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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 27, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A study on research methodology of the quoted verses in Dong-uisusebowon(3)
Park, Su-Hyun ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 1~23
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.001
This paper is sequel to the paper titled 'A study on research methodology of the quoted verses in Dong-uisusebowon(2)'. In the previous study, Tao-ren-cheng-qi-tang(桃仁承氣湯) and Di-dang-tang (抵當湯) lines from Shanghanlun quoted in the Dong-uisusebowon were examined. Through this study, we learned that Heo, Jun corrected these texts in the Dong-uibogam to avoid logical contradiction, which were again quoted by Yi, Jema in the Dong-uisusebowon. Thus the quotations in Yi's book were also corrected of the contradictory lines as found in the source text, Shanghanlun. In this paper, I would like to examine the lines regarding Jeokseokji-uyeoryang-tang(赤石脂禹餘糧湯) and Gan-cao-xie-xin-tang(甘草瀉心湯). Firstly, in the case of Jeokseokji-uyeoryang-tang(赤石脂禹餘糧湯) lines, many changes in contents were made to resolve contradiction within the lines as previous cases. By quoting the Dong-uibogam directly, Yi, Jema inherited the thoughts of Heo, Jun in his work. Secondly, in the case of Gan-cao-xie-xin-tang(甘草瀉心湯) lines, Heo, Jun suggested new perspectives on Pi(痞, stuffiness) and Jie-xiong(結胸, chest bind) different to those of Zhang Zhong Jing, based on empirical knowledge of later days. Yi, Jema quoted these corrected lines, which implies Yi's agreement to the theories of Heo. However, Yi made clear his difference in perspective with Heo through his unique theory of the Four(Sasang) Constitutions. I conclude my research regarding quotations in the Dong-uisusebowon by stressing the necessity of research on the Dong-uibogam prior to any further research regarding quotations in the Dong-uisusebowon.
A study on analyzing the terms describing anti-aging effects in Dongeuibogam to propose the methodology for selecting medicinal herbs related to anti-aging effects
Lee, Dong-Woo ; Baek, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 25~48
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.025
Objectives : This study aims to analyze the terms describing anti-aging effects in Dongeuibogam, and to propose the methodology for selecting medicinal herbs related to anti-aging effects. Methods : We considered aging or anti-aging theories by reviewing the major literature in korean medicine or traditional chinese medicine, and then we deduced the concepts describing anti-aging effects and the medicinal herbs for anti-aging effects. We investigated the medicinal herbs based on the terms describing anti-aging effects in Dongeuibogam and drew the methodology for selecting and classifying the medicinal herbs related to anti-aging. Results & Conclusions : The following conclusions could be drawn. 1. A set of causes and signs of aging in Dongeuibogam and a set of therapies for alleviating the aging signs in Chengumikbang, Yanglobongchinseo, and Nolohangeon was found. 2. Anti-aging effects should not be confused with disease treatments. Therefore, we defined the medical terms of anti-aging effects as "the terms expressing the effect of delaying or alleviating the subjective or objective signs of aging concretely". Based upon the terms of anti-aging effects, we defined the medicinal herbs for anti-aging effects as "the medicinal herbs whose effects are described in medical terms expressing the effects of delaying or alleviating the subjective or objective signs of aging concretely". 3. We considered Lycii Fructus, Asparagi Tuber in Dongeuibogam as examples of medicinal herbs whose effects are described in medical terms expressing anti-aging effects. It shows that we can select medicinal herbs for anti-aging effects by comparing the effects of 937 single therapies in Dongeuibogam to the terms describing anti-aging effects defined in this study. Futhermore, the results could be utilized as the basic materials of experimental study on anti-aging.
A Study on The Association between Extraordinary Organs(奇恒之腑) and Eight Extra Meridians(奇經八脈)
Lyu, Jeong-Ah ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 49~67
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.049
Subject : The Association between Extraordinary Organs(奇恒之腑) and Eight Extra Meridians(奇經 八脈). Objectives : This study research some special aspects of Extraordinary Organs and Eight Extra Meridians which differentiated from ordinary Organs and Meridians, and the association between Extraordinary Organs and Eight Extra Meridians. Methods : First, researched classification standard and physiological characteristics of Extraordinary Organs through studying various chapters of HuangdiNeijing. Second, researched The Association between Extraordinary Organs and Eight Extra Meridians through studying on the origin of Eight Extra Meridians in HuangdiNeijing. Third, from accompanying researching the subject of Cheon-gye(天癸) and human body shape, draw synthetic hypothesis on the relationship among ordinary Meridians and Organs, muscles and skins of body shape, Extraordinary Organs and Eight Extra Meridians. Results & Conclusions : The following conclusions could be drawn. 1. Extraordinary Organs afford background for shaping human body. This is same as the properties of the earth which afford background for shaping all creations. The physiological characteristics of Extraordinary Organs is intermediation and regulation between Ki(氣) of Five Viscera & six Bowels and shape of muscles & skins in human body. 2. The origin of Eight Extra Meridians could be found in HuangdiNeijing. The collateral Meridians of the Uterus and Epiglottis Meridian are specifically formulated to supplying for the Uterus or Epiglottis. From this we can draw The Association between Extraordinary Organs and Eight Extra Meridians, that is Eight Extra Meridians are specifically formulated to supplying for Extraordinary Organs. 3. The Cheon-gye(天癸) is doing significant function in Eight Extra Meridians supplying for Extraordinary Organs. Cheon-gye concerned to growth, secondary sexual characters, generative function, aging process. Theses are all concerned with the changing of human body shape. Cheon-gye urge to change the body shape with following the human life cycle. 4. Human body has vertical symmetry because preserve its shape from the gravitational force. Eight Extra Meridians place at the middle or flank axis of human body, thus do physiological function that assistant human body have vertical symmetry shape. The purpose of shaping vertical symmetry is securing space what the inner Twelve Regular Meridians and Five Viscera & six Bowels create there own physical changes. On the other hand the inner changes need deviation between left and right because of mobility and circulation of force. But human body change the shape in the process of growth, reproduction, aging. Eight Extra Meridians play role at time of these processing, thus they deeply concerned to human's life cycle and reproduction. 5. Eight Extra Meridians and Extraordinary Organs were named 'Extra' because of some special aspects which differentiated from ordinary Meridians and Organs. All they play role to have vertical symmetry shape of human body and maintain the shape, thus they deeply concerned to the change of human life cycle. These shaping maintaining and the change of human life cycle are very special aspects of human body. So they needed to differently cognize separate to the ordinary changes of Five Viscera & six Bowels and Twelve Meridians at inner space.
A Study on the principle of Heat and Cold metastasis among the Five Viscera on the Gigualron of Somun(素問·氣厥論)
Jeong, Heon Young ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.069
Objectives : The metastasis among the Five Viscera are given, passim, in the Hwangjenaegyeong (黃帝內經). Generally, the metastasis among the Five Viscera followed 'mutual generation' and 'mutual overcoming' of the Five Elements. But, the metastasis among the Five Viscera on the Gi Gual Ron not followed. The metastasis are connected with the Eight Diagrams. The Eight Diagrams are classified 'Earlier Heaven' and 'Later Heaven'. It also be assigned the Five Elements. Results : The metastasis order and the principle of shift its location from 'Earlier Heaven' to 'Later Heaven' are similar. Conclusions : Therefore, the metastasis among the Five Viscera on the Gi Gual Ron is based on the law of shift its location from 'Earlier Heaven' to 'Later Heaven'.
A study on the Problems and Improvement Proposals on Legal Definitions in Regards to Herbs, Herbal Drugs, Crude Drugs and Natural Products
Eom, Seok-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 77~95
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.077
Objectives : This study was to analyze the definitions of herbs, herbal drugs, crude drugs and natural products in the relevant laws and regulations, understand the related problems, and propose directions for improvement. Methods : I analyzed the legal definitions in respect of herbs, herbal drugs, crude drugs and natural products in relevant laws and regulations since 1945, explained the problems, and suggested the solution-considering the academic stance of Traditional Korean Medicine and the dualistic medical and pharmaceutical system. Results : Herbs are defined as "refined things that are cut and dried in their most original state". The definition of crude drugs includes herbs and the "cell contents, secretion, extracts, minerals and other parts of animals and plants that are used medicinally". The concept of natural products is expanded to adding tissue cultures to the definition of crude drugs. Conclusions : The definition of herbs should at least include all products that are "processed, extracted and prepared" as well as contents that consist of various forms of hospital-prepared herbs. The term "herbal drug" corresponds to a traditional term of "drug", and this should be established as a concept to explain "drugs in raw materials that are used to prepare herbs and/or manufacture herbal medicine". The legal definition of herbs should include the concept of crude drugs. Herbal drug preparations and crude drugs should be included in the definition of herbal drugs.
Change of Perception on Sasu(邪祟), Evil-Spirit(鬼邪) Related Disease
Hong, Sae-Young ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 97~107
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.097
Objectives : This study aims at exposing interaction between socio-cultural influence on medicine, and the strong quest for rational explanation concerning the evil-spirit(鬼邪) related disease, namely Sasu(邪祟), in medical history. Methods : In order to apprehend the change of perception, Chinese medical classics referring directly to Sasu(邪祟), as well as Korean medical classics from Joseon dynasty were reviewed. Results : In Chinese medical texts, discriminating pseudo-sasu(類似邪祟) from evil-spirit related sasu had been one of the main concerns. And Chinese were more inclined to specify treatment plan for pseudo-sasu than handling evil spirits. On the contrary, Korean medical texts show common interests in eliminating evil spirits throughout Joseon dynasty. Conclusions : Since medicine is under the influence of socio-cultural condition, it cannot escape from the epistemology of corresponding society. Evil-spirit related disease therefore could remain within the sphere of medical discussion until very recently. If we observe the disease under the frame of culture, we not only can obtain broader view on dynamic nature of medical conceptions, but also gain better insight to understand medical classics.
A Study on He Meng-Yao's(何夢瑤) Idea of Medicine of divination(醫易)
Yun, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 109~117
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.109
Objectives : He Meng-Yao(何夢瑤), a doctor from Qing Dynasty, wrote Yi Bian(醫碥, Fundamentals of Medicine), in which he described many things related to Medical Medicine of divination (醫易). As the content includes a lot of teachings for the posterity, I have studied it. Methods : I have taken from Yi Bian(醫碥) the selections related to Medicine of divination(醫易) and explained them. Results : While accepting the principle of upholding yang and suppressing yin based on the understanding of the Book of Changes(周易) that takes a superior man for yang and a small man for yin, He Meng-Yao(何夢瑤), who thought of both yin and yang as Qi (energy), criticized the contemporary malpractice of uniformly applying the principle. In matching the five viscera to the Eight Trigrams(八卦), he put Qian and Dui Trigram(乾兌) to lung, Kan Trigram(坎卦) to kidney, Zhen and Xun Trigram(震巽) to liver, Li Trigram(離卦) to heart, and Kun and Gen Trigram(坤艮) to spleen, which is reasonable. He didn't fix the position of the vital gate and called it Fire in water(水中之火), and set great store by the role of Fire from Vital Gate(命門火) by calling it Water begetting tree(水生木) when the fire of the vital gate steams the kidney water and turns it into Qi to send it up to liver. He emphasized Water-ascending and Fire-descending(水升火降), which he said involves all five viscera. He also argued that mind runs on the principle of water-ascending and fire-descending. He thought that Qi and blood both originate from kidney, which I think is a significant suggestion. Conclusions : The criticism on the uniform application of upholding yang and suppressing yin, the combination of the five viscera and the Eight Trigrams(八卦), the belief that the Vital gate(命門) is Fire in water(水中之火), the excellent opinion on water-ascending and fire-descending, and the suggestion that Qi and blood both originate from kidney, as presented by He Meng-Yao(何夢瑤), are all theories that should be reasonably appreciated and further developed by the posterity.
Reference Research on Low Back Pain in Uihagimmun(醫學入門) - Compared with Donguibogam(東醫寶鑑) -
Jo, Hak-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 119~135
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.119
Objectives : In order to research references on low back pain in Uihagimmun Methods : In respect of causes, symptoms and prescriptions for all kinds of low back pain, enlarging the range of references from books regarded as its references in Jiprye(集例) to books referred in Yeokdaeuihakseongssi(歷代醫學姓氏). Results : Beside of the books referred in Jiprye(集例) such as Seuideukhyobang(世醫得效方), Dangyesimbeop(丹溪心法), Okgimiui(玉機微義) and Injejikji(仁齋直指), the other reference books must be Sanghannon(傷寒論), Geumgweyoryak(金匱要略), Samingeugilbyeongbangjeungnon(三因 極一病證方論), Jebyeongwonhuron(諸病源候論), Jesaengbang(濟生方), Dongwonsihyobang(東 垣試效方), Maeginjeungchi(脈因證治), Bojebang(普濟方), Uihakjeongjeon(醫學正傳), Jeungchiyogyeol(證治要訣), Uihakgangmok(醫學綱目), Manbyeonghoechun(萬病回春), Gogeumuigam(古今醫鑑) and Susebowon(壽世保元) etc. Conclusions : Icheon(李梴), the author of Uihagimmun, referred not only to books mentioned in Jiprye but to books referred in Yeokdaeuihakseongssi. This book had important effect on making the contents of low back pain in Donguibogam(東醫寶鑑).
A Study on the Complex Efficacy of Sosihotang
Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 137~152
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.137
Objectives : Through the study on the complex efficacy of Sosihotang(小柴胡湯), it would be expected to comprehend the concept of diseases and syndromes that will be treated and principle of composing formula. Methods : It has been done to compare and analyse provisions of Shanghanlun related with Sosihotang(小柴胡湯). Results : Sosihotang(小柴胡湯) is fit to treat symptoms based on diseases having half exterior and half interior, deficiency and excess syndromes, because it is well-composed to focus on Soyangbyeong(少陽病) and Sosihotang(小柴胡湯) syndrome caused from lose of homeostasis in human body. Conclusions : Sosihotang(小柴胡湯) is one of the multipurpose formula that can be used to treat the syndromes and diseases of exterior and interionr(表裏), cold and heat(寒熱), deficiency and excess(虛實). Therefore it is necessary to research and develop the formula with the type.
A Study on Meaning of Mado(馬刀) (Terms of Surgery in Korean Medicine)
Gu, Yin-Mo ; Park, Chan-Young ; Lee, Byung-Woo ; Kim, Ki-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 2, 2014, Pages 153~162
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.2.153
Objectives : We can discover 'Madohyeobyeong(馬刀挾癭)' and 'Madohyeobyeong(馬刀挾纓)' in LingShu(靈樞). But the meaning of them are not clear. Especially mean of 'Mado(馬刀)' is thoroughly confused. Someone had regarded 'Mado' as a neck region of human body, someone had regarded 'Mado' as a lump of neck region, the others had regarded that mean of 'Mado' is 'longish'. So we would like to find out clear mean of 'Maso'. Methods : We have found out examples of 'Mado' from ancient books and recent research. We have used books in the field of acupuncture, moxibustion and surgery(YangYiDaQuan(瘍醫大 全), WaiKeDaCheng(外科大成), HuangDiNeiJingLingShu(黃帝內經靈樞), ZhenJiuDaQuan(鍼灸大全), ZhenJiuDaCheng(鍼灸大成), WaiKeLiLi(外科理例), ZhenJiuWenDui(鍼灸問對), WaiKeQuanShengJi (外科 全生集), etc.). Results & Conclusions : Generally part of speech of 'Mado' is adjective. So 'Mado' plays the role of modifying shape of lump and abscess. In some cases, 'Mado' had used as abbreviation of longish shaped skin disease.