Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Medical classics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Nov 2010
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Sep 2010
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Jul 2010
Volume 23, Issue 3 - May 2010
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Mar 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Relationship of Emotions and Several Diseases from the Viewpoint of Gi(氣) Movements
Ahn, Jae-Young ; Jo, Hak-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~13
We get following conclusion in relationship of emotions and several diseases from the viewpoint of Gi(氣) movements. "Naegyeong(內經)" state mainly relationship of emotions and five organs, relationships of emotion and Gi(氣) movements in detail, but refer about symptoms of diseases that happen by anger, fear, and astonishment. "Yumunsachin(儒門事親)" supplement the relationships of emotions and five organs in "Naegyeong(內經)", and "Uihak-ipmun(醫學入門)" present medical treatments for each symptom of diseases that is led by emotion. According to "Naegyeong", as well as emotions can lead to various symptoms of diseases by affecting Gi(氣) movements, particular symptoms of diseases can affect in emotions by affecting Gi (氣) movements. Because emotions can affect to symptoms of diseases through Gi(氣) movements, we can treat with drugs that control Gi(氣) as well as with methods that control emotions in case of emotions leading to particular symptoms of diseases. Because particular symptoms of diseases can affect to emotions through Gi(氣) movements, we can treat with methods that control emotions as well as with drugs that control Gi(氣) movements in case of particular symptoms of diseases leading to emotions. We think the theory of Gi(氣) movements can be used as a principle of acupuncture as well as of drugs by examining the relationship of emotions and symptom of diseases from the viewpont of Gi(氣) movements.
The Application of Ganhap(干合) Theory -Focused on Viscera and Bowels-
Cho, Yong-Ju ; Kim, Jin-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 15~31
Objectives : The aim of this study was to understand application of Ganhap(干合) theory to human body. Methods : We investigated 5 important sphincters along the alimentary tract (Larynx, Pharynx, Cardia, Pyrolus, Iliocecal portion) comparing with the function of Viscera and Bowels, also with Meridian and collateral theory. Results & Conclusions : We can analyze 5 important sphincters along the alimentary tract into relationship of Ganhap. 1. Larynx are related with the combination of Byeong-Sin(丙辛合). 2. Pharynx are related with the combination of Jeong-Im(丁壬合). 3. The Cardia is related with the combination of Mu-Gyu(戊癸合). 4. The Pyrolus is related with the combination of Gap-Gi(甲己合). 5. Ileocecal portion is related with the combination of Eul-Gyeong(乙庚合).
Translational Study on a Chapter of Taeeum-Disease[太陰病篇] in "The Golden Mirror of Medicine.The Notes of Treatise on Cold-Induced Diseases(醫宗金鑑.傷寒論注)"
Lee, Yong-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 33~62
"The Golden Mirror of Medicine(醫宗金鑑)" was compiled by the medical officers of the Cheong(淸) government headed by Ogyeom(吳謙: 1736-1795) in 1742, and was adopted as a textbook by the Institute of Imperial Physicians(太醫院) in 1749. This book provides a good summary of academic contents and clinical experiences from before the Cheong(淸) dynasty, and serves as a convenient and practical guide book. "The Notes of Treatise on Cold-Induced Diseases(傷寒論注)" is one part of "The Golden Mirror of Medicine(醫宗金鑑)", and this is placed at the beginning of the book, indicating its importance. The chapter on taeeum-disease[太陰病篇], which is the third part of "The Notes of the Treatise on Cold-Induced Diseases(傷寒論注)", has not yet been translated into Korean. Therefore, in this study, the characteristics of Ogyeom's(吳謙) notes are inspected through a comparative study of the chapter of taeeum-disease[太陰病篇] based on translation and the notes of famous scholars. The texts first provide an outline of taeeum-disease[太陰病], which is followed by diarrhea, vomiting and therapeutic methods of syndrome involving both the exterior and interior[表裏兼證], as well as abdominal distension and pain. The prognoses are then explained in succession. The eight texts that have been shown in the chapter of taeeum-disease[太陰病篇] of original text were relocated and the seven texts that existed in the chapters of taeyang(太陽), yangmyeong(陽明) and gwol-eum(厥陰) were moved to this chapter. Furthermore, Ogyeom(吳謙) moved the cold-dysphagia[寒格] text from a chapter of gwol-eum-disease[厥陰病] to a chapter of taeeum-disease[太陰病] and explained vomiting due to pathogenic cold. The origins of taeeum-disease[太陰病] are purported to occur through the yang-channel[陽經] to the eum-channel[陰經], and taeeum-disease[太陰病] was reported to include both interior-deficiency-cold-syndrome[裏虛寒證] and interior-excess-heat-syndrome[裏實熱證]. In the case of diarrhea-more-severe-symptoms[自利益甚], he thought it induced by faultpurgation[誤下], and in indication for decoction of cinnamon with peony[桂枝加芍藥湯] and decoction of cinnamon with rhubarb[桂枝加大黃湯], he thought it included the exterior syndrome of taeyang-disease[太陽表證], and rhubarb was used in purgation of taeeum-excess[太陰實].
The Value of Traditional Medicine in East Asia which is based on the Instinct and Nature - Focused on the Value of Nature Medicine and Modern Disease -
Eom, Seok-Ki ; Choi, Won-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 63~87
Natural Medicine is a medical system that tries to find the cause and cure of the disease in the nature emphasizing on natural healing power of human body. The most important value of traditional medicine in east Asia lies on the fact that this medicine is a medical culture and natural medicine that was selected by instinct and human nature reflecting the best possible remedy by the wisdom of evolution, and views the living phenomenon based on relation and circulation. This medicine is a natural medicine that tries to recover and promote the natural healing power by vitality and is a system that cumulates various empirical information about unique and complicated life phenomenon as a legacy of evolution in the body and the disease. The understanding of variation and adaptation of human species should be based on thorough knowledge of origin, instinct and nature of human as well as knowledge of survival and adaptation of human and environment based on evolution. And through this insight, the prevention and treatment of modern diseases should be developed. In this regards, traditional medicine in east Asia should be highlighted again as a study on adaptation and harmony of penetrating the cultural history of mind which has led the history of biological body and change of society and culture, and the repository of practical wisdom and knowledge.
A Proposal for Use in Research Methodology of Traditional Medicine in East Asia - Historical Evidence-Based Medicine -
Eom, Seok-Ki ; Kim, Se-Hyun ; Choi, Won-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 89~105
Research methodology on Traditional Medicine in East Asia refers to logical thinking system, empirical positivism system and methodology of developing these knowledge systems. Logical thinking system of abstract concepts such as analogy or abduction and positivism system of reasonable explanation such as the five elements and their characteristic theory have been used in various ways empirically or in the form of humanities and knowledge system was developed through parallel structure of empirical positivism and exegetical studies. After the 16th century, evidence was required along with the tradition of putting emphasis on rationality, logicality and empirical positivism and characteristics of medical humanities can be found in emphasizing on medical ethics. Data that can be considered as structural review paper or meta analysis from original data of research on Traditional East Asian Medicine should be evaluated as historical evidence which is equivalent to specialist opinion, descriptive disease research, single case report or case series. Historical evidence based medicine is a research method using Historical evidence to selectively support data that are faithful to traditional theory with higher possibility to be used in future traditional east Asian medicine that links between traditional knowledge and scientific research methodology. Moreover, historical evidence based medicine tries to re-evaluate the value of traditional knowledge and ultimately, guides the direction of development of traditional medicine through scientific rationality based on history and culture.
A Study on Terminology of Effectiveness and Symptoms of disease in Meteria Medica
Shin, Jae-Hyuk ; Lee, Byeong-Wook ; Eom, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 107~118
Terminology in any study is an important part. In traditional medicine, especially in meteria medica, ther are many sections of explanation, which are origin, place of production, component, taste, effectiveness meridian entry, symptoms of disease, etc. "Bonchohak(本草學)" is one of the textbook of meteria medica in Korea. In that book, descriptions of meteria medica by effectiveness, symptoms of disease are supposed to be with accordance in the same section. However, unfortunately it is not. In this paper, I will explain those discordances and differences.
A Review on Shimdokmusu(心獨無腧)
Eom, Dong-Myung ; Song, Ji-Chung ; Keum, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 119~124
Literally Simdokmusu(心獨無腧) means only Heart meridian doesn't have acupuncture points. But in Oriental medical classics such as "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)", Heart meridian has been explained it has acupuncture points. Then, what does it mean? First, we take a careful look how it is different between Oriental medical classics describing meridian pathway. Next, we focus on Pericardium meridian(PC) because Heart and Pericardium meridian have several similarities in many ways. With those methods, we try to reveal the meaning of simdokmusu(心獨無腧) as a conclusion.
A study on the examples of character 'Yeong(營)' and 'Yeong(榮)'
Kim, Jeong-Soo ; Hwang, Man-Suk ; Baek, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 125~139
The character 'yeong(營)' has been used mixed with 'yeong(榮)' from the time of "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" up to now. One word can have a various meaning according to the context. So it is difficult to make a precise definition. Moreover as the words in Korean medicine are abstruse, it is necessary to classify and make the meaning straight with the words like 'yeong(營)' and 'yeong(榮)'. This study is focused on classifying the meanings and examples of 'yeong(營)' and 'yeong(榮)' by the dictionary definition, examples in medical classics, examples in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)". From this study, we get to know 'yeong(營)' and 'yeong(榮)' was used mixed with the concept of 'yeong-gi(營氣)' which means 'transporting nutrition'. The conclusion of this study is, from the dictionary definition and the aspect of oriental medicine physiology, using 'yeong(營)' is more reasonable than 'yeong(榮)' in both cases.
A Study on Jinsatak(陳士鐸)'s theory of Simpo(心包)
Kim, Jeong-Chul ; Zo, Eun-Hee ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 141~155
Simpo(心包. Pericardium) was described early in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)". But there has been a lot of criticisms about this organ. Jinsatak(陳士鐸) is one of famous doctors in Cheong(淸) dynasty. He suggested a creative Oriental medical theory and he did a profound research on Simpo(心包). "Oegyeongmieon(外經微言)" is one of his books recording his oriental medical theory in detail so it is the good documentary record for observing his theory of the Simpo(心包). So we looked into his theory of Simpo(心包) in "Oegyeongmieon(外經微言)" and also referred to his other books. You might be able to get a viewpoint of utilizing Simpo(心包) in several ways through reading this paper.
A Study on Transmission and Transmutation of Disease in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Kim, Jong-Hyun ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 157~189
Many chapters of the Hwangjenaegyeong[HN] explain the process of transmission and transmutation of disease. The transmission and transmutation process in the HN can be categorized into one between the viscera and bowels, and another of the external pathogenic gi itself. The process between the viscera and bowels indicates the transport of the pathologic burden between each viscera and bowel. This again is categorized into three types. Interpromoting, intercontrolling and that by Saeng-yang(生陽), Sa-eum(死陰). Next, the transport of the pathogenic gi can be categorized into one moving inwards from the exterior according to personal traits, and that according to the three Eum and three Yang. Although there are numerous types of transmission and transmutation, there are two main criteria in understanding the process. First, whether the process is in accordance with the physiological or natural flow of the body. Interpromoting and three Eum three Yang processes are such examples. To follow the physiological flow of the body means to correspond to either the Heaven and Earth or the original physiology of the human body. Therefore, the disease progresses according to a certain date or season. This indicates a partial malfunction in the circulation of the vital energy, which is relatively easy to recover. In contrast, there are processes that go against the physiological flow, for example, intercontrolling transmission and transmutation. This process focuses on the movement of the pathogenic gi rather than the vital gi. The disease progresses regardless of the flow of the vital energy, and sequential functional damage occurs accordingly. Consequently, as the transmission and transmutation continue, formerly passed organs are left damaged, and the whole process is headed towards death. The second criteria for understanding the process is whether it is cyclic or not. To have a cyclic pattern means that the occurrence of a disease and the time of death is not fixed. Transmission and transmutation processes that have a cyclic pattern mostly follow the physiological flow of the body. As a result, they rarely end in deaths, and the process is centered on vital energy. On the other hand, those with acyclic patterns have a fixed occurrence and death point in the course of the disease. They are mostly unnatural processes, found in fatal acute diseases or consumption diseases.
A Bibliographical Study on "Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)"
Kim, Yong-Joo ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jang, Wu-Chang ; Jeong, Chang-Hyeon ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 191~203
"Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)" is a pharmacological classic published in the Southern and Northern Dynasties(南北朝時代, 420-589 A.D.) in China by Dohonggyeong(陶弘景, 456-536 A.D.). In "Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)", Dohonggyeong(陶弘景) edited "Sinnongbonchogyeong(神農本草經)", the earliest classical text about material medica containing notes for 365 drugs, by adding another 365 drugs and further information from "Myeong-uibyeollok(名醫別錄)" and writing extended commentaries on them. His commentaries include changes in the geographical distribution, identification of varieties and other various special characteristics. The original text had gradually disappeared after other pharmacological classics were published such as "Sinsuboncho(新修本草)", in Dang Dynasty(唐代), "Gyeongsajeungryubigeupboncho(經史證類備急本草)" in Song Dynasty(宋代). All of these books were based on "Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)", so the original text can be seen indirectly through these later sources. In the early 1900's, a transcribed manuscript of the preface "Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)" was found almost wholly preserved except the first three lines, in the Makgo(莫高) cave of Donhwang(敦煌). Broken strips of transcribed "Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)" have also been excavated in Turfan[吐魯番], which shows its original form written in red and black ink. Mayanagi Makoto[眞柳誠] researched on Donhwang(敦煌) and Turfan[吐魯番] editions, ascertained their existence and explained their bibliographical and historical facts. Sangjigyun(尙志鈞) restored "Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)" based on other related sources such as Donhwang(敦煌) and Turfan[吐魯番] editions. " Bonchogyeongjipju(本草經集注)" can be said as the locus classicus(典範) of herbal medicine, that is most of the following materia medica was based on it. It makes it possible to pass down "Sinnongbonchogyeong(神農本草經)" to posterity and provide a foundation for herbal medical development.
A Study on the Characteristics of Descriptions of the Perspiration in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)"
Lyu, Jeong-Ah ; Jang, Woo-Chang ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 205~223
In Korean Traditional Medicine(abbreviated to K.T.M.), hyperhidrosis and anhidrosis are the targets of the medical treatment. Furthermore sweating appearance is also one of the important symptoms which explain a particular situation of the patient in K.T.M. And at "Sanghanron(傷寒論)" which is a traditional chief clinical bible written by Jang Gi(張機) later Han dynasty(漢代) in China made full use of the various kinds of diaphoresis[汗法] as a main medical treatment with purgation therapy[下法] and emetic therapy[吐法]. So the sweat in itself not only is the disease, but also is one of the symptoms explain a disease pattern. This thesis inquires into "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" referring to sweat which is the origin of recognition to the sweat in K.T.M. Some theses similar to this research had been made progresses and already reported, but most of them have classified the contents into biology, pathology, diagnosis, treatment after the model of western medical theory. In the aspect of comparative studying with other literature and clinic practical using, we found characteristics of referring to sweat in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)". And we classify the characteristics into some categories as follows. 1. There are some terms which make a title including sweat and symbolize the characteristics, for example sweat of soul[魄汗], sweat of death[絶汗], sweat of streaming[灌汗], sweat of weakness[白汗], sweat of sleep[寢汗], sweat of bright and heat[炅汗], sweat of kidney[腎汗], sweat of escaping[漉汗], cold sweat[寒汗], sweat on the head[頭汗], hyperhidrosis[多汗], heavy sweat[大汗]. But there aren't spontaneous sweat[自汗] or sweat like a thief[盜汗] which are the normal terms referring to sweat in history of K.T.M. And there are several descriptions about sweat appearance such as sweating in half of body[汗出偏沮], sweating in the rear end and thigh and knee[汗出尻陰股膝], hyperhidrosis in the neck and aversion to wind[頸多汗惡風], hyperhidrosis in the head and face and aversion to wind[頭面多汗惡風], cannot stopping the sweating under head[頭以下汗出不可止], make a person sweat to one's feet[令汗出至足], sweating like escaping[漯漯然汗出], sweating like soaking[汗出如浴], sweating become moist[汗出溱溱], hardly escaping sweat[汗大泄], escaping sweating[漉漉之汗], sweat moisten the pores [汗濡玄府], ceaseless sweating like pouring[汗注不休] sweating like pouring and vexation[汗注煩心], damp with sweat[汗汗然], sweating spontaneously[汗且自出], removal of fever with sweat drying[熱去汗稀]. That can be divided into sweat region and sweat form. 2. There are detailed explanations of the principle of perspirations caused by hot weather, hot food, hard working and meeting damp pathogen. 3. There are some explanations of the principle of removing fever due to the excessive heat from internal and external body through sweating by replenishing the body fluid. And many descriptions about overcoming the febrile disease by dropping temperature through sweating and many diaphoresis for curing. 4. There are some descriptions about five Jang organs perspirations and attachment of five mucous body fluid to five Jang organs. 5. There are pathogenic progresses after sweating affected by the Six Atmospheric Influences and water. And detailed explanations of disease mechanism a sweat leading to another disease. 6. There are descriptions about various sweat absent situations.
A Review on Seperation of the Clear[淸] and Turbid[濁] in Large & Small Intestine
Song, Ji-Chung ; Keum, Kyung-Soo ; Eom, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 225~233
Conceptions about functions of large & small intestine[LI & SI] were focused on the vermiculation in "Somun(素問) Yeongranbijeonron(靈蘭秘典論)". However, functions of large & small intestine includes more. In Oriental Medicine, there are sentences in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" "LI manages Fluid [津] and SI manages Humor[液]" It means that LI & SI have an each role in digestion besides vermiculation. In that reason, we try to find out the meaning of the functions of LI and SI in digestion through bibliographic review. As a result, LI and SI have a digestic function by Separating the Clear which includes Fluids and Humor and the Turbid which is relatively useless to the Clear.
A Study on The Disease Mechanism and Treatment of The So-eumin Exterior Disease of "Dong-uisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)" -On Ikgi(益氣) and Seung-yang(升陽)-
Park, Su-Hyun ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 235~270
This paper studies the main treatment methods, Ikgi(益氣) and Seung-yang(升陽) applied frequently by Lee Jema(李濟馬) on the exterior disease of So-eumin(少陰人), one of the four constitutions. The methodology of this paper is to understand the pharmacology of "Dong-uisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)" by examining the formulas applied by Lee Jema. I have examined the organization of formulas in "Dong-uisusebowon(東醫壽世保元)" beforehand to categorize the formulas applicable in this study according to an objective standard. I have analyzed the prescriptions applied to So-eumin exterior disease. As a result, I could see that in the case of Ulgwang(鬱狂) syndrome, Ikgi(益氣) and Seung-yang(升陽) methods were mainly applied, but as the disease progressed, Seung-yang(升陽) was withdrawn while Ikgi(益氣) was stressed. Likewise, in the case of Mang-yang(亡陽), both methods were mainly adopted, but as the patients got worse, the level of Seung-yang(升陽) was maintained and that of Ikgi(益氣) was elevated with the addition of Buja(附子). Through this process, we could verify the overall action of Ikgi(益氣), Seung-yang(升陽) and Buja(附子). Originally, the two methods of Ikgi(益氣) and Seung-yang(升陽) are intimately related, but by analyzing the overall functions of the two methods, we could see that Seung-yang(升陽) and Buja(附子) support the Yang gi of the interior of So-eumin, while Ikgi(益氣) resolves inner stagnation of Yang gi and emits the cold pathogen of the exterior. Also, in the course of treatment, Ikgi(益氣) could only be realized after securing Seung-yang(升陽).
"노로항언(老老恒言)"에 나타난 노인의 소화기 계통 양생법(I) - 비위기(脾胃器) 계통의 양생법을 중심으로 -
Yun, Cheol-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 23, issue 2, 2010, Pages 271~285