication should be changed as 'Old static blood, deep rooted mass, wind-cold-dampness arthralgia, cough, 9 types of chest pain, abdominal or flank accumulation of stagnated qi[氣], amenorrhea, hernia mass, small bowel or bladder colic pain, abdominal pain due to worm accumulation'. 2. The processing of Rhus Verniciflua Stokes in 'Korean Pharmacopoeia: commentary on herbal product standard' should include 'natural drying or steaming drying followed by grinding and stir-baking until ripened or smoking appears'.
Disease Recognition of Tumor, Bump or Mass until Han Dynasty
Eom, Seok-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 39~47
After reviewing literatures of Han dynasty or earlier that recognize tumor, bump or mass, we concluded as follows. The recognition or study on tumor, bump or mass started at least Seoju(西周) Dynasty or earlier, and academic system was developed since earlier Han Dynasty(漢代). Until Han Dynasty, main characters that recognize Tumor, bump or mass include Jong(腫), Yang(瘍), Yu(瘤), Yeong, Chang (瘡), Ong(癰), Jeo(疽), Jeok(積), Chwi(聚), Byeok(癖), Jing, and Ga, Hyeon that firstly appeared in Southern and Northern Dynasties(南北朝), and Am(癌) that firstly appeared in Song Dynasty[宋代] can also be considered as significant characters. The main perception of cancer(腫瘍) until Han Dynasty was started by understanding the concept of the word Yu(瘤) and developed through visual, tactile sensation and symptom observation of following 2 categories, One is tumor, btm1p or mass which is expressed in outer body like Yeong, Jong(腫), Chang(瘡), Yang(瘍), Ong(癰), and Jeo(疽), The other is tumor, bump or mass which is expressed internally like Jeok(積), Chwi(聚), Byeok (癖), Jing, and Ga.
Estimation Study of the herbal formula's effects by the compositional herbal effects (Guideline of the herbal effects intensity)
Oh, Yong-Taek ; Kim, Sang-Chan ; Lee, Byung-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 49~57
Objective : To overcome the limit which is unaware of the herbal effects intensity of Traditional study based on "Yakdaeron(藥對論)", classification methods based on the curative effects, we aimed to express the herbal formula's effects numerically, compare one herbal formula with other herbal formulas and calculate the herbal effects and the herbal effects intensity by using conception, weight of the herbal effects. Method : We calculated the herbal effects through the proportion of each herbal quantity to whole quantity of the herbal formula and weight of the herbal effects through frequency and quantity in use on specific herbal effects field and the other herbal effects fields. We applied the weight of the herbal effects to calculating the herbal effects through the proportion of each herbal quantity to whole quantity of the herbal formula. Results : We expressed the herbal formula's effects numerically. By giving weight to the herbal effects, we found that 3-4 major effects among 4-5 major effects are ranked in 5th.
Comparison reference books and details on text of Yukgyeong(六輕) in Uihakyimmun.Sanghanpyeon(醫學入門.傷寒篇)
Kim, Kyeong-Suk ; Jo, Hak-Jun ; Kim, Jeung-Beum ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 59~85
On the text of Yukgyeong(六經) in "Sanghanpyeon(傷寒篇) in Uihakyimmun(醫學入門)", we got some conclusion like below, and the study was mainly referred to "Hwangjenaegyoungju(黃帝內經注)" written by Wangbing(王氷), "Juhaesanghanron(注解傷寒論)", "Sanghanrye(傷寒例)" by Seongmugi(成無己), "Namyanghwalinseo(南陽活人書)", "Sanghanbaekmun(傷寒百問)" by Jugoeng(朱肱), "Sanghanbaekjeungga(傷寒百證歌)" by Heosukmi(許叔微), and "Injejikji(仁齊直指)" by Yangsayeong(楊士瀛). 'Gyeong(經)' quoted in "Sanghanpyeon(傷寒篇) in Uihakyimmun(醫學入門)" meant not only quoted from "Naegyoung(內經)", but "Sanghanron(傷寒論)" by Jangjunggyeong(張仲景). All the symptoms of Yukgyeong(六經) was sorted on the basis of "Juhaesanghanron(注解傷寒論)", and we can find the symptoms of Soyang(少陽) in the editing of Taeyangbyoung(太陽病), also symptoms of Taeeum(太陰) in Yangmyeongbyoung(陽明病). On the changing order of Yukgyeong(六經), "Jeungjuryujeunghwalinseo(增注類證活人書)" explained it through conflict of five stage, but "Uihakimmun(醫學入門)" interpreted it with proper and inverse condition of main stream of Yukgi(六氣).
Study of gwol(厥) and gwoleumbyeong(厥陰病) from "Sanghanron (傷寒論)"
Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 87~99
From pathological view, Gwoleumbyeong(厥陰病) may be explained as extreme reduction of Gwoleumgyeonggi(厥陰經氣) due to immoderate Wihan(胃寒). Also, concerning regions of human body, Gwoleumbyeong has close relation to lower abdomen and genital, which are the origins of Gwoleum meridian[厥陰經]. Therefore, it is appropriate that the nature of Gwoleumbyeong be described as Hangeukyangul(寒極陽鬱), rather than Sangyeolhahan(上熱下寒), Hanyeolchakjap(寒熱錯雜). Sangyeolhahan, Hanyeolchakjap does not represent Gwoleumbyeong to the full extent, in a sense that the term views Hanyeol(寒熱) as two equal rank, whereas pathogenesis of Gwoleumbyeong depends on the sole extremity of Wihan(胃寒). The reason that the nature of sanghallon(傷寒論) be regarded as Sangyeolhahan, Hanyeolchakjap has been lying on the presupposition that whole symptoms of Hangwol (寒厥), Yeolgwol(熱厥), diarrhea[下利], vomiting[嘔吐] and hiccup, from "Gwoleumpyeon(厥陰篇)",may be categorized into Gwoleumbyeong. However, the symptoms described above do not show Gihwa(氣化) characteristic of Gwoleum(厥陰) and follow the regional distribution of Gwoleumbyeong, from which it can be pointed that those symptoms have no relation with Gwoleumbyeong. Ever since the theory of Yukgigihwa(六氣氣化) was used to comprehend and interpret "Sanghallon", Gwoleumbyeong has been thought as equivalence of Gwol(厥), which led to misunderstanding of Sangyeolhahan, Hanyeolchakjap. However, Gwoleumbyeong from "Sanghallon" has been argued in specific, through the historical practice of Sanghan(傷寒) as pathogen, particular state of meridian and correlation of meridian and Byeongjeung(病證).
A Study on the Gu-chim(九鍼) and Guan-chim(官鍼) of "Hwangje-Naegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Baik, You-Sang ; Kim, Do-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 101~112
Generally, we regard the concept of Guchim(九鍼) in "Naegyeong(內經)" as the a generic term of acupuncture means of nine kinds of forms and usages. However, it also contains the meaning of methods and transcriptures of acupuncture. The diversity of Guchim reflects that it has a high level diagnosis and treatment based on overall analysis of symptoms and signs. And among the treatments, reinforcing and reducing methods are prominent. The treatments of reinforcing and reducing methods, usually use Hochim(毫鍼), the filiform needle. The focus of Guchim, in reinforcing and reducing of Gi(氣), is reinforcing and reducing by way of drainage of Gi. And it mainly deals with diseases of Gi. From the research of the philosophic background of the number Nine in Chinese philosophy, number nine symbolizes the posterior and space, as number one symbolizes apriority and time. In this circumstances, Guchim became the supreme method of acupuncture. The concept of Gwanchim(官鍼), standardized needle in "Naegyeong" also expresses the Guchim as theory and skill in standardized traditional medicine. The period of materialization of Guchim and Gwanchim lies in from the era of Jeonguk[戰國時代, the age of civil wars] to Han dyansty[漢代], when the "Naegyeong" made a synthesis of the medicine in those days, as the society unified politically and ideologically. In this process, Guchim was sublimated in method of acupuncture which contained absolute authority.
A Study on 'Idea of Uimul' (宜物思想) in "Hwangjenaikyung(黃帝內經)"
Park, Choul ; Kim, Soo-Joong ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 113~124
The main characteristic of 'Idea of Uimul(宜物思想)' lies in specifically laying down rules on the subject of thought, and creating correlated measures and ways based on those grounds. Thus, 'Ui(宜)' emphasizes the pertinence of the measures and ways. By making a detailed analysis, the importance of 'Mul(物)', the subject of thought, the perception of it, the human reaction to it, and the specific principle of the action, can be seen. Ancient Chinese considered Heaven and Earth the largest frame of perception, and perceived all things through it. Heaven and Earth was differentiated from 'Gi'(氣), and the Gi of Heaven and the Gi of Earth interacted with one another in endless motion. "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" considered nature and all things in it through this ideology of 'Correspondence between Heaven and Humanity(天人相應)'. It considered humans to be born from the Gi of Heaven and Earth and to associate with one another under the influence of the Gi of Heaven and Earth. Therefore, in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", the ideology of 'Correspondence between Heaven and Humanity(天人相應)' is the fundamental frame of Idea of Uimul(宜物思想). On the other hand, the Ui(宜) in Idea of Uimul(宜物思想) indicates the pertinent measures and ways towards a subject, that is, humans acting appropriately according to the laws of Heaven and Earth inside the ideology of 'Correspondence between Heaven and Humanity(天人相應)'. Humans are affected by nature and adapt to it, but they also recognize the laws of nature and strive to wholly protect the human life by versatilely taking adequate measures against the numerous changes of nature.
A translation study on the first volume of Uihakdokseogi"(醫學讀書記)"(II)
Im, E-Bin ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 125~143
Ujaegyeong(尤在涇) is a doctor of the Cheong Dynasty[淸代], whose works include "Geumgweyoryaksimjeon", "Shanghangwanjujip(傷寒貫珠集)", and "Uihakdokseogi(醫學讀書記)". Much research has been done on "Geumgweyoryaksimjeon" and "Shanghangwanjujip", but "Uihakdokseogi" has seen relatively little interest. This study aims to translate the first volume of "Uihakdokseogi" and compare the work with other literature in order to gain a better understanding of Ujaegyeong(尤在涇)'s medical theories and to review the viability of the said theories in practice. "Uihakdokseogi" is a casual work which mentions U's thoughts on various problems found through extensive studying or in practice. The book does not focus on a single topic. Thus, the spectrum of the work is broad and is filled with problems which would interest most medical professionals.
A study on the application of Sanghanron prescription by Odang
Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 145~150
In this study, we investigated how prescriptions from "Sanghallon(傷寒論)", such as Oryeongsan(五笭散), Banhasasimtang(半夏瀉心湯), Dohaekseunggitang(桃核承氣湯), Jukyeopseokgotang(竹葉石膏湯), were applicated in Onbyeongjobyeon(溫病條辦). When applying prescriptions from "Sanghallon" onto Onbyeong(溫病), Odang had replaced warm, dry herbs with cool herbs which generate body fluid, considering general characteristics of onbyeong that may easily dry up and injure body fluid. In the case of Seuponbyeong(濕溫病), however, warm, dry herbs were also used, as well. Odang did not persist in the general characteristic of onbyeong, but composed prescriptions only based on pathological condition. From this, one can point out his precise thinking of Byeonjeung(辯證), and pragmatic nature of his study.
A study on fundamental basis of four-constitution medicine from the principle of Yeokgyeong
Kim, Yeong-Mok ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 151~172
This study searched fundamental basis of four-constitution medicine from the principle of "Yeokgyeong(易經)" that is scientific foundations of Dongmu(東武) Ijema(李濟馬)'s four-constitution medicine based on system of "Yeokgyeong(易經)" and looked into the principle of our-constitution medicine ontologically. That is to say, the translation of five phase(五行) that represented in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" regulated that substance of five phase is spleen-earth(脾土). But four-constitution medicine mentions the substance as heart-earth(心土) in place of spleen-earth. Because of it's standpoint, the differences on meanings between spleen-earth and heart-earth on the substance of five-phase becomes motive to interpret scientific system of four-constitution medicine fundamental wrongly. For that reason, the research of this title is needed. The results was summarized as follows. First, in ontological view point of structure of four-constitution, five phase is substance and phenomenon, in other words it includes earth of unrevealed substance and wood, fire, metal and water of self-manifestation of existence. Second, in axiological view point, the four-constitution represent principles and contents of four virtues of human nature. And so the innate four virtues ontologically based on four-constitution of heaven. Therefore a human being is endowed innately benevolence, courtesy, justice, intelligence of four virtues. Third, the concept of greater and lesser of Eum(陰, yin) and Yang(陽, yang) in Dongmu(東武)'s four-constitution medicine is four-constitution in "Yeokgyeong(易經)". Greater principle(太極) and four-constitution is a relation of substance and phenomenon. Fourth, the origin and structure of four-constitution medicine includes the structure and principle of natural philosophical Eumyang and four-constitution, the human-centric theory and sciences of human nature and natural laws and medical experience of traditional oriental medicine and medical principle.
A Comparative Study on the Concepts of the Chuna(推拿)
Park, Jong-Min ; Shin, Sang-Woo ; Park, Jong-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 173~191
The Chuna(推拿) in Korea has been developed since 1990's. Korean Chuna which is the only one manual therapy done by medical doctor is riched by absorbing other nation's manual therapy like Chinese Tuina(中國推拿) and Chiropractic therapy of U.S.A. So, We find that Korean Chuna's peculiarity and development by comparing Chinese Tuina, Chiropractic of U.S.A and Japanese manual therapy which influenced establishment of Korean Chuna. We compared each manual therapy's history, development, diagnosis, correction and treatment of human body, frequently contacting disease and medical service of the present state. Korean Chuna has absorbed other nation's manual therapy and advantage of preserving muscle-skeleton and spinal disorder disease. But, for more prosperity, it needs union of various conception and diagnosis and more research and application to more various disease, for example in internal medicine, gynecology or pediatry and founding system as regular academic work inside the college the possibility which objection and it will practice more completeness. And as one of specialty apprentice doctor subject inside the hospital, the possibility of raising a quality improvement of study and research environment.
"유문사친(儒門事親)"의 '토법(吐法)'에 관한 연구
Kim, Gi-Uk ; Park, Hyeon-Guk ; Kim, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 21, issue 2, 2008, Pages 193~200