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Journal of Korean Medical classics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Medical Classics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2016
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2016
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
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A Study on Food Cure for Stomach Diseases - Focusing on Eumsunjungyo·Singnyojaebyeong, Singnyochanyo -
Hong, Jin-im ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.001
Objectives : This study selected the food ingredients mainly appearing in the stomach-disease-related articles from Eumsunjungyo Singnyojaebyeong and Singnyochanyo, and investigated their effects to turn these data into references for modern people, use the food therapy of ancestors for modern life, and prevent and cure stomach diseases of modern people due to unhealthy lifestyle. Methods : This study selected the stomach-related food therapies from Eumsunjungyo and Singnyochanyo, and organized the therapies by chief virtue, effect, ingredient, and recipe. Also, this study analyzed and investigated characteristics, tastes, and target organs of the food ingredients in the recipes. Results : There are 8 stomach-related recipes among 61 recipes in Eumsunjungyo Singnyojaebyeong, and there are total 34 types of stomach-related recipes in Singnyochanyo including 27 types of BiwiBuBanui Five and 7 types of GutoBuHaeyeokByeonggyeonBiwi fifteen. Both Eumsunjungyo Singnyojaebyeong and Singnyochanyo contains food therapies for diseases due to week stomach. Most recipes in Singnyochanyo uses only food ingredients, whereas most recipes in Eumsunjungyo Singnyojaebyeong uses ingredients which can be used as medicine. Conclusions : The food therapies in Eumsunjungyo Singnyojaebyeong and Singnyochanyo proves that people in all regions have used food to cure diseases from old times. On the other words, people have clinically used the characteristics, tastes, and cooking forms of food ingredients for a long time. Thus, this study can be a reference for creating another food therapy.
A Study on the meaning and clinical treatment of Chukbu(尺膚) diagnostic method in Huangdineijing(黃帝內經) -Focusing on Neijing(內經) and later medical books-
Yun, Ki-ryoung ; Kim, Jong-hyun ; Kim, Hye-il ; Kim, Sang-hyun ; Park, Cheol-han ; Jeong, Chang-hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 13~29
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.013
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the concept of the Chukbu(尺膚) diagnosis in Huangdineijing(黃帝內經) and explain the characteristic of Chukbu(尺膚) diagnosis and causes of its clinical applicational decline. It will help the application of the Chukbu(尺膚) diagnosis to clinical treatment. Methods : The Sikuquanshu(四庫全書) database and Traditional Chinese Medical(TCM) books web database were used. The related contents of the Chukbu(尺膚) diagnosis in Huangdineijing (黃帝內經) and its annotation books were analyzed. The mentions on the Chukbu(尺膚) diagnosis in other medical books were examined. Results & Conclusions : The Chukbu(尺膚) diagnosis is important in the diagnostic system of the Huangdineijing(黃帝內經). The Chukbu(尺膚) diagnosis is composed of inspection and palpation. Its characteristic is something different compared to that of the Chongumaek(寸口脈) diagnosis; it relatively diagnoses condition of exterior disease(表病). The causes of its clinical applicational decline are relative inconvenience, limits of feudal society, and development of Zangfubianzheng(臟腑辨證) in that era.
Comparison of 29 Diagrams of Liver originated from Mingtangzangfutu(明堂臟腑圖)
Jo, Hak-jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 31~54
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.031
Objectives : The goal of this paper is to research what affected diagrams of liver originated from Mingtangzangfutu while they were changed. Methods : Diagrams of liver in Traditional Chinese and Japanese medical books had been gathered as many as possible. After they were divided into ones which were originated from Mingtangzangfutu and the others, diagrams originated from Mingtangzangfutu, were again classified into 4 filiations according to Huang Longxiang(黃龍祥)'s standard. Apart from his classification, they were analysed by 4 form factors, e.g. shape, number, veins and petiole of leafs. Results : Reliability of this methods had been confirmed by the correspondence with Huang's 14 standard books, before 29 diagrams of liver were derived from 33 books including 13 books that Huang had already suggested. The lobes of liver in most of diagrams resembled 7 lanceolate or long oval leafs, or a maple leaf with 6 indentations, 4 left lobes and right 3 ones. In most of diagrams, veins of leafs were described variously, and petioles of leafs were drawn more shortly or longer. Analysing 29 diagrams by 4 form factors proved that Huang's classification had crossing features among 4 filiations. This phenomenon implied the painters or doctors drawing diagrams might not convince if the shape of liver was correct or not. Although veins and petiole of leafs in diagrams of liver could be compared with tissues in liver in modern human anatomy, diagrams were not been affected by dissection from Yuan(元) to middle Qing(淸) dynasty. Conclusions : Lingshu(靈樞), Nanjing(難經) and Wang Bing would had constantly acted on 29 diagrams of liver, since diagram of liver originated from Mingtangzangfutu, appeared first in Zhenjiujuying(鍼灸聚英). But they did not come from dissection during same periods.
The Origin and Changes of True-cold Damage(正傷寒) in Introduction to Medicine(醫學入門)
Jo, Hak-jun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 55~78
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.055
Objectives : The goal of this paper is to research what the name and concept of true-cold damage in Introduction to Medicine were originated from, and to trace the origin and changes of categorization of it after the book. Methods : Books concerned with true-cold damage were collected as many as possible, besides ones that Introduction to Medicine referred to, before the name, concept and categorization of it were searched and analysed. Results : The concept of true-cold damage in Introduction to Medicine, which had come from Lei Zheong Huo Ren Shu(類證活人書) in Song dynasty, was more similar to one of cold damage in a broad sense. The name that Li Chan appreciated, was derived from not Shang Han Zhi Ge(傷寒直格), but Shang Han Zheng Zhi Ming Tiao(傷寒證治明條) in Song dynasty. On the other hand, since Tao Hua(陶華) began to go into the details of cold damage in a narrow sense, most books had followed it. Whereas 11 diseases among 24 diseases of true-cold damage in Introduction to Medicine indirectly came from Lei Zheong Huo Ren Shu(12 diseases), 14 diseases among them were directly derived from Shang Han Zheng Zhi Ming Tiao(16 diseases) and 10 diseases were added containing syndromes of retained fluid and jaundice. The categorization in Introduction to Medicine scarcely adopted except Donguibogam(東醫寶鑑) and Uimunbogam(醫門寶鑑), while the categorization of true-cold damage in a narrow sense was mostly composed of 2 diseases, that is cold damage(傷寒) and wind damage(傷風). Conclusions : Li Chan had fulfilled the total conditions in which the concept, cause, symptoms, prescriptions and prognosis of 24 diseases in true-cold damage were equipped, in order to build up the system and categorization of it. To our regret, his scientific outcome had been hardly referred after his book.
Morphological Analysis Study for the Development of DB on the Manufacture Process of Prescription and Medicinal Food
Kim, Thae-Yul ; Hwang, Su-Jung ; Kim, Ki-Wook ; Lee, Byung-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 79~90
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.079
Objectives : Treatment using foods has already been recorded since the time of Zhou Dynasty of China. Modifications in the cooking process of medicinal food or manufactural process of herbal medicines are accompanied by the alterations in the ingredients that affect the actual efficacies of medicinal food or herbal medicine, and may have marked effects on the patients including the difficulties that may be experienced in consuming the food or taking the medicine. Therefore, systemic management is essential in such processes. Accordingly, management of such knowledge system must be standardized and conveniently administered by grafting IT technology. This study aims to overcome the problem of the failure of the knowledge system on the material-oriented medicinal herbs to apply the knowledge on the cooking process that impart marked influence on the actual efficacies of the medicinal herbs. Methods : Therefore, analysis of the cooking process or manufacturing processes of prescriptions was executed by using the morphological analysis method in natural language. In this study, we aimed to make data structure of the terminologies that represent manufacture process of prescription and medicinal food. The data structure is combinations of smallest unit in natural language. We made the database by analyzing morpheme of the natural language to express the manufacture process of prescription and medicinal food. Results & Conclusions : As the results, we can express making process of Cheonjin-won, Guseon-wangdogo and Sanyagbaegboglyeongtalagjuk in DB. It was concluded that the development of DB through the extraction of a total of 15 types of concepts including 'order', 'action' and 'continuous action', etc. was helpful in systematization of the knowledge on medicinal herbs including the manufacturing process.
Kim Gwangjin's Integration of Medicine and Innovation of Traditional Medicine - Centering on the principle of Up and Down in Medicine -
Oh, Chaekun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 91~119
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.091
Objectives : In this paper, the main objective is to analyze and evaluate Kim Gwangjin(金光鎭, 1885-1940)'s academical achievements of integration of eastern with western medicine and innovation of traditional medicine(TM, 漢醫). Methods : This paper is composed of two parts. First, analyzing Kim's medical book, the principle of Up and Down in Medicine(醫學升降法) by the way of text analysis and interpretation faithfully. Second, adding historical perspectives about his achievements. Results : Kim opened a clinic and practiced TM in Daegu, a city of Youngnam(嶺南) area of Korea, in 1924, and published the book in 1936. While Kim acknowledged the scientific results by western medicine and criticized the typical explanation of five viscera or qi circuits of TM, he clarified the treatment range for TM and provided his own interpretations of pathophysiology through the ups and downs of qi, without conflicting between western medicine and TM. Moreover, he critically follows the TM discourses of the most noted practitioner, Lee Gyoojoon(李圭晙), in the Youngnam area of the time. Conclusions : In the 1930s, although western medicine has become the new core orientation and has forced out TM to the districts, within the abyss of the districts, TM still maintained its strong presence.
A study on correlation between Song Dynasty Confucianism and the Oriental Medicine from Geumwon Dynasty
Kim, Yong-hoon ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 121~134
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.121
Objectives : This thesis analyzes how Song Dynasty(宋代) Confucianism(儒學) has influenced the Oriental Medicine during Geumwon Dynasty(金元代). Methods : This paper will compare with the literature of Zhuxi and the Oriental Medicine scholars of Jin(金) Yuan(元), and search for the correlation of the Confucianism(儒學) and the Oriental Medicine(東洋醫學). Results : During the era of Jin(金) Yuan(元), Confucian physicians(儒醫) were met a new phase of Medicine(醫學) by systematizing the clinical medicine and theory based on the Neo-Confucianism. Conclusions : This study recognizes how the era of Jin(金) Yuan(元) Confucian physicians(儒醫) medically perceived and reinterpreted the aspect of Zhuxi's Neo-Confucianism and theory of Changes.
A study on all the theories about KangHaiChengZhiLun
Yun, Chang-yeol ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 135~150
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.135
Objectives : KangHaiChengZhiLun (亢害承制論; If Excess Brings Harm, Lifing Qi (承氣) Restrains) was originally a theory that explained how the realms of nature remain in harmony and equilibrium. It later became an important theory for clinical trials of Traditional Chinese Medicine, explaining the physiological and pathological mechanism. Methods : The researcher considered all the annotations and the original text of SuWen(素問), LiuWeiZhiDaLun(六微旨大論) and theories of medical practitioners who applied KangHaiChengZhiLun(亢害承制論) to their clinical trials. Results & Conclusions : Wangbing (王氷) went with a theory that phenomena of Lifting Qi (承氣) take place in the realms of nature when Qi (氣) flourishes. In XinJiaoZheng(新校正), he wrote about two theories: one was that Six Kinds of Natural Factors (六氣) first work as the main Qi (本氣) but later bring about Lifting Qi. (終見下承之氣說); the other was that excessive Stagnation Qi (鬱氣) can be exploded and invite another accompanying Qi, Lifting Qi. (甚者兼其下承之氣說) Liuwansu (劉完素) had a theory that if Six Kinds of Natural Factors go disproportionately excessive, it becomes accompanied by imaginary Qi (假象) that conquers self. (反兼勝己之化說)
(王履) maintained that Lifting Qi usually works as a means to prevent Six Kinds of Natural Factors (六氣) from becoming rampant; but when Six Kinds of Natural Factors become overly excessive, Lifting Qi restrains them in order to maintain equilibrium. (防之與克勝說) Yutuan explained that since Excessive Qi (亢氣) does damage to the mother of Lifting Qi, Lifting Qi restrains Excessive Qi to protect Original Qi (元氣), its mother. (護救承者之元氣說) Gongtingxian was in favor of two theories: one argued that causes and symptoms of a disease differ from each other. (體用不同說); the other said that diseases are naturally cured if the patient finds out the time when Lifting Qi gains strength. (得承之時自愈說) Mashi (馬蒔) had a theory that Lifting Qi is generated when Six Kinds of Natural Factors are prosperous and reveals itself when its season comes. (極則生承氣 至本位著說) Zhangjiebin (張介賓) asserted that when Six Kinds of Natural Factors are thriving, Lifting Qi, as a restraining force, is generated to disperse the thriving natural factors and leads to a new one. (前之退而後之進說) Zhangqi (張琦)'s argument was that if Lifting Qi restrains the main Qi, a son of the main Qi is generated and every four season goes in harmony. (承氣制則生化說) Hemengyao (何夢瑤) had an argument that a son of the restrained Qi succeeds to its father and later achieves equilibrium by restraining Excessive Qi. (被克承父 制之平衡說).
A study on the relationship between the symptom of Shanghanlon(傷寒論) and the defensive Gi(衛氣)
Bang, Jung-kyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 151~163
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.151
Objectives : Shanghanlon is based on the Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)'s theory. Therefore, the contents of the Naegyeong can interpret Shanghanlon's provision, Chengwuji(成無己) followed the same way. Therefore, I studied the relationship between the symptom of Shanghanlon and the defensive Gi(衛氣), I try to prove that the Naegyeong is the theoretical basis of Shanghanlon. Methods : Naegyeong explains that defensive Gi protects the outer parts of the body, and runs the outer parts of the body. So I will explain the spontaneous sweating(自汗) aversion to cold(惡寒) pain(痛症) fever(發熱) difficulty of urination(小便不利) using the function of defensive Gi. Results & Conclusions : The defensive Gi and the nutrient Gi(營氣) run together, if the defensive Gi is weak, can not protect the nutrient Gi. If the defensive Gi does not perform the function of inducing astringency(固攝), the symptom of spontaneous sweating appears. If aversion to cold is caused by the weak of defensive Gi, we use the treatment of warming the Yang(溫陽). If aversion to cold is caused by the defensive Gi can not run, we use the treatment of activating the Yang(通陽). If the Gi and Blood(氣血) is not feeding properly, the pain occurs. In this case, we use the treatment of activating the Yang(通陽). The fever is caused by the stagnation of defensive Gi. If the defensive Gi is weak, the symptom of difficulty of urination appears.
A Study on the Concept and Mechanism of 'The Pi Controls the blood(脾統血)'
Kim, Jong-hyun ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 165~176
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.165
Objectives : This study was done to investigate the formation process of the 'The Spleen controls the blood(脾統血)' concept, to clarify what this concept means and the mechanism of its physiology. Methods : Contents including 'Controlling blood(統血)' and 'Binding blood(攝血)' were searched and analyzed in medical classics. Previous researches were applied. Results & Conclusions : The concept of 'Controlling blood' could be defined as the control of blood movement. This means that it sends blood to where it's needed, and inhibits flow from where it's excessive. 'The Spleen controls the blood' was not used as a physiologic term in early books like Huangdineijing(黃帝內經). It was first used in the 13C, then widely after the 16C. The mechanism of 'Controlling blood' could be classified as the function of 'Production', 'Distribution', and 'Adjustment' of blood. 'Production' of blood can reduce blood fever(血熱) and blood stasis(瘀血), and prevent bleeding. 'Distribution' of blood can reduce the symptoms raised by lack of blood in the five viscera and body. 'Adjustment' of blood means maintaining homeostasis and stability of the human body. Pi can adjust blood flow and prevent blood from being imbalanced.
A Study on Formulation for External and Internal Medicinal Types of Paste Preparations in Xiao'eryaozhengzhijue
Hong, Yoon-jeong ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 177~185
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.177
Objectives : In pediatrics, one of the most difficult thing might be medication because infant or child cannot take medicine easily. In traditional medicine, Korean taffy or paste preparations sometimes prescribed. Xiao'eryaozhengzhijue was published by Qianyi in 1119 and is specialized for pediatrics text. So I tried to research paste preparations in Xiao'eryaozhengzhijue. Methods : I derived paste preparations from Xiao'eryaozhengzhijue ; paste preparations named on it, and used as paste preparations etc. Results : 1. There were external and internal application of paste preparations. 2. Diverse secondary materials were used for making paste preparations. 3. Several chief complains were recorded in Xiao'eryaozhengzhijue. Conclusions : Paste preparations are really useful way to disease of pediatrics because infant or child cannot take his or her medicine easily. Through the research, I could find out the facts that there are diverse shapes of paste preparations and usages of paste preparations in Xiao'eryaozhengzhijue.
A Study on the Relation of Pathologic Mechanisms of Samcho in Hwangdineijing and Samcho-Sanghwa
Baik, You-sang ; Kim, Hye-il ; Kim, Jong-hyun ; Yoon, Eun-kyung ; Kim, Sang-hyun ; Park, Cheol-han ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 187~202
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.187
Objectives : In this study, the relation of pathologic mechanisms of Samcho(三焦) in Hwangdineijing and Samcho-Sanghwa(三焦相火) is investigated for the purpose of understanding the concept of Samcho. Methods : The diseases and symptoms about Samcho(三焦) in Hwangdineijing and many important medical literatures including Sanghanlun(傷寒論) and Jinguiyaolue were selected and analyzed to overview the historical changes of pathologic mechanism about Samcho. Results : In comparison of the Pathologic Mechanisms of Samcho, the explanation of that in many medical literatures is different from that in Hwangdineijing, that is to say, the cause of diseases related to hyperactivity of Sanghwa became the main conditions of pathogenesis about Samcho while the blockage of qi stream through Samcho. Conclusions : The clinical expression of Samcho pathogenesis is fever with perspiration that means exhaustion of body fluid not only general fever of whole body.
Study on the Effects of the Blood-activating and Stasis-dispelling Herbs based on Five tastes and Effect Terms
Jang, Heewon ; Song, Jichung ; Eom, Dongmyung ;
Journal of Korean Medical classics, volume 29, issue 2, 2016, Pages 203~212
DOI : 10.14369/skmc.2016.29.2.203
Objectives : In order to infer the effect of blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs by the analysis of effect terms which have extracted and refined, based on five tastes. Methods : I extracted the effect terms and five tastes of blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs written in Herbology. Extracted effect terms was divided into single meaning term and was refined as typical term. After that, I sorted herbs according to the five tastes and find the most highly mentioned effect terms. And I infered each herb's effects based on the relationship between five tastes and most highly mentioned terms. Results & Conclusions : I extracted 5 tastes and 53 effect terms and refined it as 43 effect terms. As the result of analyzing the effect term based the tastes, blood-activating and stasis-dispelling herbs are usually have blood-activating and pain-relieving. The herbs that have the hot taste, have the effect of moving-qi, stasis-breaking and aggregation-dispersing. And I supposed new effects of 5 kinds of herbs among them. The herbs that have the sweet tastes, have the effect of stasis-dispelling. And I supposed new effects of 2 kinds of herbs among them by analyzing the relationship between the tastes and effect terms.