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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 13, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Precision for Mean Sea Level Pressure simulated by high resolution Weather Model for Typhoon Manyi and Usagi in 2007
You, Sung-Hyup ; Kwon, Ji-Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 127~134
This study investigated the accuracy of mean sea level pressure(MSLP) predicted by weather models around Korean Peninsula during typhoon Manyi and Usagi period in 2007. The mesoscale regional model, RDAPS, KWRF with 30 and 10 km horizontal resolution and developed high-resolution WRF models with 9 and 3 km horizontal resolutions are used to predict the features of MSLP. The predicted MSLP aspects were verified using observed results from total 35 coastal stations including AWS and ocean buoy. Although 4 models showed the reasonable MLSP results during typhoon periods, the highest resolution, 3km WRF model show the most accurate MSLP results with maximum 69% and 60% improvement with comparisons of RDAPS and KWRF, respectively.
A Study on the Role of United Nations Regional Group System for the London Protocol
Moon, Byung-Ho ; Hong, Gi-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 135~150
At the Intergovernmental Meeting held in 1972, the London Convention was adopted to prevent marine pollution from dumping of wastes and other matter. After that, at the special meeting held at the Headquarters of the International Maritime Organization in 1996, the London Convention was revised to consider advances in technology of treatment and disposal of wastes and to reflect changes in understanding of marine environment and then the London Protocol was concluded. The London Protocol states more concrete management system for ocean dumping than the London Convention and also provides that the Meeting of Contracting Parties shall establish those procedures and mechanisms necessary to assess and promote compliance with the Protocol. With the London Protocol in force since 24 March 2006, the Meeting of Contracting Parties adopted the 'Compliance Procedures and Mechanisms (CPM) pursuant to Article 11 of the 1996 Protocol to the London Convention 1972' and established the Compliance Group in 2007. According to the CPM, members of the Compliance Group shall be nominated by Contracting Parties, based on equitable and balanced geographic representation of the five Regional Groups of the United Nations, and elected by the Meeting of Contracting Parties. In 2009, the Republic of Korea nominated a member of the Compliance Group to be subsequently elected by the Meeting of Contracting Parties with the approval of other states in Asia Group. Through the United Nations Regional Group System based on geographical identity or political affinity, Contracting Parties to the London Protocol are expected to form a voting bloc or to exchange information in meetings on the London Protocol. In this sense, it is noteworthy that the London Protocol introduced marine environmental management system for comprehensive prohibition of ocean dumping with exception of the so-called 'reverse-list' which had been earlier adopted by the 'Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, 1992 (OSPAR)' whose contracting parties belonged to Western European and Other States Group. In recent years, the jurisdiction of London Protocol has been extended to protect and preserve the marine environment from all sources of pollution. This will make the United Nations Regional Group System play more important roles in the activities associated with the London Protocol. For this reason, this article has considered characteristics of the United Nations Regional Group System and has analyzed influences of this Regional Group System in meetings on the London Protocol. This could provide preliminary information for the Republic of Korea to give due consideration to the United Nations Regional Group System on the activities associated with the London Protocol.
Seasonal Fluctuations of Marine Environment and Phytoplankton Community in the Southern Part of Yeosu, Southern Sea of Korea
Noh, Il-Hyeon ; Yoon, Yang-Ho ; Park, Jong-Sick ; Kang, In-Seok ; An, Yeong-Kyu ; Kim, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 151~164
Field observations on the seasonal variations of environmental factors and phytoplankton community were carried out four times at 30 stations in the narrow strait between Yeosu and Dolsan Island of the Korean South Sea from September 2005 to May 2006. The ranges of water temperature, salinity and extinction coefficient in the surface waters were 5.6~26.3, 25.36~33.92 psu and 0.13~2.13, respectively. The water temperature measured higher at Gamak Bay in summer and spring. It measured higher at Yeosuhae Bay in autumn and winter. Salinity showed uniformity of distributions in almost all areas, except for an area near a sewage disposal outlet. Extinction coefficient indicated that the turbidity of Gamak Bay and the area near the sewage disposal outlet were higher than that of the Yeosuhae Bay. In the phytoplankton community were identified a total of 99 species belonging to 51 genera. The species composition showed itself to be various in summer and autumn, but poor in winter and spring with a high ratio of centric diatoms all the year round. Seasonal succession of dominant species were Skeletonema costatum and Chaetoceros curvisetus in summer, Eucampia zodiacus in autumn and winter, and Chaetoceros affinis and Thalassionema nitzschioides inspring. Standing crops of phytoplankton and Chlorophyll
concentration were greatly higher at Gamak Bay in summer with ranges of
, respectively. From the results of principal component analysis (PCA), the northern part of Dolsan Island was divided into two or three regions from the characteristics of marine environment and phytoplankton community.
Generation of Sea Surface Temperature Products Considering Cloud Effects Using NOAA/AVHRR Data in the TeraScan System: Case Study for May Data
Yang, Sung-Soo ; Yang, Chan-Su ; Park, Kwang-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 165~173
A cloud detection method is introduced to improve the reliability of NOAA/AVHRR Sea Surface Temperature (SST) data processed during the daytime and nighttime in the TeraScan System. In daytime, the channels 2 and 4 are used to detect a cloud using the three tests, which are spatial uniformity tests of brightness temperature (infrared channel 4) and channel 2 albedo, and reflectivity threshold test for visible channel 2. Meanwhile, the nighttime cloud detection tests are performed by using the channels 3 and 4, because the channel 2 data are not available in nighttime. This process include the dual channel brightness temperature difference (ch3 - ch4) and infrared channel brightness temperature threshold tests. For a comparison of daytime and nighttime SST images, two data used here are obtained at 0:28 (UTC) and 21:00 (UTC) on May 13, 2009. 6 parameters was tested to understand the factors that affect a cloud masking in and around Korean Peninsula. In daytime, the thresholds for ch2_max cover a range 3 through 8, and ch4_delta and ch2_delta are fixed on 5 and 2, respectively. In nighttime, the threshold range of ch3_minus_ch4 is from -1 to 0, and ch4_delta and min_ch4_temp have the fixed thresholds with 3.5 and 0, respectively. It is acceptable that the resulted images represent a reliability of SST according to the change of cloud masking area by each level. In the future, the accuracy of SST will be verified, and an assimilation method for SST data should be tested for a reliability improvement considering an atmospheric characteristic of research area around Korean Peninsula.
Inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation for Water Waves on Variable Depth
Kim, Hyo-Seob ; Jang, Chang-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 174~180
The inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation is introduced for variable water depth and potential function and separation of variables are introduced for the derivation. Only harmonic wave motions are considered. The governing equation composed of the potential function for irrotational flow is directly applied to the still water level, and the inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation for variable water depth is obtained. By introducing the wave amplitude and wave phase gradient the governing equation with complex potential function is transformed into two equations of real variables. The transformed equations are the first and second-order ordinary differential equations, respectively, and can be solved in a forward marching manner when proper boundary values are supplied, i.e. the wave amplitude, the wave amplitude gradient, and the wave phase gradient at a side boundary. Simple spatially-centered finite difference numerical schemes are adopted to solve the present set of equations. The equation set is applied to two test cases, Booij’ inclined plane slope profile, and Bragg’ wavy bed profile. The present equations set is satisfactorily verified against other theories including the full linear equation, Massel's modified mild-slope equation, and Berkhoff's mild-slope equation etc.
Characteristics of Household Wastes from Fishing Village in Small Island
Jeong, Byung-Gon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 181~186
Characteristics of household wastes production from fishing village in small island was investigated. Investigation was conducted in August and December to represent seasonal characteristics of summer and winter, respectively. Amount of household wastes production was 0.65 kg/capita·day and this is relatively low value compared with nationwide average. Food wastes, papers, vinyl and plastics are major part of combustible portion in household wastes. Composting is inappropriate method as a final disposal method in terms of C/N ratio calculated from elemental analysis. It is recommended that incineration can be appropriate way as a final disposal method of household wastes because low heating value of household wastes is equivalent to that of crude oil. The fraction of food wastes in household is considerably higher than the values obtained from other residential areas in nationwide. Thus, it is evaluated that household composting devices and vermicomposting facilities are necessary to reduce the amount of food wastes. It also can be evaluated that incineration is optimal method as disposal method of household wastes from fishing village except food wastes.
Impact of Sulfur Dioxide Impurity on Process Design of
Offshore Geological Storage: Evaluation of Physical Property Models and Optimization of Binary Parameter
Huh, Cheol ; Kang, Seong-Gil ; Cho, Mang-Ik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 187~197
Carbon dioxide Capture and Storage(CCS) is regarded as one of the most promising options to response climate change. CCS is a three-stage process consisting of the capture of carbon dioxide(
), the transport of
to a storage location, and the long term isolation of
from the atmosphere for the purpose of carbon emission mitigation. Up to now, process design for this
marine geological storage has been carried out mainly on pure
. Unfortunately the
mixture captured from the power plants and steel making plants contains many impurities such as
. A small amount of impurities can change the thermodynamic properties and then significantly affect the compression, purification, transport and injection processes. In order to design a reliable
marine geological storage system, it is necessary to analyze the impact of these impurities on the whole CCS process at initial design stage. The purpose of the present paper is to compare and analyse the relevant physical property models including BWRS, PR, PRBM, RKS and SRK equations of state, and NRTL-RK model which are crucial numerical process simulation tools. To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the equation of the state for
mixture, we compared numerical calculation results with reference experimental data. In addition, optimum binary parameter to consider the interaction of
molecules was suggested based on the mean absolute percent error. In conclusion, we suggest the most reliable physical property model with optimized binary parameter in designing the
mixture marine geological storage process.
Characteristics of Grain Size and Organic Matters in the Tidal Flat Sediments of the Suncheon Bay
Jang, Sung-Guk ; Cheong, Cheong-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 198~205
The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of the grain size distribution and organic matters to understand the current status of the tidal flat sediment for efficient management of Suncheon Bay. We investigated the characteristics of the surface sediments in the mouth area of the Suncheon Bay at fifteen stations in April and July, 2009. Specific conclusions were as follows. The sediments in the most part of tidal flat was shown as muddy facies(clay and silt contents was more than 90%), whereas in the tidal river affected by water flow from the Dongstream was shown as sandy facies. The analyzed values of the tidal flat sediment were in the range of
) for sorting, and -1.5~3.2(mean -0.3) for skewness, and 1.5~14.1(mean 3.9) for kurtosis. So we knew that the tidal flat sediments in the Suncheon Bay was mainly composed by fine-grained sediment. Erosion was happened in the tidal river, whereas sedimentation was occurred in the tidal flat. The most of organic matters was derived from the Dongstream. Total organic matters shown as ignition loss was 5.75%, COD and
values were lower than the eutrophication level(COD; 20.0 mg/g dry,
; 0.2 mg S/g dry). From our research the tidal flat of the Suncheon Bay is relatively fine, but a part of the flat was exceed the environmental standard. So we have to establish effective countermeasures to reduce the organic matters and nutrients derived from stream for environmental preservation of the Suncheon bay and conduct scientifically sustainable monitering for streams flowing into Suncheon Bay and tidal flat.
Efficiency Tests of Seawater Exchange System for Enhancement of Seawater Quality
Jang, Chang-Hwan ; Kim, Sang-Taek ; Kim, Hyo-Seob ; Kim, Kyu-Han ; Song, Man-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 206~215
The multi-outlets were installed on the existing seawater exchange breakwater in order to improve seawater exchange rate at Jumunjin harbor. Physical and numerical model system were fulfilled for 4 cases to evaluate seawater exchange system which is able to discharge water remotely. The seawater circulation pattern and seawater exchange rate in the harbor were compared and analyzed. Consequently, total seawater exchange rate for CASE 1 was calculated 48% due to the dead zones which hinder seawater circulation in the harbor. Otherwise, the seawater exchange rates of CASE 2, CASE 3, and CASE 4 with the installation of the system were enhanced 19%, 15% and 17%, respectively compare to CASE 1.
Field Experimental Study on a Soft Protecting Method for Coastal Erosion Prevention
Peng, Ta-Hsiung ; Jan, Chyan-Deng ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 216~222
The structural methods used to protect coastal erosion are usually very expensive in construction as well as in spending on maintaining the structures from damage. Those structures like embankments, breakwaters, jetties etc. are commonly constructed with concretes (rigid methods) to protect coastal erosion. But those rigid methods are not effective always, because the wave energy and impact force on the structures could not be effectively reduced by those methods. For avoiding sediment erosion on coastal areas by the way of reducing wave energy, a flexible breakwater is introduced which will reduce energy and protect coastline economically and environmentally. The flexible device is a combination of flexible wire nets and stack of rings made of used vehicle tires and soft blades on surfaces. This flexible wire net is placed in between two stacks of rings. The stack of rings is mainly used to hold the flexible wire nets and the flexible wire net is mainly used to reduce wave energy and helps to deposit sediments in coastal area. For a field experiment study, the above-mentioned flexible breakwater of coastal protection has been set up at the Shuang-Chun coastal area in Tainan County since June 10, 2009. The length of the flexible device is 50.0 meters and the height is 2.0 meters. The function of the device has been examined by Typhoon Linfa during June 19~22, 2009 and by Typhoon Morakot during August 6~10, 2009. The result shows that the flexible breakwater has effectively trapped sediments and let them deposit on coastal. The depth of sediment deposition around the device was about 0.5 to 0.8 meters.