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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 13, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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Statistical Analyses of Long-Term Water Quality Variation in the Geumgang-Reservoir: Focused on the TP Load by Migrating Birds Excrement
Jeong, Yong-Hoon ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Yang, Jae-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 223~233
Spatio-temporal variations of long-term water qualities (COD, SS,
, N-related nutrients (TN, TDN,
), P-related nutrients (TP, TDP,
)) at two stations (St. SD, St. GG) in the Geumgang Reservoir were investigated from August 2001 to July 2008. Statistical methods such as t-test, factor analysis, and multi-regression analysis were applied to the water quality data in the reservoir as well as mass balances on TP. From the temporal comparisons of the water qualities between 2002 and 2007, average concentrations of
, and TDP gradually decreased down by 60%, 24%, 52% in 2007. However, those of TP and
increased to 99% and 423% during the period. From the spatial comparisons between the two stations, St. GG showed higher concentrations for all of the N- and P-related nutrients than in St. SD, while opposite result for the
. The factor analysis showed that "the seasonal variations of N- and P-related nutrients" were the two dominant factors occupying 49% of total variances of water qualities. Based on this result, multi-regression analysis executed for the two most influential parameters (TP and
) focusing on the seasonal variations of these parameters: SS and
has contributed decisively to the concentrations of TP during the wet and dry season, respectively. On the other hand, COD and TP has been important for the
during the wet and dry season, respectively. From the established mass balances of TP loadings in the Geumgang Reservoir, Other Sources (60%) occupied the greatest contribution and Fluvial Input (38%) and Sediment (1%) during the wet season. However, both Fluvial Water (48%) and Other Sources (47%) supplied comparable amount of inputs and Sediment (5%) showed significantly increased input during the dry seasons. Recently especially during the dry winter seasons, migrating bird's excretion was estimated to contribute up to 8% of total TP input and 21% of Other Sources.
A Method for Improvement of Tide and Tidal Current Prediction Accuracy
Jung, Tae-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 234~240
In order to predict coastal environmental changes caused by coastal development and effectively manage marine environment, the exact information about water level changes and hydrodynamic circulation is essential. However, most of the environmental impact assessment has been using only limited tidal constituents in the numerical tide model to predict the real tide and tidal currents caused by the synthesis of many other tidal constituents, which causes an error in the environmental impact assessment. In this study, a method, which uses the limited tidal constituents at the offshore open boundaries and the observed tide at the inner or nearby point to predict the real tide in the model domain accurately, is suggested. Tidal and tidal currents predicted by the suggested method agreed well with the observations.
Study on Design of Darrieus-type Tidal Stream Turbine Using Parametric Study
Han, Jun-Sun ; Hyun, Beom-Soo ; Choi, Da-Hye ; Mo, Jang-Oh ; Kim, Moon-Chan ; Rhee, Shin-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 241~248
This paper deals with the performance analysis and design of the Darrieus-type vertical axis turbine to evaluate the effect of key design parameters such as number of blade, blade chord, pitch and camber. The commercial CFD software FLUENT was employed as an unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solver with k-e turbulent model. Grid system was modelled by GAMBIT. Basic numerical methodology of the present study is appeared in Jung et al. (2009). Two-dimensional analysis was mostly adopted to avoid the barrier of massive calculation required for parametric study. It was found that the highly efficient turbine model could be designed through the optimization of design parametrrs.
A Proposal of Standard Method for the Analysis of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPHs) in Marine Sediments and Biota
Kim, Chang-Joon ; Hong, Gi-Hoon ; Jeon, Ji-Yeun ; Kim, Suk-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 249~262
Regulatory test method for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPHs) in the marine sediment and biota has not still been established even though TPHs are one of the major pollutants in marine environment. Based on the Korean Soil Standard Method (SSM) for TPHs, we considered a new treatment method for determining TPHs in marine environmental samples by using a Gas chromatography coupled with Mass spectrometric detector. We suggested an improved recovery test for quality control procedures and introduced analytical procedures of removing sulfur, polar organic materials, water and saponification for removing neutral lipids in marine bottom sediments and biota.
A Numerical Study on Tip Rake HAT Impeller Performance for Tidal Stream Power
Shin, Byung-Chul ; Kim, Moon-Chan ; Do, In-Rok ; Rhee, Shin-Hyung ; Hyun, Beom-Soo ; Song, Mu-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 263~269
The present study deals with the investigation about the improvement of performance of tidal stream turbine blade (HAT) with tip rake. HAT impeller has sometimes experienced noise and vibration by Tip vortex which causes even erosion and severe efficiency loss to the blade, The newly proposed tip rake impeller can make the tip vortex week compared with a normal impeller by preventing the three dimensional effect at tip region. In order to find out the optimum rake impeller, three cases have been designed and the performance of the designed rake impellers has been validated by the commercial CFD code(Fluent). The efficiency of optimized rake impeller was up to 4.6% higher than the conventional impeller. The more parametric study for high efficiency and good cavitation performance is expected to be conducted in a near future.
Applicability of Inundation Simulation with the Coupled Tide-Surge Model
Park, Seon-Jung ; Kang, Ju-Whan ; Yoon, Jong-Tae ; Jung, Tae-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 270~278
Applicability of the MIKE21 model as a real time coupled tide-surge model had been examined at the previous study. In this study, another applicability of the model as an inundation model is also examined. Prior to real cases, effect of artificial structures on the inundation is analyzed. The results show that inundation depth is not altered, while inundation area is lessened as a result of decreased inundation speed. Comparative study between the coupled model and an uncoupled storm surge model is also carried out at the Masan coastal zone, which shows the coupled model is considered to be plausible at the time to maximum inundation, while both models show similar results at the inundation area and inundation depth.
Characteristic of Long Term Variation of the Water Quality at the Waters of Goseong bay
Kwon, Jung-No ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 279~287
To identify characteristics of the water quality at Goseong bay, we analyzed long term monitoring data collected at surface and bottom water which was accumulated during the period of 1987~2009. The result showed that the waters of Goseong bay represented mesotrophic level that is based on chlorophyll-a, DIP and DIN and seasonal average of COD that indicates level by the COD criteria. This analysis can be translated that the waters is comparatively clean even though the waters is in the closed bay that slowly diffuses influx mass. We also did the time series analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis on the moving average of the water parameter at Goseong bay. According to the results, DIP showed a increasing trend as time passed while DIN was on a decreasing trend under the same condition. In the waters of Goseong bay, the phyto-plankton growth was shown to be limited by DIN concentration. The chlrophyll-a was at the peak in August, at
. As the seasonal average and index were the highest in November, it was understood that the balance of nutrient at Goseong bay was dependent more on inner factors, ie, mass farming of aquatic species and release of bottom sediment rather than on inflow of fresh water. Accordingly, it is needed to consider the balance of nutrient like DIP and DIN to manage the water quality or estuaries at Goseong bay.
Effect of Trace Metal on Accumulation and Physiological Response of the Polychaete, Perinereis nuntia
Won, Eun-Ji ; Ra, Kong-Tae ; Hong, Seong-Jin ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Lee, Jae-Seong ; Shin, Kyung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 288~295
Metal exposure experiments using polychaete (Perinereis nuntia) as a bio-indicator of trace metals contamination were conducted to evaluate the bioaccumulation and the biomarkers responses such as metallothionein-like protein (MTLPs) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) which was simultaneously exposed to Cadmium (Cd) and Copper (Cu). Cu and Cd concentrations in polychaete were enhanced with increasing exposure time and their concentrations of aqueous medium. Initial accumulation of Cd was higher than that of Cu. Our results showed that the bioaccumulation of Cu and Cd were prohibited, especially at higher Cu levels, suggesting the different cellular uptake mechanisms when Cu and Cd are co-exist. Net accumulation rate of Cu was declined with exposure time but it did not show any significant change for Cd. Although the highest MTLPs concentration was observed at 6 hr of exposure time, it did not show any significant change related to exposure times and metals concentrations. An increase of GST activity tended to increase as a function of exposure time and metals concentrations. And GST activities in P. nuntia have similar tendency with bioconcentration factors in high concentration of Cu (treatment group IV) at post 24 h of exposure. Our results provide new information of the bioaccumulation and biomarker responses to understand the effects of co-existing contaminants (Cu and Cd) using polychaete. Further studies are required to elucidate the bioaccumulation and biomarkers responses for various contaminants.
Shoreline Changes Caused by the Construction of Coastal Erosion Control Structure at the Youngrang Coast in Sockcho, East Korea
Kang, Yoon-Koo ; Park, Hyo-Bong ; Yoon, Han-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 296~304
The shoreline change caused by the construction of shore protection structures are discussed based on the example of Youngrang coast, Sokcho where the coastal erosion control system(CECS), three artificial headlands and two submerged breakwaters are being constructed. The study qualitatively analyzed the shoreline changes of Youngrang coast using available satellite/aerial photographs and camera photographs taken during the construction period of 6 years since 2002 for the artificial headlands construction. The main results from the study are as following. (1) Before the installation of the middle artificial headland, longshore drifts along Youngrang coast are transported in the NW-SE direction according to the seasonally different wave characteristics. (2) During the CECS construction the shoreline is continuously changed by altering the local longshore drift budget. Especially, the middle artificial headland induces considerable change of shoreline by blocking the sediment supply from the southern pocket beach to the northern pocket beach and by accelerating the sediment accretion at the wave shadow zone behind its head. It induces the asymmetry on the net longshore drift causing the significant erosion at the center of the southern pocket beach. (3) The study demonstrates that serious unintended erosion/accretion problem are possibly occurred due to local changes on the wave transformation and the sediment transport by the construction of coastal erosion control system.
Seagrasses in Northern Chinese Seas: Historical Declines and Case Study of the Status
Zhang, Xuelei ; Li, Yan ; Liu, Ping ; Sun, Ping ; Wang, Xiao ; Fan, Shiliang ; Xu, Qinzeng ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 305~312
Seagrass beds are a type of coastal wetland with many ecosystem services and precious economic values. Seagrass meadows used to be widespread along the coasts in northern Chinese seas, yet they have long been overlooked and lack devoted study on their history and status. This paper firstly reveals, by synthesis of information on composition of seagrass species and their distribution, that the seagrasses in this region have experienced considerable declines, both in terms of distribution and biomass, from the earliest record to present days. Then, a case study at the seagrass bed of Chudao is described to show the status of representative seagrass meadows. The results indicate that the environmental condition is good, seagrasses are in recovery, the planktoners are healthy and rich fishery resources and the mammal finless porpoise are associated with the seagrass bed. The cause(s) of historical seagrass decline and current conditions are also discussed, and future recommendations on seagrass protection and mapping are suggested.
Human Life in Saemangeum after Reclamation
Hahm, Han-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 313~326
This paper explores the changing aspects of the fishing village and fishermen since the beginning of the Saemangeum Reclamation Development Project in 1991. The Saemangeum Project was neither appropriate nor effective because it adopted an outdated development policy. It should have been obvious that as a result of the Project, tideland where various kinds of clams, crabs, oyster, and many other marine resources live would be lost. The fishermen in the affected area have suffered various hardships. The most acute problem at present is the disappearance of their subsistence activity that threatens their families' survival. Facing the crisis, they view fishing as their most valuable resource. Overlooking the Saemangeum Lake which is newly formed, they view the sea and tideland as their treasure boxes or bank deposits. From the beginning until now, the government did not pay attention to the concerns of the fishermen and their communities. It was an outcome of the typical top-down bureaucratic decision making. Until recently the government has persisted in its position that the primary goal of the reclamation project was to increase agricultural land. In July 23, 2009, the government suddenly announced the new Saemangeum development plan. The new plan focusing on the industrial city complex was quite different from the old plan. Regardless of the revised plan the lives of the villagers in the coastal areas have already been significantly altered. Most villagers no longer depend on fishery. Many have already left their homestead and moved away in order to search new jobs or find another coastal area where they can continue their fishing.
The Saemangeum: History and Controversy
Koh, Chul-Hwan ; Ryu, Jong-Seong ; Khim, Jong-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 327~334
The paper describes the history and the evolution of the conflict of the Saemangeum reclamation project, focusing on the court trial processes. The Saemangeum project is the world largest coastal reclamation work, regarded as the most controversial environmental issue in the recent history of Korea. Due to the severe pollution found in Lake Sihwa in 1996, the Saemangeum project began to receive a large degree of public concern on the water quality of the proposed artificial freshwater lake. Unlike the Sihwa case, the Korean court system intervened to resolve the heated conflicts between stakeholders in the Saemangeum case. Based on the same set of facts, the Korean courts showed different perspectives on the economic feasibility, value of the ecosystem, land use, and water quality, which represents the limit of legal system to address complicated environmental problems. After the final judgment by the Supreme Court, 'the Special Act for the promotion of the Saemangeum reclamation project', was enacted with strong political support from local leaders and congressmen. A more developmental-oriented land use plan came out in 2009 based on this Act. The Saemangeum project walked along the different pathway from the Sihwa case. The area should be managed in sustainable manners to appropriately consider conservation and development for the prosperity of local residents and future generations.
Biodiversity Conservation and the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem Project
Walton, Mark ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 13, issue 4, 2010, Pages 335~340
The paper describes the objectives of Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem (YSLME) project, focusing on procedural and practical aspects. YSLME is a highly productive sea yet possibly one of the most impacted large marine ecosystems, in terms of anthropogenic stressors, due the enormous coastal population. The aim of the YSLME project is the reduction of ecosystem stress through identification of the environmental problems in the Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA) that are then addressed in the Strategic Action Programme (SAP). One of the major problems found to be affecting biological diversity is habitat modification through wetland reclamation, conversion and degradation. Since the early 1900's more than 40% of intertidal wetlands have been reclaimed in Korea, and 60% of Chinese coastal wetlands have been converted or reclaimed. Damaging fishing practices, pollution and coastal eutrophication have further degraded the coastal environment reducing the biological diversity. To combat this loss, the YSLME project has mounted a public awareness campaign to raise environmental consciousness targeted at all different levels of society, from politicians at parliamentary workshops, local government officer training events, scientific conferences and involvement of scientists in the project research and reporting, to university and high school students in our visiting internship programmes and environmental camps. We have also built networks through the Yellow Sea Partnership and by liaising and working with other environmental organizations and NGOs. NGO's are recognised as important partners in the environmental conservation as they already have extensive local networks that can be lacking in international organisations. Effective links have been built with many of these NGOs through the small grants programme. Working with WWF's YSESP project and other academic and research institutions we have conducted our own biodiversity assessments that have contributed to the science-based development of the SAP for the YSLME. Our regional targets for biodiversity outlined in the SAP include: Improvements in the densities, distributions and genetic diversity of current populations of all living organisms including endangered and endemic species; Maintenance of habitats according to standards and regulations of 2007; and a reduction in the risk of introduced species. Endorsement of the SAP and its successful implementation, during the proposed second phase of the YSLEM project, will ensure that biological diversity is here to benefit future generations.