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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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A Study on Gi(氣) Conversion in "Somun(素問).Eumyang-eungsangdaeron(陰陽應象大論)"
Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~14
In this study, we try to solve some issues of Gi(氣) conversion in "Somun(素問) Eumyang-eungsangdaeron(陰陽應象大論)", through comparison of related annotations. Through this analysis we can again review the cognition of movement and changes of Gi(氣), one of the most important aspects in Oriental medicine, so to have a chance to criticize a view of the world in western science, excessively leaned to material viewpoint. In the process of Gi conversion, the creation of Jeong(精), one of the most essential elements, is the last goal, but physical element for example Mi(味, taste) or Hyeong(形, shape) could not be directly converted to Jeong(精) without Gihwa(氣化, vaporization) and circulation of Gi(氣). And who controls conversion to Jeong(精) is human spirit, that joins with Jeonggi(精氣), it has been kept in and come from Jeong(精). That spirit based on Jeong manages the whole process of Gi conversion.
A Study on the Sunya Theory(宣夜說) in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Eun, Seok-Min ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 15~26
Seonya theory(宣夜說) was one of the most important metagalaxy model in the ancient times. Unlike the other important metagalaxy model, it had the concept that the sky is not in the solid state but is just the infinite space which is full of gi(氣). But Seonya theory, though it had partially the superb academic thought, it had gradually become the forgotten thing among scholars in the ancient times. Since then, once forgotten Seonya theory was reconstructed again in Song(宋) dynasty, and Jangjae(張載) did the main role at that time. In the historical sequence like this, we need to take notice of one thing that "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" had worked on Jangjae as the origin of his sunya theory. So we also need to take notice of one thing that "Hwangjenaegyeong" is just a rare document that comprises the academic thought of Seonya theory which had once been forgotten in ancient times. Based on the historical situation like this, this study is focused on the idea that the discuss on the Jangjae's Seonya theory would be a good way to think of the cosmic theory of "Hwangjenaegyeong" and the theoretical thought derived from them. So this study will first look into the academic characteristics of Seonya theory of ancient times and of "Hwangjenaegyeong" and through the study on the academic characteristics of Jangjae(張載)'s Seonya theory, will also think of the significance of the thought of Jangjae's Seonya theory that would be some help to the research on "Hwangjenaegyeong".
A study on The Assignment of Jangbu(臟腑) to Chon.Gwan.Cheok(寸.關.尺) in "Maekyojeongmiron(脈要精微論)"
Yang, Kwang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 27~34
In "Maekyojeongmiron(脈要精微論)", Jangbu(臟腑) is assigned to Chon.Gwan.Cheok(寸關尺) in according to the position. Kidney[腎] is assigned to the backward area of Cheok. Abdominal cavity[腹中] is assigned to the middle area of Cheok. Hypochondrium[季脇] is assigned to the forward area of Cheok. Liver[肝] is assigned to the backward area of left Gwan. Diaphragm[鬲] is assigned to the forward area of left Gwan. Stomach[胃] is assigned to the backward area of right Gwan. Spleen[脾] is assigned to the forward area of right Gwan. Heart[心] is assigned to the backward area of left Chon. Central part of the chest[膻中] is assigned to the forward area of left Chon. Lung[肺] is assigned to the backward area of right Chon. Thoracic cavity[胸中] is assigned to the forward area of right Chon. This method of assignment is simple and useful in clinic.
A Study of Acupuncture Documentary Characteristics of "Chimgugapelgyeong(鍼灸甲乙經)"
Kim, Jung-Ho ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Park, Hyun-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 35~59
The acupuncture documentary characteristics of the "Chimgugapeulgyeong" can be summarized into 7 parts such as the following. 1. After Imeok(林億)'s revised edition of the "Gapeulgyeong(甲乙經)" was printed during the Song dynasty, there were no reprints during the Southern Song, Geum(金) and Won(元) eras, and the first printed edition that remains today is the 'Uihakyukgyeong edition[醫學六經本]' published by Omyeonhak(吳勉學) during the Mallyeok(萬曆) era of the Myeong(明) dynasty. This publication was put into the "Uitongjeongmaek(醫統正脈)" collection in the 29th year of the Manlleok(萬曆) era(1601). Most of the remaining copies have been restored during the Cheong dynasty at bookstores, and we can see that much was restored because of damage and missing characters. Also, the 'Namgyeokcho edition[藍格抄本]' and 'Yukgyeong edition[六經本]' of the Myeong dynasty do not come from the same original document, which allows the correction of the former in many places. However, this edition was not copied well, so the order of contents is different, and there are many mistakes. The 'Sagojeonseo edition[四庫全書本]' and the 'Gajeong edition[嘉靖本]', which Yeounsu(余云岫) quoted from, coincide with each other, making them worth much reference. So, the "Gapeulgyeong" and 'Yukgyeong edition' should be seen as the original, with the 'Myeongcho edition[明抄本]' as the main revision, and the 'Sago edition[四庫本]' as a reference edition. The so-called 'Chojeongtong edition(鈔正統本)' has many problems and marks of forgery, so therefore cannot be used in revising the "Gapeulgyeong" through comparison. 2. The table of contents[序例] in the front of the current edition was in the original edition and was not added by Imeok. The structure of sentences quoted by medical books before the Song dynasty coincide with this 'table of contents'. The "Gapeulgyeong" of the Song dynasty also coincide with the 'table of contents' but the edition remaining differs much from this 'table of contents' so it was edited or erased by people from future generations, especially after the Song dynasty. 3. The remaining edition of "Gapeulgyeong" consists of at least 4 parts. The original edited by Hwangbomil(皇甫謐), annotations added by medicinal practitioners before the Song dynasty, Imeok's revisionary annotations during the Song dynasty, and annotations after the Song dynasty. 4. Expressions such as 'Somun says[素問曰]' 'Gugwon says[九卷曰]' and explanatory annotations like 'Hae says[解曰]' are old writings from the original text and were not added by someone later. 5. Almost all of the 'Double lined small letter annotations[雙行小字注文]' of the 'Yukgyoeng edition' was by people during the Song dynasty. 6. There are many omitted and wrong letters in the remaining edition and there are also many places where future generations edited and supplemented the text. The table of contents differ greatly from the original text. 7. The medical books that quote "Gapeulgyeong" a lot are "Cheongeumyobang(千金要方)", "Oedaebiyobang(外臺秘要方)", "Seongjaechongrok(聖濟總錄)", "Chimgujasaenggyeong(鍼灸資生經)", "Yuyusinseo(幼幼新書)", and "Uihakgangmok(醫學綱目)" and such. However, the method used in using the text differs between the medical books, so the quotation from the same book comes from a quotation used by a doctor from a different era in one("Cheongeumyobang"), or the quotation was taken from each medical book("Chimgujasaenggyeong") or the quotation was all taken from another book("Yuyusinseo"). The reason we need to know about this problem properly is because we must use medical books that quote the original text of the "Gapeulgyeong" when we are looking for text that we can use to revise through comparison.
A Discussion on the Controversy of Relation between the Five Changes theory(五行論) and the Five Viscera from "Geummun-Sangseo(今文尙書)" and "Gomun-Sangseo(古文尙書)"
Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 61~70
The five viscera[五藏], one of the key concepts from Traditional Oriental Medicine in understanding the nature of human body, endows the characteristic of five phases[五行] on the five representative organs, based on the five phases theory[五行論]. Although the theory from "Geummun-Sangseo(今文尙書)" which states the order of 'liver-mok[肝木] heart-hwa[心火] pancreas-to[脾土] lung-geum[肺金] kidney-su[腎水]' is now widely approved by present-day academics concerning arrangement of five changes and the five viscera, there are some other less-known theories of arrangement. "Gomun-Sangseo[古文尙書]" had suggested the order of 'pancreas-mok[脾木] lung-hwa[肺火] heart-to[心土] liver-geum[肝金] kidney-su[腎水]', which was never practiced, and "Dong-uisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)" of Ijema(李濟馬) expressed the theory of 'lung-mok[肺木] pancreas-hwa[脾火] heart-to[心土] liver-geum[肝金] kidney-su[腎水]'.
A Study on the Principles of Regional Perspirations
Lyu, Jeong-Ah ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 71~85
For having good therapeutic value, putting the ideal of diagnosis and treatment based on overall analysis of symptoms and signs[辨證施治] into practice is very important, so the Eastern Medicine's peculiar diagnosis without interference by the western medical diagnosis is very important. The peculiar method of Eastern Medicine's diagnosis is four methods of diagnosis(四診法), a joint term for inspection, auscultation and olfaction, interrogation, pulse feeling and palpation. In the process of interrogation[問診], from analyzing the perspiration phase, doctor can get various physical information. Especially perspiration from particular region can be a clue for founding focus or cause of disease. This thesis divide the phase of perspiration into eight bodily region, perspiration from all body, head, face, back, chest and armpit, stomach, pubic region and lower part, hands and feet, and inquire the possible causes and principles of these perspirations. In conclusion, the regional perspiration can be a clue point out the origin of fever and condition of Gi(氣) flow. Perspiration from head, back, chest and armpit, hands and feet means that certain fever cannot extend to the outside of body, and at the same time, means the Gi(氣) flow of outside is being intercepted. So the perspirations from that region become an object of medical treatment.
A Study on Zhang Zhong-Jing's Ideology of Health Cultivation by Protecting Yang Analyzed from the Usage of Guizhi in Treatise on Cold Damage
Liu, Chung-Yuan ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 87~91
"Treatise on cold damage and miscellaneous disease" is a ancient formula records on keeping in good health, provided "Internal classic" is a ancient codes on keep in good health. It can be inferred that Zhang Zhongjing was a first inheritor of academic ideology from "formula followed by establishment of the therapeutic principles". Before writing and compiling the "Treatise on cold damage and miscellaneous disease", Zhang zhongjing got the essence of "Internal classic" after composing and utilizing "Plain Questions", "Miraculous pivot and classic of difficult issues", so all the theory foundations of "Treatise on cold damage and miscellaneous disease" came from "Internal classic". The keynote of internal classic lies in obeying the Yin and Yang in natural world and preserving and maintaining the yang-qi of human body to attain the longest life-span. Zhang assimilated the essence of "Internal classic" and then generated a new ideological system - "Treatise on cold damage and miscellaneous disease" when studying it. This article is to expound ideology inheritance of keeping in good health by protecting Yang in "Internal classic" from analyzing the usage of Guizhi in "treatise on cold damage diseases".
A Study on the Documentary Characteristics of "Chimgyeongjinam(鍼經指南)", "Chimguokryonggyeong(鍼灸玉龍經)" on Acupuncture and Moxibustion
Kim, Sung-Chul ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Park, Hyun-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 93~102
During the Geum and Won dynasties, the documentary characteristics of "Chimgyeongjinam","Chimguokryonggyeong" can be summarized into the following. 1. "Chimgyeongjinam" 1) "Chimgyeongjinam" is an acupuncture and moxibustion anthology by the acupuncture expert of the Geum and Won dynasties, Duhangyeong(竇漢卿) which was edited and revised by Dugyebang and is a kind of "Chimgusaseo(鍼灸四書)" that was printed in the Huanggyeong Imja year of the Won dynasty(1312). 2. This book was printed as a kind of "Chimgusaseo" and the origins of the editions are as such. The entire text of "Chimgusaseo" originates from the Won edition[元刊本] of "Chimgyeongjinam". 3. This book has all the 12 acupuncture and moxibustion dissertations by Du. 4. Most of the contents of Du's works in this book are collections from older medical books like "Jaoyujuchimgyeong(子午流注鍼經)","Donginsuhyeolchimgudogyeong(銅人腧穴鍼灸圖經)","Yujupalhyeol(流注八穴)","Naegyeong(內經)". 5. Duhangyeong's works on acupuncture and moxibustion were mostly collected by later generations and reflected in books on Du's acupuncture methods. dynasty. 2. "Chimguokryonggyeong" 1) The full title of "Chimguokryonggyeong" is "Pyeonjaksineungchimguokryonggyeong(扁鵲神應鍼灸玉龍經)" and it was edited by Wanggukseo(王國瑞) in the Won dynasty. 2) This book was written before 1290 and there is the '"Munyeongaksagojeonseo(文淵閣四庫全書)" edition' which was pretty much spread around much. 3) The main part of this book is the 'Okryongga(玉龍歌)' and it's annotations. 4) The main contents of this book is a record of the acupuncture techniques of the acupuncture master of the Won dynasty, Duhangyeong.
Interpretation of Eum-Yang' Deficiency, Excess and Exuberance which was described in "Somun.Jogyeongron(素問.調經論)"
Kim, Sun-Hyung ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 103~109
It was described in "Somun Jogyeongron" that Eum(Yin)-Yang' deficiency, excess and exuberance. According to "Somun Jogyeongron", It was known that the syndrome of Yang deficiency and exuberance is belong to external contraction, Eum deficiency and exuberance is belong to internal damage. The syndrome of Yang deficiency is belong to Gyejitang[contraction of wind] which constitutional weakness as the main etiological factor of deficiency conditions. The syndrome of Yang exuberance is belong to Mahwangtang[cold damage] which constitutional strong as the main etiological factor of exuberance conditions. Eum deficiency is so dysfunction of the spleen and stomach that Eum fluid and essence is not engender, distributed. So the dysfunction of spleen and stomach makes dampness-heat obstruction and then makes Internal heat at last. The syndrome of Eum deficiency is applicable to bojungikgitang. As contrasted with Eum deficiency, Eum exuberance is occurred cold-dampness obstruction, which we call 'Eum exuberance'. The syndrome of Yang exuberance is applicable to Ijungtang. In the light of "Somun Jogyongron", We explain that the syndrome of Yin deficiency and Yin exuberance, which was caused by dampness-heat, cold-dampness obstruction and internal damage based on disorder of the spleen and stomach.
A Study on the Oegamsibeong(外感時病) Theory in "Sibeongron(時病論)"
Eun, Seok-Min ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 111~120
"Sibeongron(時病論)" is a book that was written by Noepung(雷豐, Leifeng) in the latter period of Cheong(淸) dynasty. In this book, Noepung described the Siryeong(時令) disease by oegam(外感), and the theoretical tool he used to analyze the Siryeong disease was the Ungi(運氣) theory based on "Naegyeong(內經)". Based on the Ungi theory, Noepung(雷豐) classified the Siryeong(時令) disease into two groups of singam(新感) and bokgi(伏氣), so that his theory of Siryeong disease could successfully describe the Siryeong diseases of four seasons. To understand his theory of Siryeong disease, it is very important to understand the concept of the relation between the division of time and the etiological cause by oegam(外感). Based on this concept, this study will be analyzing how each Siryeong disease was defined in his etilogical view which had been originated from the Ungi(運氣) theory in "Naegyeong".
A Study on Method of Selecting Five Su Point(五輸穴) According to the Turning of Season in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Kim, Jong-Hyun ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Woo-Chang ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 121~130
Traditionally, Korean Medicine put emphasis on the treatment and health-preserve method that corresponds with circulation of nature. And acupuncture is no exception to this rule. In "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", some chapters present method that is changed according to the seasons. Among the chapters, there are some difference, but we can find a general theory. In spring, Yanggi(陽氣) is coming out but not strong and cannot diffuse. so the Yanggi(陽氣) hang up the middle of outer layer. Therefore, we can take some acupoints around the muscle interspace[分腠] or tiny branches of Meridian[孫絡]. In summer, Yanggi(陽氣) flourish and boil all around of the outer layer. So, we can take some acupunctural points from skin to the yang-meridian. In both fall and winter, five su point[五輸穴] make up almost of point. in fall, yanggi begin convergence. we can remove the Eum-pathogen[陰邪] and help the normal convergence by using Stream point[腧穴], River point[經穴] and Sea point[合穴]. In winter, Eum surround so solidly that the neo Yanggi(陽氣) cannot come out. So, we can break the yin by using Well point[井穴] and make be strong by Spring point[滎穴]. If we Study the method that correspond with the seasonal circulation more, we will be able to treat diseases more minutely.
A Study on Korean Medical Properties of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 131~142
Sasang constitutional medicine was born on basis of constitutional cognition in Korean History. Only if we look at Sasang constitutional medicine on the environment of korean unique culture, geography and historical tradition, the true feature come into view, and on the contrary we could grasp to which degree it has general properties. Sasang constitutional medicine pursue inner principles of human being, that has been the most important traditions of Korean medicine. Also that properties are results of continuous confirming academic universality and constant efforts to look for the medicine that is most fit to clinical practice. For the purpose of developing world medicine, we must grow that specific characteristics of Sasang constitutional medicine.
Study On Ungi Prescription Of 25 Organic Constitution
Park, Yong-Ho ; Jo, Hak-Jun ; Kim, Ho-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 143~152
There were so many discussions about the importance of Ungi theory, but little about its application. But, in Korea, there is particular Ungi medical system. I studied the 25 organic constitutions and their prescriptions and concluded like below. In "Ounyukgihanihakbogam(五運六氣漢醫學寶鑑)", "Ounyukgihak(五運六氣學)", there are 25 organic constitutions, and each of them has its basic prescription. Like above, In "Ounyukgigeummoksuhwatosangsaengsanggeukbeop(五運六氣金木水火土相生相克法)", "Ounyukgigyeongheomcheobang(五運六氣經驗處方)", and "Jesaenglon(濟生論)", there are also 25 organic constitutions, and each has basic prescription. Moreover, there are so many prescriptions for diseases can often occur. I classified these as three groups, "Ounyukgihak(五運六氣學)" is groupⅠ, "Ounyukgihanihakbogam(五運六氣漢醫學寶鑑)" is Ⅱ, and the other books is Ⅲ, and compared each basic prescriptions. GroupⅠand Ⅱ use similar prescriptions, but groupⅢ doesn't. This Ungi medical system has little relation with "Somun(素問)". And I couldn't find the organic constitutions based on Ungi from other country's oriental medical book. 25 organic constitutions have much sameness in prescriptions. These prescriptions are used in real medical system, but not wide. Of course, it needs more research, but it has another position in oriental medicine.
불면(不眠)과 심(心)의 상관성(相關性)에 관한 연구(硏究) -관어불면여심지상관성적연구(關於不眠與心之相關性的硏究)
You, Hee-Jung ; Yoon, Chang-Youl ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 153~178
"영추(靈樞).영위생회(榮衛生會)"루설(漏泄) 및 "소문(素問).풍론(風論)"루풍(漏風), 설풍(泄風)에 대(對)한 연구(硏究) -대우(对于)"영추(灵枢).영위생회(荣卫生会)"루설(漏泄) 화(和) "소문(素问).풍론(风论)"루풍(漏风), 설풍적(泄风的) 연구(硏究)
Ryu, Jung-Ah ; Jung, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 179~190
A Study of Classification in the Terms of "Biwiron(脾胃論)"
Chung, Du-Young ; Lee, Byung-Wook ; Eom, Dong-Myung ; Kim, Eun-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 191~205
Objective : Up to the present, theories of medical books is too difficult to understand thoroughly. However, these study methods have some problems in dealing with lots of meaning because the comprehension of theories are dependent upon one's memory. Especially, comparison distinct medical books are more difficult matter. So, we have attempted to solve a problem. Method : We have researched medical terms in the "Piweilun" according to below the procedure. (1) Making a terms list: We have selected constituent of sentence. And we have made term list on the basis of concept of term. (2) Making a synonym list: We have collected identical conception and made a synonym list. So, using an synonym tables of DB, it is possible to search for the non-standard terms of medical theory. (3) Making a classification system: Using UMLS(Unified Medical Language System), MeSH(Medical Subject Headings), IST(International Standard Terminology) ect., we have made a classification system of oriental medicine terms in the "Piwelun". Analysis of relation between terms. Result : In the "Piweilun", there are more than 1,790s concepts. Parts of those are belonged to UMLS-Semantic Type, the other parts of those are not belonged to UMLS-Semantic Type. And those include predicate more than UMLS-Semantic Relations.
A Literal Study of the Main Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis
Kim, Eun-Hee ; Lee, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Eun-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 207~228
Objective : To find the main symptoms associated with atopic dermatitis and to get the utmost out of information about cause, treatment are contribute in the treatment of atopic dermatitis rather than looking for ways through how to connect modern atopic dermatitis and a listed symptom of classic literature. Method : In this research, we recorded about the main symptoms of atopic dermatitis such as itch, erythema, edema, pus and furuncle. Also we interpreted original text by extracting a sentence containing the terms like red[赤], pus[膿], flare[發赤], dermatosis[溞], swelling[洋], light red[紅], itch[瀁], worm running[蟲行], juice[汁], rash[癮疹], variegation[疹斑] and summarized cause of symptoms, disease sign, prescription. Results : There are the cause of many symptoms accompanied by atopic dermatitis in the body that recorded unpreparedness[虛], Wind[風], Fever[熱], unpreparedness & interruption of vitality hole[氣穴不通], unpreparedness & Wind, Wind Fever[風熱], Wind Coldness[風寒], Wind Humidity[風濕], Humidity Fever[濕熱], Wind Humidity Fever, Wind of Lungs[肺風], Wind of Lungs and Spleen[脾肺風], the Kidney Wind poison[腎臟風毒], Wind of Lungs Fever, Worm[蟲], miscellaneous vitality[雜氣], unpreparedness and Fever of Heart[心虛熱], old sore of kidney poison[久瘡腎臟風毒].