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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Impact Assessment
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Value Estimation for Environmental Resources of Natural river Using Conjoint Analysis - Focused on small River of Incheon Metropolitan City -
Lee, Kyung-Su ; Kim, Tae-Hyeong ; Ryu, Jae-Keun ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 417~431
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.417
There is a Conjoint Analysis to estimate the environmental value of natural river restoration project of Inchon Metropolitan City`s small River: Gong-chon Stream, Gul-po Stream, Seung-gi Stream, Jang-su Stream. In order to find out the optimal expense condition, we tried to estimate the possible payable amount. According to the analysis, almost all people are willing to pay 15,000 Won. In case of the river types, the people liked 10 cm`s depth of water and there should be brook trail, convenient facilities and flood plain at the stream edge space. But it is impossible to build these facilities with minimum fare 15,000 Won per a household. If the necessary expenses set high, the tax resistance of the local residents will be increased. So, in consideration of the analytical results of the attribute level, we draw five alternatives. This study is based on the results of Incheon metropolitan City residents` survey, and there is Conjoint Analysis to estimate the environmental value of natural-type river project of Incheon metropolitan City. If it is reflected the special assume factors of this study, and if there is exact environmental value estimation of the various river quality through different analysis, then it will become a study of high utilizing.
Calibration of WASP7 Model using a Genetic Algorithm and Application to a Drinking Water Resource Reservoir
Bae, Sang-Mok ; Cho, Jae-Heon ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 432~444
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.432
When the water quality modelling is done with a manual calibration, it is possible that the researcher`s opinion may affect the objectivity of the research. Hence, the role of the automatic calibration is highly important. This research applies a technique to automatically calibrate the water quality parameters by implementing an optimization method. This involves estimating the optimum water quality parameters targeting influential parameters towards the lake`s BOD, DO, Phosphorus, Nitrogen and Phytoplankton. To accurately calculate the water temperature and hydraulic characteristics of a deep, stratifying lake, EFDC, a 3-dimensional hydraulic model which can be linked to the WASP7 was applied. With EFDC, the segment of the lake is formed and utilized as an input data of the WASP7. For the calibration of the water quality parameters of the WASP7, an influence coefficient algorithm and a genetic algorithm was applied. Of the five water quality variables for calibration, the normalized residuals of the observed and calculated values of DO, TN, CBOD were relatively small and the three water quality variables were calibrated properly. Yet the accuracy of the calibration of TP and Chl-a was relatively low.
A Comparative Study for Estimation Methodologies of Soil Organic Carbon Stocks for Environmental Assessment on Development Projects
Hwang, Sang Il ; Park, Sun Hwan ; Jeon, Young Bong ; Hwang, Joung Bae ; Kang, Seon Hong ; Kim, Jin Hong ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 445~452
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.445
The objective of this study was to propose the best methodology for estimating soil organic carbon stocks during environmental assessment for development projects. We compared three methodologies which were developed by Korea Environment Corporation(2010), Korea Forest Research Institute (2006), and Jin-Hyun Jung (1998). We found that the methodology developed by Jin-Hyun Jung (1998) shows the worst performance and the methodology of Korea Forest Research Institute (2006) does not reflect a variety of soil types and land use characteristics shown in development project plans. Therefore, we propose that the methodology developed by Korea Environment Corporation (2010) is the most reasonable one because it is internationally accepted and used for local governments to make the inventory of greenhouse gases as well as to set up its reduction strategy.
A nationwide analysis of mammalian biodiversity hotspots in South Korea
Kim, Jiyeon ; Kwon, Hyuksoo ; Seo, Changwan ; Kim, Myungjin ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 453~465
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.453
Hotspots are top sites in terms of species diversity as the most threatened and most diverse sites which have been used to select priority areas for reserves. The purpose of this paper is to identify biodiversity hotspots through analyzing nationwide spatial patterns of species richness and rarity of Korean mammals. Four endangered mammals and eleven common mammals were selected as target species. Environmental variables as model input data were consisted of topography, distance, and vegetation structure etc. and Maxent was used to develop species distribution models for target species. Species richness and rarity were used as index of biodiversity. The results of this study were as follows. Firstly, hotspots of species richness for endangered mammals were in high elevation and steep mountain areas. However, species richness for whole mammals were high in low elevation of mountains. Secondly, distribution pattern of species rarity for endangered mammals were similar as richness. However, hotspots of species rarity for whole mammals were a little different from species richness. Species rarity was high in both low and high elevation of mountain areas. This study will provide the useful information for a biodiversity assessment, a habitat conservation, a national ecological network plan, and the management of protected areas.
Comparison of Flooding Tolerance for the Selection of Plants in Vegetation-Based Low Impact Development Facilities
Lee, Eun-Yeob ; Hyun, Kyoung-Hak ; Hou, Jin-Sung ; Park, Mi-Ok ; Koo, Bon-Hak ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 466~476
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.466
In this study, 10 species of plants with high adaptability to aquatic environments were compared for selecting plant species suitable for vegetation-based low impact development (LID) facilities. The flooding tolerances of the plants were tested by analyzing their growth status under half-immersion and full-immersion conditions, with varying durations of immersion. In decreasing order of flooding tolerance, the comparative analysis of plant height and leaf width is as follows: Hemerocallis fulva, Juncus effusus var. decipiens, Iris pseudoacorus, Phragmites communis TRIN, Typha orientalis C.Presl, Aster koraiensis Nakai, Iris sanguinea, Equisetum hyemale, Acorus calamus. Specifically, Hemerocallis fulva, Juncus effusus var. decipiens. Iris pseudoacorus showed excellent growth status under both immersion conditions. Iris sanguinea and Equisetum hyemale. withered to death by around day 27 of the experiment, but their flooding tolerance was confirmed to be relatively high. Iris pseudoacoru showed flooding tolerance under the half-immersion condition unlike under the full-immersion condition, when compared on day 21 of the experiment. Aster koraiensis Nakai also thrived better under the half-immersion condition, proving to be a highly immersion-resistant species. On the basis of the results of this experiment, Hemerocallis fulva, Juncus effusus var. decipiens and Iris pseudoacorus, Typha orientalis C.Presl were selected as species suitable for vegetation-based LID facilities.
Effects of Physical environmental factors on Radiation fluxes in Urban areas
Song, Bonggeun ; Park, Kyunghun ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 477~491
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.477
The purpose of this study is to develop urban planning for mitigating thermal comfort by analyzing the relationship between various physical environmental factors and radiation fluxes focused on urban areas of Changwon city, Gyeongsangnam-do. Physical environmental factors were analyzed by sky view factor (SVF), land cover and land use types using GIS program. Radiation fluxes were measured upward and downward in solar and terrestrial radiation by mobile measurement during 3 days (2 daytime and 1 nighttime) in summer season. SVF is high in urban park less around buildings. High dense building sites were low. Downward solar radiation fluxes were the highest about
at daytime, and decreased in spatial type arranged dense buildings. Upward solar and terrestrial radiations was affected by land cover types that have thermal features such as reflectivity, emissivity, and heat capacity. Therefore, urban space needs appropriate planning with building arrangement, green walls and land cover replacement for mitigating thermal comfort in urban area.
The Characteristics of Heavy Metal Accumulations in Feral Pigeon (Columba livia) Feathers for Environmental Monitoring
Lee, Jangho ; Lee, Jongchun ; Lee, Sang Hee ; Kim, Myungjin ; Lee, Eugene ; Han, Areum ; Shim, Kyuyoung ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 492~504
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.492
Feral pigeon (Columba livia) has been known as a good indicator for accumulations of chemical pollutants in urban areas. However, it is against the animal rights to kill the indicator species in order to monitor pollutants accumulations in wild birds. Eggs and feathers of birds, therefore, have been used as non-invasive monitoring materials. Even though eggs are a good indicator for accumulations of lipophilic pollutants, but unsuitable for some heavy metals such as lead and cadmium because bird`s ovary builds a sort of barrier to inhibit higher accumulations of some heavy metals in the eggs. Therefore, feathers instead of eggs have been used as a non-invasive indicator for accumulations of heavy metals. However, there are few studies of heavy metal accumulations of feral pigeon in Korea. In this study, we characterized the characteristics of heavy metal accumulations of feathers in relation to internal organs (bloods, viscera and bones) in feral pigeons between two sites (Hangang Park representing urban area and Hampyeong Park for rural area). The samples from the Hangang Park showed significantly higher lead (Pb) concentrations in the blood, liver and bone than those from Hampyeong Park. The Pb concentration in the feathers was also significantly higher at Hangang Park than at Hampyeong Park. The analytical result for the breast, wing and tail feathers, and the internal organs (blood, lung, liver, kidney and bone) indicated that the Pb concentrations in the feathers were significantly positively correlated with the levels in the kidney and bone. Overall, feathers of feral pigeon may be candidate for bioindicator to monitor for Pb accumulations in urban areas.
Strategy for Introducing Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment in Northeast Asia
Lee, Young-Joon ; Moon, Nankyoung ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 505~516
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.505
Northeast Asia including China, Japan, Mongolia, Russia, DPRK and ROK, is a geographically close region that falls under the same environmental influence. Recently the region is not only facing serious domestic environmental problems with rapid economic growth, but also confronted with transboundary environmental problems and associated conflicts between countries. Unfortunately, Northeast Asia lacks a solid environmental management system among countries to deal with transboundary and other environmental issues. Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment (TEIA) can, therefore, be one of the essential systematic measures in which environmental problems between countries would be negotiated. However, it would be necessary to have an indepth discussion of what we have to do first for implementing TEIA system in the region, and how to operate it while customizing each Northeast Asian country with different EIA system and socioeconomic circumstance. All these cannot be decided in a short time, and we need to invest enough time for discussing and considering them from various aspects. Recently, the Korean government declared "Eurasia Initiative". The initiative proposes important developing projects and ultimately plans to build a peaceful community throughout Eurasia based on comprehensive cooperation. The initiative aims to increase exchanges in transportation, energy and agricultural sectors to achieve the goals. In this regard, implementing TEIA in Northeast Asia is urgently needed and we have to prepare the strategy for introducing TEIA mechanism. Based on the results of 10 year experience on TEIA projects conducted since 2004, we suggest double-track approaches for developing TEIA mechanism. We continuously need to make an effort to establish a regional TEIA mechanism that all countries legally join, and simultaneously we also have to prepare a process to carry out TEIA for upcoming projects based on bi- or multi-lateral agreements. Practical solutions such as conducting pilot TEIA with relevant countries and developing TEIA guideline for the region could be the first step.
Weight setting of major environmental assessment items using Analytical Hierarchy Process - Case for the selection of railroad route -
Lee, Minjoo ; Kim, Minkyung ; Lee, Sangdon ;
Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, volume 23, issue 6, 2014, Pages 517~526
DOI : 10.14249/eia.2014.23.6.517
This paper performed studies on a guide for an environmental assessment necessary to select railroad route optimally, and presented techniques for an environmental friendly route selection using AHP(Analytical Hierarchy Process) as an objective method. The AHP is an approach to decision making that involves multiple choice criteria into a hierarchy and assessing the relative importance of each criterion, and determining an overall ranking of the alternatives. For the purpose of this study, we established the weight and the order of major environmental assessment items based on the survey of experts. The results of the weight by AHP were in order of Fauna & Flora, Topography & Geology, Nature Environmental Assets, Noise & Vibration, Water Quality, Landscape and Air Quality indicating natural environment should be in priority. To develop the more efficient environmental friendly route selection systems, it is necessary to consider economical, technical, and social aspects in addition to environmental consideration.