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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Impact Assessment
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Evaluation and Verification of an existing Prediction Model on the Road Traffic Noise
Lee, Nae-Hyun ; Cho, ll-Hyoung ; Park, Young Min ; Sunwoo, Young ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 93~100
In general, the verification to prediction formula in a national road and the main street of a town has been used recklessly in Korea. Therefore we investigated the validity of an existing prediction formula (NIER(87, 99), TR-Noise, KLC(2002)) with correction relationship which was based on both the prediction formular from apartment complex in the field and height 1.5m from the surface level. On the results of measuring the noise level form an isolated distance, the noise level showed that it was 4.5~5.5dB(A) by reason of becoming 2 folder far from a source. From the distribution of noise level measured by the apartment floors, the measurement point (1st floor) was 58.7~71.4dB(A) at its lowest level and the middle floors (3, 5, 7 and 10) were the highest distribution of noise level. From the analysis results on the application validity to an existing prediction formular (NIER(87, 99), TR-Noise, KLC(2002)) in the height 1.5m, the correction coefficients were 0.95~0.96 and the measured values were reasonably close to the predicted values, indicating the validity and adequacy of the predicted models. KLC(2002) model was found accurate within 3dB(A) with 36 data out of the total 42 data, showing the most accuracy among the predict models. However, the developed models have to improve the accuracy with a various of factors.
Development of Method for Deciding Automatically Parameters of Water Quality Simulation Models
Song, Kwang-Duck ; Paik, Do Hyeon ; Lee, Yong Woon ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 101~109
Water quality simulation models include the difference between the measured and estimated values as an inevitable consequence because they represent the complicated natural phenomena as simplified mathematical equations. The major reason of the difference occurrence is due to the use of the imprecise values of the model parameters, but the parameter values are currently determined by the try and error method directly performed by humans. However, the use of this method requires many time and endeavor of humans, and generally does not obtain the most suitable parameter values. A method for deciding model parameter values is, therefore, developed in this study. The method minimizes the difference between the measured and estimated values and also distributes uniformly the measured values on the upper and lower sides of the line representing the estimated values. A user interface based on this method is also developed by using the Visual Basic 6.0 of Microsoft, and it can be operated in the environment of Windows 98/2000. In this study, the method for deciding model parameter values is applied for estimating the water quality of the stream Ko-heung. The results of the application show that the method, including its computer program, can effectively obtain the most suitable parameter values and also save many working time in comparison with the existing method directly performed by humans.
Nature-adapted Rainwater Management Facility Cases in Korean Apartment Complexes
Hyun, Kyoung Hak ; Chang, Sun Young ; Ahn, Sung Sik ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 111~119
In Korea, an environment-friendly concept of "rain re-cycling" was initially introduced in apartment complex planning and designs in the late 1990s. Although its application cases are extremely few, with the growing importance of rainwater utilization, introduction of rainwater management facilities in urban areas began to drawn keen attention. In urban areas also, plans to introduce rainwater management facilities in apartment complexes as infrastructure improving living environment, such as sewage treatment facilities are very urgently required. In order to introduce rainwater management facilities as infrastructure in an apartment complex, apartment complex cases that had introduced the facilities were reviewed first. In this study, a few applied rainwater management facilities in an apartment complex were surveyed(Infiltration barrel, Rubble porosity storage tank, Underground storage tank). As a result, problems in introducing rainwater management facilities in apartment complexes in Korea were identified.
Assessment of Trophic State for Yongdam Reservoir Using Satellite Imagery Data
Kim, Tae Geun ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 121~127
The conventional water quality measurements by point sampling provide only site specific temporal water quality information but not the synoptic geographic coverage of water quality distribution. To circumvent these limitations in temporal and spatial measurements, the use of remote sensing is increasingly involved in the water quality monitoring research. In other to assess a trophic state of Yongdam reservoir using satellite imagery data, I obtained Landsat ETM data and water quality data on 16th September and 18th October 2001. The approach involved acquisition of water quality samples from boats at 33 sites on 16th September and 30 sites on 18th October 2001, simultaneous with Landsat-7 satellite overpass. The correlation coefficients between the DN values of the imagery and the concentrations of chlorophyll-a were analyzed. The visible bands(band 1,2,3) and near infrared band(band 4) data of September image showed the correlation coefficient values higher than 0.9. The October image showed the correlation coefficient values about 0.7 due to the atmospheric effect and low variation of chlorophyll-a concentration. Regression models between the chrophyll-a concentration and DN values of the Landsat imagery data have been developed for each image. The regression model was determined based on the spectral characteristics of chlorophyll, so the green band(band 2) and near infrared band(band 4) were selected to generate a trophic state map. The coefficient of determination(R2) of the regression model for 16th September was 0.95 and that of the regression model for 18th October was 0.55. According to the trophic state map made based on Aizaki's TSI and chlorophyll-a concentration, the trophic state of Yongdam reservoir was mostly eutrophic state during this study.
Variational Characteristics of Nutrient Loading in Inflow Streams of the Yongdam Reservoir Using Flow-Loading Equation
Kim, Tae Geun ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 129~138
The measurements of nutrient and runoff in 4 streams have been performed before and after the rainfall in order to estimate nutrient loads in the Yongdam reservoir. The equations for the relationship between the flow and the loads in each stream could be estimated by the regression analysis. R2 of TN showed the range from 0.95 to 0.99 and the range of R2 for TP was 0.90~0.95 based on the results of the regression analyses. In 2002, total loadings from the upstream to the Yongdam reservoir were TN 1,175 ton/year, TP 69 ton/year. There were 64.9% of TN and 72.3% of TP during 4 months as the flood season. Due to the rainfall, the load of TP was higher than one of TN in Yongdam reservoir.
Improvement Alternative of Korean Environmental Assessment through the EA of the European Union
Kim, Im-Soon ; Han, Sang-Wook ; Park, Joo-Hyun ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 139~155
The introduction of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) has strengthened and extended the value of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as a fundamental tool for sustainable development. In particular, SEA helps to overcome the limitation of project EIA as a stand alone approach that is applied relatively late in the decision making cycle. SEA is applied to proposals of policy, plan, and/or programme when major alternatives are open. In Korea, similar to SEA, the Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) was introduced to overcome the limitations of the EIA, by checking the environmental impacts on major policy and administrative actions in the early stage of decision making process. SEA appears in various national, regional and international laws. SEA is addressed specifically in the UNECE SEA protocol to the Espoo Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a transboundary context, as well as the European Commission SEA Directive (2001/42/EC). SEA is a valuable tool for integrating sustainability decisions into country's policies, plans and programmes. This paper reviews the policy direction for implementation of the SEA and efficient Environmental Assessment (EA) through integration of the PERS and the EIA.
The Watershed Imperviousness Impact for the characteristic of stormwater runoff
Ham, Kwang-Jun ; Kim, Joon-Hyun ; Huh, Beom-Nyung ; Choi, Ji-Yong ; Kim, Yeong-Jin ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 157~163
The purpose of this study is to understand imperviousness impact for the characteristics of stormwater runoff and water temperature. The land-use map was used to estimate the watershed imperviousness(percent of impermeable area) and the RMS(Remote Monitoring System) was used to evaluate the stormwater runoff of watershed. This study was investigated for two streams(Jiam and Gongji) in Chunchon City. The detailed results of these studies are as follows; The imperviousness(%) of two watersheds(Jiam and Gongji) estimated by spatial analysis which is main function of GIS were 0.24% and 24.16%. So, Gongji watershed as urban area was about 100 times than jiam watershed as forest area. In case of rainfall of low intensity, stormwater runoff flowrate in higher imperviousness area(Gongji) was more than it in forest area(jiam). Also, The time to peak flowrate(Tp) was short in Gongji stream and the water temperature difference between Gongji and Jiam stream was about