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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Medical classics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Range of Lee Je-Ma`s Works and the Limit of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
Kim, Joong-Han ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.001
Objective : We tried to seek for conflicts of views among the contents in Sasang Constitutional Medicine and Traditional Medicine based on Huangdi`s Internal Classic, and to study about the Range of Lee Je-Ma`s Works, therefore finding out the limit of Sasang Constitutional Medicine in view of learning contents and practice of theory. Method : Through the texts of Longevity and Life Preservation in Eastern Medicine, such subjects will be investigated as Lee Je-Ma(李濟馬)`s comments on Huangdi`s Internal Classic and views on the herbal medicine, the relations among five viscera(五臟), taeguk(太極), four-constitution(四象), etc. Result : Lee Je-Ma`s Sasang Constitutional Medicine does not goes well in harmony with the traditional physiology which is based on the functional five zang system developed in Huangdi`s Internal Classic, and is hard to understand because of its four division method rooted in confucius academy. Conclusion : Lee Je-Ma`s view of medicine is one of the practical and valuable parts of Korean Medicine, however, its extreme four-division structure theory could be difficult to be accepted as its whole form. This is because he studied himself as a confucian, so that his work might rather be confucian than medical. When he fully devoted himself to Sasang Constitutional Medicine, he already took his age much.
A Review on the Specialization of Chinese Medicine in Zhou Dynasty
Cho, Yong Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 17~25
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.017
Objective : The main idea of this article is to investigate the specialization of Chinese traditional medicine. The ancient shaman played a bridge role between human beings and supernatural things like ghosts. Even though he didn`t have the super power, the ancients believed that he could take care of all kinds of illness. Therefore, it can be said that the medicine of Zhou Dynasty was still under the shamanism although it had already started to be specialized and professionalized. And it was the important role of the ancient shaman of that period that gave patients the shamanistic treatment on the ground of the specialized medical knowledge, which was commonly activated during that time. Method : This article is going to look into the detailed aspects of the specialization of Chinese traditional medicine through the some kinds of written attestations of Zhou Dynasty. Result : The medical knowledge of that time stayed in the early stage, so it was simple and raw. Also it had scientific and unscientific characters in itself at the same time. That`s why it could be included in the shamanism; the details can be offered through another article of mine entitled A Research of Shamanistic Medical Activities on Written Attestations in the Zhou Dynasty(兩周時期的醫療巫術), which is being written now. Conclusion : From beginning of the Eastern Zhou period, the medicine gradually got to be specialized. And then the specialized medical treatment and shamanistic medical activities began to be divided as the different two occupations. Searching for various written attestations of that period, we can see lots of records about the specialized medicine treatment such as acupuncture and moxibustion and the medical substances.
A Study on Herbal Formulas and their origin in Mayaku-ku(麻藥考)
Park, Sang-Young ; Oh, Jun-Ho ; Kwon, Oh-Min ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.027
Objective : This article shows that while Seishu Hanaoka(華岡靑洲) is known to have developed an effective anesthetic formula composed of traditional herbs and performed the world first partial mastectomy under a general anesthesia in 1804, anesthetic formulas very similar to those developed by him were widely recorded and deemed used in Japan and Northeast Asia before his invention. The origin of the formulas will be tracked down to compare with the several formulas broadly administered in the region. Methods : Historical literature analysis was adopted to achieve the objective. 1. Mayaku-ku (麻藥考): this book is the main medical classic by Nakagawa Syutei(中川修亭) that introduces Seishu Hanaoka, his anesthetic formulas and mastectomy. 2. Northeast medical classics: Seuideukhyobang (世醫得效方) in 1337, Uibangryuchui (醫方類聚), Uihui(宜彙) and so on. Result : Herbs such as aconitum and datura were applied as a anesthetic agent early on before the Chinese Yuan dynasty. In Korea as well, some old medical books documented such use of those herbs and relevant formulas. Conclusion : Formulas that counted as invented and employed by Seishu Hanaoka as anesthetics, in fact, had been widely known and used in the region before his era. We should pay due attention to his creativity that combined a western surgical intervention and traditional anesthetic agents and successfully performed a newly introduced surgical practice in Japan. The point is that Hanaoka took note of anesthetic herbs or formulas traditionally inherited in North-east Asian medicine and successfully applied them to the surgical procedures for breast cancer, or mastectomy and mammotomy. This history alerts us to neglected or forgotten potentials of traditional medicine in anesthetic treatment and more.
The Essential Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber (金匮要略) use of Shen Qi Pill(肾气丸)`s for qi`s transformation(气化), truly embodies the analysis found in the Yellow Emperor internal classic(黃帝内经) describing the kidney functions
Park, Eun Hee ; Xie, Jing ; Jia, Chunhua ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.039
Objective : This article is based on a formula taken from Essential Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber(金匮要略). Shen Qi Pill(肾气丸) is generally used for such deficiency cases as: consumptive diseases, xiaoke(消渴) (waisting, thirst), beriberi, urinary problems during pregnancy, phlegm and so forth, and its main purpose is to treat Kidney Qi depletion, Qi transformation disorders, without obvious hot/cold appearance patterns. Method : Mainly through the literature study of related treatise on IInner Canon of the Yellow Emperor`s internal classic(黃帝内经) and The Essential Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber. Result : According to the Yellow Emperor`s internal classic, the Kidney has three main functions, storing essence, controlling the waters and holding Qi. Shen Qi Pill`s(肾气丸) source formula is intended to supplement even though its constituent herbs aren`t the warming type. To reinforce the Qi`s transformation ability is considered to be a main function of the kidney organ, and in clinic, diagnosed kidney related problems and its treatment process are mainly associated with warming to help the Qi transforming. Conclusion : Thus recovering the kidneys Qi`s transformation function is part of the process to eliminate diseases. Just cause the Kidney is deficient we shouldn`t think immediately of using warming supplement herbs.
A Review on Meaning of `Fu(胕)` Character in Huangdineijing(黃帝內經)
Song, Hyun-A ; Song, Ji-Chung ; Keum, Kyung-Soo ; Eom, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.047
Objective : Each terminology has twofold meaning. Chinese character has several meanings because it is phonogram. Even if exactly same in shapes but the meaning is different. We should be more careful about meaning of the character Fu(胕) in Huangdineijing. Method : We try to find out the meaning of fu excluding meaning of fu(胕), edema(胕腫) in Huangdineijing. Result : Fu means fermented food, edema, sticking, skin, top side of the foot and so on. Conclusion : Someone who have concern traditional medical classics have to give attentions that characters in classics could get different meanings in same character.
A Women`s Nursing Role in Chosun Dynasty
Hong, Yoon-Jeong ; Song, Ji-Chung ; Eom, Dong-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 55~63
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.055
Objective : Nursing system in traditional society depended on more private service in family than public service. In Chosun dynasty, there were several books mentioned private nursing srvice to author`s family. Method : We tried to find out mentions in books above and analyze them by point of nursing services. Result : In Nehoon nursing was considered as a view of royal family services, in Gyenyeoseo as a view of neo-Confucianism, in Gyubanggasa as a view of obedience to parents and in Gyuhapchongseo there were lessons to author`s daughter and in-laws about private nursing. Conclusion : In traditional society, women`s activities were limited. However, there were several roles, especially private nursing services to their family through this bibliographical records.
The contribution of Treatiseon Febrile Diseases and midcellaneous diseases(伤寒杂病论) to the theory of spleen and stomach
Wang, Chui-Jie ; Kim, Hyo-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 65~69
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.065
Objective : The main topic of this study is how the contribution of Treatiseon Febrile Diseases and midcellaneous diseases written by Zhang Zhongjing(张仲景) to the theory of spleen and stomach has been. Method : Analysis of formula in Treatiseon Febrile Diseases and midcellaneous diseases with theoretical and historical perspectives is the main method of the study. Result : The theory of spleen and stomach，which is formed in the long term medical practice, is the important component theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Zhang Zhongjing made a great contribution to the theory of spleen and stomach from disease prevention, the contraindication, drug usage, aftercare and so on in Treatiseon Febrile Diseases and midcellaneous diseases, which fully shows the academic ideals of strengthening spleen and stomach. Conclusion : Helping to study Treatiseon Febrile Diseases and midcellaneous diseases and understand the thought of Zhang Zhongjing, and gives reference to the theory of spleen and stomach` research in Treatiseon Febrile Diseases and midcellaneous diseases.
Needling Method Characteristic Analysis of Zhenjiu Jiayijing(针灸甲乙经)
Ma, Tie-Ming ; Kim, Hyo-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 71~77
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.071
Objective : To clarify the features of needling method in the Zhenjiu Jiayijing, the needling depth and needling treatment time were sorted out. Method : According to the analysis, we can identify the crucial factors of the needling features. Result : Compared with the needling related content of Huangdi Neijing(黄帝内经), the historical outline of the needling development could be found and the ancient acupuncturing process was reappeared with a historical perspective. This research will provide guidance for the literature research and clinical application. Conclusion : Zhenjiu Jiayijing, also an important and valuable literature, will provide more evidence or clues for depth and treatment time of needling, which will be helpful and meaningful in clinic.
Literal expression of nausea in medical classics written until Tang dynasty
Ko, Bok-Young ; Chang, Jae-Soon ; Kim, Ki-Wang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 79~83
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.079
Objective : Osim((惡心) stands for nausea which usually precede vomiting(嘔吐). Although it is very common symptom, we can`t find the word Osim in some ancient classics. So we tried to find when it had appeared, and what had been its substitute in former medical classics. Material and Methods : The digitalized text in Zhonghuayidian(中華醫典) was used for text search. The text search was performed chronologically. Results : We found that there had been yokto(欲吐), yokgu(欲嘔), geongu(乾嘔), beon(煩), beonsim (煩心), simbeon(心煩), min(悶), ongi(溫氣) as the precedent expression of osim(惡心), which had appeared in Jebyungwonhuron(諸病源候論, 610) for the first time. Conclusion : Until Tang dynasty, there had been kinds of alternative expressions correspond to osim(nausea).
Final Assessment Year of Realized on Forecasting Studies of the Literature Sector on Traditional Korean Medicine (2000-2010)
Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo ; Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 85~98
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.085
Objectives : Final assessment of realized on forecasting studies of the literature sector on traditional Korean medicine (2000-2010) revealed results as follows. Methods : We investigated the related peer-reviewed papers and research project reports through Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System(OASIS) of Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine(KIOM) and several publishers. Results : Of total five projects, two were realized and three were partially done. The projects `It wil be standardized by establishing the concept of traditional Korean medical terms` and `CDs containing traditional medicine books from China, Japan and Korea wiil be released` were decided to be realized. In addition to those, the projects `Systematic database will be build up for TKM books`, `translation and annotation versions on TKM old books will be completed`, and `A wide range of literature related to traditional medicine of each Asian countries` were concluded to be partially realized. Five projects on predicting TKM in the year 2006-2007 analyzed in 1996 were evaluated as realized or partially realized. Likewise, the five predictions should be reviewed whether it will be necessary in the future after assessment on their realization. Conclusion : Furthermore, it should be studies if the new projects are needed for the future in addition to the existing challenges.
Studies of the Gruel as Medicated Diet for the RegimenYangSaeng of the Elderly - In Yang-lo-bong-chin-seo(養老奉親書) -
Kim, Jung-Eun ; Ji, Myoung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 99~129
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.099
Objective : Most disease of the aged comprise chronic illness, hence the diet is important. Yet, the study on diet methodology for the remedy of the aged folks` aliments is scarce. The diet for the aged must be easy to digest- in regard to the physiological features of the aged, delightfully chewable, while meeting the expectation and guaranteeing nutrition-supply and remedial efficacy. Material and Method : This study is designed to accomplish following things with the Yang-lo-bong-chin-seo, a text on maintaining and upbringing the health for the aged: (1) classify the food recorded in the text in terms of cooking methods, (2) then sort the main ingredients in remedial herbal rice porridge(Yak-sun-jook) in food material science manner, (3) evaluate the cooking methods of the porridge for each and various symptoms, and (4) assess the features of each ingredient of the porridge, the value of it both in oriental medicine`s and nutrition`s scope. Results : 1) Among 64 main dishes recorded in Yang-lo-bong-chin-seo, rice porridge composes the majority, which is 64%. Stew and soup account for 60% of side dishes. 2) In 15 food cures, 43 remedial herbal rice porridges(Yak-sun-jook) were recorded. 3) Yak-sun-jook utilizes most chinese herbs as its food material. 4) Yak-sun-jook is made more with vegetable ingredients than animal ingredients and consist highly of chinese herbs. 5) Main ingredients in the porridges are effective in disease cure in addition to sufficient, well-balanced nutrition. 6) Cooking method of the porridge is grinding chinese herbs into powder or boiling them for a long time. Conclusion: All forementioned steps build the informational foundation - for this purpose the information be utilized - for making possible the development and the devising of pragmatic and feasible Remedial herbal rice porridge(Yak-sun-jook).
Research on the Imminent Labor Pulse - A Focus on Pulse Theory and Clinical Practicality -
Lyu, Jeong-Ah ; Baik, Sang-Ryong ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 1, 2013, Pages 131~150
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.1.131
Subject : The Imminent Labor Pulse(臨産 離經脈, extra-meridian pulse approaching labor) is one of many practical clinical knowledges, unique to Traditional Korean(Eastern) Medicine. Objective : This research explores the origin and change of perception on the subject throughout history, with objective to sort out practical knowledge applicable in the clinic of today. Also, it draws clinical meaning of pulse diagnosis according to the physiological theories, and suggests directions for future clinical researches. Method : First, the Imminent Labor Pulse was examined based on major publications such as the "Nanjing", "Maijing" and theories of major doctors. Second, this previous study was examined through clinical observation research. Third, further research was carried out on pulse theory according to the Traditional Medical theories. Fourth, their clinical practicality and points of further research were sorted out. These points need to be examined through additional clinical research. Conclusion : The following conclusions could be drawn from study of the Imminent Labor Pulse. From the Imminent Labor Pulse which indicated the beginning of the first period of labor in the "Maijing", it developed into trying to grasp the beginning of the second period of labor which is the actual time of labor, through "Zhubingyuanhoulun" and "Shizaizhifang". By Xueji, another pulse that could be felt on the middle finger of the mother had been discovered. The middle finger is where the Pericardium Meridian flows. The child`s connection to the uterus becomes disconnected on the first period, but that with the Pericardium meridian which provides blood meridian to the Taichongmai of the child continues throughout labor until the umbilicus chord is cut. Therefore, this middle finger pulse could serve as showing the heart condition of the mother and child during labor. The time of its appearance and disappearance, and their correlation with the child`s heartbeat need to be clinically examined.