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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
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A Study on the Interpretation and Translation of the East(東), the West(西), the South(南), the North(北) in "Hwangjenaegyeong.Somun(黃帝內經.素問)" focusing on the Meaning of Each Character - example of an interdisciplinary co-researcher's interpretation and translation of oriental medical classics -
Hwang, Man-Suk ; Kim, Jeong-Soo ; Kwon, Young-Kyu ; Baek, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~22
The existing interpretations and translations do not give adequate explanations about hidden meanings of the oriental theory, making it not easy for other researchers not majoring in oriental medicine to understand oriental medical classics. For other researchers who are trying to understand oriental medical classics and perform interdisciplinary co-research, we suggest there should be more detailed explanations about the hidden meaning of oriental theory such as Eumyang(陰陽, Yinyang) theory, Five-phase[五行] theory, Un-gi(運氣) theory. This paper, interpreting and translating the east(東), the west(西), the south(南), the north(北) in "Hwangjenaegyeong Somun(黃帝內經 素問)" focusing on the meaning of each character, will be a good example of such detailed explanation.
중의사 대상 형상진단의기 연구개발 수요조사 보고(中醫师 对象 形象诊断仪器 硏究开发 需要调查 报告) - 형상(形相) 망진(望診)에 대한 중의사(中醫師)의 시각에 관한 조사
Kim, Gyeong-Cheol ; Kim, Jung-Han ; Sin, Sun-Sik ; Kim, Hun ; Lee, Hae-Ung ; Du, Seung-Hui ; Park, Ju-Yeon ; Jo, Yeong-Il ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 23~34
A Study on the Distinctive Features of "Hwangjenaegyeongtaeso(黃帝內經太素)" by Yang Sangseon and his Medical Theory
Lee, Sang-Hyup ; Kim, Joong-Han ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 35~69
Yang Shangseon(楊上善)'s "Hwangjenaegyeongtaeso(黃帝內經太素)" was the first commentary book of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", its importance often mentioned in level with Wang Bing (王冰)'s "Somun(素問)" "Yeongchu(靈樞)". The distinctive feature of Yang Sangseon(楊上善)'s commentary is that it is easy to comprehend in accordance with an organized classification, and that the explanations are simple and clear. Despite strict application of the Eumyang(陰陽, Yinyang) theory and Five phases[五行] theory throughout the text, should there be sentences which fall out of consistency with the basic theories, he added his own substantial commentary. His medical theory gives attention to the Meridian system[經絡], lays emphasis on developing the soul[神], and has a unique opinion about the Opening closing and pivot[開闔樞] theory along with the Myeongmun(命門). To explain the methods for preserving health[養生], he adopted the Nojang philosophy(老莊思想); to enrich the vitality he adopted the Buddhist philosophy(佛敎思想); and to analyze physiologic and pathogenic factors, he adopted the Confucian philosophy(儒家思想).
A Study on the documentary characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion recorded in Dusagyeong(杜思敬)'s "Jesaengbalsu(濟生拔粹)"
Kim, Jung-Ho ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Park, Hyun-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 71~83
The documentary characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion recorded in Dusagyeong(杜思敬)'s".Jesaengbalsu(濟生拔粹)" can be summarized into 3 major parts: 1. "Gyeolgo-ungichimbeop(潔古雲岐鍼法)" and "Dutaesachimbeop(竇太師鍼法)" 1) "Gyeolgo-ungichimbeop" was edited by Dusagyeong of the Won dynasty, and was recorded in "Jesaengbalsu". Du was influenced by his teacher Heohyeong(許衡) and followed Janggyeolgo(張潔古) and his son Jangbyeok(張璧), and collected his work "Chimgu-pyeon(鍼灸篇)" for Jang and named it "Gyeolgo-ungichimbeop", and took the content from the medical book of Jang and his student Wang-haejang(王海藏). (2) "Jesaengbalsu"'s original edition exists today. The "Gyeolgo-ungichimbeop" listed in "Jesaengbalsu"'s index contain two collections, the first collection being "Gyeolgo-ungichimbeop" and the second collection being "Dutaesachimbeop(竇太師鍼法)" (3) Gyeolgo(潔古)、Un-gija(雲岐子)'s acupuncture methods can be seen in Un-gija "Bomyeongjipryuyo(保命集類要)" and Wanghaejang "Chasananji(此事難知)". (4) The related acupuncture methods are 'Non-gyeong-rak-yeongsubosabeop(論經絡迎隨補瀉法)', 'Gyeong-rakchwiwonbeop(經絡取原法)', 'Jeopgyeongbeop(接經法)', and 'Sang-hanyeolbyeongjabeop(傷寒熱病刺法)' (5) Du's edition of the entire text of 'Gyeolgojajetongbeop(潔古刺諸痛法)' 'Jasimtongjehyeol(刺心痛諸穴)' and the first half of 'Jeopgyeongbeop(接經法)' is all recorded in "Somunbyeonggigi-uibomyeongjip(素問病機氣宜保命集)". The existing "Somunbyeonggigi-uibomyeongjip" is a combination of the unfinished posthumous work of Yuwanso(劉完素), "Gi-ui(氣宜)" and "Byeonggi(病機)" with works such as Jangwonso(張元素)'s '"Bomyeongseo(保命書)"'. (6) Of the titles "Gyeolgo-ungichimbeop" and "Dutaesachimbeop", the 14
19th chapters "Dutaesachimbeop" should be concentrated at the end of the chapter, and the 16th chapter that Du added was put after chapter 14 "Yujujiyobu(流注指要賦)", and chapters 20, 21 should be put in "Gyeolgoungichimbeop" after chapter 13. 2. "Chimgyeongjeok-yeongjip(鍼經摘英集)" (1) "Chimgyeongjeok-yeongjip" is a collection of the acupuncture and moxibustion contents of medical books from the Geum and Won dynasties that Dusagyeong collected and organized during the Won dynasty, which is consisted of 5 chapters : "Guchimshik(九鍼式)", "Jeolyangchwisuhyeolbeop(折量取腧穴法)", "Bosabeop(補瀉法)", "Yongchimhoheupbeop(用鍼呼吸法)", "Chibyeongjik-ralgyeol(治病直剌訣)". (2) First, the contents. The nine acupuncture needles[九鍼] listed in "Guchimshik(九鍼式)" is the first existing document recording to systematically illustrate the 'nine classical needles' in drawing and text form which reflects the forms of the needles of the era. Second, "Jeolyangchwisuhyeolbeop(折量取腧穴法)" has the same basic way of measuring points [量穴法] as Wang-yuil's "Dong-insuhyeolchimgudo-gyeong(銅人腧穴鍼灸圖經)" and the same point selection rules as "Jeonyeongbang(全嬰方)". Third, in "Bosabeop(補瀉法)", "Somun(素問)" and Janggyeolgo's "Yeongsubosabeop(迎隨補瀉法)" is put together. Fourth, in "Yongchimhoheupbeop(用鍼呼吸法)", the cold and heat supplementation and draining [寒熱補瀉] method that combines breathing with inner and outer rotation[外 內撚] is recorded. Fifth, "Chi-byeongjik-ralgyeol(治病直剌訣)" is the main part of "Chimgyeongjeok-yeongjip(鍼經摘英集)" listing 69 acupuncture treatments reflecting Du's scholastic ideas on aspects such as syndrome differentiation[辨證], needling method and type of needle[鍼具]. (3) The content of this book was quoted by "Bojebang Chimgumun(普濟方 鍼灸門)" and when Gomu compiled "Chimguchwiyeong", he put the acupuncture treatments for the main indications of the disease patterns[鍼方主治病證] of this book in the related main indications of acupuncture points[腧穴主治證], which influenced books on acupuncture points there after. 3. "Chimgyeongjeolyo(鍼經節要)" (1) Consists of 1 volume. The original title of this book is "Dong-insuhyeolchimgudo-gyeong (銅人腧穴鍼灸圖經)" and the author is Wang-yuil of the Northern Song dynasty, written in the 4th year of the Cheonseong(天聖) era of the Song dynasty(1026). (2) Dusagyeong selected the contents on pathology of the 12 meridians in volume one and two, the introduction and five transport points[五輸穴] in volume 5 of "Dong-indo-gyeong(銅人圖經)" and named it "Chimgyeongjeolyo." During the Won dynasty it was recorded in "Jesaengbalsu"
A Study on "Dongchunohji(洞天奧旨)"
Kim, Ki-Wook ; Park, Hyun-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 85~99
This book was completed in the 33rd year of Gang-hui-gapsul(康熙 甲戌) in the Cheong(淸) dynasty(1694), and was first inscribed in the 55th year of Geonryung(乾隆). In this first edition named 'Daechudangbon(大雅堂本)', his descendant Jinbonghui(陳鳳輝) wrote the postscript. There are also other editions such as 'Ga-gyeong-ganchwihyeondangbon(嘉慶間聚賢堂本)', 'Wimundanggeonsangbon(緯文堂巾箱本)' and 'Guangseo-ganseonseongdangbon(光緒間善成堂本)' Second, this book was called "Oe-gwabirok(外科秘錄)" and used the pen name 'Gibaekchunsasojeon(岐伯天師所傳)'. There are 16 volumes in total. The beginning of volume one, is a drawing of the 14 meridians. Volumes 1
4 are on the symptoms and treatment of abscesses and sores and ulcers[癰疽瘡瘍]. Volumes 5
13 are on surgery, dermatology and 156 diseases such as wounds by contusion, sharp objects and insects and beasts[跌撲, 金刃, 蟲獸傷]. Volumes 14
16 list the internal treatments, external medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion and surgery of sores and ulcers. Third, the book stressed early detection and treatment of diseases, emphasized inner resolving[內消] being cautious about using medicine, and further deepened the syndrome differentiation and treatment[辨證施治] of sores and ulcers[瘡瘍] by dividing fire toxin(火毒) into Eumhwa and Yanghwa(陰火/陽火). Also, it established the cause of sores and ulcers development as the deficiency of Gi(氣) and blood[血] and focused especially on the liver and kidney's involvement in the process. It also asserted that the pathogen[邪] is the tip[標], so one should eliminate and reinforce[攻補] to balance it out. The sore and ulcer surgery[瘡瘍外科] part is mostly based on detoxifying[解毒] and resolving[消散]. Although the meridians were mentioned, they were not emphasized, while moxibustion treatment of sores and ulcers[瘡瘍] were thoroughly analyzed. Also, of all 550 formulas in this book, 90% are experience-based which frequently use Geum-eunhwa(金銀花), Pogong-yeong(蒲公英) and Jahwajijeong(紫花地丁). The usages are unique, and the formulas have good adaptability. The symptoms of the diseases are explained first, followed by according main and sub treatments.
An Investigation of the Year of Birth and Death of Wanghogo
Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 101~105
Wanghogo(王好古), a famous physician of the Geum-Won(金元) period, inherited the theories of Jangwonso(張元素) and Igo(李古), and made great contribution to the spread of the medical theory of the Yeoksu school(易水學派). In Korea, studies on Wanghogo(王好古) is growing, but that on his life is still undeveloped. The year of his birth and death, as proposed by Wangwaljeong of the Cheong(淸) dynasty, was around 1200 and 1264. However, through thorough examination of the records and context along with the relation between Wanghogo(王好古) and his teacher Igo(李古)'s works, the author finds that Wanghogo(王好古) was born around the year of 1230, and died around 1308.
A Study on the Disease of King Seonjo of the Joseon Dynasty
Kim, Hoon ; Lee, Hai-Woong ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 107~126
King Seonjo, the second son of King Jeongjo, is the twenty-third King of the Joseon Dynasty. He suffered mainly from spleen-stomach weakness syndrome[脾胃虛弱], neurasthenic neurosis and abscess according to the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty[朝鮮王朝實錄]. He experienced chicken pox at the age of twelve, measles at thirteen, smallpox at sixteen. In his twenties he was ill with chronic breakdown due to the spleen-stomach weakness[脾胃虛弱], accompanied by neurasthenia. Abscess occurred during his twenties and the septicemia induced by abscess worsening led him to death. Most treatments were herb-extract medication taken orally, and to some extent ointment care was applied as a cure for abscess.
피휘(避諱)의 유래와 종류, 방법에 관한 고찰 - 관우피휘지유래종류화방법적연구(關于避諱之由來種類和方法的硏究)
Yun, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 127~137
A Study on the External Treatment of Internal Diseases in Medical Classics
Lee, Seok-Jae ; Maeng, Hack-Young ; Keum, Kyung-Soo ; Jeong, Heon-Young ; Cho, Eun-Hui ; Lee, Si-Hyeong ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 139~199
The external treatment of internal diseases was first recorded in Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經), and two hundred and fifty odd cases were found in the Bonchogangmok(本草綱目) and Oechisusebang(外治壽世方). Bonchogangmok(本草綱目) is a technical book devoted to explaining materia media as well as the external treatment of internal diseases. Oechisusebang(外治壽世方) is also a technical book, which make 36 references to the disease patterns of internal medicine. The medicinals employed as external treatment of internal diseases are grouped into 300 classes. These medicinals do not set limits to trees and plants but also uses birds and beasts, reptiles, grains, feces and urine, soil, stone etc., applied to various disease patterns. This study researched the medical texts in order to treat the disease patterns of internal medicine.
A Study on the Medicines Effecting the Kidney in the 'Jangbujomun(臟腑條分)' of Uihak-ipmun(醫學入門)
Lee, Seok-Jae ; Maeng, Hack-Young ; Keum, Kyung-Soo ; Hwang, Woo-Jun ; Lee, Si-Hyeong ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 201~229
In this dissertation, I will focus on the channel entry[歸經] and the effect and the treatment [效能主治] in oriental medicine texts from ancient to modern times in order to classify the medicines of the kidney. Medicines that effected the Kidney through working on any other viscera were as follows: Fossilia Ossis Mastodi(龍骨), Schizandrae Fructus(五味子), Nelumbinis Semen(蓮肉), Ostreae Testa(牡蠣), Polygalae Follium(小草), Angelicae Gigantis Radix(當歸), Albizzae Cortex(合歡), Thujae Semen(栢子仁) and Bambusae Calulis in Liquamen(竹瀝). This study was dedicated to researching the medicines related to the kidney and making efficient use of these medicines.
A Study on Heojeungsiljeungbyeon(虛症實症辨) of the Byunjeung-okham(辨證玉函)
Ko, Seung-Uk ; Seo, Jong-Chul ; Jeong, Heon-Young ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 231~261
"Byunjeung-okham(辨證玉函)" is composed of four volumes, Eumjeung-yangjeungbyun(陰症陽症辨, Vol.1), Heojeungsiljeungbyeon(虛症實症辨, Vol.2), Sangjeunghajeungbyun(上症下症辨, Vol.3) and Jinjeunggajeungbyun(眞症假症辨, Vol.4) (卷之一 "陰症陽症辨", 卷之二 "虛症實症辨", 卷之三 "上症下症辨", 卷之四 "眞症假症辨"). It is based on the 74 types of disease symptoms, and compared to "Byunjeungrok(辨證錄)", it is rather brief and concise. Thus, its name, "Byunjeung-okham". This study researched vol.2, "Heojeungsiljeungbyun(虛症實症辨)", which is organized according to the deficiency and excess pattern of 20 disease patterns, such as cough. The disease pattern system mentioned in this book is unique compared with other disease pattern systems. The role of the kidney is especially emphasized, and the application of the Five-phase[五行] theory is very original. Consequently, it contributed greatly in the process of broadening the disease pattern system of Traditional Korean Medicine.
A study on the Effect of Health of the 24-Form Taegeukkwon
Lee, Myoung-Chan ; Sa, Hee-Soo ; Keum, Kyeong-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 263~273
Taegeuk is the source and union of the two primary aspects of the cosmos, Eum(陰, Yin) and Yang(陽). The Neo-Confucian philosophers of Chinese Song(宋) dynasty associated Taegeuk with the supreme rational principle of the universe. Taegeuk is a powerful blend of self-discipline, self-defense and healing. It is an art which has grown over the millennia to include hundreds of forms and variations, and can easily take a lifetime to master. Taegeukgwon based on the Taoist philosophies of Eum(陰, Yin) and Yang(陽) is an ancient Eastern form of exercises, characterized by slow reversing movements. There is strong research evidence validating Taegeuk as a safe form of exercise having potential for health promotion and rehabilitation. Today, Taegeukgwon has spread worldwide. The Internal Training of Taegeuk is one of the exercises for regiment. As exercise, Taegeukgwon is designed to provide relaxation in the process of body-conditioning exercise and is drawn from the principles of Taegeuk, notably including the harmonizing of the Eum-yang(陰陽, Yin-yang), respectively the passive and the active principles. It employs flowing, rhythmic, deliberate movements, with carefully individually prescribed stances and positions. In practice, two masters teach the system exactly alike. As a mode of attack and defense, Taegeukgwon resembles Kungfu and is properly considered a martial art. It may be used with or without weapons. Freehand exercise to promote health was practiced in Korea. This training proved to have effect on hypertension, enervation, impotence, premature ejaculation, seminal emission, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, and arteriosclerosis. There have been many schools of Taegeukgwon. Depending on school and master, the number of prescribed exercise forms varies from 24 to 108 or more. The objective of this paper is to reconsider Taegeukgwon and its effect on the body and mind-conditioning in Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經).
A Study on "Naegyeongseupyubangron(內經拾遺方論)" - focused on analysis of bibliographic investigation
Ahn, Jae-Young ; Jo, Hak-Jun ; Kim, Ho-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 275~283
The "Naegyeongseupyubangron(內經拾遺方論)", written by Nakyonggil(駱龍吉), is an ancient book of Bangron(方論). The exact time period of this book is unknown. To estimate its written time, we compared the contents of this book to other sources on the cause of diseases, the description of symptoms, the transmission of diseases, and treatments. In addition, we analyzed the features of the book by comparing it to other books of Bangron(方論). As a result, we estimated the approximate time period that it was written and gained a better understanding of the ancient medicine. We reached several conclusions through this study. 1. The approximate time period of "Naegyeongseupyubangron(內經拾遺方論)" is that of the Southern Song(南宋) dynasty of China, probably after "Saminbang(三因方)" between 1174 and 1279. 2. Nakyonggil(駱龍吉) was influenced by Wangbing(王冰), Sonsamak(孫思邈), Yuhagan(劉河間), Jinmutaek(陳無擇). and he influenced "Uibanggo(醫方考)". 3. The "Naegyeongseupyubangron(內經拾遺方論)" is the most comprehensive book among the books of Bangron(方論) because of its analysis of the "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" and its connection to the treatment of ancient diseases in Oriental Medical History.
The Study of Heat-Clearing Therapy as a Method of Oriental Medicine Music Therapy
Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Kim, Yeo-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 285~292
The purpose of this study is to introduce heat-clearing music therapy[淸熱音樂療法] as one of the 17 kinds of oriental medicine music therapy. The heat-clearing music therapy[淸熱音樂療法] can be applied to certain types of syndromes. The representative syndromes are flaring-up of the heart Fire[心火], rising of the liver Yang[肝陽], and fidgetiness due to deficiency of Eum(陰, Yin). Metal-Gi[金氣] music and Water-Gi[水氣] music are mainly used in heat-clearing music therapy, The patients with the case of flaring-up of the heart Fire[心火] may listen to Metal-Gi[金氣] music. For the patient with rising of the liver Yang[肝陽], relieving constraint music therapy can be used. In other cases with patients with fidgetiness due to deficiency of Eum, replenishing vital essence music therapy can be used. This study describes the theory of heat-clearing music therapy[淸熱音樂療法] that has a good possibility as a new method of oriental medical treatment.
진한(秦漢), 삼국(三國), 진(晉) 왕조의 왕명(王名)과 피휘(避諱) 사례에 관한 고찰 - 관우진한 삼국급진왕조시대적제왕지명화피휘예자적고찰(关于秦漢, 三國及晉王朝时代的帝王之名和避諱例子的考察)
Yun, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 293~303
The Methodology of DB Construction of the Traditional Prescription Medicines Before the Song Dynasty
Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 305~313
With the recent increase of social demand of knowledge on traditional medicine, the construction of database is becoming a pressing matter. The reality is that while the social desire to adapt the high quality knowledge is growing fast, the field of Oriental Medicine has yet to organize its system. The number of Oriental Medical Doctors are limited, and there is no structured means of communication to expand the professional knowledge of these specialists to the public. Accordingly, an effective and structured knowledge system is in great need. In the process of building an Oriental Medicine database, prescription[方劑] and medicines[本草] are first in line. Consequently, we have taken the first step by organizing various methods to build the database containing information such as the formula, ingredients, composition, handling methods of herbal medicine written in traditional medical publications and herbal texts before the Song(宋) dynasty.
The Interconversion of The Nature and The Emotion in "Dong-uisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)"
Cho, Young ; Kim, Soo-Joong ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 315~325
Since the days of early Confucianism, the nature(性) and the emotion(情) have been the methodological tool to explain the original nature of the human being, by dividing the human mind into the nature and the emotion. This study examines the interconversion(相成相資) theory of the nature and the emotion mentioned in the "Sadanron(四端論)" chapter of "Dong-uisusebowon." We have contemplated how Gi(氣) of sadness and anger mutually create each other, that of pleasure and enjoyment do as well, transforming sad nature[哀性] of the Taeyang-in(太陽人) into anger emotion, anger nature of the Soyang-in(少陽人) into sad emotion[哀情], pleasure nature[喜性] of the Taeuemin(太陰人) into enjoy emotion[樂情], enjoy nature[樂性] of the Soeumin(少陰人) into pleasure emotion[喜情] considering the circumstances in which the nature changes into the emotion based on the original texts of "Dong-uisusebowon", "Sasang-uihakchobon-gwon(四象醫學草本卷)" and "Gyeokchigo(格致藁)".
A Study on Chinese Classic Medical Scripture, "Uijonggeumgam.Sang-hanronju(醫宗金鑒.傷寒論注)"'s Gyejitang(桂技揚)
Lee, Kwang-Jae ; Kim, Sun-Hyung ; Kim, Sung-Jin ; Shin, Mi-Ran ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 327~336
Ogyeom(吳謙) was a famous doctor in the early Cheong(淸) dynasty. The year of birth and death is unknown. He was a chief(院判) of the Taeuiwon(太醫院) in the early Cheong(淸) dynasty 1732-1759. He wrote "Uijonggeumgam(醫宗金鑒)" which was famous at the time as well, Thus it was used in the medical curriculum during the Cheong(淸) dynasty. "Jeongjeongjunggyeongjeon seo(訂正仲景全書)" is a part of "Uijonggeumgam(醫宗金鑒)", including the past comments, annotations and Ogyeom(吳謙)'s annotations, corrections of "Sang-hanron(傷寒論)", "Geumgwe yoryak(金匱要略)". This article translated the text associated with Gyejitang(桂枝湯) in "Jeongjeongjoonggyeongjeonseo(訂正仲景全書)". The main content is as shown below. First, In the opinion of Ogyeom(吳謙), Yangbu-eumyak(陽浮陰弱) should be understood as that Gi(氣) is upward in the defense aspect(衛分), and weak in the nutrient aspect(營分). Second, how to take Gyejitang(桂技揚) is very important, He states correct ways of intaking Gyejitang(桂技揚). Third, Gyejitang(桂技揚) has a different sweating mechanism from that of Mahwangtang(麻黃湯). Gyejitang(桂技揚) promotes the defense Gi(衛氣), thus, spreading out the healthy Gi(正氣) well.
A Study of the Treatment Method of Ikgi(益氣) and Seung-yang(升陽) in the Soeumin Exterior Disease
Park, Su-Hyun ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 337~347
"Dong-uisusebowon("東醫壽世保元")", written by Ijema(李濟馬), is about the treatment and prevention of diseases according to the four constitutions, Soeum, Soyang, Taeeum and Taeyang. He presents a precise pathogenic mechanism along with specific treatment methods of the Ulgwang(鬱狂) Syndrome which are Seungbo(升補) and Ikgiseung-yang[益氣而升陽] in comparing Mang-yang(亡陽) and Ulgwang Syndromes. However, in the case of the Mang-yang Syndrome, he merely presents formulas without mentioning details of the treatment methods. In this study, the formulas of the Mang-yang Syndrome and Ulgwang Syndrome were thoroughly compared and analyzed, leading to the conclusion that the concept of the Ikgi(益氣) method matches that of the Bojung-ikgitang(補中益氣湯) of Idongwon(李東垣), consisted of ingredients such as Ginseng, Radix Astragali, Radix Angelicae Gigantis, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae etc,, and the concept of Seung-yang matches that of Gyejitang(桂枝湯). Furthermore, we have examined the addition of Radix Aconti Lateralis Preparata[附子] to the Ikgiseung-yang[益氣而升陽] method to be aimed at restoring the Yanggi(陽氣). Lastly, through comparison of formulas according to the progress of the Mang-yang Syndrome and Ulgwang Syndrome, we have presented a more detailed explanation of the concept of each treatment methods: the Mang-yang Syndrome focuses more on Seung-yang(升陽), Ulgwang leans more towards Ikgi(益氣).
A Study on the Jangseoksun(張錫純)'s "Sanghanrongang-ui(傷寒論講義)"
Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 2, 2009, Pages 349~362
Jangseoksun(張錫純), a noted doctor of China in the early 20th century, has influenced the establishment of Contemporary Chinese Medicine greatly.
, which is an accumulation of Jang's lectures and publications, contains the essence of his medical spirit to fuse his theory and experience of Traditional Medicine and the newly imported Western Medicine knowledge of his time.
is especially important, presenting the core of Jang's academic theory. In this book he gives full play of his unique experience of treating the Eum(陰, Yin) Deficiency Syndrome which is presented as excess in the upper and deficiency in the lower[上盛下虛]. He also shows the importance of merging theory and practice, the pliability to collaborate the Sanghan(傷寒, Damage from Cold) theory and Onbyeong(溫病, Epidemic Febrile Disease) theory and the study of the blended affect of external and internal pathogens.