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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Impact Assessment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study on Plant Effects on Decontamination of Polluted Indoor Air with Formaldehyde
Park, Soyoung ; Kim, Jeoung ; Jang, Young-Kee ; Sung, Kijune ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 147~155
This study was designed to investigate the effect of plant as a botanical air purification on the indoor pollution by formaldehyde. Three indoor plants such as Dracaena marhginata, Spathiphyllum and Dracaena reflexa, were placed in the artificially contaminated reactor under laboratory condition. Both plant and soil effects on removal of formaldehyde from contaminated indoor air were observed. Reductions in the formaldehyde levels appeared to have been associated with soil medium factors as well as plant factors. The effect of soil on formaldehyde reduction was high in the early stage of the experiment and the results suggest that sorption could be more important factor than microbial degradation in the initial dissipation of contaminants in the soil. It was suggested that the effect of plant on formaldehyde reduction might be related to the plant species, total leaf surface area of plant, degree of contribution of soil medium, and exposed concentration level. The results of this study showed that air purification using plants is an effective means of reduction on indoor formaldehyde level, though, utilization of soil media with high sorption capacity and/or supplementary purifying aids were also suggested when the source is continuous or exposed concentration level is high.
Prediction of Daily Water Supply Using Neuro Genetic Hybrid Model
Rhee, Kyoung-Hoon ; Kang, Il-Hwan ; Moon, Byoung-Seok ; Park, Jin-Geum ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 157~164
Existing models that predict of Daily water supply include statistical models and neural network model. The neural network model was more effective than the statistical models. Only neural network model, which predict of Daily water supply, is focused on estimation of the operational control. Neural network model takes long learning time and gets into local minimum. This study proposes Neuro Genetic hybrid model which a combination of genetic algorithm and neural network. Hybrid model makes up for neural network's shortcomings. In this study, the amount of supply, the mean temperature and the population of the area supplied with water are use for neural network's learning patterns for prediction. RMSE(Root Mean Square Error) is used for a MOE(Measure Of Effectiveness). The comparison of the two models showed that the predicting capability of Hybrid model is more effective than that of neural network model. The proposed hybrid model is able to predict of Daily water, thus it can apply real time estimation of operational control of water works and water drain pipes. Proposed models include accidental cases such as a suspension of water supply. The maximum error rate between the estimation of the model and the actual measurement was 11.81% and the average error was lower than 1.76%. The model is expected to be a real-time estimation of the operational control of water works and water/drain pipes.
A Study on Importance of Assessment Factors and Indicators of Natural Ecosystem for Environmentally Friendly Land Conservation
You, Ju-Han ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 165~177
This study was carried out to offer the basic methodology of the system and model to objectively assess the natural ecosystem for environmentally friendly land conservation and present the alternative plan on establishing the environmental policy. The results of this study were as follows. We selected four assessment factors associated with biotic, abiotic, qualitative, and functional factors. Also, there were extracted fifty-six indicators including density, total nitrogen, hemeroby degree, and goods production. The assessment factor showed that biotic one was very important. The importance of indicators were analyzed that rare and endangered plant was important in biotic factor, in case of abiotic, qualitative, and functional factors, organic matter, landscape diversity, and conservation of ecosystem were greatly important. The results of factor analysis on the characteristics of indicators, classified biotic factor into six factors including a structural one, abiotic factor as a soil and physical one, qualitative factor as five ones including hierarchical one, and functional factor as public and conservational one. In the results of analysis on assessment model, R-square of biotic factor was 51.7%, those of abiotic, qualitative, and functional one were each 58.4%, 44.2%, and 39.3%, and statistical problem was no existence. In future, to develop the assessement model and methodology of sustainable natural ecosystem, we will have to achieve the integrated model and grouping by assessment factor.
A Study on the Alternative Environmental Assessment System in KOREA : Applying New Conceptual Model(APEMI IA MODEL) into Impact Assessment for Better Integrated Decision-Making
Kim, Im Soon ; Han, Sang Wook ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 179~193
As the world's attention turns to sustainability and the considerations of cumulative effects, the concept of Strategic Environmental Assessment(SEA) has become more significant and urgent and increasing number of countries and international organizations now undertake some forms of SEA. The term SEA, however, is variously defined and understood; generally it means a formal process of systematic analysis of the environmental effects on development policies, plans, programmes and other proposed strategic actions. This process extends the aims and principles of EIA upstream in the decision-making process, beyond the project level in which major alternatives are still open. There is a shift toward more integrative approaches and greater use of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) as sustainability tools in cooperation with Environmental Management System (EMS). Currently, Korea has EIA system and Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) which is different type of SEA as Environment Assessment (EA) system. APEMI IA MODEL integrated following three pillar(refer to attached figure.1) ; First pillar symbolized decision making cycle with planning process. Second pillar symbolized integrated assessment which tying SEA and EIA with specific impacts assessment(eg: social impact assessment, economic impact assessment, health impact assessment etc) in cooperation with EMS. Third pillar symbolized EA best practical procedure of International Association for Impact Assessment(IAIA). Considering the above, we applied new conceptual model(APEMI IA MODEL) into Impact Assessment for better integrated decision-making in KOREA as an alternative IA system(IS IA MODEL A and B refer to attached figure 4, 5).
Study for Exposure Limits of Magnetic Fields in the Transformer Substation
Jeon, In-Soo ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 195~202
The health risks from the magnetic fields exposure have been brought out difficulties in the construction of transformer substation. According to several epidemiologic studies and the relevant international organizations, magnetic fields should not exceed the exposure limits of 3mG for the people living near electric power lines. The rigid regulation of the exposure levels for the elementary school and residental areas has been established already in Switzerland and Italy. Since 1998, the environmental impact assessment system in Korea has been reviewed for power-frequency magnetic field by precautionary policies. In this study, the possible application of Prior Environmental Performance Review System for the transformer substation was reviewed from the points of the properties of the powerfrequency magnetic fields. The ranges and survey methods of the assessment for the transformer substation were proposed. The ranges of magnetic fields was between 300m to 500m for the 345kV transformer substation. It is necessary to develop further specific assessment methods for various high-voltage transformer substations.
A Study on the Integration of Education for Sustainable Development into the School-Based Enterprises in Vocational High Schools
Nam, Young Sook ; Cho, Hyun-Rae ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 203~215
Recently, a number of high school, college and university run the School-Based Enterprises(SBE). The purpose of this study is to integrate Education for Sustainable Development(ESD) into the SBE run by vocational high schools. To achieve this goal, this paper takes following research considerations. First of all, this study review the theories of SBE and ESD. Secondly, We extract the factors to analyze from the ESD point of view and integrate them into the SBE in vocational high schools. Thirdly, this study suggests the necessity and methods to integrate ESD into the SBE. ESD could serve important roles to promote the SBE by stimulating the sustainable development and improving human abilities in solving both the environment and development problems.
An Experiment Study on Floor-Impact Sound Insulation by Resilient Materials in Apartment Buildings
Youn, Se Cheol ; Oh, Jong Min ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 217~225
In apartment buildings, floor-impact sound has bean regarded as the major source which induces complaints from residents. It is mainly due to the use of light-weight structures. The vibration produced by impact on one part of an apartment building would travel as far as the other parts of structure with a little alleviation. As a result, the impact sound from upstairs has been regarded as a main source of noise causing discontentment among occupants. This study was carried out to measure the floor-impact sound levels and evaluate the insulation performance of floor-impact sound for nine apartment buildings. The floor-impact sound levels were measured for twenty-five On-dol floor structures and various factors which influence the floor-impact sound were analyzed.
Receptor Model(CMB) and Source Apportionments of VOCs in Seoul Metropolitan Area
Han, Jin-Seok ; Hong, Y.D. ; Shin, S.A. ; Lee, S.U. ; Lee, S.J. ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 227~235
Source contribution for VOCs collected in Seoul metropolitan area was conducted using PAMs (Photochemical assessment monitoring system) data and CMB(Chemical Mass Balance) model8.0, in order to estimate spatial and temporal variations of VOCs source contribution in that area, and also to compare with corresponding emission inventory. VOCs data used in model calculation were collected at 6 different sites of PAMs(Seokmori, Guwoldong, Simgokdong, Bulgwangdong, Jeongdong and Yangpyeong) and 22 out of 56 VOCs species were analyzed from June 2002 to march 2003 and used for CMB model estimation. The result showed that vehicle exhaust, coating and energy combustion were important sources of VOCs in Seoul metropolitan area, averaging 32.6%, 25.5% and 25.1%, respectively. In this study as well as other references, it was revealed that vehicle exhaust is the main contributor of urban area VOCs, but there is remarkable contrast between emission inventory and model estimation. Vehicle exhaust portion is seriously underestimated while coating is usually overestimated in emission estimates, compared to CMB results. Therefore, it is considered to assert and confirm the uncertainty of emission estimates and clarify the distinction between two other source apportionment methods.
Water Environmental Assessment by the Species Biotic Index of Freshwater Fish in the Namdaecheon, Gangneung City
Song, Ho-Bok ; Baek, Hyun-Min ; Lee, Chun-Won ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 237~245
We investigated the water environmental assessment by the species biotic index (SBI) of freshwater fish at the Namdaecheon in Gangneung city, Gangweon-do during June and July in 2004 and June in 2005. In fish fauna, 29 species and 10 families were collected. Dominant species was Zacco platypus (relative abundance 15.33%) and subdominant species was Rhynchocypris steindachneri (13.13%). Species biotic index (SBI) in station 1, 2, 3, 4 was 1.70, 2.85, 1.00 and 3.39 respectively and water environmental grade by SBI was all very good. Station 5 was 4.13 in SBI and good grade. Station 6 was 4.47 and fairly good. Station 7 was 7.25 and poor. And station 8 was 8.10 and very poor grade. Results of water environmental grade by SBI and water quality grade were very similar in this stream.