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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
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The Hardness Water Production By RO/NF/ED Linking Process From Deep Seawater
Moon, Deok-Soo ; Kim, Kwang Soo ; Gi, Ho ; Choi, Mi Yeon ; Jung, Hyun Ji ; Kim, Hyun Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 227~238
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.227
The purpose of this study is to develop a process technology to produce high hardness drinking water which meet drinking water standard, remaining useful minerals like magnesium and calcium in the seawater desalination process while removing the sulfate ions and chloride ions. Seawater have been separated the concentrated seawater and desalted seawater by passing on Reverse Osmosis membrane (RO). Using Nano-filtration membrane (NF), We were prepared primary mineral concentrated water that sodium chloride were not removed. By the operation of electro-dialysis (ED) having ion exchange membrane, we were prepared concentrated mineral water (Mineral enriched desalted water) which the sodium chloride is removed. We have produced the high hardness water to meet the drinking water quality standards by diluting the mineral enriched desalted water with deionized water by RO. Reverse osmosis membranes (RO) can separate dissolved material and freshwater from seawater (deep seawater). The desalination water throughout the second reverse osmosis membrane was completely removed dissolved substances, which dissolved components was removed more than 99.9%, its the hardness concentration was 1 mg/L or less and its chloride concentration was 2.3 mg/L. Since the nano-filtration membrane pore size is
m, 50% of magnesium ions and calcium ions can not pass through the nano-filtration membrane, while more than 95% of sodium ions and chloride ions can pass through NF membrane. Nano-filtration membrane could be separated salt components like sodium ion and chloride ions and hardness ingredients like magnesium ions and calcium ions, but their separation was not perfect. Electric dialysis membrane system can be separated single charged ions (like sodium and chloride ions) and double charged ions (like magnesium and calcium ions) depending on its electrical conductivity. Above electrical conductivity 20mS/cm, hardness components (like magnesium and calcium ions) did not removed, on the other hand salt ingredients like sodium and chloride ions was removed continuously. Thus, we were able to concentrate hardness components (like magnesium and calcium ions) using nano-filtration membrane, also could be separated salts ingredients from the hardness concentration water using electrical dialysis membrane system. Finally, we were able to produce a highly concentrated mineral water removed chloride ions, which hardness concentration was 12,600 mg/L and chloride concentration was 2,446 mg/L. By diluting 10 times these high mineral water with secondary RO (Reverse Osmosis) desalination water, we could produce high mineral water suitable for drinking water standards, which chloride concentration was 244 mg/L at the same time hardness concentration 1,260 mg/L. Using the linked process with reverse osmosis (RO)/nano filteration (NF)/electric dialysis (ED), it could be concentrated hardness components like magnesium ions and calcium ions while at the same time removing salt ingredients like chloride ions and sodium ion without heating seawater. Thus, using only membrane as RO, NF and ED without heating seawater, it was possible to produce drinking water containing high hardness suitable for drinking water standard while reducing the energy required to evaporation.
Dynamic Response Analysis for Upper Structure of 5MW Offshore Wind Turbine System based on Multi-Body Dynamics Simulation
Lee, Kangsu ; Im, Jongsoon ; Lee, Jangyong ; Song, Chang Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 239~247
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.239
Recently renewable energy such as offshore wind energy takes a higher interest due to the depletion of fossil fuel and the environmental pollution. This paper deals with multi-body dynamics (MBD) analysis technique for offshore wind turbine system considering aerodynamic loads and Thevenin equation used for determination of electric generator torque. Dynamic responses of 5MW offshore wind turbine system are evaluated via the MBD analysis, and the system is the horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) which generates electricity from the three blades horizontally installed at upwind direction. The aerodynamic loads acting on the blades are computed by AeroDyn code, which is capable of accommodating a generalized dynamic wake using blade element momentum (BEM) theory. In order that the characteristics of dynamic loads and torques on the main joint parts of offshore wind turbine system are simulated similarly such an actual system, flexible body modeling including the actual structural properties are applied for both blade and tower in the multi-body dynamics model.
A Numerical and Experimental Procedure for the Open Water Characteristics of Contra-Rotating Propellers for EEDI Improvement
Kim, Moon Chan ; Song, Mu Seok ; Kang, Hyeon Ji ; Kim, Dong Eon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 248~254
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.248
Recently, contra-rotating propellers (CRP) having higher efficiency draw much attention since the EEDI regulation of IMO has been enforced. In this paper a numerical method based on the vortex lattice potential theory with a wake model and an experimental procedure with a newly built measuring device, specifically focusing on CRPs, are introduced. And they are applied to a series of CRP known to be designed for the purpose of improving EEDI. The numerical and experimental results showed good agreement explaining the characteristics of the CRP properly. The proposed method is believed to be effectively used for various CRP related studies.
Study on the Free Surface Behavior Using the Lattice Boltzmann Method
Jung, Rho-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 255~262
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.255
The boltzmann equation is based on the particle distribution function while the Navire-Stokes equation based on the continuum theory. In order to simulate free surface flow, this paper used the Lattice Boltzmann Method of which is the discretized form. The detail study on the characteristics of the Lattice Boltzmann Method for the free surface simulation was investigated. The developed code was validated with the traditional dam breaking problem by tracking the front position of the water. A basic roles of density functions in the Lattice Boltzmann Method is discussed. To have an engineering applications, the simulation is also conducted the free surface behavior with an arbitrary wall geometry.
Oil Thickness Measurement by Light Absorption Analysis
Oh, Sangwoo ; Lee, Moonjin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 263~267
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.263
In this research, a novel optical measuring methodology for the measurement of oil thickness in seawater is suggested by evaluating the light absorption which is occurred in the process of penetrating through oil layer on seawater. Laser having monochromatic wave is used as a light source and photodiode which can convert the intensity of the light into an electrical signal is applied to measure the intensity of the penetrating light through the oil-water mixtures. In the experiment, bunker C and lubricating oil are used, and three different lasers having different wavelengths are applied and compared for the selection of an optimal light source. As a result, it is observed that in the case of blue laser, the intensity of the light on the optical sensor decreases with an increase in the oil thickness. Through this relation, both the presence of oil and the thickness of oil can be determined.
How to Improve Self-Check System for Marin Pollution Prevention in Korea
Ko, Seong Duk ; Choi, Hyun Kue ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 268~275
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.268
For marine pollution prevention, Korea Coast Guard has enforced the self-check system on excellent workplace of marine facilities and ships since 2007 as part of the government policy for deregulation of administrative inspection. The self-check system had much effect amid interest from the workplaces and with their participation and cooperation. But the system has become stagnant because KCG has missed the proper timing to reflect the social and environmental change, marine workers` consciousness changes and the transformation of its relevant inner organization in the operation of the system for several years. To accommodate the changes of internal and external environments, this study surveyed 332 workers of ships and marine facilities through questionnaire about the self-check system for marine pollution prevention, reflected on the system, and focused on how to improve the existing system effectively. To increase the effect of self-check system, the enhancement of public relations efforts and improvements in marine pollution control system for ships of 5 gross tons and above are necessary. In addition, for relieving the burdens of business activity and visit inspection by KCG on excellent workplaces of ships and marine facilities, Marine Environment Management Act is needed to be amended so that the self-check system can be reflected in its amendment.
A Study on the Environmental Impact of Offshore Wind Farms Through Monitoring Case in Overseas Country
Maeng, Jun-Ho ; Cho, Beom-Jun ; Lim, O-Joung ; Seo, Jane ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 276~289
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.276
In developing offshore wind farms, many environmental issues arise because of the concentration on supply demand and economic logic. Accordingly, community conflict is induced. Especially, recent studies regarding the capacity and location of offshore wind development have been conducted considering wind states and ocean conditions, etc. of coastal seas in Republic of Korea. Nevertheless, studies on the impact of marine environments and ecosystems are very limited so far. Environmental monitoring that follows development projects has been actively done in the offshore wind farms in many developed European countries. In contrast, there is no domestic monitoring data regarding environmental impacts caused by installing and operating offshore wind power. Therefore, the environmental impacts under construction and operation phases as well as the guidelines in the stage of environmental impact assessment suited for domestic coastal seas are well presented in this study by analyzing monitoring cases and references of overseas offshore wind farm. For this reason, this research is ultimately aimed at minimizing the environmental impact in offshore wind farm development and thus simplify administrative procedures in Korea.
Consideration on the Operation of water level management and Environmental Change Associated with Inner Dike Constructions in Saemangeum Reservoir
Choi, Jung-Hoon ; Oh, Chan-Sung ; Cho, Young-Kweon ; Ahn, Chi-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 16, issue 4, 2013, Pages 290~298
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2013.16.4.290
A Saemangeum Development Project, which is a national project in South Korea, has started with the objective of developing the reclaimed area mainly agricultural land use since the mid`80s. To develop a model of the global eco-reclamation, constructions of the eco-friendly counter facilities such as sluice gates and inner dikes, as well as environmental preservation measures for an estuary reservoir, have been carried out. However, reasonable measures of the water quality management for the Saemangeum area are required. Thus, the purpose of this study is to rigorously analyze and quantitatively evaluate the environmental problems due to the water level management associated with inner dike constructions. To achieve these objectives, the affecting factors on determination of water level management are described and a series of calibrated transient-state numerical simulations was performed to demonstrate the salinity distribution difference in the estuary before and after the construction of inner dikes. The overall salinity reduced about 2~5 psu, and the seawater intrusion was weakened by a well-regulated waterway after construction of the inner dikes compared to before construction of them.