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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 28, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
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A study on the concept of pulse of the vital gate assigned on left or right by sex distinction
Eun, Seokmin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~19
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.001
Objectives : This study was done to find the philological origin of the concept of pulse of the vital gate being assigned left or right according to sex distinction, and study its theoretical features that had been applied to clinical diagnosis. Methods : Medical books such as Maijue(脈訣), Leizheng Huorenshu(類證活人書), Maijuezhizhang(脈訣指掌), Yixuerumen(醫學入門), which directly mentions or having been considered to mention such concept of pulse of the vital gate, were inquired to find the philological origin of the concept. And after the philological origin was confirmed, combination between this concept and traditional pulse theory was also discussed. Results & Conclusions : The philological origin of the concept was confirmed as having the Taoist origin. In this study it was discussed through the contents of Xiyuedouxiansheng Xiuzhenzhinan(西嶽竇先生修眞指南). A term that is called 'the vital pulse(命脈)' appears in this book, and it could be said that the concept of 'the vital pulse' which is assigned on left or right according to sex distinction in the book like this had lead the pulse assignment of the vital gate into such a form that considers the sex distinction. After being accepted in medical theory, this concept also had been united with traditional pulse theory that appears in Nanjing(難經) and Maijing(脈經) to become a applicable theory in clinical diagnosis.
A Literature Study on interrogation
Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 21~34
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.021
Objectives : The treatment starts with physical examination. The four examinations(四診) is a method to examine the disease. The books on history of diagnostics about it contained substantial contents about inspection(望診) and palpation including pulse taking(切診), while they contained little contents about auscultation(聞診) and interrogation or questioning(問診) relatively. For this reason, this study was conducted as on interrogation first of all. Methods : I looked into the contents related to interrogation that were scattered in plenty of books. There were chapters of specialty in interrogation since the Ming dynasty, so I looked into these chapters in chronological order. Results & Conclusions : The level of the contents of interrogation prior to the Ming dynasty were rudimentary and recapitulative. However, there was a turning point by three kinds of books appeared in the Ming dynasty. Yixuerumen Wenzheng dealt with detailed contents. Yixuezhunshengliuyao Wenbingbixiang extended the range of contents. Jingyuequanshu Shiwenpian systematized Eight Principle Pattern Identification(八綱辨證) with increase of contents. Since then, books of the Qing Dynasty were mostly based on three kinds of books ahead. Among these, Yimenfalu Yimingwenbingzhifa(醫門法律 一明問病之法) and Xingsewaizhenjianma wenfa(形色外診簡摩 問法) mentioned the importance of a succinct interrogation that hit the mark and Yibian Yiwenzheng dealt with another detailed contents unlike the previous books based on substantial contents.
The Classification and Criterion for Low Back Pain Examined from Reference Books of Yi Xue Ru Men(醫學入門)
Jo, Hak-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 35~53
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.035
Objectives : In order to find how reference books of Yi Xue Ru Men reflect the classification and criterion for low back pain(LBP). Methods : From reference books of Yi Xue Ru Men, select the texts on classification and criterion for LBP. Results : According to the causes of LBP, Chao Yuan Fang(巢元方) in Sui Dynasty assorted to 5 types of LBP at the very first. Chen Wu Ze(陳無擇) in Song Dynasty made 7 divisions by external, internal, and non-external, non-internal causes. According to the pulse of LBP, Yan Yong He(嚴用和) first categorized 4 groups, Zhu Zhen Heng(朱震亨) added another 4 groups. Aside from this standard, Zhu(朱震亨) adopted the cause standard. Depending on Yunqi(運氣), Lou Ying(樓英) classified 5 types. But his classification had been not adopted by any TCM books. According to symptom of 6 varieties(六變), Zhang Jie Bin(張介賓) assorted external(表), internal(裏), deficiency(虛), sufficiency(實), cold(寒) and heat(熱), add 2 groups besides them. But his categorization did not reflect Yi Xue Ru Men. Li Chan(李梴), the author of this book chose causes and pulse classification standards that Zhu Zhen Heng had adopt. Conclusions : In the side of classification and criterion for LBP, Li Chan first divided 2 group, external and internal injury. After it he subdivided both groups to 10 subgroup. His classification is similar to Chen(陳無擇)'s, but actually followed the classification for external and internal injury that was invented by Li Dong Yuan(李東垣).
Feature Comparison by Prescription Configuration Analysis among Liuhejian's and Lidongyuan's Books and Hejijufang
Wu, Yueh-Hwan ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Lee, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Eun-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 55~69
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.055
Objectives : I hope this prescription configuration analysis among Liuhejian's and Lidongyuan's books and "Hejijufang" would explain the differences among Liuhejian's and Lidongyuan's theories against Hejijufang. Methods : I have searched for frequently used herbs combinations in the books and compared each features with others. And then I'd like to find out similar prescription by comparing composition ratio of configuring herbs. Conclusions : (1) In the composition ratio of configuring each of herbs Liuhejian's composition ratio of configuring herbs is higher than "Hejijufang" and Lidongyuan's prescriptions. (2) Lidongyuan's tendencies are about 'stimulate qi', 'removal of fever', 'removal of damp' and 'supplement of yin'. Liuhejian's tendencies are about 'removal of fever' and 'removal of wind'. Tendencies of "Hejijufan" are about 'heat up inside' and 'supplement of blood'. As I compared Lidongyuan's prescriptions with Liuhejian's, Lidongyuan's tendencies are about 'raising yang', 'supplement of qi', 'stimulation qi' and 'promotion of digestion'. Liuhejian's tendencies are about 'removal of fever' and 'removal of wind'. (3) I could prove that Liuhejian and Lidongyuan had created new theories against tendency of Hejijufang.
Lee Gyoojoon, a Korean Medical Scientist's Succession of Huangdi's Internal Classic Medicine
Oh, Chaekun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 71~95
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.071
Objectives : I'd like to introduce a Korean medical scientist, Lee Gyoojoon (李圭晙, 1855-1923)'s achievements about Huangdi's Internal Classic (黃帝內經, HIC) to examine the Section of Viscera and Bowels to inspect the Medical Classics (稽經藏府篇, SVBIM) of the Double grinded Medical Mirror (醫鑑重磨, DMM), which is a medical book published in 1922, his last studies. And I'd like to describe its meaning of medical history. Methods : For this, I compared the DMM with two primary texts, the representative medical books of Joseon dynasty, Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine (東醫寶鑑, TMEM) and Lee's former research result of HIC, Major Essentials of Huangdi's Internal Classic Plain Question (黃帝內經素問大要, MEHIC), in the aspects of the original text, annotation, editing, attached theses, and so on. Results : Lee Gyoojoon criticized the TMEM in two aspects. First, it was unfocused and miscellaneous, second, it intended to help Yin Qi (陰氣) and reduce Yang Qi (陽氣) so that it regards a prime mover, Yang Qi, as an enemy. In order to solve these problems he deleted miscellaneous articles and sort out the points to accord with the HIC. As a result, he had written the Section of SVBIM of the DMM in the form of revising the subtitles or refuting the contents of TMEM and quoted the partial texts of MEHIC to be written by the view of Supporting Yang Qi (扶陽). Conclusions : Lee Gyoojoon proposed the Supporting Yang Qi medicine to preserve the Heart fire (心火) based on his lifelong Neo-Confucianism (性理學) study. The Section of SVBIM of the DMM showed how to apply his medical theory, which is achieved by the study of the medical classic HIC to real clinical medicine through a medium of the TMEM. In addition, it could explain concretely how the Confucianists studied the medicine and how Confucianism can impact to the development of medical theory.
A Study on the Diversity of Shanghan(傷寒) Concept in Gangpyeong-Sanghanlun(康平傷寒論)
Lee, Soong-In ; Jeong, Jong-Kil ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 97~110
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.097
Objectives : Usually medical terminology of oriental mecidine has a multiple meaning. But concept of Shanghan(傷寒) should be simple, because Shanghanlun(傷寒論) is a clinical guideline book. So I researched to suggest many concept of Shanghan, which are suitable for each chapter of Shanghanlun. Methods : I enumerated provisions including Shnaghan from the original texts of Gangpyeong-Shanghanlun(康平傷寒論). And I translated and reviewed them. Results : 1. Shanghan of Preface(序文) means a disease of high fatality. 2. Shanghan of Shanghanrye(傷寒例) means diseases due to physical damage of cold weather. 3. Shanghan of Diagnosis of Daeyang Disease(辨大陽病) - Neck stiffness(痙), Dampness(濕), Sun stroke(暍) means certain disease names accompanying fever, chill. 4. Shanghan used in Diagnosis of Diseases is a premise of many provisions of Shanghanlun. And Shanghan is made up of finished fever, expected fever, chill, body pain, loss of appetite, image of tension. Conclusions : We can use a appropriate translation on Shanghan of each chapter of Gangpyeong-Sanghanlun. Especially Shanghan used in "Diagnosis of Diseases" should have more accurate meaning.
A Study on 「Benshen」 chapter in LingShu
Ahn, Jin-Hee ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jang, Woo-Chang ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 111~125
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.111
Objectives : The objectives of this study is to provide the theoretical basis to cure and prevent mental disease by translating and considering Benshen chapter in LingShu. Methods : First, I translate the contents of "Benshen" chapter in LingShu paragraph by paragraph. Second, I consider the contents of Benshen chapter in LingShu. Third, after considering each paragraph of Benshen chapter in LingShu, I think the relation of each paragraph and picture to myself Benshen chapter. Results and Conclusions : 1. Heart(心) appeared in Benshen chapter mediates the action of 'JeongSinHonBaek(精神魂魄)' and 'UiJiSaRyeoJi(意志思虑智)'. 2. 'UiJiSaRyeoJi(意志思虑智)' appeared in Benshen chapter means the process of the maturity of thought. 'Jeong(精)' which has a 'water(水), sink(沈), silent(靜)' image gets involved in the development from 'Ui(意)' to 'Ji(志)', because its process means the thought is deepening. 'Hon(魂)' which has a 'wind(風), cloud(雲), change(變)' image gets involved in the development from 'Ji(志)' to 'Sa(思)', because its process means the change of the thought. 'Sin(神)' which has a 'fire(火), bright(明), move(動)' image gets involved in the development from 'Sa(思)' to 'Ryeo(慮)', because its process means the expansion the horizon of the cognition. 'Baek(魄)' which has a 'metal(金), firm(剛), decide (決)' image gets involved in the development from 'Ryeo(慮)' to 'Ji(智)', because its process means the wise response to real world. 3. If one is immersed in one emotion and cannot escape from it, the functional change of Gi(氣) due to its emotion harms five spirits which move in the opposite direction and causes mental physical symptoms and has a possibility to die in the season which inhibit each five organs. 4. Five spirits(五神) acts based on 'HyeolMaekYeongGiJeong(血脈營氣精)' and in the symtoms caused by deficiency and excess of five organ Gi(五藏氣), symptoms of liver and heart appear in emotion and symptoms of spleen lung kidney appear in body. 5. Benshen chapter highlights the importance of checking 'Sin(神)' and 'Gi(氣)' treating a patient with acupuncture and mentioning the importance of observing deficiency and excess of five organ Gi(五藏氣) in the last paragraph means 'Sin(神)' and 'Gi(氣)' are inseparably related.
A Study on Acupuncture in Shanghanlun(傷寒論)
Kim, Jong-Hyun ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Woo-Chang ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 127~142
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.127
Objectives : Through the comparative study on cases of acupuncture therapy in Sanhanlun(傷寒論), it would be expected to comprehend the theory of acupuncture for external contraction(外感). Methods : It has been done to analyse provisions of Sanghanlun, Hwangdineijing(黃帝內經), Nanjing(難經) related with acupuncture, and to compare the symptoms reported in Hwangdimingtangjing(黃帝明堂經) to Shanghanlun. Results : Most symptoms of the acupuncture points in Shanghanlun correspond with those in Hwangdimingtangjing. Visceral manifestation theory could explain the reason why some acupuncture points in Shanghanlun were selected, but Meridian theory could in 1 case only. Some provisions show that acupuncture was treated to increase the effect of medicines and the others to replace medicines. Conclusions : The main principle to select acupuncture in Shanghanlun were the effectiveness of each point and visceral manifestation. Acupuncture was tried to increase or replace the effect of medicines.
View on The Relation between the Heart and perspiration
Jeong, Heon Young ; Lee, Jeong Ran ; Park, Keum Sook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 143~150
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.143
Objectives : This study aim to find out the reason why perspiration related with the Heart in Korean Medicine. Results : Perspiration is closely connected with the Heart because sweat is a kind of ultrafiltrate of the blood and the Heart conducts blood. In order to perspire, it is necessary to increase blood flow to capillary surrounding sweat glands. The Heart plays an important role in increasing blood flow to capillary surrounding sweat glands. Perspiration controls the body temperature. It must be increase the blood flow to skin in order that down the high body temperature. The Heart plays an important role in increasing blood flow. Conclusions : Perspiration is closely connected with the Heart because sweat is a kind of ultrafiltrate of the blood and there are plenty capillary surround sweat gland. The Heart controls the blood flow to skin in order to regulate of body temperature.
A Study on Infertility - Cause and Meaning Based on Korean Medical Classics -
Yoon, Eun-Kyung ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Jang, Woo-Chang ; Baik, You-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 151~172
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.151
Objectives : Though a socially constructed disease, the burden of infertility has been cast upon the individual in recent times, leading to aggressive medical technologies to achieve pregnancy without consideration of the complex relationships between individual and society that is involved in this life phenomenon. This study aims to restore the many aspects of infertility, first through its meaning in the medical classics. Methods : Texts were chosen from before and after the Song period, when the study and practice on women's health took a launch into becoming a specialized field. Huangdineijing, Jinguiyaolue, and Zhubingyuanhoulun listed basic theories considering the physiology and pathology of woman, while Jiaozhufurenlangfang, Donguibogam, and Fuqingzhuyixue dealt with specialized contents regarding women. Results : The findings were categorized into three major aspects of infertility; natural, medical and non-medical. The three aspects of infertility would not be easy to distinguish in real life, as they are inter-connected through the body as a site of embodiment. Conclusions : The discussion of the many aspects of infertility outside of the immediate medical definition implies the complexity of infertility as a life phenomenon, bringing attention to the importance of the experience in the life context.
A study on Hyungbangsabaeksan of Dongyisusebowon
Shin, Sang-Won ; Jeong, Chang-Hyun ; Baik, You-Sang ; Jang, Woo-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 173~194
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.173
Objectives : It is told that Hyungbangsabaeksan is important to treat the Soyangin(少陽人) disease in Dongyisusebowon. Though Hyungbangsabaeksan is widely applied in Soyangin(少陽人) disease, it is difficult to understand the meaning of Hyungbangsabaeksan and also hard to use clinically. In this study, We tried to reveal the fundamental meaning of the Hyungbangsabaeksan and the indication of Hyungbangsabaeksan. Methods : We mainly studied diseases in Dongyisusebowon. The use of drug in Soyang disease(少陽病) is relatively difficult. So we firstly reviewed Mang-um disease(亡陰證) that is almost close to the Interior syndrome(裏病) and an Analogous Hak(似瘧) that is one of the interior syndrome. Based on the understanding of interior syndrome, We tried to understand Hyungbangsabaeksan in the usage of the drug in Soyang disease(少陽病). Results : We found the key point of indication of Hyungbangsabaeksan in Mang-um disease(亡陰證) of Exterior cold syndrome(表寒病) and an Analogous Hak of Interior syndrome. Also based on that, We identified characteristics of Soyang disease(少陽病). Therefore, we inferred that there are significant symptoms in Soyang disease(少陽病) that Hyungbangsabeaksan could be applied. Conclusions : Reviewing the usage of Hyungbangsabeaksan in Mang-um disease(亡陰證) and an Analogous Hak, we found that Interior syndrome is important in indication of Hyungbangsabeaksan. Also we found that Hyungbangsabeaksan is especially applied when irreversible transition of the disease can be predicted. Based on this, We concluded Hyungbangsabeaksan is preventively used in specific Soyang disease(少陽病), of which the machanism of the disease is similar.
A study on the ancient Five Viscera theory consisted of Liver, Heart, Stomach, Lung, Kidney
Park, Jaemin ; Kim, Kiwang ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 28, issue 1, 2015, Pages 195~206
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2015.28.1.195
Objectives : Before Liver, Heart, Spleen, Lung, Kidney was widely accepted as Five Viscera, there had been several former types of Viscera system in pre-Western Han era. Above them, the Five Viscera system consisted of Liver, Heart, Stomach, Lung, Kidney was not yet hardly studied. So we tried to prove it's existence and tried to find it's historical context. Material and Methods : Via preceding research analysis, 6 books were selected as research material, and some other pre-Eastern Han dynasty classics were also analyzed. Results : We found direct evidence of above Five Viscera system in Zhuixingxun (墜形訓) in Huainanzi (淮南子), Wusemaizhen (五色脈診), and Western Han dynasty lacquer figure with meridian-points (excavated in Laoguanshan, Chengdu, China). Other clues showing existence of above Five Viscera system was also found in Yinyangshiyimaijiujing (陰陽十一脈灸經), Pianquecanggongliechuan (扁鵲倉公列傳). The rising of above Five Viscera system was related to physiological viewpoint transition of viscera in Western Han dynasty. Conclusions : In Western Han dynasty there was another Viscera System consisted of Liver, Heart, Stomach, Lung, Kidney.