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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Medical classics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 27, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A study on the literal transmission of Danbangshinpyon(單方新編)
Jeon, Jong-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.001
Objectives : This paper analyze several version of Danbangshinpyon(單方新編), a simple medical book that was widely used in the private sector from late Joseon dynasty to Japanese colonial period in Korea. Since it had not only collected the treatments easy to get around but also translated the classical Chinese into Korean, Danbangshinpyon(單方新編) was popular in the environment of poor medical service for the people. Methods : We compared several types of issue having heen popular either in the form of plate printing or as manuscripts until recently. Enlarged edition of Danbangshinpyon(增補單方新編) was edited in 1913, and it had been published a total of 13 times until 1922 with 8th edition. On the other hand, it is regarded that the contents of which are again included into Shinpyonmyobang(新篇妙方) published in 1938. Results : Danbangshinpyon was edited to match the demand for medical care at the time in 1909 on the basis of previously existing Gyungheombang(經驗方) of that time. Taking advantage of the public popularity of Danbangshinpyon, Enlarged edition of Danbangshinpyon was hurriedly constructed with weak consideration of upgrading the content. Shinpyonmyobang(新篇妙方) contains the whole content of Danbangshinpyon(單方新編) in the second half of it. Surveying details in the Shinpyonmyobang, one can find that it had been edited to copytext Enlarged edition of Danbang-shinpyon rather than Danbangshinpyon(單方新編). In other words, it is presumed to have been re-edited after the publication of Enlarged edition of Danbangshinpyon.
Investigation of mechanism and treatment of Bi disease in Huang Di Nei Jing(黃帝內經)
Ju, Bao-Zhao ; Kim, Hyo-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 15~20
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.015
Objectives : We search the contents about Bi disease in Huang Di Nei Jing(黃帝內經), to analyze the significance of Bi disease, etiopathogenisis and pathogenesis of Bi disease, treatment of Bi disease. Methods : We find that the key feature of Bi disease is joint pain induced by impatency of Qi and blood. Exterior and interior etiological factors are involved in, such as exogenous evil of cold and dampness, emotional disorders, intemperance of taking food, dysfunction of yingqi and weiqi, strong or weak constitution, etc. Results : The important pathogenesis are invaded by exogenous evil because of deficiency, disharmony of yingqi and weiqi and disharmony of five viscera. The key points of treatments are the individual concerned therapy and climate concerned therapy, selecting the acupoint according to the differentiation of symptoms and signs. Conclusions : The combined therapy should be used such as acupuncture and moxibustion, hot application of medicine, massage, Daoyin, outside apply, etc. These supply the theory foundation for etiological factor, pathogenesis, syndrome and treatment, and to direct the diagnosis and treatment of Bi disease later generations.
Thoughts on the phrase "夫氣之在脈也" of Miraculous Pivot(靈樞)·Nine needles and Twelve sources(九鍼十二原)
Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 21~27
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.021
Objectives : Among the translations of the verse "Sa-gi is on the upper side, Tak-gi is on the middle side, Cheong-gi is on the under side(邪氣在上, 濁氣在中, 淸氣在下)" in the texts of Miraculous Pivot(靈樞) Nine needles and Twelve sources(九鍼十二原), the meanings of `Ham-maek(陷脈)` and `Joong-maek(中脈)` have contradictory versions. Methods : This study will identify the actual meaning of this verse through analysis of the phrase "夫氣之在脈也", followed by examination of the relationship between the meaning of "three-stratum puncture(三刺)" in the chapters Miraculous Pivot Handling needle(官鍼), Miraculous Pivot Jong-si(終始) and the meaning of "刺有三變" of Miraculous Pivot Longevity and character(壽夭剛柔), after which its application in later periods will be discussed. Results : The words `Sa-gi`, `Tak-gi` and `Cheong-gi` in the phrase "夫氣之在脈也" of Miraculous Pivot Nine needles and Twelve sources each correspond to the words `yang pathogens(陽邪)`, `yin pathogens(陰邪)` and `essence derived from food(穀氣)` of Miraculous Pivot 終始, respectively. Conclusions : The Upper-Middle-Lower of the phrase "夫氣之在脈也" in Nine needles and Twelve sources indicates the three levels of depth, in which `Sa-gi`, `Tak-gi` and `Cheong-gi` each dwell. `Ham-maek` and `Joong-maek` are categorizations according to the depth of needling.
Study on the Concept of Monarch-fire(君火) and Ministerial-fire(相火) in Zhu Dan-Xi(朱丹溪)`s Ministerial-fire Theory(相火論)
Lee, Yong-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 29~38
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.029
Objectives : In ministerial-fire theory(相火論) of Zhu Dan-Xi(朱丹溪), the meanings of monarch-fire(君火) and ministerial-fire(相火) described in papers published nowadays are not the same. Therefore, it is necessary to rebuild a clear concept. Methods : To understand the relationships among `heaven(天)`-`human(人)` and `name(名)`-`position(位)`, the core concept of the ministerial-fire theory(相火論) of Zhu Dan-Xi(朱丹溪), I examined the relationships between `heaven(天)` and `human(人)` in Neo-Confucianism(性理學) of Song(宋) Dynasty and reviewed the notes of Wang Bing(王冰) which were quoted by Zhu Dan-Xi(朱丹溪) to set the concept of monarch-fire(君火) and ministerial-fire(相火). I studied relevant texts. Results : In ministerial-fire theory(相火論) of Zhu Dan-Xi(朱丹溪), monarch-fire(君火) is perceived as being from greed(人欲) that can cause hyperactivity(妄動) of ministerial-fire(相火), whereas ministerial-fire(相火) is perceived as being able to control monarch-fire(君火) by following the orders from heaven. This point of view is different from the past which recognized monarch-fire (君火) as the owner and ministerial-fire(相火) as the servant. Conclusions : Zhu Dan-Xi(朱丹溪) received the ideological impact of Neo-Confucianism, and accepted the notes of Wang Bing, recognized monarch-fire(君火) as `name(名)` and ministerial-fire(相火) as `position(位)`, so he voiced the ministerial-fire theory(相火論) that perceived monarch-fire(君火) as fire(火) of the five processes(五行) of human body that came from greed, ministerial-fire(相火) as being in a position to hear the order from the `heaven(天)` to control monarch-fire(君火). But the concept of ministerial-fire(相火) which he set connoted a confusing meaning of `nature(性)` and `way(道)` of Neo-Confucianism. In the later process to solve the problem, life-gate theory(命門學說) was raised, and many researchers had tried to remove the meaning of hyperactivity from the ministerial-fire(相火).
A Look into the Changes in Medical Activities during the Late Chosun Dynasty Period through Hajae`s Diary
Lee, Jeong-Hyeon ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 39~53
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.039
Objectives : Hajae`s Diary(荷齋日記) is a personal diary written by Gyu-Sik Ji(池圭植) between 1891 and 1911. He had a strong interest in medicine and maintained the belief that diseases could be cured by medicine. He recorded in significant detail the subject individuals, symptoms, name of prescription, price, the date of exchange and place of purchase in his diary. Methods : His study classifies the era during which Western medicine was introduced to the general public and became popularized in the late Chosun dynasty period based on articles related to medicine in Hajae`s Diary. Results : It could be identified that, as of the Gabo Reform(甲午更張) in 1894, Western medicine was introduced into the traditional medicine life and, starting from the Eulsa Treaty(乙巳條約) of 1905, Western medicine became popularized. Conclusions : During the "traditional medicine period", traditional medicine was used for all medicinal activities. However, during the "Western medicine introduction period", Western medicine was used for only specific diseases. In the period during which Western medicine became popular, traditional medicine continued to be used. However, Western medicine was widely used for various diseases.
King Hyojong`s diseases and death records - through the Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Joseon Dynasty Seungjeongwonilgi(承政院日記)
Kang, Do-Hyun ; Ko, Dae-Won ; Gavart, Marie ; Song, Jae-Min ; Cha, Wung-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 55~72
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.055
Objectives : King Hyojong (1619-1659) was the 17th king of the Joseon Dynasty. He was on the throne from 1649 to 1659. The king was a center of state rule in ancient times. This meant that the physical and mental status of a king was very confidential information. In the royal court of Joseon Korea, the treatment process for the king had to be performed under the surveillance of close associates, and this whole process had to be recorded by the official secretary. This is the reason that I referred to the Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Joseon Dynasty. Methods : Relevant articles were extracted from Daily Records of Royal Secretariat of Joseon Dynasty and analyzed according to the main arguments of this paper. Some other related sources were referred in terms of King Hyojong`s ailments and treatments. Results & Conclusions : King Hyojong suffered from various diseases during his time on the throne. Fever was the most frequent ailment; he also often had diarrhea followed by poor appetite. I assume that he must have suffered from diabetes considering his ailments. Additionally, his final treatment records clearly show that his ailments were similar to diabetic complications.
Analysis of Prescriptions from Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang, Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang based on Herb weight ratio grade
Kim, Ki-Wook ; Kim, Thae-Yul ; Lee, Byung-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 73~84
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.073
Objectives : I`d like to mimic JunChenZuoShe Theory as Herb weight ratio grade. And than analyze the characteristics of the prescription based on the Herb weight ratio grade from Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang, Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang. Methods : At first, we have changed herb informations to Herb weight ratio. The second we have decided the ranking of herb weight ratio. The third we have entered herb weight ratio grade. Finally we have counted frequency of first grade herb from the Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang, Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang. Results : We could use a new search function to find prescription by herb weight ratio grade. And than we could find out prescription efficacy rate of the ancient documents. Conclusions : We have entered herb weight ratio grade values by herb weight ratio ranking of top 10%, 30%, 60%. So we could find out that buqi(補氣) efficacy is used most often in the Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang, Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang. In the rate of qingrezaoshi(淸熱燥濕) efficacy, fasanfengre(發散風熱) efficacy, fasanfenghan(發散風寒) efficacy, Nansilbijang is higher than Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang. In the rate of qingrezaoshi(淸熱燥濕) efficacy, gongxia(攻下) efficacy, Somunsunmyungronbang is higher than Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang.
A Study on Composition and Contents in Junsaengpaljeon(遵生八牋)·Eumchanboksikjeon(飮饌服食牋)
Hong, Jin-Im ; Yun, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 85~99
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.085
Objectives : Junsaengpaljeon(遵生八牋), a book specialized in curing was published during Ming Dynasty, addressing the significance on food through Eumchanboksikjeon(飮饌服食牋). Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the importance and utilization of food in curing from the perspective of author Goryum(高濂). Methods : Junsaengpaljeon released by InMinWiSaeng publisher was used in this study. The author and reference books were investigated, as well as the composition and contents of Eumchanboksikjeon. This study also focused on the utilization of food cure in Eumchanboksikjeon. Results : Volume 11 to 13 in Junsaengpaljeon is about Eumchanboksikjeon. Volume 11 is composed of Seokojaeron(序古諸論), Darchunyu(茶泉類), Tangpoomyu(湯品類), Sooksuyu(熟水類), Jukmiryu(粥糜類), Kwacillbunmiunyu(果實粉麵類), Pojaryu(脯鮓類) and Chisicryubeopjoerye(治食有法條例), whereas volume 12 is composed of Gasoyu(家蔬類), Yasoryu(野蔬類), Onjoryu(醞造類) and Kookryu(麯類). Volume 13 is composed of Chumsikyu (甛食類), Beopjeyakpumryu(法製藥品類), Boxsicbongyu(服食方類) and Gojaronbangjungyakmuljihae(高子論房中藥物之害). Especially volume 11 proposed the recipe and efficacy of Tangpoomyu(湯品類), Sooksuyu(熟水類), Jukmiryu(粥糜類) and Kwacillbunmiunyu(果實粉麵類), which can be used in food curing. Conclusions : Junsaengpaljeon Eumchanboksikjeon is a book complied the foods of Ming Dynasty with the description of dietetics theory. Especially this book covers Boxsicbong(服食方) and its dietary therapy prescription, and food for elderly health; it is, therefore, highly useful in applying various areas.
A Study on the Concept of `Physical symptom(形證)` in Dong-uibogam - Focused on Physical symptom & Medication of Six Meridians in the Han(寒) Chapter -
Shin, Sang-Won ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 101~119
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.101
Objectives : In Dong-uibogam, Heo Jun used the concept of `Physical symptom(形證)` that had not used frequently in practical description of pathological condition. Especially, He used the terminology, `Physical symptom(形證)` as a title in the Han(寒) Chapter that described Sanghan(傷寒). Methods : It has been done to analyse verses that include the concept of `Physical symptom(形證)` in Dong-uibogam. And, to find the context including the terminology diachronically. Results : Diachronically, `physical symptom` and `pulse sign` had been considered as bilateral factors of disease, and Heo jun cognized the concept of `Physical symptom` in these means in Dong-uibogam. Conclusions : Introducing the concept of `Physical symptom` is an important decision of Heo Jun, it can express the purpose of an observation to objective symptoms.
Analysis of Prescriptions from Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang, Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang
Wu, Yueh-Hwan ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Lee, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Eun-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 121~131
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.121
Objectives : The objectives of this study is to compare the differences in medical herbs combination of Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang, Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang. Methods : This study was proceeded by using Access 2007 and SQL Server and prescriptions of which herbal configuration could be indicated by weight unit were analysed from 765 prescriptions of Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang, 350 prescriptions of Somunsunmyungronbang and 277 prescriptions of Nansilbijang. Results : If more than 80% similarity, it is considered similar prescription. Only 6 Prescriptions of Nansilbijang similar to Prescriptions of Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang. And 20 Prescriptions of Somunsunmyungronbang similar to Prescriptions of Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang. Conclusions : Configuration patterns of Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang are different from Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang. So We can prove that theory of Somunsunmyungronbang and Nansilbijang are different from Taepyeonghyeminhwajegukbang.
A Study on The Changes of Concept of Syndrome Differentiation in The History of Traditional Medicine - Focusing on meaning and process -
Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 133~151
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.133
Objectives : In this study, the changes of concept of Bianzheng(辨證)[syndrome differentiation] in the traditional medical history are investigated for the purpose of understanding conditions of Korean Medicine in modern times. Methods : The concepts of Zheng(證)[syndrome] and Bianzheng[syndrome differentiation] in Sanghanron(傷寒論) and many important medical literatures were selected and analyzed to overview the historical changes of those. Results : To the modern ages, the concept of Zheng had included the two kinds of concepts, that is, symptom/sing and syndrome with slight changes of meaning. As a abstract meaning of syndrome, Zheng(證) has been systematized and complicated with the times, that means changes of syndrome differentiation. The concept of Zheng has been recognized as the symbol that expresses the characteristics of Traditional Medicine since the modern age that concepts of sign and symptom have flowed from Western Medicine into Traditional Medicine. Conclusions : One of the main key of studies about Bianzheng(辨證) in future would have been harmonizing the balance between the two trends of modern Traditional Medicine, ideation and objectification.
A Study on Thought of Regimen specified in Gyeokchiyeoron
Yoon, Young-Heum ; Yun, Chang-Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 153~169
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.153
Objectives : This paper was motivated by the discovery that there is a regimen which is more realistic and can be used in practical life with deep consideration of Dangye`s thought through Judangye`s book Gyeokchiyeoron. Methods : First, after looking into the movement of the heart through the contents of natural science underlying Dangye`s regimen thought, this paper intends to examine regimens by dividing them into a regimen of food, regimen of sexual desire, and regimen for infancy and the elderly according to age on the basis of the contents included in Gyeokchiyeoron. Results : As for food, Dangye argued that it`s necessary that people should avoid overeating and savory taste and observe the proper time for eating, and as for sexual desire, Dangye argued that people should control themselves from bodily and mental aspects. In addition, this paper could learn that as for infants, what matter are eating, clothes to wear, their mother`s role, and education while as for the elderly, what matter are taking good care of the spleen and stomach, and children`s filial piety, and the elderly should awaken themselves to sound mentality. Conclusions : Through the research on Gyeokchiyeoron, this paper was able to learn that Dangye-argued regimen includes a regimen of food, sexual desire, and a regimen for infants and the elderly; in addition, this paper could learn that there are some parts of Dangye-argued regimen contents, which anyone can easily apply in reality.
A Study on Maijue Quotation in Dongeuibogam
Song, Jichung ; Eom, Dongmyung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 171~180
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.171
Objectives : `Maijue` is the one of the diverse quoted texts in Dongeuibogam. Maijue is mentioned 72 times. However, we don`t know what note of Maijue exactly indicates. Methods : We derives 72 sentences, which is marked as Maijue for quotation in Dongeuibogam, and compared those sentences between Dongeuibogam and texts related to Maijue ; Cui Jiayan`s Maijue, Chandobanglonmaekgyeoljipseong and so on. Results : 35 out of 72 sentences are from Cui Jiayan`s "Maijue", 28 from Chandobanglonmaekgyeoljipseong(17 from headings, 6 from contents related to Zhang Yuansu[張元素], 5 from contents related to Li Jiong[李駉]). The rest of those annot be found in texts mentioned above. Conclusions : Maijue in Dongeuibogam as a quoting mark doesn`t indicate one book and Dongeuibogam used one single mark, `Maijue` even though Dongeuibogam quoted several texts, which names were related to Maijue.
A study on the Problems and Improvement Proposals on Legal Definitions in Respect of Herbal Medicinal Preparations, Crude Drug Preparations and New Drugs from Natural Products
Eom, Seok-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 27, issue 4, 2014, Pages 181~198
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2014.27.4.181
Objectives : This study was to analyze definitions of herbal medicinal preparations, crude drug preparations, and new drugs from natural products in the relevant laws and regulations, understand the related problems, and propose directions for improvement. Methods : I analyzed the legal definitions in respect of herbal medicinal preparations, crude drug preparations, and new drugs from natural products in relevant laws and regulations since 1945, explained the problems, and suggested the solution-considering the academic stance of Traditional Korean Medicine and the dualistic medical and pharmaceutical system. Results : Regarding the current laws and regulations that are relevant to herbal medicinal preparations, we should 1) clarify the boundaries between the duty of physicians and that of pharmacists, 2) limit the principles of Korean Medicine as well as the contents of the related textbooks, 3) find a way to protect the intellectual property rights for herbal medicinal preparations, and 4) establish a separate standard for drug classification regarding herbal medicinal preparations. In case of crude drug preparations, we should 1) clarify the meaning and limitations of the phrase, "the point of view of Western medicine," and 2) establish a classification standard for drugs that are used in Korean Medicine and clarify the boundaries between herbal drug preparations and crude drug preparations. Furthermore, laws and regulations apropos of new drugs from natural products do not actually fit the concept of "new drug," and due to subordinate laws, a supplement to a new drug submission is contradictorily misclassified as a new drug from natural products. Conclusions : The problems of legal definitions of herbal medicinal preparations, crude drug preparations, and new drugs from natural products have emerged in the process of giving approval to drugs that are made of herbs and natural products under the dualistic medical and pharmaceutical System. Laws and regulations that differentiate the process of approving herbs that are used in Korean Medicine and the others should be established.