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Journal of Korean Medical classics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Developing History of Theory on Seven Kinds of Prescriptions
Jo, Hak-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 1~21
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.001
Objective : This study is about how theory on seven kinds of prescriptions in Yellow Emperor's Cannon of Internal Medicine(黃帝內經) had been developed and how it had been applied for in prescription books or clinical texts. Method : I made a comparison of this theory between prescription books and clinical texts. After it, I investigated the change or development of it. Result : The first explanation about this was made by Wang Bing(王氷). Yu Wanso(劉完素) made up several varieties and meanings of it, Jang Jahwa(張子和) corrected what Yu Wanso added. Besides, someone for example, Wang Hogo(王好古), Yi Cheon(李梴), and so on added new varieties and meanings of odd prescription and even prescription. Conclusion : Theory on seven kinds of prescriptions in Yellow Emperor's Cannon of Internal Medicine had been constantly changed and developed in prescription books or clinical texts.
Study on the Selecting Indications of Five Viscera Source Point Acupunture in Suwen(素問)
Kim, Jin-Woo ; Kim, Tag-Gyu ; Lee, Jue-Hee ; Baek, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 23~42
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.023
Objective : This study was conducted to sort the five viscera symptoms which can be applied to Five Viscera Source Point Acupuncture, based on Suwen(素問). Method : 1. We selected and analyzed the sentences from Suwen, which included the five viscera symptoms. And then we sorted the five viscera symptoms which can be applied to Five Viscera Source Point Acupuncture. 2. These words - 'Liver', 'Heart', 'Spleen', 'Lung', 'Kidney', 'Reverting yin(厥陰)', 'Lesser yin(少陰)', 'Greater yin(太陰)', 'First Yin', 'Second Yin', 'Third Yin', 'Pericardium' and 'Extreme yin' - were used as search terms. Result & Conclusion : Forty-three symptoms of liver which can be applied to Five Viscera Source Point Acupuncture were extracted, twenty-one symptoms of heart, twenty-five symptoms of spleen, twenty-eight symptoms of lung, and forty symptoms of kidney.
Analysis of words related with medical concept and context of paragraphs in Suwen of Huang Di Nei Jing based on concreteness and ideality
Song, Young-Seung ; Kim, Eun-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 43~70
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.043
Objective : analysis of words related with medical concept and context of paragraphs in Suwen of Huang Di Nei Jing based on concreteness and ideality. Method : First, I extract words having medical concept out of the whole sentence of Huang Di Nei Jing. and classifies them according to the type of medical concept. Second, I classify all sentence of it on the basis of analysing of the words. Result : 1. There are not an interrelationship between the abstract and concrete words from the perspective of cause and effect. Abstract words group are divided into two different parts according to the fundamental character. There are the concept being formed from pure idea and the concept being formed from material idea. The main words composed most important part of the oriental medicine have a combination mode with these two word groups. 2. We have several data about concreteness and ideality of Huang Di Nei Jing. Subjects and contents in provisions are concrete relatively. But the logical basis of sentences is remarkably ideational. Many kinds of abstract words are used dominantly to compose logics of these basis. It confirms that concrete words can not be used to make theories and concepts in Suwen. Conclusion : I analyzed words related with medical concept and context of paragraphs in Suwen of Huang Di Nei Jing based on concreteness and ideality and I found that the concept and logical system of Huang Di Nei Jing in the objective point of view.
A Study on the physiological characteristics of Eight Extra Meridians - Focused on the interpretation of "There are Eight Extra Meridians and they don't be arrested by Twelve Regular Meridians" in Nanjing 27Nan -
Lyu, Jeong-Ah ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 71~87
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.071
Subject : The physiological characteristic of Eight Extra Meridians. Objective : This study research physiological characteristic of Eight Extra Meridians that differentiate from the physiological characteristic of Twelve Regular Meridians. Method : First, we researched the meaning of "There are Eight Extra Meridians and they don't be arrested by Twelve Regular Meridians" in Nanjing 27Nan compared with the contents of regular Meridians circulation in Huangdineijing. Second, we studied on the origin of Eight Extra Meridians and researched their route. Third, from these researches we drew some physiological characteristics of Eight Extra Meridians. Conclusion : In Huangdineijing, the regular Meridians circulation include the route of Governor Meridian, Conception Meridian, and Heel Meridian. So the sentence in Nanjing 27Nan is contradictory to the contents of Huangdineijing. The origin of Eight Extra Meridians could be found in Huangdineijing. The collateral Meridians of the Uterus and Epiglottis Meridian are specifically formulated to supplying for the Uterus or Epiglottis. Eight Extra Meridians have third qualities of Meridian, collateral Meridian, and the solid viscera keep the Essence Gi, so named 'Extra'. And they have an intimate association with Extraordinary Organs. They place at the middle axis of human body, thus do higher physiological function that control and regulate the function of Twelve Regular Meridians and Five Viscera & six Bowels for adaptation to the environment.
Investigation on cosmetology theory and prescription In Shang Han Za Bing Lun(伤寒杂病论)
Zhu, Hui ; Kim, Hyo-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 89~94
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.089
Objective : To collect cosmetology text in Shang Han Za Bing Lun(伤寒杂病论), to analyze theory and prescription about cosmetology before HAN(漢) dynasty, so to allow records for modern cosmetology of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Method : Through the systematize for all terms about cosmetology, to reveal the regularity about cosmetology before HAN(漢) dynasty. Result : There were damage-appearance disease in HAN(漢) dynasty, there are lots of ideas about cosmetology in Shang Han Za Bing Lun(伤寒杂病论). Conclusion : Shang Han Za Bing Lun(伤寒杂病论) is a monograph about pattern identification and treatment, and is an important ancient book for research of cosmetology of Traditional Chinese Medicine. In the further, we will research in knowledge discovery about cosmetology of Traditional Chinese Medicine. to strengthen the guidance of the theory of Zhang Zhongjing(张仲景) for clinical practice of cosmetology of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
A study on the relationship between 'Lock, Door and Axis' with the principal of following to the 'Tip, Root and Middle qi'
Lee, Sang-Hyup ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 95~103
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.095
Objective : I would like to study the relationship between the theory of 'Lock, Door and Axis' with the principal of following to the 'Tip, Root and Middle qi' in Huang-Di-Nei-Jing. It can be analysed from the relativeness among the sentences to appearing in Shang-Han-Lun. And consider the theoretical relationship of the two books. Method : First, I search out the exact meaning of 'Lock, Door and Axis' theory. Second, The principal of following to the 'Tip, Root and Middle qi' is closely associated with 'Lock, Door and Axis' theory. Third, I would like to prove that the several sentence in the Shang-Han-Lun are closely related to the Huang-Di-Nei-Jing. Result : Zhang Zhong-jing's Shang-Han-Lun quote a theoretical basis in the Huang-Di-Nei-Jing. Furthermore, it extensively quote to explan a disease and treatment, and so on. Conclusion : It is necessary to study hard the Huang-Di-Nei-Jing for understand clearly the sentences of Shang-Han-Lun. I think that Huang-Di-Nei-Jing have a decisive effect on the Zhang Zhong-jing's thinking to the disease and his medical theory.
Study on the Relationship between Dae-Jang-Jung-Gyeok(大腸正格) and Leaky Gut Syndrome
Lee, Jin-Cheoul ; Park, Sang-Kyun ; Bang, Jung-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 105~116
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.105
Objective : If the penetration ratio of the intestinal mucosa is increased, the toxic or unhealthy materials - which should not be absorbed into our bodies - will be come into our bodies. They cause a sort of anti-toxic response or confusion of the immune system, and ultimately bring various types of diseases. This syndrome is related "Poison in Excrement" or "Internal Damage(內傷發癍)" and Leaky Gut Syndrome, so I will study on the relationship between them. Method : Study on the relationship between Dae-Jang-Jung-gyeok and Leaky Gut Syndrome. Result : Korean doctors in ancient times called this syndrome "Poison in Excrement" or "Internal Damage(內傷發癍)" and treated it with "Dae-Jang-Jung-Gyeok(大腸正格)". Leaky Gut Syndrome is a sort of clinical lesion, which allows foreign and harmful toxins in and results in a disorder of the immune system due to the leaking intestinal mucosa. Conclusion : Based upon the analyses, Dae-Jang-Jung-Gyeok and Leaky Gut Syndrome are closely related. Therefore diseases caused by the Leaky Gut Syndrome might be expected to be cured by Dae-Jang-Jung-Gyeok. Particularly the use of treatments for self-immune diseases and allergic diseases such as atopyic dermatitis and articular rheumatism should be expected to reveal a new path of treatment for other disorders such as Leaky Gut Syndrome.
Famous medical doctor Yoo Itae's Study in the Chosun Dynasty
Yoo, Chulho ; Yoo, Won-Jun ; Cha, Wungseok ; Hong, Sae-Young ; Kim, Nam-Il ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 117~153
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.117
Objective : Two famous medical doctors, Yoo Itae(以泰, 爾泰) and Riu Euitae(義泰), have been well known in academic world and public in Sancheong-gun. Yoo Itae is the progenitor of Majinhak which is the therapy for measles, he wrote a "Majinpyun" as the first book of therapy for measles in Chosun. Riu Euitae, meanwhile, is a fictional medical doctor and a teacher of Heo Jun who became real without confirmation of historical truths by Roh Jeongwoo who heard about a name, Yoo Itae. Roh's assertion was quoted in the report of literatures, papers, novel, and telecast without verification. His assertion is exposed in novel and media and it has seriously distorted the history. The purpose of this study is to rectify the historical distortion. Methods : Various references study was performed. Confirmed a family tree, birth and death year, birthplace, sepulture, words on a tombstone, writing, collections of works anthology and the existence of keepsake. Investigated records of royal family, Sancheong-gun papers, Sancheong Hyanggyo papers, Dongyuhagan, Chosun Hanryuseungram and the record of Sawoo Munjip(anthology). Analyzed Roh Jungwoo's conversation that tells Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun and contents of an encyclopedia. Listened to testimony of descendants and assertions of historian in rural area. Verified voice recording on books taken from at birthplace and the space of activity. Results : Yoo Itae is well shown in various records and medical writing books, whereas Riu Euitae does not. Riu Euitae is not a real person in the history. Roh Jeongwoo who asserts Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun admits his mistake. But, the encyclopedia record describing Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun, government official at Sancheong district office, historians in rural area, historians in rural area who made a family shrine, gravestone, a statue, memorial, historic site of Riu Euitae on Jinju Rui could not suggest any evidences for the existence of Riu Euitae and for record Riu Euitae is a teacher of Heo Jun. Conclusion : Riu Euitae is neither a real person in the history nor a teacher of Heo Jun. Riu Euitae came from pronunciation confusion between 'I' and 'Eui' in Kyungsang province. Riu Euitae is Yoo Itae on Geochang Yoo who was a medical doctor of King, Sukjeong and wrote medical books including
Silk Sutures: Trachea Surgery in Sixteenth-Century China
Li, Jianmin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 155~179
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.155
Is the history of surgery an independent field of research into Chinese medicine? The historical sources are fragmentary, scattered, and riddled with fantastical descriptions. To unlock the references made in sixteenth-century texts to the use of silk thread to stitch up damaged tracheas, which are taken to be factual, the author of this article proposes a research method he calls "investigating precedents." Every independent reference to this kind of surgery must be dealt with separately. We cannot assume, a priori, that a reference to what must have been a very sophisticated procedure is either a far-fetched interpretation or a fabrication, nor should we evaluate it according to modern surgical criteria. Apart from extraordinary cases, we have no records of other types of surgery in the history of Chinese medicine, therefore we must find a method that allows us to investigate these records on their own terms.
Cultural Background of the Western Han Dynasty of Huangdi Neijing
Zhang, Dengben ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 181~189
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.181
Huangdi Neijing was completed during the several decades after Shijiand before Qilue, whose main content draws from the medical achievements of Qin and Han Dynasty, and is deeply influenced by Confucianism, Buddhism and Daoism of Qin and Han Dynasty. What creates the profound impact on its construction of medical theories are the thoughts of this period, such as "Valuing life", "people", "Valuing Yang", "Valuing earth", "the Heaven theory", "the Unity of Man and Nature", and the important works of this period, such as Huai Nan Zi, Chun Qiu Fan Lu, Shiji. Even the astronomy, calendar and medical achievements of this period are the basic material absorbed into the theories of Huangdi Neijing.
Yang Shangsan's contribution to the theory frame of traditional Chinese medicine
Qian, Huinan ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 191~194
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.191
This paper discusses Mr. Yang Shangsan's contribution to the theory frame of traditional Chinese medicine. He advocated initially the classification of Huangdi Neijing, which took preliminary shape of TCM theoretical rudiment. His Huangdi Neijing Taisu drew the outline of the TCM theoretical system framework and had a profound historical significance.
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 195~201
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.195
Study on the circulated versions of Major Essentials of Huangdi's Internal Classic Plain Questions (黃帝內經素問大要), and its original publication: Chosun's version of Huangdi's Internal Classics Plain Questions (黃帝內經素問)
Oh, Chaekun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 203~221
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.203
Objectives : The Major Essentials of Huangdi's Internal Classics Plain Questions (黃帝內經素問大要, MEHP) is one of the late-Chosun's literate physician Lee Gyoojoon (李圭晙, 1885-1923)'s main work, which is known to have logically proofread the Huangdi's Internal Classics Plain Questions (黃帝內經素問, HP). This study aims to examine two elements of the text: (1) the types of MEHP currently in circulation; (2) the types of publications of HP to be the MEHP's original script. Methods : In this study, basically bibliographical analyses of the form and contents was utilized about the types of MEHP and HP. However, to compare the sentences and phrases between prints, I've used 20 examples that Qian Chaochen (钱超尘) had proposed in his preceding studies. Also, regarding Lee Wonse (李元世)'s proofreading on the MEHP in 1999, I've used interviews of his students. Results : First, I've discovered that there are three versions MEHP in circulation: the woodblock printed version; Lee Wonse's handwritten version; Lee Wonse's proofreading version; and confirmed that Lee's proofreading version should be regarded as good version of MEHP. Also, I've discovered the possibility of other types of printed versions of the MEHP in existence, which is considered Lee's handwritten version's original draft. Second, I've confirmed that the original script of HP, which Lee Gyoojoon utilized for MEHP, is indeed not Gu Congde (顧從德) printed version HP, however, is the Chosun's bureau for military drill (訓練都監) printed version HP. Conclusion : Through this study, I've provided strong evidence that Lee Gyoojoon's MEHP is a unique and original research completed within the traditional realm of Korean medicine, which possesses the universality of Eastern Asian medicine represented by Huangdi's Internal Classics (黃帝內經).
Developing History of Theory on Ten Kinds of Prescriptions
Jo, Hak-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 223~235
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.223
Objective : This study is about how the theory on ten kinds of prescriptions has been developed and how it has been applied for in prescription books and clinical texts. Methods : I made a comparison of this theory in prescriptions books and clinical texts. After it, I investigated the developing history based on it. Results and Conclusion : This theory had been used for classification of not prescription but herb, until Cho Gil(趙佶) and Seong Mugi(成無已) enlarged its meanings. The first mention about it was made by Jin Janggi(陳藏器). Yu Wanso(劉完素) gave it more definite meanings by showing prescription examples than before. Jang Jahwa(張子和) corrected what Yu Wanso explained. Besides, someone for example, Gu Jongseok(寇宗奭), Mok Huiong(繆希雍), Seo Chunbo(徐春甫), and so on added some kinds of prescription.
A study on the concept of min fire(民火) and its relation to qi transformation(氣化) in urinary bladder
Eun, Seok-Min ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 237~251
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.237
Objective : Min fire(民火) is mentioned as a kind of fire that exists in human body, which rarely appears in traditional medical books. It was mainly mentioned as a fire in urinary bladder, and was referred to have some function in the process of qi transformation(氣化) in urinary bladder. As the concept of min fire was originated from the Taoist internal alchemy, this study will make a comparative research between the examples of min fire in medical theory and Taoist internal alchemy, and will find out the conceptual significance of min fire in medical theory. Method : Among traditional medical books, min fire appears in such books as Yixuerumen(醫學入門), Youyoujicheng(幼幼集成), Fengshijinnangmilu(馮氏錦囊秘錄), and also in some books of Taoist internal alchemy. Though rather brief and informal, they show us some information about the performance of min fire in human body. So based on the information about min fire that was acquired from those books, this study will apply the concept of min fire to the traditional dispute on the problem of qi transformation in urinary bladder. Result & Conclusion : The concept of min fire that is related to the problem of qi transformation in urinary bladder, shows well that qi transformation in urinary bladder produces not only urine but also the ascent of shuijing(水精). And it also shows well that min fire acts as a power for the qi transformation in urinary bladder, which would perform well in the cooperation with sovereign fire(君火). This can be presented as a theoretical basis that the power for the qi transformation in urinary bladder is basically prepared in urinary bladder itself.
Integrating Study of Kidney on Left & Life Gate on Right(左腎右命門) and Moving Energy between two kidneys(腎間動氣)
Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 253~266
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.253
Objective : There was no attempt to understand Moving Energy between two kidneys(腎間動氣) and Kidney on Left & Life Gate on Right(左腎右命門) by integration progress. So I have faced to study based on two parts with concerning as clues. One is 'Life Right (左 右)' and the other is 'Between(間)'. Methods : Revealing the source of the origin, Nanjingbenyi(難經本義) is given on the basis. Take a close look at publications related to Nanjing(難經) which is about Kidney on Left & Life Gate on Right and Moving Energy between two kidneys. Take a close look at Kidney, the Life Gate and Moving Energy between two kidneys. Look see the three-dimensional uplift movement of Gi(氣). Results : In Neijing(內經) and Nanjing, the basic point of view for Kidney is the same. That is explained in line with attributes of convergence(收斂). 'Life Gate(命門)' is a term to express the divergence feature(發散機能) of kidney. Moving Energy between two kidneys is used to mean the mainspring of human body activity. The Gi in human body loses altitude turning left(左旋而下降) and gains height turning right(右旋而上升). Conclusion : Watching on functional aspect, there are two names for kidney. One is 'Kidney(腎)' which collects the losing altitude turning left and the other is 'Life Gate' which rises turning right. Moreover, the fundamental power that effectuate the uplift movement is Moving Energy between two kidneys. This kind model is a way that can be understood syntagmatically the Kidney on Left & Life Gate on Right and the Moving Energy between two kidneys without any gainsaying the original of Nanjing.
A Study on the Pattern of 'Heat Entering The Blood Chamber'
Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 267~280
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.267
Objective : One of the unique syndromes in Asian traditional medicine named 'heat entering the blood chamber(熱入血室, HEBC)' first appeared in Shanghanlun(傷寒論) and Jinguiyaolue(金匱要略) written by Zhangzhongjing(張仲景) who is the most famous doctor in ancient China. Method : Through comparison between Huangdineijing(黃帝內經), Shanghanlun(傷寒論), Jinguiyaolue(金匱要略) and other medical texts, the correct meaning, causes and mechanisms of HEBC can be analysed and organized to suggest new view of HEBC in modern society. Result : This syndrome is usually occurred in women during catching cold and menstruation, accompanying alternation of chillness and fever, pseudo-malaria, delirium, raveled chest(結胸), uterine hemorrhage, etc. The main sign of this syndrome, delirium belongs to the category of liver disease and fever in Huangdineijing(黃帝內經) which is a document more early published than Shanghanlun. Although there are still many other comprehensions about what blood chamber is, it could be the same as uterus according to Huangdineijing, it is relevant to the control of menstruation and emotions, and the function of liver and thoroughfare vessel(衝脈). Conclusion : HEBC is a syndrome exclusive to women, caused by their unique physical and psychological characteristics. It's beginning can be found in Huangdineijing, and by Shanghanlun and Jinguiyaolue, its concept as a single disease pattern becomes established. In other words, HEBC is a complex disease related to menstruation and its related hormonal dysfunctions, closely related to PMS, menopausal syndrome of today. Physical symptoms accompanied by psychological anxiety and fear is characteristic of this condition. Therefore gynecological approaches as well as socio-cultural issues related to women in modern society must be adopted when dealing with HEBC.
A research of Ruyi(儒醫), Li-Chan(李梴)'s viewpoint on Taoism
Sung, Ho-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 281~290
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.281
Objective : The medicine originated from Taoist tradition which identifies itself with medicine, making a harmonic combination between taoist theory of life fostering(養生論) and confucianism was a everlasting task for Ru-Yi, Li-chan who attach great importance to Confucian-medicine. Differing from the ideological background of precedent medical theorists, made his own confucianism the main theory of medicine. I think we need a rational reflection over these issues and am trying to focus on it. I hereby analyse the Ru-Yi, Li-chan's viewpoint on Taoism since after Ming(明)-dynasty during which his theoretical ideology has bloomed in chinese medicine. Method : I analyze the sentences in Li-Chan's Yisuerumen(Medical beginner's book, 醫學入門) From the perspective of Confucianism and Taoism. Result & Conclusion : Li-Chan understood Taoism from the viewpoint of Confucian medicine. Thus, He accepted the life-fostering of Taoism from the point of Confucian-moral cultivation. He emphasized the role of the Xin(mind, 心) and he was rejected Taoist mysticism. He interpreted Medical classics-Huangdineijing(黃帝內經) from the perspective of the Confucian classics and understanding of each other was similar position. Because he was a Confucian scholar and medical scientists.
A Research on the character of selecting acupoints in Jangjinyopyeon(藏珍要編)
Kim, Do-Hoon ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 291~304
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.291
Objective : Jangjinyopyeon(藏珍要編, JJYP) was published in 1894. The purpose of the research is to know the character of JJYP, and to know JJYP inherited the tradition of Chosun(朝鮮) acupuncture which put emphasis on diagnosis and cure of Jangbu(臟腑) through meridian system. Method : First, identify the bibliographic information of the Mimeograph version of Original JJYP. After then, count and classify the provision by selected acupoints. Analyzed the result in succession. Conclusion : From the research of the mimeograph version of Original JJYP, come to following conclusion. 1. The pen name of author is Songgye(松溪), which means the region of his origin. 2. JJYP used 49 acupoints in total. It covers all regular meridian system except the regular Meridian of Hand Soeum[手少陰心經] for heart organ would never be injured in Neijing(內經) 3. JJYP suggested Eight Confluent points[八脈交會穴] as major acupoints in the end of book. But actually they were selected as the acupoints of belonging Jangbu(臟腑) and various symtoms. 4. Oegwan(外關) and Sameumgyo(三陰交) were maximum frequency in selecting of all acupoints, which means JJYP value controling and covering whole body. 5. Generally, Reinforcing and reducing manipulations concentrated one way, but Hugye(後谿) used each manipulation equally, which means JJYP regards tonification or purgation highly in Hugye(後谿). 6. Most acupoints of high frequency were Nak-point[絡穴], Won-point[原穴], Hap-point[合穴], which supposed to be directly connected to Jangbu(臟腑). So, we can see JJYP continue the tradition of Chosun acupuncture which put emphasis on Jang image[藏象] of meridian.
Discussion about prescriptions from Sanghanjabbyungron(傷寒雜病論), reported in Bohenggyuljangbuyongyakbubyo(輔行訣臟腑用藥法要)
Yeo, Min-Kyung ; Yoon, Jong-Hwa ; Kim, Ki-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 305~323
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.305
Through the study of Bohenggyuljangbuyongyakbubyo(輔行訣臟腑用藥法要) focusing on the newly illuminated subject 'The study of Donhuang(敦煌學)' of China, the author analyzed and researched Donhuangzhongyiyakjunseo Bohenggyuljangbuyongyakbubyo(敦煌中醫藥全書 輔行訣臟腑用 藥法要) in order to study and report the origin of prescriptions from Sanghanjabbyungron(傷寒雜病論), which was written by Zhangzhongjing(張仲景). Among around 50 prescriptions included in Bohenggyul, 18 prescriptions similar to Sanghanjabbyungron could be classified in five different manners as follows. 1) There are nine examples whose prescription composition and chief virtue are same but names different. 2) There are five examples whose prescription composition is same but chief virtue and names different. 3) There are two examples whose names are same but prescription composition and chief virtue different. 4) There is one example of prescription as a combination of two or more prescriptions. 5) There is one example whose prescription composition and possible variations of prescription are same but chief virtue different.
A Study on the Blood-Letting Therapy of SoMoon
Kang, Hee-Cheol ; Lee, Jeong-Tae ; Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 325~339
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.325
Objective : The Blood-Letting Therapy which gives an acupuncture and lets blood on the surface of body by using various needles is quite effective in chronic disease. SoMoon lays the theoretical foundation of Korean Medicine. This article could help improve the understanding of the blood-letting therapy in SoMoon and also paves the way for applying the therapy to treatment of the various diseases. Method : This study selected the texts correlated to indications of blood-letting, after collecting the sentences from SoMoon with the search words 'blood', 'stagnated blood' and so on. Conclusion : This study on the Blood-Letting Therapy includes the way and location to give an acupuncture, the general rules of prescription, needles, amount of blood-letting, running mechanism and attentions. The purpose of Blood Letting Therapy is to treat and cure the disease through Improve vital energy and Expel harmful energy by improving meridian function and harmonizing Um-Yang and Ki-Blood.
A Research on the Shamanistic Medical Activities of the Traditional Chinese Classics in the Zhou Dynasty
Cho, Yong-Jun ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 341~354
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.341
Objective : The main idea of this article is to investigate the shamanistic medical activities through the traditional Chinese classics in the Zhou Dynasty. The ancient shaman played a bridge role between human beings and supernatural things like ghosts. Even though he didn't have the super power, the ancients believed that he could take care of all kinds of illness. Therefore, it can be said that the medicine of the Zhou Dynasty was still under the shamanism although it had already started to be specialized and professionalized. Method : This article is going to look into the detailed aspects of the shamanistic medical activities, for example, divination of illness, Zhuyou(祝由), shamanistic preventive medicine, and so on, through the traditional Chinese classics of Zhou Dynasty. Result : The medical knowledge of that time stayed in the early stage, so it was simple and raw. Also it had scientific and unscientific characters in itself at the same time. That's why it could be included in the shamanism. And about the shamanistic medical activities seen on underground written attestations, they will be offered through another article of mine, entitled A Research of Shamanistic Medical Activities on Underground Written Attestations in the Zhou Dynasty(兩周出土文獻所見之醫療巫術考察), which is being written now. Conclusion : From beginning of the Eastern Zhou period, the medicine gradually got to be specialized. And then specialized medical treatments and shamanistic medical activities began to be divided as the different two occupations. However, it is an unchangeable truth that the ancient shaman played an important role in the Chinese traditional medicine. Therefore, it can be said that he was in the very special position in the Chinese traditional medicine.
A Study on the perception of epidemic febrile disease[瘟疫] in the Sinchanbyeokonbang(新纂辟瘟方) and its significance as prevention contents - Based on comparison with Dong-uibogam(東醫寶鑑) -
Kim, Sang-Hun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 355~366
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.355
Based on analysis of the organization and listed formulas of the Sinchanbyeokonbang(新纂辟瘟方), it is clear that it has been published based on the Dong-uibogam(東醫寶鑑). This study was carried out under this premise, with focus on the differences between Sinchanbyeokonbang and the epidemic febrile disease[瘟疫] chapter of the Dong-uibogam. In short, Sinchanbyeokonbang reflected a changed view on the epidemic febrile disease, improving its professionalism by supplementing formulas from previous texts and folk prescriptions. At the same time, it improved clinical practicality rather than medical, academic facts, which shows its objective in improving public health and medicine.
A study on research methodology of the quoted verses in Dong-uisusebowon(2)
Park, Su-Hyun ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 367~383
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.367
This paper is the sequel to 'A study on research methodology of the quoted verses in Dong-uisusebowon(1)'. In this paper, a more detailed discussion on the Shanghanlun lines quoted in the Dong-uisusebowon were carried out based on the aforementioned conclusion, using tao-ren-cheng-qi-tang(桃仁承氣湯) and di-dang-tang(抵當湯) lines related to the tip disease pattern of the So-eum constitution. First in the case of tao-ren-cheng-qi-tang lines, the treatment instructions tell us to use the formula after treating the tip, only when there are root symptoms left. However, in the Dong-uisusebowon, Lee instructed to use tao-ren-cheng-qi-tang when tip symptoms were present. Also, in the di-dang-tang lines, symptoms related to kuang (狂) and stiffening of the lower abdomen which are main manifestations of xu-xue(蓄血) pattern are modified from the Shanghanlun version. The reason behind the difference in contents between the Dong-uisusebowon and Shanghanlun in the mentioned lines is because the lines were already modified in the Dong-uibogam. Heo Jun modified the tao-ren-cheng-qi-tang lines to maintain coherence with the contents of di-dang-tang used in the xu-xue(蓄血) pattern. Another reason for Heo's modification of the di-dang-tang lines is to correct the incoherence of symptoms listed according to the difference in severity of the two di-dang-tang disease patterns. As we can see, Heo modified these parts in the Dong-uibogam based on logical reasons, which enabled Lee to avoid logical contradiction and suggest the So-eum tip disease pattern naturally, by referencing the lines as quoted in the Dong-uibogam.
A Study on the Differentiation of Tip(標) and Root(本) in Zangfubiaobenxushihanreyongyaoshi(臟腑標本虛實寒熱用藥式)
Kim, Jong-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 385~396
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.385
Zhang Yuan-Su(張元素) was a doctor of the Jin(金) period, who was followed by Li Dong-Yuan(李東垣) and Wang Hao-Gu(王好古), creating the Yishui School(易水學派). The most notable aspect of his theory is the internal organs(臟腑)-based diagnostic system. He organized previous methods based on the internal organs and applied the same methodology in treatment as well. The Zangfu-biaoben-xushi-hanre-yongyaoshi(臟腑標本虛實寒熱用藥式) is one of his major publications in which diagnostic and treatment methods are organized in a simple manner. In this book, the diseases of the organs are divided into the tip and root(標本). This paper investigates the standards of categorizing tip and root diseases through analysis of all symptoms of both tip and root diseases of the five internal organs. Then the results of the analysis were used in grasping the similarities and tendencies of the root disease and tip disease. Conclusively, root diseases indicate disorder in the internal organs themselves. Tip diseases indicate disorder in the channels and collaterals, diseases caused by exterior pathogens or symptoms that manifest in the exteriors of the body. Such categorization is thought to have been established to eliminate diagnostic error that could occur from using the same expressive means in describing symptoms with different causes, in the process of forming an uncomplicated diagnostic system.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Wuqian Edition(吳遷本) of Jinguiyaolue(金匱要略) written in Small Letters
Kim, Dong-Hui ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Kim, Sang-Hyun ; Ahn, Jin-Hee ; Park, Seong-Jin ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 26, issue 4, 2013, Pages 397~416
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2013.26.4.397
Objective : The recently reported Wuqian edition(吳遷本) Jinguiyaolue(金匱要略) is known to be written in small letters unlike other large lettered versions of the book. The Wuqian edition(吳遷本) takes after the name of Wuqian who copied an ancient version that was found at the time(Ming dyanasty, 1395). It is known to differ in organization and contents to other versions. In this study, I would like to examine how the small-lettered version of the Jinguiyaolue had been created, through a thorough examination of the Wuqian edition, and evaluate its value as a new version of the Jinguiyaolue. Method : First, the systems of both large-lettered and small-lettered versions of the "Jinguiyaolue" were briefly examined, followed by comparison from chapter 1 to 22, of organization, contents, and formulas between the oldest version of the large-lettered versions, the Deng-zhen edition, and the newly discovered Wuqian edition of which examples of each item are listed. The original source was identified for parts that were different. Result & Conclusion : 1. The Deng-zhen edition and Wuqian edition show vast differences in the organization, table of contents, name of chapter, location of each verse or line, existence of certain verses or lines, name of formula, quantity of medicinal ingredients, processing methods and other aspects. 2. The small-lettered edition was published based on the large-lettered edition of the Jinguiyaolue published by the Jiaozheng-yishuju(校正醫書局) after a general cross-examination process followed by selection, modification and supplementation of the large-lettered edition. Reference texts used in cross-examination were Qianjinyaofang(千金要方), Waitaimiyao(外臺秘要), Maijing(脈經), and Shanghanlun(傷寒論). 3. Considering Wuqian's own annotations and preface, it is clear that he wanted to create the best version of the "Jinguiyaolue". Wuqian himself seems to have had professional knowledge of bibliography and medicine.