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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study on Yisanghua(李常和)'s "Byeonjeungbangyakjeongjeon(辨證方藥正傳)"
Kim, Ki-Wook ; Park, Hyun-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~6
"Byeonjeungbang-yakjeongjeon(辨證方藥正傳)" was written in the year of 1946 by Lee Sanghwa(李常和) by adding on the original "Bang-yakhappyeon(方藥合編)". 850 formulas based on experience from the times of old and present were added to the original 588 of "Bang-yakhappyeon" and Kimsamul(金四物)'s Samultang(四物湯) modification[加減], Yun Chochang(尹草窓)'s Ijintang(二陳湯) and Pyeong-wisan(平胃散) modification, Idongwon(李東垣)'s Bojung-ikgitang(補中益氣湯) modification, and Pung(馮)'s Yukmijihwangtang(六味地黃湯) modification were added. The 60 medical texts that he consulted greatly influenced the formulas that were added, and of those books the ones of interest include "Seoksilbirok(石室秘錄)", "Byeonjeungrok(辨證錄)", "Byeonjeunggimun(辨證奇聞)" and "Bucheongjunamnyeogwa(傅靑主男女科)". If we analyze the 850 formulas of "Byeonjeungbang-yakjeongjeon", 290 of them, 34%, are related to Jinsatak(陣士鐸)'s medical texts, and of those 290, 15 are from "Seoksilbirok"(5%), 49 are from "Bucheongjunyeogwa"(17%), and 226 are from "Byeonjeungrok"(78%). So, the added formulas of Leesanghwa's "Byeonjeungbang-yakjeongjeon" have been greatly influenced by Jinsatak(陳士鐸), and by looking through Jin(陳)'s medical ideas one can find the origin of prescriptions and become more flexible.
A Documentational Study of Doinqigong in The Oriental Medicine Classics
Kim, Hyun-Tai ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Lee, Sang-Nam ; Kwon, Young-Kyu ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ; Park, Ji-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 7~29
Objectives : Because of emphasizing a side of preventive medicine in the oriental medicine, an interest in Doinqigong(導引氣功: Physical and breathing exercise) has been elated recently. But, it has a limited sphere of application in the present south korea. Therefore we would like to bring out its sphere of application and detailed method in the oriental medicine classics. Method : We have researched theory and method of Doinqigong in the Junghwauijeon(中華醫典: Oriental medicine classic collections) DB according to below the procedure. (1) Making a related words list: We have used existing study of Doinqigong to make a list. It has been connected with Doinqigong. It includes not only technical terms, but also general terms. (2) Searching sentence: We have searched sentence that contain terms related with Doinqigong in the Junghwaeujeon DB. (3) Analysis of related sentence: We have searched and classified sentence by theory and method. Conclusions : (1) The total number of oriental medicine classics connected with Doinqigong is twelve. (2) The number of oriental medicine classics connected with Doinqigong's theory is four. and the contents are the working principle of Doinqigong, the Doinqigong following to time, the control of life's cultivation, the importance of consciousness, the consciousness of the running qigong and so on.
A Study on Characteristics of Jinsatak(陳士鐸)'s Clinic Theory
Jeong, Kyung-Ho ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Park, Hyun-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 31~51
The characteristics of Jin's ideas on clinic theory can be arranged as follows. 1. Jin emphasized warming and tonifying[溫補] in treatment and the part that shows this the best is the taking care of[調理] the Vital gate[命門], kidney, liver, and spleen. His ideas were based on his understanding of a human life's origin, and was influenced by Seolgi(薛己), Joheon-ga(趙獻可) and Janggaebin(張介賓)'s Vital gate and source Gi theory(元氣說) so scholastically, he has that in common with them but was later criticized by later doctors such as Oksamjon(玉三尊) as an 'literary doctor(文字醫)' who followed the ideas of "Uigwan(醫貫)". 2. The warming and tonifying school[溫補學派], who were influenced by Taoism, said in their theory of disease outbreak[發病學說] that since one must not hurt one's Yin essence and Yang fire [陰精陽火] there is more deficiency than excess, so that was why they used tonifying methods. Jin was also like them and this point of view is universal in internal medicine, gynecology, pediatric medicine and surgery and so on. 3. Jin, who saw the negative form of pulse diagnosis[診脈] emphasized following symptoms over pulse diagnosis using the spirit of ‘finding truth based on truth[實事求是]' in "Maekgyeolcheonmi(脈訣闡微)", but emphasized 'the combination of pulse and symptoms[脈證合參]'. He understood pulse diagnosis as a defining tool for symptoms, and in "Seoksilbirok(石室秘錄)" simplified pulse diagnosis into 10 methods : floating/sunken(浮沉), slow/fast(遲數), large/fine(大小), vacuous/replete(虛實) and slippery/rough(滑澀). 4. Jin used 'large formulas(大方)' a lot that usually featured a large dose, and in " Bonchosinpyeon(本草新編)" he thought of the seven formulas(七方) and ten preparations(十劑) as the standard when using medicine. He did away with old customs and presented a 'new(新)' and 'extra(奇)' point of view. He especially used a lot of Insam(人蔘) when tonifying Gi and Geumeunhwa(金銀花) when treating sores and ulcers. 5. In the area of surgery Jin gave priority to the early finding and treatment of disease with internal treatment[內治] and was against the overuse of acupuncture. However records of surgical measures in a special situation like lung abscesses(肺癰) and liver abscesses(肝癰), and anesthetic measures using 'Manghyeongju(忘形酒)' and 'Singoiyak(神膏異藥)' and opening the abdomen or skull, and organ transplants using a dog's tongue are important data. 6. Jin stated the diseases of Gi and blood broadly. Especially in the principles of treating blood, blood diseases had to be forwarded[順] and Gi regulation[理氣] was the number one priority and stated the following two treatments. First, in "Jeonggiinhyeolpyeon(精氣引血篇)" of volume 6 of "Oegyeongmieon(外經微言)", for the rules for treating blood he stated the pattern identification of finding Gi in blood and blood in Gi. Second, he emphasized Gi regulation(理氣) in blood diseases and stated that the Gi must be tonifyed after finding the source of the loss of blood.
A Study on the Translation of the "Tao Te Ching(道德經)" Chapter 1-20
Hong, Jin-Woo ; Shin, Sang-Woo ; Chae, Han ; Baek, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 53~78
To catch the message of Taoism inside the theory of Korean medicine, we have to understand the contents of Tao Te Ching(道德經) the only writings of Lao-tzu(老子). And to do that, precise translation into Korean language must be held before anything else. There have been a little bit more than 50 Korean versions of Tao-te-Ching, and we screened out 10 versions based on academic value. With them, we had a study on the translation of Tao Te Ching, from chapter 1 to 20. Our study found that the existing 10 versions have some obscure words, wrong paragraph classifications, descriptions out of context needing remedial actions for exact understanding. And Chinese words and phrases with various meanings could be translated correctly with our constant rule that values consistent context.
A Literature Study on the Korean Acupuncture for Eye diseases
Han, Chang-Hyun ; Park, Sang-Young ; Ahn, Sang-Young ; Kwon, Oh-Min ; Lee, Bong-Hyo ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 79~95
Background : Eye diseases refer to a wide range of disconveniences from conjunctivitis, pterygium, glaucoma to even blindness. Acupuncture has been widely used in Korea throughout the history and provides an efficient method in the treatment of them. Objectives : Establish a distinctive and efficient acupuncture method for the treatment of eye diseases based in literature research. Method : We reviewed four Korean medical literature, "Guide to Swollen Sore Treatment[治腫指南]", "Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine[東醫寶鑑]", "Experiential Prescriptions of Acupuncture and Moxibustion[鍼灸經驗方]", and "Essential Rhymes on Acupuncture and Moxibustion by Master Saam[舍岩鍼法]", and analyzed the therapeutic characteristics in the treatment of eye diseases. Result : 1. According to "Guide to Swollen Sore Treatment[治腫指南]", various methods were applied in the treatment of eye diseases. We can cite salt water washing method after needling, pricking bloodletting method using three-edged needle, surgery method using bent needle and lance needle, or sore treatment using sliced bean-curd and ground Aristolochiae Fructus among others. Acupuncture points like GV20[百會], BL1[睛明], EX-HN5[太陽], GB20[風池], GV24[神庭], GB1[瞳子髎], and GB15[臨泣] were mostly needled. 2. In "Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine[東醫寶鑑]", pricking bloodletting method were most frequently used in comparison to single acupuncture or moxibustion methods. Applied points were GV20[百會], BL1[睛明], LI4[合谷], EX-HN5[太陽], GB37[光明], BL18[肝兪], GB20[風池], BL2[攢竹], GB1[瞳子髎], and ST36[三里]. Also selections of adjacent points were considered important. 3. In respect to treatment methods "Experiential Prescriptions of Acupuncture and Moxibustion [鍼灸經驗方]" has some similarity to "Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine[東醫寶鑑]" as pricking bloodletting method were mostly used. Also focused on normal Qi flow through meridian. Points like BL18[肝兪], BL1[睛明], LU5[尺澤], EX-HN5[太陽], LI4[合谷] were used. 4. "Essential Rhymes on Acupuncture and Moxibustion by Master Saam[校勘舍岩道人鍼法]" considered visceral pattern identification method fundamental in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases. Specifically, Liver, Heart, Stomach, Lung, Kidney identification methods are presented. Combined both corresponding and connecting meridians supplementation and draining methods according to mother-child relation. Also Saam master's own experiential prescriptions are noted. Conclusions : After previous study on stroke, we could also find various efficient methods according to eye diseases, through literature research of korean medical classics. This study will concurrently result in establishing distinctive therapeutic method characteristic of Korea.
A Study on Reasoning based on Herb and Formula Ontologies
Kim, Sang-Kyun ; Jang, Hyun-Chul ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Yea, Sang-Jun ; Kim, Chul ; Eum, Dong-Myung ; Song, Mi-Young ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 97~105
We in this paper have constructed herb and formula ontologies. Herb instances and formula instances can be distinguished by nature, used part, effect, disease pattern, symptom, and formula and constituent herb, dosage, effect, disease pattern, symptom, and medical book, respectively. The knowledge for herbs and formulas in ontology is formalized with the distinguishable elements and their relations. Based on the herb and formula ontologies, we propose the three reasoning rules as follows: In herb ontology, the relation between herb and disease can be reasoned if there are the relation between herb and effect, and effect and disease. In formula ontology, there are two reasoning rules. First, if each constituent herb, dosage, effect, disease pattern, and symptom of two formulas is same, it can be reasoned that two formulas are same though the medical books of the formulas are different. Second, if each constituent herb and dosage is same in two formula, it can be reasoned that each formula has all of effects, disease patterns, and symptoms of formulas. In future study, we study other ontologies such as disease ontology with respect to Korean Medicine and define the reasoning rules about the ontologies.
Study on the Bunchon-ga(分寸歌) in Kyeonghyeolgabu(經穴歌賦)
Kang, Dong-Yoon ; Jo, Hak-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 107~131
After having comparison, the Bunchon-ga in nine books -"Chimguchwiyeong(鍼灸聚英)", "Nengmunjeonsudong-injihyeol(凌門傳授銅人指穴)", "Chimgumundae(針灸問對)", "Gyeongrakgo(經絡考)", "Gyeongrakhoepyeon(經絡匯編)", "Geumchimbijeon(金針秘傳)", "Jagusimbeop-yogyeol(刺灸心法要訣)", "Chimgubongwon(鍼灸逢源)" "Chimgusinseo(鍼灸神書)", and invested the difference based on "Chimguhak(鍼灸學)", "WHO standard acupuncture point location" I got some conclusion like below. Two kinds of Bunchon-ga are similar in "Chimguchwiyeong", "Nengmunjeonsudong-injihyeol", and also in "Gyeongrakgo(經絡考)", "Gyeongrakhoepyeon(經絡匯編)", and "Geumchimbijeon(金針秘傳)" Bunchon-ga of twelve meridian is different from their order - Stomach meridian(胃經), Bladder meridian(膀胱經), Kidney meridian(腎經), Triple Energizer meridian(三焦經), and Gallbladder meridian(膽經). In nine kinds of Bunchon-ga, missing acupuncture points(漏落穴) are generally located on the first line of Bladder meridian(膀胱經) - from Daejeo(大杼) to Baekhwansu(白環兪), and Pungsi(風市), Haegye(解谿), Yangsi(羊矢), Geummaek(急脈) are not appeared in them, Hyeopdang(脇堂), Michung(眉衝), Yanghyeol(陽穴) are recorded. There are some parts adapted different way of proportional bone chon - from Yanggok(陽谿) to Gokji(曲池) in Large Intestine meridian[大腸經], from Sanggu(商丘) to Umreungcheon(陰陵泉) in Spleen meridian[脾經], and from Oegwan(外關) to Sadok(四瀆) in Triple Energizer meridian[三焦經]. The acupuncture points explained by structure, there are many different finger chons between some books. Bunchon on breast and abdomen, is generally explained by vertical, horizontal finger chon based on Governor vessel[任脈], vertical explanations of each book have little difference opinions, but horizontal have many. Especially, the locations of Eunmum(殷門), Bukeuk(浮郄) and Wiyang(委陽) are extremely different from "Chimguhak(鍼灸學)", and "WHO standard acupuncture point locations".
A Study on Addition & Subtraction of Formula by Four Seasons
Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Eum, Dong-Myung ; Kim, Sang-Kyun ; Kim, Chul ; Jang, Hyun-Chul ; Yea, Sang-Jun ; Song, Mi-Young ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 133~144
Objective : We try to find out the literature and clinical evidences of seasonal formula through the analysis of the addition and subtraction of medical herbs in the formula according to the season. Method : In this study, we analyzed 122 seasonal prescriptions from "Dong-uibogam(東醫寶鑑)", "Bang-yakhappyeon(方藥合編)", "Jeongchijunsueng(證治準繩)", "Dangyesimbeop(丹溪心法)", "Uihakimmun(醫學入門)", "Uihakjeongjeon(醫學正傳)", "Gyeong-akjeonseo(景岳全書)" and "Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang(太平惠民和劑局方)". Results : In spring, pungent-warm herbs such as the dried rhizome of cnidium officinale Makino, the dried root of SEdebouriella divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk. are used. In summer, bitter-cold such as the dried root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, the dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch. or pungent herbs such as the dried aerial part of Elsholtzia splendens Nakai, the dried ripe seed of Dolichos lablab L. are added. In fall and winter, pungent-bitter-hot herbs such as the dried ripe fruit of Evodia rutaecarpa Benth., the dried rhirome of Zingiber officinale Rosc. are used. Conclusions : In this paper, we have shown that several medical herbs could be added and subtracted in the formula according to the season because they have the seasonal characteristic Gi or treat seasonal pathogens.
A Study on Dongjungseo(董仲舒)'s Yin-Yang theory - Yang Central Idea -
Kim, Sung-Ji ; Kim, Su-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 145~160
The most famous thought of Dongjungseo's must be 'the Sky-Earth Response Theory.' The theory includes the Same 'Gi' Correspondence(the Same Category Homology) and explains the relationship between the nature and the men based on Yin-Yang. This theory, commonly studied by the scholars of the political science, however, has been constituting the foundation of the oriental medicine. Also, he insists many other theories related to Yin-Yang including the natural calamity, the treatise of human nature, the name and reality, and the national school of Confucianism, etc. This paper covers the Yin-Yang theory, particularly with regard to ethics. politics, human nature of Dongjungseo, and the comparison of his Yin-Yang and that of the Emperor Inner Cannon. Dongjungseo insists on the harmony of Yin-Yang just only in the area of health care, excluding other areas such as state and family governance. However, in contrast, he asserts the Yang central idea for what he defined as the order of a family, a society and a state. This presents his contradiction and logicality. In the last part of this paper, his logical flaws would be discussed and analysed. However, he is a lucky scholar, because his Yang central idea has been successfully governing peoples for a long time, despite such imperfection and contradiction in his studies.
A Study on The "Seokgoksango(石谷散稿)" of Lee Gyujun(李圭晙)(I)
Kwon, Oh-Min ; Park, Sang-Young ; Ahn, Sang-Young ; Han, Chang-Huyn ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 161~185
This article looks into Lee Gyujun(李圭晙)'s life course, Confucian thoughts, and philosophical ideas on the Medicine of Boosting Yang by translating selectively his "Seokgoksango(石谷散稿)". Translating his works is a pre-requisite in order to fully understand the significance of boosting-yang theory in the historical landscape of Korean medicine, not just to comprehend the Medicine of Boosting Yang. First, it is found through the translation that a previous version of "Seokgoksango" had been probably printed before its existing version 1981. Secondly, there are numerous resistants to the Japanese ruling of Korea among his friendship. Thirdly, his academical root came from the Gihohakpa(畿湖學派) - the Giho school of Korean Seongli Confucianism[朝鮮性理學]. Its genealogy in Gyeongsang(慶尙) province is as follows: Lee Yi(李珥), Song Siyeol(宋時烈), Hong Jikpil(洪直弼), Seo Changyu(徐贊奎) and Lee Gyujun(李圭晙), and last, he kept contact with the Toegyehakpa(退溪學派), the Toegye school of Korean Seongli Confucianism, even though his academic root was closely linked to the Giho school. If the entire parts of "Seokgoksango" is translated, it will serve as invaluable historical document to understand a medical unfolding around the 20th century in Korea.
An English Translation Study on the First Eight Issues about Pulse Diagnosis of "Classic of Difficult Issues(難經)"
Kim, Ji-Young ; Baek, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 187~202
The globalization of oriental medicine can be interpreted as the work of making its own contents able to be communicated among global heterogeneous cultural groups. In the field of oriental medical classics the work is to translate its classics into English and introduce them to researchers of oriental medicine in the world, which is essential in order to stimulate global academic communication in that the classics are the prototype as well as the source of oriental medical knowledge for thousands of years. Previous English translation studies have had limits in that terms used were not based on mutual agreement. Now "WHO International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine in the Western Pacific Region(WHO-IST)" is the outcome of developing standard terminologies on oriental medicine contributed by researchers of Korea, China and Japan. The study aims to translate parts of "Classic of difficult issues(難經)" into English adopting "WHO-IST" hoping to set a model of translation study which can be communicated universally.
Textual Research on Cognitional Vicissitude of Sodan(消癉) and Diabetes
Kim, Young-Il ; Kwon, Dong-Yeul ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 203~209
Medicines Research Institute, Wonkwang University, Republic of Korea According to the book "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", Sodan(消癉) is strictly distinguished from 'diabetes' in the category. The former is a name of disease, but the latter means a symptom of 'Sodan.' At first the suffix 'dan' of 'Sodan' means disease, but over time, it had been used as the meaning of 'jaundice' and 'diabetes.' And as Jangjunggyeong(張仲景) applied the concept 'Sodan' to 'diabetes', now the word 'Sodan' has not been used as a name of disease anymore. It shows not only graphical change but also recognitive change regarding diseases. In this study, the applicability of 'diabetes' was expanded by reevaluating the concept 'Sodan', and resultantly, 'Sodan' has been represented in Korean medicine and Chinese medicine.
A Study on Maekmundong(Liriope platyphyllla) of Soyosan in "Dong-uibogam(東醫寶鑑)"
Song, Ji-Chung ; Keum, Kyung-Soo ; Eom, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 211~225
Soyosan is one of the most famous prescription in Oriental Medicine. It was showed for the first time in "Hwajegukbang(和劑局方)", the book of prescriptions, published in Song Dynasty, 1078. However, Soyosan did not include Maekmundong. Heojun as a author, made "Dong-uibogam" in 1613. Soyosan of "Dong-uibogam" had Maekmundong. In this study, I focused on how to get Maekmundong in "Dong-uibogam". Nonetheless, Soyosan originally didn't have Maekmundong. Soyosan and Maekmundong combined easily when Soyosan controlled disease related with Heat[熱]. Therefore, I suggest author or editor might put Maekmundong to Soyosan in "Dong-uibogam".
A Study on the Four Elements of Seongmyeong(性命) and Their Attributions to the Four Constitutions Based on Dong-uisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)
Cho, Young ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Wook-Chang ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 227~259
The primary reason for the uprising interest and research concerning constitutional medicine is due to a shift in paradigm; from one that treats based on symptoms to one that emphasizes unique personal traits such as living conditions and psychological factors. Of the Cheoninseongmyeong(天人性命), the components of Seongmyeong(性命) theory on constitutilnal medicine, this study discusses how the Hyegak(慧覺) of Juchaek(籌策), Gyeongryun(經綸), Haenggeom(行檢) and Doryang(度量), the 4 components of Sung(性), and the Ja-eop(資業) of Sikgyeon(識見), Wiui(威儀), Jaegan(材幹) and Bang-yak(方略), the 4 components of Myeong(命) are assigned to each of the 4 different constitutional types. Ultimate Hyegak[絶世之慧覺] and Goodman's Ja-eop[大人之資業] can change according to the individual's will to overcome one's shortcomings despite the correlations made between Hyegak(慧覺) and Ja-eop(資業) of the 4 elements of given Seongmyeong(性命) and the 4 constitutions. The focal point in the discussion of Dongmu's Jihaeng theory is that any flaws one might have ought to be overcome by following in the footsteps of others who are better and any gifts ought to be shared with those who don't have the privilege to enjoy it. Thus, from the fact that Dongmu's Jihaeng theory is not one that confines one to a certain body type but is meant to be the basis for realizing which paths, or Seongmyeong(性命), ought to be taken, we can learn how to overcome disadvantages due to body constitution. Furthermore, Dongmu's Suyang(修養) theory is significant and valuable in that it can not only be utilized to bring personal welfare and longevity but also to achieve a healthy and moral society.
"황제내경(黃帝內經)" 운기이론(運氣理論)의 순환조합적(循環組合的) 특성(特性)에 대한 소고(小考)
Baek, Yu-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 261~270
运气学理论中有人类通过经验便能很容易感知的体现原原本本的自然变化的规律, 也有通过经验很难感知, 只有通过法则才能认识的规律. 例如, 如果不提前看日历的话我们将很难知道哪一年是甲子年, 我们通过思考所能知道的只是甲子年之后是乙丑年这一事实. 当我们说"宇宙自然的变化是反复循环的"的时候, 致力于运气学研究的古人们对于通过人类的经验很难感知的宇宙本体的循环运动是怎样想的, 又是通过什么规律来对此现象加以表现的呢？ 本论文就此进行了硏究. 人类从现实中很难体验到的思维性, 假想性循环运动的组合往往被设定在一年或数年的周期内, 具有从循环链的某一特定点开始进行直线性变化的形式. 比起我们在规定的周期内能够体验到的规律性变化, 这种假想循环运动的形式主要用于说明现实生活中难以预测的不规则变化. 换言之, 在变幻无常的现实中也存在某种看不见的规则性, 这种规则性从根本上是以我们能够感知的循环世界为基础的. 对现实中无法预测的变化加以说明的这种循环组合并不是按照五行的顺序从木开始, 而是从循环链的中间不断的变化着开始的顺序的原因是因为所谓的自然变化是指从一成不变的规律中摆脱出来相互混合从而变得混乱的矛盾出发的, 而且这种矛盾的发生和解决直接意味着所有生命现象的创造和变化.
A Study on Perspirations(汗出) in Daily Time Cycle
Lyu, Jeong-Ah ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 271~289
This thesis intend to help the eastern medical doctor to understand body condition from interpretation of perspirations(汗出) in daily time cycle. The conclusion is followed. 1. In most Eastern Medical classic and clinic literatures, the time of fever and perspirations are described as a result of disease's position at human body. Following this description, in daytime the perspirations must come from the Gi phase and night time the perspirations must come from the blood phase. Because in daytime the skin pores are opening and the defensive Gi is going out to the superficial portion of the body. In night time the skin pores are shutting and the defensive Gi is going in to the five solid organs. So a sweat in daytime comes out from the Gi phase and superficial portion of the body. And in night time comes out from the blood phase and five solid organs. But in recent real clinic cases, in daytime, there are so many perspirations from the five solid organs. Comparatively, the perspirations from the superficial portion of body are very little. And in same daytime perspirations, when the heat pathogens mixed with moist, the symptom revelation time delay to the afternoon. Therefore it can be concluded that the time of perspirations are combination of disease's Gi or blood phase and characteristics of pathogens. The position of disease at human body cannot simply judge the symptom revelation time. 2. The exchange of climate following time cycle of a day effect to the condition of human body. At same time it activates or not activates the pathogens in human body. So we can consider the kinds and characteristics of pathogens by distinguishing the symptom revelation time. In general differentiation of syndromes[辨證] pathogen's kinds and location are generally judged. By understanding the characteristics of pathogen, doctor can devise more correct and delicate prescription.
A Study on "Due to pathogenic Gi(因於氣)" in "Somun(素問).Saenggitongcheonron(生氣通天論)"
Kim, Sun-Hyung ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 291~297
It is difficult that we understand "Due to pathogenic Gi(因於氣)" in "Somun(素問) Saenggitongcheonron(生氣通天論)", because that is too many comments. We are to interpret Gi(氣) as Wind(風) or Anger(怒). However, the most reasonable explanation is to Yang-Gi weakness(陽氣虛). In other words, pathogenic Gi of four seasons should violate Yang-Gi(陽氣) and become a Yang-Gi weakness. Sayu(四維) can be interpreted as limbs[四肢], the last month of each of the four seasons[四季], four seasons[四時]. It is a logical view of the four seasons. This meaning is that it was already Yang-Gi weakness state by pathogenic-Gi of four seasons which violate Yang-Gi(陽氣), again the pathogenic Gi of four seasons violate Yang-Gi. As a result Yang-Gi will drain.
맥진기 연구에 대한 중의사의 인식에 대한 수요조사
Kim, Gyeong-Cheol ; Kim, Jung-Han ; Sin, Sun-Sik ; Kim, Hun ; Lee, Hae-Ung ; Kim, Jong-Hwan ; Du, Seung-Hui ; Park, Ju-Yeon ; Jo, Yeong-Il ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 299~320
A Study on the Transcription of "Correction of the Classic of Materia Medica(本草經校正)"
Oh, Chae-Kun ; Yoon, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 321~336
Objectives : The purpose of our study was to discuss about the scholarship value and contents of the transcription of Correction of the Classic of Materia Medica that was obtained recently. Methods : We analysed the transcription of Correction of the Classic of Materia Medica itself and compared form and matter with Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica[神農本草經], Compendium of Materia Medica[本草綱目]. Results : 1. It is obvious that the transcription of Correction of the Classic of Materia Medica is one of the book works of Lee Gyujun. 2. The transcription of Correction of the Classic of Materia Medica was written to recover the original figure of Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica standing on Compendium of Materia Medica. Lee Gyujun corrected qi, flavor and main effects of herbs according to his medical sight, and classified herbs into three grade. Conclusions : The transcription of Correction of the Classic of Materia Medica is not an original book but an interim book on working process. But it reflects the medical sight of Lee Gyujun and the medical level of those days sufficiently. Also it is the only study of Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica in Chosun dynasty.
A Study on "Compendium of Matria Medica(本草綱目)"'s Influence to "Secret Works of Universal Benefit(廣濟秘笈)" - Focused on Experience by Simple Formulae using Korean herbs -
Oh, Chae-Kun ; Yoon, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 337~346
"Secret Works of Universal Benefit" was compiled by Lee Gyeonghwa(李景華, 1721-?) in Choseon Dynasty. Experience by Simple Formulae using Korean herbs in Secret Works of Universal Benefit was recorded Hangul name[鄕名], main medicinal effect and how to use etc. of 50 Korean herbs[鄕藥] to give aid to country people who didn't have medical knowledge. Secret Works of Universal Benefit have passed on traditional Korean medicine as selecting 50 Korean herbs and recording Hangul name. Though most of Experience by Simple Formulae using Korean herbs[鄕藥單方治驗] was quoted "Compendium of Matria Medica", it reflected developing of Korean traditional herb science[本草學] as selecting herbs, arranging frequent symptoms, changing main effect of herbs, and adding clinical experiences.
A Study on Lung's function-Focus on "the office of assisting Heart, the administration come out Lung(相傅之官, 治節出焉)" -
Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 3, 2009, Pages 347~352
In the "Somun(素問) Youngranbijeonron(靈蘭秘典論)", that describes the lung as "the office of assisting Heart, the administration come out Lung(相傅之官, 治節出焉)". The means of "the office of assisting Heart" is that Lung assist Heart and execute the Heart's order. The administration come out Lung has two means. The first, Lung administrates and controls the body. The second, Lung controls the Gi and blood(氣血). In the "Somun(素問) Gyeongmaekboulron(經脈別論)", that describes the creation of pectrol Gi(宗氣). The Essence derived from food(穀氣) digested in Stomach comes to Heart, and mixed Lung's Gi of respiration(呼吸之氣), than becomes a pectrol Gi(宗氣). The pectrol Gi(宗氣) controls the Gi and blood(氣血), and we can say that function is the administration come out Lung.