Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Impact Assessment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
An Estimation of Emission Reduction Rates to Achieve the Target Air Quality in Seoul Metropolitan Area
Kim, Jeongsoo ; Kim, Jiyoung ; Hong, Jihyung ; Jung, Dongil ; Ban, Soojin ; Park, Sangnam ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~13
This study was carried out to estimate the emission reduction rates for the regional allowable emissions by special measures to achieve the target air quality in Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA). A modeling system was designed to validate the details in enforcement regulations set up by local governments based on the current status and plans for air quality improvement. Modeling system was composed of meteorological model (MM5), emission model (SMOKE), and air quality model (CMAQ). Predicted results by this system show quiet well not only daily air pollutants concentration but also the tendencies of wind direction, wind speed and temperature. To achieve the target air quality in Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA), emission allowances are estimated by seasons and regions. Referring to the base year 2002, it was estimated that emission reduction rates to achieve the intermediate goal in 2007 were 14.2% and 16.6% for NOx and
, respectively. It was also estimated that 52% of NOx and 48% of
reductions from the base year 2002 would be required to accomplish the air quality improvement goal of 22 ppb for
in year 2014. To improve
concentration through emissions reduction policies, it was found that emissions reduction for the on-road mobile sources would be the most effective in SMA.
Effect on Phytoplankton by Hydraulic-Gun-Aerators and Selective Withdrawal in Hoengseung Reservoir
Choi, Il-Hwan ; Kim, Hak-Chul ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 15~26
Surface water is the main drinking water source in Korea. Algal bloom caused by phytoplankton in reservoir is common event in every summer season. To prevent or control the algal blooms, artificial circulation system has been adopted in many reservoirs, including Hoengseung reservoir. Total 7 hydraulic-gun-aerators were installed around the intake tower in Hoengseung reservoir since 2000. This study is to elucidate the effects of hydraulic-gun-aerators on phytoplankton bloom, pH, DO, temperature and evaluate the selective withdrawal and vertical distribution of phytoplankton by means of submersible fluorescence probe, which features high correlation with a standard ISO method (r=0.90, P<0.0001) for chlorophyll-a quantification.
Immobilization Characteristics of Hexavalent Chromium Contaminated Soils Treated with Phosphate and Chromium Reducing Agent
Lee, Eui-Sang ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 27~33
Hexavalent chromium-contaminated soils are encounted at many unregulated discharge and improper handling of wastes from electroplating, leather tanning, steelmaking, corrosion control, and wood preservation industries. Contamination of hexavalent chromium in the soil is a major concern because of its toxicity and threat to human life and environment. Current technologies for hexavalent chromium-contaminated soil remediation are usually costly and/or cannot permanently prohibit the toxic element from entering into the biosphere. Thus, as an alternative technique, immobilization is seen as a cost-effective and promising remediation technology that may reduce the leachable potential of hexavalent chromium. The purpose of this paper is to develope an immobilization technique for the formation of the geochemically stabilized hexavalent chromium-contaminated soil from the reactions of labile soil hexavalent chromium forms with the added soluble phosphate and chromium reducing agent. From the liquid phase experiment, reaction order of chromium reducing agent, soluble phosphate, alkali solution shows the best removal efficiency of 95%. In addition, actual soil phase experiment demonstrates up to 97.9% removal efficiency with 1:1 molar ratio of chromium reducing agent and soluble phosphate. These results provide evidence for the potential use of soluble phosphate and chromium reducing agent for the hexavalent chromium-contaminated soil remediation.
Environmental Assessment of Vitrified Mine Tailing Aggregate Using Various Leaching Methods
Lee, Sang-Woo ; Chun, Sa-Ho ; Lee, Ki-Kang ; Lee, Sanghoon ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 35~43
Vitrified aggregates obtained by using mine tailings were evaluated using various leaching methods to assess their environmental safety. The leaching tests in this study include continuous batch leaching, Dutch availability leaching, pH-stat and tank diffusion test as well as TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure), which is commonly adopted. Vitrification technique has successfully been applied treating some solid wastes containing high level of heavy metals, such as EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) dust and mine tailings. The potentially most leachable element among trace metals was As and theoretically about 7% of total concentrations in the aggregate can be released under extreme condition. Zinc was leached about 4% and the other trace metals including Cd, Cr and Pb were hardly released from the vitrified mine tailing aggregate.
Principles and Guidelines for Social Impact Assessment: A Critical Review on the US Case
Jung, Juchul ; Lim, Jaeyoung ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 45~58
Despite the ubiquitous practice of environmental impact assessment around the world, social impact assessment has been alienated from assessment process from the beginning. Not until 1993 was 'Interorganizational Committee' established in the United States to prepare for 'Principles and Guidelines for Social Impact Assessment.' This study is an attempt to critically examine US 'Principles and Guidelines.' First, the study traces history of social impact assessment to reveal why the latter became "the orphan in the assessment process." Second, it critically reviews 'Principles and Guidelines' to find its merits and defects. For instance, a principle regarding environmental justice is perceived as necessary as society has become conscious of social justice and equity while putting too much emphasis on predictive traits of social impact assessments only fosters "checklist mentality." Third, the study reflects on 'Principles and Guidelines' in particular and social impact assessment in general in order to probe what is social impact assessment. To do so, it pays attention to scholars, who have criticized technocratic and procedural elements of 'Principles and Guidelines.' They show that social impact assessment is philosophically and methodologically teleological in that "fluid and contested meanings" between social impacts and the public are meaningful in itself. And simple procedural guarantee of the public involvement, they argue, is not enough to define social impacts. Lastly, from the critical analysis of 'Principles and Guideline,' the study looks for alternatives to improve how to assess social impacts in a Korean context.
Suggestions for Ecological Stream Restoration
Kim, Myungjin ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 59~68
Urban streams have been severely degraded with wastewater and concrete structure over a prolonged period. The Chonggyecheon Restoration Project recovered a stream in the downtown Seoul with landscaping, plantings and bridges after the cover concrete and elevated asphalt road were removed. The project has been criticized partly because it is not an ecological restoration but rather the development of an urban park with an unnaturally straight flowing stream, artificial building structures, and artificial water pumping from the Han River. Nevertheless, the public have praised the project and almost 100,000 visitors per day come to see the reeds, catfish, and ducks. The stream restoration project is attractive to central and regional government decision makers because it increases the public concern of landscape amenity. Several projects such as Sanjichon and Kaeumjungchon are on going and proposed. These projects have a common and different respect in scope and procedure. The Chonggyecheon project in the process of environmental impact assessment (EIA) and prior environmental review system (PERS) reviewed the environmental impacts before development. Kaeumjungchon in the PERS and Sanjichon without EIA and PERS are reviewed. EIA and PERS systems contribute to checking the ecological sustainability of the restoration projects. A stream restoration project is a very complex task, so an integrated approach from plan to project is needed for ecologically sound restoration. Ecological stream restoration requires 1) an assessment of the entire stream ecosystem 2) establishing an ecologically sound management system of the stream reflecting not only benefits for people but also flora and fauna; 3) developing the site-specific design criteria and construction techniques including habitat restoration, flood plains conservation, and fluvial management; 4) considering the stream watershed in land use plan, EIA, PERS, and strategic environmental assessment (SEA). Additionally the process needs to develop the methodologies to enhance stakeholder's participation during planning, construction, and monitoring.
Analysis of Origin Matter of Blackish Water in Dam Reservoir During Winter
Lee, Yosang ; Shin, Hyun Sang ; Yi, Hye Suk ; Park, Jae-Chung ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 69~77
This study has been conducted to assess blackish-water phenomena in Dam reservoir. To searching for the reason, we survey physical changes in reservoir and analyze metal and organic content in particulate materials and water. The blackish-water phenomena in lake A are occurred with turbidity increases in turnover season irregularly. It was reported on 6 Jan. 2005 weakly and the water column mixed with 35~40m depth and water temperature shows
. The turbidity of AD and AM site increased up to 20NTU. Especially, AN site shows 27NTU, such a result makes that Dam manager conclude it to blackish-water phenomena. The results of sequential extraction analysis show that over 80% of Al, Cr and Fe is existed in residual form in sediment. On the other hand, the most part of Mn shows exchangeable and carbonates form, which have a good possibility of release to water column. Mn contents in pore waters of the sediment samples are also found to be ~4 times higher than Fe contents. The metal contents in pore water of different dam sites are in order of AN (Fe: 9.98, Mn: 40.6) > AD(8.33, 37.5) > DD(1.91, 2.55). According to the results of extracted organic materials from sediment, humic substances is occupied with over 85% in total organic carbon including 23~45% of humic acid (HA) and 0.9~8.5% of fulvic acid (FA). However, HA content in pore water is not detectable while FA contents, acid-soluble humic fractions is higher than that of sediment(10~15%). which indicating that FA is a main humic components affecting water color. The color unit per DOC of FA in pore waters of different dam sites are found to be higher in lake A than lake D. From the results, it could be suggested that blackish-water phenomena of lake A are mainly arise from higher concentration of Mn and water soluble organic fractions (e.g., FA) released from sediments as well as the strength of turnover in Dam reservoir.
Estimating the Pollution Delivery Coefficient with Consideration of Characteristics Watershed Form and Pollution Load Washoff
Ha, Sung-Ryong ; Park, Jung-Ha ; Bae, Myung-Soon ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 79~87
The performance of a stream water quality analysis model depends upon many factors attributed to the geological characteristics of a watershed as well as the distribution behaviors of pollutant itself on a surface of watershed. Because the model run has to import the pollution load from the watershed as a boundary condition along an interface between a stream water body and a watershed, it has been used to introduce a pollution delivery coefficient to behalf of the boundary condition of load importation. Although a nonlinear regression model (NRM) was developed to cope with the limitation of a conventional empirical way, this an up-to-date study has also a limitation that it can't be applied where the pollution load washed off (assumed at a source) is less than that delivered (observed) in a stream. The objective of this study is to identify what causes the limitation of NRM and to suggest how we can purify the process to evaluate a pollution delivery coefficient using many field observed cases. As a major result, it was found what causes the pollution load delivered to becomes bigger than that assumed at the source. In addition, the pollution load discharged to a stream water body from a specific watershed was calculated more accurately.
Classification of Synoptic Meteorological Patterns for the Environmental Assessment of Regional-scale Long Range Transboundary Air Pollutants
Kim, Cheol-Hee ; Son, Hye-Young ; Kim, Ji-A ; Ahn, Tae-Keun ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 89~98
In order to conduct the environmental assessment of long range transboundary air pollutants over East Asia, the moving pathways of air pollutants are of great importance, which are depending upon the meteorological weather patterns. Therefore regional scale modeling study requires the identified geopotential height distribution patterns to deal with behaviors of long range transport air pollutants for the effective long term atmospheric environmental assessment. In this study the synoptic meteorological classification using cluster analysis technique over Northeast Asia, and its previous applications of the regional scale air pollutant modeling studies were reviewed and summarized in detail. Other synoptic meteorological characteristics over Korean peninsula are also discussed.
A Tendency of Prediction Technique for the Assessment of Railway Noise
Cho, Jun-Ho ; Park, Young-Min ; Sun, Hyo-Sung ; Hong, Woong-Gi ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 99~105
Since 1990s, the railway noise has been researched and developed in our nation. First of all, what's causing the noise and how to eliminate the cause of the noise must be found out. Secondly, cutting off the propagation path of the noise from the noise source to the receiving points. In this study the characteristics of prediction formula for the assessment of railway noise used in some nations including Korea were investigated. In order to develop the prediction formula of the railway noise, the noise radiated from railway vehicle, rails and sleepers, characteristics of noise barrier, velocity of train, ground effects, roughness should be analyzed and predicted. Especially, on the basis of acoustics, the characteristics of source are applied to acoustic power and directivity information.