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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Medical classics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study about medical doctors of the school of Seowon
Yoon, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.001
Objective : In South Song era, Choe Ga-eon(崔嘉彦) built Seowonam(西源庵), lived as a hermit and communicated with Juja(朱子) in LuShan(廬山), JiangXi province(江西省), JiuJiang city(九江市). Maekgyeol(脈訣) written by him significantly influenced the forthcoming medical doctors, who took over his studies and were called the school of Seowon. Little information about his life and his successors encouraged this study. Method : The core contents of Maekgyeol(脈訣), his life based on Waryongamgi(臥龍庵記) and Seowongamgi(西源庵記) written by Juja(朱子) and his successors on the basis of various medical books were investigated. Result : The Seowonam(西源庵) is located at the entrance of xiufeng Scenic spot(秀峰景區) which is 6km west from center of Xingzi county(星子縣), JiangXi province(江西省), JiuJiang city(九江市). The points of Maekgyeol(脈訣) are inferring the symptom of wind, energy, cold and heat by categorizing seven exterior and eight interior pulse into four pulses of float, sink, slow and quick and diagnosing a disease of three warmer and the five viscera and the six entrails by subordinating four pulses to Chon, Gwan, and Cheok(寸關尺). By writing the book of Sawonron(四原論) he clarified the clinical point, pulse, disease, symptom, treatment with learning the cause of a disease through pulse, understanding the symptom through a disease, and giving a remedy through a symptom. Then he communicated with Juja(朱子) assigned to NanKangJun(南康軍) as a ruler. He helped Juja(朱子) to build Waryongam(臥龍庵) and Juja(朱子) wrote Seowonamgi(西源庵記) for him. Conclusion : The members of medical doctors of the school of Seowon were Choe Ga-eon(崔嘉彦) and his follower Yu Gae(劉開), Yugae's disciple Eom Yong-hwa(嚴用和) and Ju Jong-yang(朱宗陽) and Ju Jong-yang's disciple Jang Do-jung(張道中). They, who were famous for pulse, had contributed to advancing study of pulses in the field of oriental medicine.
Neo-confucianism(新儒學), Zhang Heng-qu(張橫渠)'s Qi-monism(氣一元論) and Li Dong-yuan(李東垣)'s Theory of Internal Injury(內傷學說)
Lee, Yong-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.011
Objective : This paper was designed to confirm the relation between Li Dong-yuan(李東垣)'s theory of internal injury(內傷學說) and Neo-confucianism(新儒學)'s academic orientation, particularly Zhang Heung-qu(張橫渠)'s 'Qi-monism(氣一元論)'. Method : Through a comparative literature review, I searched for the commonality between Li Dong-yuan(李東垣)'s theory of internal injury(內傷學說) and Neo-confucianism(新儒學)'s academic orientation, particularly Zhang Heung-qu(張橫渠)'s 'Qi-monism(氣一元論)', and also examined the difference in the meaning of 'Primordial Qi(元氣)' in Qi-monism and that Lee Dong-yuan proposed. Result & Conclusion : The central theme of Neo-confucianism, 'Staying on the Golden Path(允執厥中)', has a commonality with Li Dong-yuan's theory of internal injury that emphasized Primordial Qi, and the concepts of "Great Vacuity as Qi(太虛卽氣)", "Two Properties Inherent in a Single Object(一物兩體)", and "the Nature of Acquired Disposition(氣質之性)" have commonality with the concepts of "The Given from the Vacuity of Natural World(所受於天)", Up & Down Movement(升降運動), and Yin Fire(陰火) of Primordial Qi in Li Dong-yuan's theory of internal injury respectively. However, the concept of Primordial Qi in the Theory of Qi-monism refers to the building blocks of all things in the universe, whereas the concept of Primordial Qi that Li Dong-yuan proposed has no meaning of component of body but driving force that maintains the phenomenon of life.
A Study on Chu Cheng and His Ideas in the Medicine
Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 19~32
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.019
Objective : Chu Cheng(褚澄) was known as the author of Zayaofang(雜藥方) and Chushiyishu(褚氏遺書). His mentions in the medicine have been sufficiently told in his posterity. However, there have been no studies on Chu Cheng and his work like Chushiyishu in Korea. Here, I seek to investigate Chu Cheng and his ideas in the medicine. Method : I investigate Chushiyishu, known as written by Chu Cheng and his scattered portions. Result & Conclusion : His nom de plume(字) is Yandao(彦道). It was supposed that he was born before the year of 420, the era of Dong Jin(東晉) and died in 483. He wrote Zayaofang and Chushiyishu. However, the former was lost. The latter consists of 10 pieces of medical theories. The contents carved on the stone plate was discovered for the first time before 934 at a place presumed as his grave. Then, it was stored as the inner and outer coffins in the tomb of Xiao Guang(蕭廣) in 935 and written on the paper by Buddhist monk Shi Yikan(釋義堪) in 1127. Then, Liu Jixian(劉繼先) carved on the wood for publication and finally, the work was released in 1201. But, it deeply looks that the book was written by other follower. Chu Cheng was a doctor excellent in the inspection and pulse method and his medical ideas prioritized Huo(火) in Mingmen(命門) and Spleen(脾). He expressed his opinions on the four phases of life, sexes and birth defects through Yangjing(陽精) and Yinxue(陰血). In addition, he explained the human pathology through Qixue(氣血). Unsmooth flow of Qi causes diseases by congestion. The entity circulating Yinxue is Yang and protested using urine to treat the hemoptysis(咳血) instead of medicine with cold features. It was frequently mentioned by his predecessors with the fact that Chu Cheng used different medications on housewives from widows and Buddhist nun monks. In addition, Chu Cheng proposed various opinions on cure, diagnosis, treatment, drug usage, pulse positions and hermaphrodites(半陰陽).
A study on the Six-surface theory in Shang-Han-Lun - Focussed on the Ke-qin's Shang-Han-Lun-Yi -
Lee, Sang-Hyup ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 33~52
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.033
Objective : Zhang Zhong-jing's Shang-Han-Lun is based on Six-channels system(六經) to classified a disease, but the notion of this seems to be a very various angles. Among them, Ke-qin(柯琴)'s Six-surface theory(六經地面說) is very clearly explained the notion of Six-channels system(六經) and it provide crucial clue to understanding a Shang-Han-Lun Method : I will try to describe the Six-surface theory(六經地面說) through the Ke-qin's Shang-Han-Lun-Yi(傷寒論翼). At the core of this paper, The diaphragm is the most important criterion to understand a Six-channels system(六經), and it is based on the human body to divided into Yin-Yang(陰陽). Result : Ke-qin's Six-surface theory(六經地面說) is connected with Meridian system(經絡), Viscera and Bowels(臟腑), and their functions. It is the concept of comprehensive to including those related were grouped into the surface. Conclusion : Six-surface(六經地面) is far beyond the simple concept of Meridian, and it include organization of pathology concepts carrying up to what happens on the human body caused by disease. We can see that Zhong-jing's(仲景) medical treatment from syndrome differentiation(辨證) is associated with a holism(整體觀).
A Study on the Danxihuqianwan(丹溪虎潛丸) analyzed by the dragon-tiger and lead-mercury theory(龍虎鉛汞說) of Su Shi(蘇軾)
Eun, Seok-Min ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 53~73
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.053
Objective : This study will analyze the constitution of Danxihuqianwan(丹溪虎潛丸) with the dragon-tiger and lead-mercury theory of Su Shi(蘇軾). It would help understand more the usage of Danxihuqianwan over the scope of Sa-nam and bo-buk(瀉南補北) theory that has been well known until now. Methods : This study tried to analyze the explanation about Danxihuqianwan in Yixuerumen(醫學入門) that had used the dragon-tiger and lead-mercury concept with the theory of this kind that appears in Sushenliangfang(蘇沈良方). Results & Conclusion: Based on the internal alchemy theory, Su Shi proclaimed that dragon[龍] corresponds to mercury[汞] Jeong(精) Hyul(血), and tiger[虎] corresponds to lead[鉛] Qi(氣). It is said to be in good position that dragon appears from fire and tiger is hidden in water. Su Shi also expalined the relation between dragon and tiger as the relation of water[水] and fire[火] between heart and kidney. As Li Yan(李梴) did, the dragon-tiger theory could be applied to the analysis about Danxihuqianwan, and it explains well the effect of this prescription that makes tiger hidden in water and thus help cure the diseases such as atrophy syndrome.
A Study on Annual Cyclical Rituals and Medicine in the late Joseon Dynasty - With focus on Uibanghappyeon 'Wolhaeng' -
Oh, Junho ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.075
Objective : This study considered the annual cyclical rituals related to medicine in an effort to look into the general medical conditions in the late Joseon Dynasty. Method : This study selected Uibanghappyeon 'Wolhaeng' as its research material in that it reflects the medical conditions at that time as a writing in the late Joseon Dynasty, and it's a record about annual cyclical rituals included in a medical book. The annual cyclical rituals are possible to analyze from various angles, but this study perceives the fundamental elements forming the annual rituals as (1) the time when a ritual was held (2) purpose, (3) method, and analyzed the calendaric rituals by dividing them according to the three elements. Result : There appear 97 sorts of annual rituals period in all according to their contents in Uibanghappyeon 'Wolhaeng.' (1) the case of directly suggesting a specific day like May 5 was found to be the most with 46 cases on the basis of the character of the implemented time, followed by the part (16 cases) with the sexagenary cycle like the Day of the Ox. (2) From the aspect of the purpose, the case of aiming at preventing diseases was found to be the most with 24 cases, and the case of expressing 'having to do like that' without any clear reason, or 'that would be better' was found to be the third-most 19 cases. In a broad sense, should these two be perceived as disease prevention, these statistics accounted for a half of the whole with 43 cases. Meanwhile, the style of rituals whose purpose was disease treatment(22 times) was to make a medicine on a specific day. Among the 22 sorts related to disease treatment, 16 sorts were the custom of making medicine on a designated day. (3) When classified from the aspect of methods, they can be divided into pharmaceutical preparations(23 cases), specific behavior(20cases), taboo(19 cases), taking medicine(15 cases), fasting(11 cases) and external medical treatment(9 cases), etc. This shows a comparatively even distribution rather than the case of dividing the annual rituals into a period or purpose. Conclusion : Medicine is the knowledge for preventing and treating diseases. However, the medical science and medical treatment of a traditional society show not a little difference from what we feel. The research on the annual cyclical rituals related to medicine is expected to be helpful to our perception of such a difference.
A Study on the Application of Eight Extra Meridians Theory to Birth Physiology of Korean Medicine
Lyu, Jeong-Ah ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 85~98
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.085
Subject : The application of eight extra Meridians theory to birth physiology of Korean Medicine. Objective : This study suggests physiological theories in child birth in Korean Medicine. Method : First, the application of eight extra Meridians and extraordinary organs theories to physiology, pathology, pregnancy, postnatal period of women were examined based on major publications and theories of some historical characters. This work provided clues for application of eight extra Meridians theory to birth physiology. Second, the progressing birth physiology of modern medicine based on the importance of the brain function was examined, with which the application of eight extra Meridians and extraordinary organs theories to the birth process showed close relationship. Conclusion : The following conclusions could be drawn. In traditional publications of Korean Medicine, the contents explaining birth physiology with eight extra Meridians theory were scarce, mainly due to the doctor's perception of birth as part of the natural female physiology along with menstruation and pregnancy. However, the contents explaining menstruation, pregnancy, postnatal physiology and pathology through eight extra Meridians theory could be found in classical texts such as Neijing, Jebyeong-wonhuron, Imjeunginameuian. Therefore, it is reasonable to apply the eight extra Meridians theory to the birth process as well. Modern medicine's understanding that pituitary and hypothalamus hormones are in play on womb in the birth process, such as Oxytocin, is in continuous progress. Moreover, the environmental condition that has been traditionally known ideal to the birth process in both the East and West-dark, warm, quiet and secluded-is being confirmed in modern research. The application of eight extra Meridians theory to birth physiology can help to explain these modern information, and thus make them more acceptable.
Extended indications of Four-Constitution Medicinal formula analyzing composition on Dongeuibogam formula - The case of Bojungyikgi-tang for So-Eum type -
Lee, Byung-Wook ; Baek, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 99~109
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.099
Objective : The purpose of this study is to extend indications of Four-Constitution Medicinal formulas by comparing with formulas on Dongeuibogam(東醫寶鑑), focusing on their composition. Method : 1. We analyzed the composition of Sanghan formulas(傷寒方) and non-classical formulas(後世方) which are mentioned on Donguisusebowon(東醫壽世保元), focusing on their composition. 2. We analyzed the composition of formulas on Dongeuibogam(東醫寶鑑) comparing with Bojungyikgi-tang for So-Eum type. Result & Conclusion: 1. Je-Ma Lee didn't say the Sanghan formulas(傷寒方) and non-classical formulas(後世方) with criterion of composition on his book. 2. We finally selected one formulas(Insamhwanggi-tang) and its effect as similar formulas with Bojungyikgi-tang for So-Eum type.
Korean Medicine Clinical Effects On Light Cognitive Impairments And Dementia Of 15 Aged Men Living Alone In The Farm Village
Song, Il-Gon ; Jo, Hak-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 111~126
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.111
Objective : This study was designed in order to support the standpoint that dementia will be treated better by remedy for heart rather than for brain, liver and kidney in Korean Medicine. Methods : We investigated which of five viscera make dementia from original texts about it. Then, 15 aged men living alone in Yeongdong-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do were treated for dementia by herb remedies, acupuncture and moxa. After it, we verified through method, for example, SMMSE-DS, CDT, and etc. Results : We had results that the main viscera causing dementia is heart, and heart is related with gall bladder, spleen, and kidney according to philological method. Clinical testing in this viewpoint showed satisfactory effects on the diseases. Conclusion : From the results, we proved it could be a new way of remedy for dementia that main the viscera causing dementia is heart in Korean Medicine.
A Study on Terminology in ZhenJiuJiaYiJing(鍼灸甲乙經)
Park, Chan-Young ; Lee, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Ki-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 3, 2013, Pages 127~139
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.3.127
Objectives : In the traditional oriental medicine, efforts to utilize the knowledge system so called Ontology have been achieved for systemic researches and efficient propagation of knowledge on oriental medicine. So far, in Korea, studies on drug ontology, pathological ontology, Cold Damage ontology and diagnostic ontology had been implemented, however, any development of ontology in the field of Acupuncture &, Moxibustion has not been achieved. Methods : We used Microsoft Access to collect terms in ZhenJiuJiaYiJing. The terms are related to human body area and structure. And then we built relationship of 'part of' and 'criterion of acupuncture point location' between the terms. Result & Conclusions : The terms used to explain acupuncture points in order to describe the position of acupuncture point name in ZhenJiuJiaYiJing were 8 words concerning different name of acupuncture point(穴名) 109, body part name(人體部位名稱) 150, meridian(經脈) 6 and structure(構造物).