Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Medical classics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Nov 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Aug 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - May 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Study on Breathing and Pulsation, Chongu and Inyeong of Healthy Man
Lee, Hye-Yeon ; Kang, Jung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~13
When feeling the pulse, healthy man' pulse is the criterion for diagnosis whether you are a sick person. Healthy man is defined as one who is harmonious and not sick in sympathy with natural order. Among the factors for being Healthy man, breathing and pulsation, Chon-gu(寸口) and Inyeong(人迎) are most closely connected with the representative methods of feeling the pulse which are used currently. According to "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" on breathing and pulsation, the pulse beats twice per a breathing-in and a breathing-out each. And for a specific breathing, it beats 5 times including the remnant with a big breath. That the pulse beats twice means that it beats not only twice, but also regularly and repeatedly. The remnant is related to the meaning on a leap month, 5-time beating during a breath is connected with the contents of Osipyeong(五十營). A human is not always in stable and sticks to balance continuously with changes under the circumstances. So when it comes to a criterion how to measure the pulsation frequency, breathing is much more reasonable than pulsation and breathing calculated for a minute. According to "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", Healthy man is the person of whose Chon-gu and Inyeong are in order and much the same in response to each other. Although there is a minor difference in the meaning of term between Chon-gu and Gigu(氣口), Maekgu(脈口) in originally, it is used as almost same meaning when Chon-gu is used in opposition to Inyeong. Afterwards, depending on medical men, around neck or Chon-gu of the left hand are measured for Inyeong. However, Inyeong described in "Naegyeong(內經)" is Jokyangmyeong(足陽明) and it means the Hyeol(穴) around neck where the pulse beats, it looks like about the carotid area. Chon-gu is fall under Eum(陰) and Inyeong(人迎) is fall under Yang(陽). Therefore Chon-gu is continuous with eumgyeong(陰經) and Inyeong is continuous with yanggyeong(陽經). In addition, the pulse and the four seasons meet each other and Inyeong is a little stronger in spring summer and Chongu is a little stronger in fall winter.
Research Trend Analysis of Traditional Korean Medicine Supported by the Government - on the Research Reports from 2002 to 2007 Year -
Yea, Sang-Jun ; Jang, Hyun-Chul ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Chul ; Kim, Sang-Kyun ; Song, Mi-Young ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 15~28
Traditional korean medicine which has long history and many clinical experiments stands out in bold relief because the medicine's point of view has been changed from medical treatment to disease protection and the wellbeing life through health care and complementary alternative medicine has been emerged for the incurable disease. Many traditional korean medical research has been conducted in the fields of preventive medical application, leading material drawing and medical service upgrade through eastern and western medical treatment and the more advanced project are being studied as time goes by. But because we have the hardship of manifesting traditional korean medicine's knowledge into detailed data and information in the field of analytical science and we don't have well arranged research trend data of it, researchers are using much time to survey the preceding research and planners needing more accurate research trend data to protect duplication and raise efficiency. So we have studied the traditional korean medicine's research trend to solve this problems by the method of bibliography applied for the preceding project results. Through the analysis of traditional korean medicine's 370 project reports we came to a conclusion that the R&D investment is concentrated on the university and research institute, the utilization projects are lower than basic and applied research, regional snobbism is excessive than the whole nation's R&D and advanced project has been started since 2006.
The Five-Element Pattern of "River Table(河圖)" in the "Naegyeong(內經)" and the Analysis of Its Concerned Issues
Sun, Guang-Ren ; Gao, Bo ; Cha, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 29~32
We have explored the five-element pattern of "River Table(河圖)" in the "Naegyeong(內經)", and conclude that this pattern is one of the five-element patterns applied in the "Naegyeong". Based on this pattern, we can exactly understand the eum(陰) and yang(陽) range of five Jang-organs, why the spleen is the extreme eum, why the spleen is the isolated Jang, how the spleen governs four seasons, the ascending and descending of visceral gi(氣), as well as why it can be applied in clinic that the spleen and stomach are the pivot of the ascending and descending of visceral gi(氣).
Study on Tongseol in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Zhu, Peng-Ju ; Chen, Shi-Yu ; Gu, Feng ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 33~37
According to the original texts in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", it's considered that the Chinese character Tong(洞) in the word of Tongseol(洞泄) should be understood as fast[疾] or rapid[速]，and the main symptom of Tongseol should be diarrhea of indigested food soon after a meal. Through comparing Tongseol with Dongpung(迵風) in Historical Records, we can draw the conclusions as following. Firstly, the ancient physicians attached great importance to the role of wind in the pathogenesis of diarrhea. Secondly, perhaps the ancient physicians had these ideas of "wind is rapid" and "strong wind can bring shaken" as well as "wind is related to the liver closely" already in the early Western Han Dynasty. Thirdly, the rich materials about the relationship between wind and diarrhea in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" should be considered as the successor to the excellent thinking of their predecessors.
The meaning of Mental Disorder in Chinese Medicine
Lu, Ming-Yuan ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 39~42
Jeongji(情志) in Chinese medicine refers to a series of psychological activity which is expressed as hui(喜), no(怒), wu(優), sa(思), bi(悲), gong(恐), gyeong(驚), together with emotion, sentiment, and cognition, which are manifested as responses of the human body to environmental changes both inside and outside. Sa(思) is a major cognitive activity, and the other six emotions are main emotional activities. The emphasis on the interrelationship between cognition, sentiment, and emotional activity is a unique characteristic of the Jeongji(情志) concept in China. Jeongji[Mental] disorder refers to a series of diseases that has a close link between the attack, clinical presentation and emotional stimulation. The attack is deeply affected by emotional stimulation, with which physical symptoms are either present or absent. However, emotional changes are clear most of the time, their effect on disease development noticeable as well. To sum up, Jeongji[Mental] disorder is related to a wide range of medical problems in fields such as internal, surgical, gynecology, pediatrics, and various psychiatric disorders, not to mention contemporary psychological disorders, neurosis, and all kinds of mental illnesses of today. Moreover, the mental and physical disorders of today all share a common pathogenesis, clinical manifestation and treatment discipline. All the more reason for deeper professional research.
The Characteristics of The Study Methods of Janggaebin(張介賓) on Chinese Medicine in the perspective of Yeokri(易理)
Su, Ying ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 43~45
This thesis analyzed the research method of Janggaebin(張介賓), a Traditional Chinese Medical expert in Ming Dynasty who studied traditional Chinese medicine in the perspective of Yeokri(易理). In his research, he mainly uses Hado(河圖), Nakseo(洛書) and Eight Diagrams to study medicine issues, the theory of Taegeuk(太極) figures to research natural evolvement, the ancient astronomy and calendar to explain the difficult problems in the theory of Ungi(運氣). This thesis has great value in understanding Janggaebin's medical thoughts and can guide further research on investigating the common root between traditional Chinese medicine and Yeokri.
Study on The Rhythmical Rules of The Circulation of Yeong(營) and Wi(衛) during Sleep
Lu, Ying ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 47~50
This paper according to the sleep theory of Yeonggi(營氣) and Wigi(衛氣)'s circulation in "Naegyeong(內經)", explains that Yeonggi and Wigi's circulation is the internal basic for human's sleep-wake rhythm, and it's relationship with other sleep theories, such as mental activity sleep theory, soul sleep theory, Jangbu(臟腑) organs sleep theory etc. It can be seen that the circulation law of Yeonggi and Wigi for day and night is the key of sleep activities, and Yeonggi and Wigi's circulation disorder is the key of insomnia, so we should use coordination of Yeonggi and Wigi as basic method for treating insomnia, based on treatment after differentiation of syndromes.
The Contribution of The Research on "Somunchajujipso(素問次注集疏)" and "Somun(素問)"
Guo, Xiu-Mei ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 51~54
While we study the book "Somun(素問)", we have to take Wangbing(王冰) Note as reference, which has to be understood by later generation on reading the book Sin-gyojeong(新校正) of Imeok(林億) from Song dynasty. At the final period of Edo in Japan, the famous Han medical expert, Yamada(山田) Gyoukou(業廣) sought a complete new way to compile a book named "Somunchajujipso(素問次注集疏)", a notes and commentaries work combined the original text of "Somun(素問)", Wangbing(王冰) Note and Sin-gyojeong(新校正) by taking the reference of generations medical books and notes both China and Japan. There have been many books to give notes on "Somun(素問)" in many generations, but less of them giving notes to the original text, but to Wangbing Note a little bit at most. In "Somunchajujipso", textual research and notes are given as a special example to the forward, original text and explanation part of "Somun", Song dynasty edition. Especially the detail explanation to the forward part of Imeok(林億), no one has done better than Gyoukou(業廣) until now. It sufficiently shows Gyoukou's(業廣) enriched knowledge accumulated by years hard research in Confucian classics, history and medical books, which enable it a worthy reference statement. The issued of the book "Somunchajujipso(素問次注集疏)" expands a new area for the research of "Somun" and present new research improvement of "Somun" in Japan.
Embriological study of Viscera and Bowels on the view: Viscera and Bowels form Triple energizers to be five-viscera and six-bowels
Kim, Kyoung-Shin ; Lee, Tae-Kyoung ; Kang, Jung-Soo ; Kim, Byoung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 55~66
The formative procedure of five-viscera has been explained for the restriction[相克; 己勝] and the reverse restriction[相侮, 勝己] in five phase theory on the medical literatures from ancient times. In the formative procedure of five-viscera, it would seem that two theories are mutually contradictory. But this problem is solved in the view: As the upward, downward movement and the circulation progress, five-viscera and five-bowels develop. In brief on the formative procedure of human viscera and bowels, first, the circulation of five-viscera and five-bowels forms three phase of upper-middle-lower(fire-earth-water), and these phases generate Triple energizers[Samcho, 三焦], consequently it is to be five-viscera and six-bowels, to be formed 'Meridian and collateral[Gyeongnak, 經絡]' in that order. The triple energizers is situated in middle stage of formation of 'Vicera' and 'Meridian and collateral' on developing stage. It would be thought that Triple energizer meridian[Susoyangsamchogyeong, 手少陽三焦經] is formed in procedure of Meridian and collateral after formation of upper-middle-lower of the triple energizers.
na"의 제1장~제15장까지 어석(語釋)을 통한 '
yurveda(아유르베다)'에 관한 연구(I)
Seo, Ji-Yeong ; Kim, Gi-Uk ; Park, Hyeon-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 67~100
yurveda(阿输吠陀)' 正规教育所采用的主要教科书. Su
(妙闻集)"是卷一"总說"46章, 卷二"病因论"16章, 卷三"身体论"10章, 卷四"治疗论"40章, 卷五"毒物论"8章, 卷六"补遗"66章等总共186章构成的. 其作者为苏斯鲁塔(
), 故此书亦称" Su
" 的成书年代无法确定, 虽然不乏认为其成书年代可以上溯到纪元前若干世纪者, 但现今一般倾向于认为其传世本的形成是在公元3~4世纪. 如果与韩医学加以比较, 可以说在经典的形成与流传方面, '
yurveda(阿输吠陀)'的"三位长老"与今本"黄帝内经", 无论是在历史地位, 流传与分合, 内容形式及重要性等许多方面, 均有极大的可比性. 然而不论是想真正了解'
yurveda(阿输吠陀)', 还是想对不同医学体系做比较, 交流方面的研究, 或是全面考察医学与社会, 哲学等等的关系, 仅仅阅读综述性的研究文章与著作总是不够的. 细观而真正了解经典原貌时所能体会到的真实感. 因此, 试图了翻译"Su
"是用梵语写的, 所以很难接近. 以下借助大地原诚玄的1943年日译本"スシュルタ本集"之第一卷"总說" 而廖育群的"阿輪吠陀-印度的传统医学""妙闻集 总论篇"的主要内容译出. 如今西医体系获得了普遍性, 其他文化圈的传统医学消灭了. 然而其中韩医学和印度传统医学'
The Study on Health-preserving Method in Child
Kim, Sun-Hyung ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 101~109
The pediatrics has other diagnosis and treatment compared with an adult. It is therefore, the children have different pathogenesis, pathology from adult's. The special feature of the children is two. Firstly, children are the body of the pure Yang[純陽之體], which means the growth and development of them are very fast. Secondly, they have weak muscle, skeletal and digestive function. So we must consider health-preserving method in different physiology and pathology aspects of the children. The children have weak digestive functions, so they should be careful to avoid eating greasy food and overeating. They must eat the nourishing Eum[滋陰] food. The children should wear thin clothes as possible. If the children wear clothes so thick, it promote the Yang (陽), so the Eum(陰) is hurted. The children are to be lack of Eum[陰不足], so they need to grow and raise the Eum(陰) in this way which the lower body is cool. Sleep is important ways to generate Eum Essence[陰精]. So the children should take a bed as change of the season. Children's muscles and skeleton are growing so incomplete that they are hard to handle Wind-Cold pathogen[風寒邪]. Therefore, the children should be training vital Essence and Gi(氣) with appropriate exercise. We should be careful treatment the Hwayeoljeung(火熱證) with purgation[瀉下] - bitter in taste and cold in nature[苦寒藥], aromatic herb[芳香性藥物], sudorific herb[發汗藥] In addition, child has weak digestive function, so doctor should not use a lot of nourishment[滋補].
Revision of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" Through a Comprehensive Application of Various Methods
Zhai, Shuang-Qing ; Chen, Zi-Jie ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 111~116
Various methods are being used to revise "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", all of which have both positive and negative aspects. This is why a comprehensive approach is necessary. The revision process up to present has lead to some fruitful results, but with many problems as well. What should be taken into account for accurate revision is that apart from the apparent literal difficulties, there are numerous theories mingling together within the texts. Therefore, excessive fondness towards a particular perspective or clinical experience of an individual should be avoided in order not to commit any grave mistakes.
A Study on "Chijongbang(治瘇方)"
Park, Sang-Young ; Kwon, Oh-Min ; Ahn, Sang-Young ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 117~128
This study is purposed to list the full translation of "The secret method of tumor treatment(治瘇方)" and to report the results to the academic world. The results are described as follows. 1. It seems to be difficult to accept the current "The secret method of tumor treatment(治瘇秘方)" as the original script of "The method of tumor treatment(治瘇方)". It seemed that the Imeonguk(任彦國)'s 'Important and Valuable Method(遺方)' at the era of Joseon was copied by handwriting among the private sector. 2. There are contents which are overlapped with "Experience Method of Acupuncture(針灸經驗方)". A further study is required whether the "Experience Method of Acupuncture" was added later on. Because resolution for the before and after of these two books may be acted as an important matter to conjecture the related schools with acupuncture science. 3. The Korean style unique method and terminology were introduced frequently in "The method of tumor treatment". Besides that, materials for the medicine were filled with the things of easy-to-contact in our daily life. It is regarded as one of the excellent materials to confirm the superiority of oriental medical science through the clinical experiments today.
Interrelation between the Korean Traditional Medicine and Taoism
Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 129~143
In this paper, we will discuss the main characteristics of Korean traditional medicine and their bond with the philosophy of Noja(老子) to ultimately examine how "Dodeokgyeong(道德經)" affected medicine as a pragmatic field of study. Noja(老子) viewed the universe and the creatures living in it to be constituted by gi(氣), and that everything continuously moves and changes as a result of the conflicts between two opposing energies within, eum(陰) and yang(陽). "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" is about how this theory is applied to human lives. "Dodeokgyeong" speaks of the Heaven, Human, and Do accordance, offering the theoretical basis for the correspondence between nature and human in the "Hwangjenaegyeong", where the Heaven, Human and Do(道) accordance theory is embodied into each element of the human vital activity, establishing the identity of Korean traditional medicine as natural medicine. Noja declared life in accordance with Do(道) as an ideal way to live. "Hwangjenaegyeong" applies this idea to human vital activity setting the realization of Do the ultimate goal of life and offers actual guidelines. The preventive aspect of Korean traditional medicine is the characteristic most affected by "Dodeokgyeong". "Hwangjenaegyeong" and "Dodeokgyeong" both recognized the relativity of objects, and spoke of harmony and balance as the answer to conflicts between matters.
삼음삼양(三陰三陽)의 운기학적(運氣學的) 해석특성(解釋特性) 고찰(考察)
Kim, Do-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 145~151
阴阳作为古代东洋哲学的主要概念, 是所有东洋学思想的基础. 以从太虚到太极, 从太极到阴阳, 从阴阳到四象分化的二分法体系为基础, 阴阳的概念在医学方面也形成了最大的理论背景. 虽然三阴三阳是阴阳的概念在医学理论范畴的延伸, 它和阴阳的概念是有差别的. 这是因为三阴三阳是立足于古代医学体系, 是为了阐释医学体系而引入的概念. 换句话说, 三阴三阳是为了阐释人体的形成, 构成以及运化的原理, 通过"本-中-末"和"始-中-終"以及"開闔樞"的概念来解释人体而创造的创造性用语. 三陰三陽的概念是对阴阳的概念的扩大, 但是和阴阳的概念范畴有差别. 用运气学解释时三阴三阳的特性如下. 三阴三阳是为了解释人体的发生和构成及运化的原理, 运用本-中-末和始-中-終, 以及開闔樞的概念的创造性的用语. 另一方面, 作为三阴三阳的天文学的背景的宇宙观是宣夜说, 存在于天体中的所有的事物都受大气的制约. 三陰三陽按照厥陰, 少陰, 太陰, 少陽, 陽明, 太陽的顺序, 其分类是按照阴阳之气的多少来观察事物的. 三阴三阳是观察观的量的状态和时间运化度, 显现时空合一的高层次的概念. 在这里所说的时间性的运化是指具有生命的有机体的运化. 三阴三阳在运气七篇以外的篇章中部分适用, 应用于經脈的命名, 脈象的形態, 外感熱病的体系, 傷寒病的分类形式等, 在运气学中包括标本中的概念, 设定为六气的标气, 和十二地支结合形成完整的形态. 包含标本中的三阴三阳的特征阐明了属阴的行质和无形的气的运化. 三阴三阳是在定性的基础上定量的把握事物, 结合時-空, 综合臟腑經絡, 形質的概念和气化的概念而形成的概念. 三阴三阳的运化, 最初运始活动的出发点和最后完成形质结果的状态是重要的阶段, 使这两阶段独立, 成为和太少阴阳相区分的厥阴和阳明的阶段.
A Study on "Seokgoksango(石谷散稿)" of Lee-Gyujun(李圭晙)(II)
Kwon, Oh-Min ; Nam, Sung-Woo ; Ahn, Sang-Young ; Park, Sang-Young ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 153~166
This article looks into Lee-Gyujun(李圭晙)'s life course, Confucian thoughts, and philosophical ideas on the Medicine of Boosting Yang(陽), by thoroughly translating and analyzing selectively the second half of Lee-Gyujun(李圭晙)'s "Seokgoksango(石谷散稿)". Translating his works is said to be necessary to fully understand the significance of the boosting-yang theory[扶陽論] in the historical landscape of Korean medicine, not to mention comprehension of the medical contents itself. Through this translation and analysis, first, it is found that Lee-Gyujun(李圭晙) had visited Seo-Changyu(徐贊奎) for over 10 years and had great influence on qi(氣) monism. Second, within the Gihohakpa(畿湖學派), Lee-Gyujun was much closer to Horon(湖論) rather than Nanron(洛論). Third, during his days, he became well known across the peninsula through his medical fame. Last, he wrote down the unknown manufacturing technique of dried ginger[乾薑].
The Study on the Combination of Management System for Traditional Korean Medicine Terms and Traditional Medical Classics Text Service
Lee, Byung-Wook ; Shim, Bum-Sang ; Eom, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 167~176
This study aim to organize knowledge of the Oriental Medicine using the 'Wisdom of Crowds', and also results could be learned effectively. The progress of the research aims to understand the classic documents easily using the existing systems resources that is related to the information Oriental Medicine. As a result, the system that could understand how to deal with the existing definition of terms individually easily via cross reference, and also sort out and arrange without damaging the order of documents related to the Oriental Medicine was built up. In return, the system that could be handled by many participants could create and edit the knowledge of the Oriental Medicine together.
The study on Lee-Gyujun(李圭晙)'s corrections on the rule of circulation of heaven-earth(上下周紀) in the "Cheonwon-gidaeron(天元紀大論)"
Hwang, Won-Deok ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 177~188
In the chapter "Cheonwon-gidaeron(天元紀大論)" of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", Lee-Gyujun(李圭晙) corrected "heaven has the rule of six and earth has the rule of five[天六地五]" to "heaven has the rule of five and earth has the rule of six[天五地六]", and "sovereign fire is bright[君火以明]" to "sovereign fire is summoning[君火以召]", which changes the meaning of the rule of circulation of the heaven and earth. Considering the context and many scholars' opinions, it was suggested that "sovereign fire naming[君火以名]" which was noted from Tang dynasty to Jin & Wen dynasty was corrected to "sovereign fire is bright[君火以明]" over Ming dynasty. In the corrections of Wangbing(王冰)'s Plain Questions, the sentence is written as "sovereign fire naming[君火以名]". The two characters, '明' and '名' are hardly similar in both shape and meaning, that it is only plausible to assume that it was mistaken for '召'. Consequently, we corrected "sovereign fire is bright[君火以明]" to "sovereign fire is summoning[君火以召]". And "sovereign fire is summoning, ministerial fire is locating[君火以召, 相火以位]", it raise "the rule of five and six is combined together[五六相合]". "The rule of five and six is combined together' means 'heaven's number of five" coincide "earth's number of six", and it says former times before dividing up and down.
Study on the Seventy-fifth Question of "Nan-gyeong(Classic of Difficult Issues, 難經)"
Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kang, Jung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 189~198
Considering the opinions of annotators, the remedy about excess of east and deficiency of west from "the seventy-fifth question" can be arranged as follows. "The seventy-fifth question", with "the sixty-ninth question", explains excess and deficiency of mother and son. Abatement of fire and invigoration of water[瀉火補水] in the excess of wood and deficiency of metal[木實金虛] presents a remedy, which has been applied in herbs and medicine application henceforth. "The seventy-fifth question" is a unique theory from " Nan-gyeong(難經)", and does not continue the theory of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)". "The seventy-fifth question" mentions the relationship of excess and deficiency of the five elements and five viscera, but does not mention excess and deficiency of invigoration and abatement of the meridian. Remedy from abatement of fire and invigoration of water[瀉火補水] in the excess of wood and deficiency of metal[木實金虛] is an abnormal, temporary and extraordinary method. This remedy is applied in Saam acupuncture[舍巖鍼] as A-variation form. The process where Son allows excess of mother[子能令母實] and mother allows deficiency of son[母能令子虛] in the abatement of fire and invigoration of water[瀉火補水] is a mechanism, not a remedy. Generation after generation, medical practitioners can be classified into those that claimed abatement of fire and invigoration of water[瀉火補水] because of the relation with excess of liver and deficiency of lung[肝實肺虛], abatement of heart(瀉心) due to the excess of liver(肝實), or invigoration of Eum and abatement of Yang[補陰瀉陽].
A Historical Study on The Myeongmunsanghwa(命門相火) Theory
Eun, Seok-Min ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 199~211
The concept of Myeongmun(命門) could be found in early medical texts such as "Naegyeong (內經)" and "Nan-gyeong(難經)", but the real idea about Myeongmun(命門) had mainly originated from "Nan-gyeong", in successive medical research. The concept of Myeongmun in "Nan-gyeong" could be read as an organ without form, and under the influence of Taoism theory, the concept of Myeongmun could also be understood as Danjeon(丹田). The theory about Danjeon in Taoism theory affected the concept of Myeongmun in medical theory to be closely related with the concept of Hwa(火), especially Sanghwa(相火). Through the theoretical development of Myeongmun and Sanghwa, the concept of Sanghwa could have been understood as a kind of Hwa(火) in human body, and the theoretical development like this had appeared from the time of Geumwon(金元) dynasty, when many medical doctors had experienced the Naedan(內丹) theory of Taoism. Under the influence of Taoism theory, from the time of the Geumwon dynasty to Myeong(明) dynasty, efforts to explain the concept of Myeongmun and Sanghwa in the human body made various meaningful theoretical products, which was not well-known within medical theories of ancient times. We need to recognize the differences in the understanding of the concept of Myeongmun and Sanghwa among each medical doctors, especially among those that showed opposite views. This study is based on the opinion that the difference in the understanding of the concept of Myeongmun and Sang-hwa among each medical doctors had been mainly due to the difference of understanding and analyzing the Taoism theory as the origin of the Myeongmun and Sanghwa theory in medicine. Regarding this, this study will take an overview of the successive development of Myeongmun and Sang-hwa theory in medicine, and will also look into the concept of Danjeon and Sanghwa in Taoism theory, which will allow better understanding of the progress of development of the Myeongmun and Sanghwa theory.
An Etymological Research of Gyeok(鬲, 膈) in The "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Gu, Hai-Yan ; Kim, Hyo-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 213~215
The thoracic diaphragm is a muscle tissue separating the thorax and abdomen of a man. In "Somun(素問)", Gyeok(鬲) means diaphragm. Its meaning comes from Gyeok(鬲), a tripod boiler with three separated parts for cooking. In "Yeongchu", Gyeok(膈) is a pictophonetic character which takes the place of Gyeok(鬲). The different uses of the two words probably does not come from the original writing, but result from longtime transformation.
Research on The Theory of Blood Vessels in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Ju, Bao-Zhao ; Kim, Hyo-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 217~220
In "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", the name of blood vessels is closely related to images of the river, and the word for blood vessel contains the following meaning, such as blood vessel, blood wind as well as blood stasis and so on. In a physiological perspective, the unobstructed blood vessel and normal operation blood are important symbols of health, for blood is the basis for human survival, physical activity and mental activity. In pathology, the external cold, excessive seven emotions and a biased diet can cause many kinds of abnormalities of the blood vessels, which can in turn become causes for a variety of diseases. The theory of blood vessels in "Hwangjenaegyeong" can provide guidance for diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in practice.
A Study on Traditional Korean Medical Countermeasures of Influenza A by Case Histories
Ahn, Sang-Young ; Han, Chang-Hyun ; Kwon, Oh-Min ; Park, Sang-Young ; Ahn, Sang-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 221~239
Background: The recent outbreak of the novel strain of influenza A (H1N1) virus has raised a global concern of the future risk of pandemic. Traditional Korean Medicine(TKM) has been combatting against contagious diseases and developed its own particular and efficient way in treating those diseases. Objectives: Provide a distinctive and effective TKM method in understanding the principles of treatment, prevention, and contraindications against influenza A through case histories. Method: We revised case histories of eminent doctors of Ming and Qing dynasties according to their clinical manifestations similar to those of influenza A. We also verified prescriptions of the "Dong-uibogam(東醫寶鑑)" through examining clinical practices of China today. Results: 1. The subtypes of Warm disease; Wind Warmth and Pestilence has the most similar clinical manifestation in comparison to Influenza A. Specifying these terms is important in recognizing and classifying various diseases under the name of Warm disease. 2. TKM considered not only external factors but also individual factors like general condition, diet, emotion, constitutional types, etc in the treatment of febrile diseases. 3. TKM developed a new way in the treatment of contagious diseases. considering the characteristics of each pathogen. TKM described the Warm pathogen being light as a feather, which enters through the nose, principally affecting the Lung. Therefore, they emphasized treatment with Pungent Sweet Cooling Moistening[辛甘凉潤] method. 4. As the conservation of fluid and humor is the primordial concern in the treatment of Warm disease, they restricted release of the exterior with pungent-warm and purgation method. The purgation methods was used exclusively to decrease fever and preserve fluid and humor. 5. The only differentiating characteristics of Influenza A with seasonal influenza are vomiting and diarrhea. Case research revealed the possibility of these manifestations to be a mechanism of restoration. 6. TKM provides alimento prevention method like Mint Pear Porridge, mung bean, and etc also combination of herbal medicine. Also emphasized in the conservation of essence for the prevention of contagious diseases. Conclusions: TKM developed its unique way in understanding the pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of contagious diseases and formed its independent scheme of Warm Disease. This knowledge in febrile contagious disease is relevant today in providing diverse treatment and prevention for influenza A.
Study on Body Constitution and Disease Symptoms and Signs
Cui, Zheng-Zhi ; Cui, Ming-Hua ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 241~247
Body constitution research in Korean traditional medicine adopt the diagnosis and treatment theory of "image-differentiation[body constitution differentiation, disease differentiation] in combination with syndrome differentiation diagnostic model and symptoms and signs of herbal property belong to image" as its core, which is key national medical science research project of State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the project brought up 4 key scientific problem ? body constitution differentiation theory, correlation theory of body constitution and disease, body constitution adjustable theory and symptoms and signs of herbal property belong to image theory. In body constitution pathology, it brought up "correlation between body constitution and symptoms", "differentiation between body constitution and symptoms" which increase the diagnostic level and diagnostic accuracy rate. In the condition of pathology, it obviously has low reliability according to body constitution differentiation, sometimes happen the description not comply with body constitution and disease symptoms, which lead to decrease the clinic diagnostic and treatment level, treatment effect not satisfying too. Now taking 4 key scientific achievement as criterion to illustrate the body constitution and disease symptoms.
The Quotation from "Somun(素問)" to Four Books in Su(隋) and Dang(唐) Period
Urayama, Kika ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 249~253
The popular edition of "Hwangjenaegyeong somun(黄帝内經 素問)" was established by Wangbing(王冰)'s revising and annexing notes in the Dang(唐) Period. He revised "Jeonwongibon(全元起本)" which became the edition we currently know widely. To know how "Somun(素問)" had been handed down from the Su(隋) Period to the Dang(唐) Period before the establishment of Wangbing(王冰) 's edition, we reviewed the citation of "Somun" in the four books: "Ohaengdaeui(五行大義)", "Jebyeongwonhuron(諸病源候論)", "Sagijeong-ui(史記正義)", and "Oedaebiyobang(外臺秘要方)". As a result, it has been discovered that even if the reference was written as "Hwangjesomun(黄帝素問)" or "Somun(素問)", they did not correspond with the currently established "Somun(素問)" in many cases. On the other hand, there were identical sentences to the current "Somun(素問)" among the cited parts; whereas "Yeolron(熱論)" and "Jahakron(刺瘧論)" were often cited in the medical books such as "Jebyeongwonhuron(諸病源候論)" and "Oedaebiyobang(外臺秘要方)", "Yeolron(熱論)" and "Jahakron(刺瘧論)" were often cited. Thus, we can suggest that the relevant content of "Somun(素問)" should be considered important in the period in question and further that the concept of disease symptom might have changed in those days.
Researches on Fire in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Li, Hai-Yu ; Pan, Gui-Juan ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 255~259
The origin of "Fire" in Traditional Chinese Medicine is summed up based on observation and knowledge of natural fire, followed by abstract thinking, of which the outcomes are best symbolized in the character Fire[火]. Because it is an abstract concept, it is hard to give a single and strict definition. Naturally, it would be necessary to analyze and illustrate the origin of 'Fire' from different angles such as broad definition, multi-definition, levels, classifications and effects. The concept of 'Fire' has four meanings in the aspect of the broad definition: first, natural fire; second, the physiological conception of fire; third, the medical conception of fire; fourth, general concept related to fire. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, fire mainly indicates physiologic fire, pathological fire, the fire in the six kinds of natural climate and the fire as one of the properties and the flavors of herbs.
Discussion of The Concept and Characteristic of "Gi Transformation(氣化)" in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Chen, Xi ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 22, issue 4, 2009, Pages 261~264
Gi(氣) transformation theory is the foundation of Traditional Chinese Medicine[TCM]. This theory matured during the period of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", and later in the history of TCM was a source of significant impact on the development process and direction of general medical theory. The concept of "gi transformation[氣化]" mainly originates from the definition of the three levels which are nature, the relationship between nature and human, and the body's own metabolism, and is used to describe the usage and the resulting changes of 'gi(氣)'. Gi transformation possesses six characteristics which are permanence, universality, representationalism, directional, variability, and orderliness. The research of the concept and characteristics of gi transformation[氣化] in "Hwangjenaegyeong" will help identify the important academic value and practical significance of the formation of the basic theory of TCM as the result of the gi transformation theory, and highlight the unique characteristics of TCM.