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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Aug 2016
Volume 19, Issue 2 - May 2016
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Optimum Selection of BWMS type by AHP for BWMS Development
Lee, Sang Won ; Kim, Dong Joon ; Seo, Won Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.1
Ballast water in ship operation is essential for a safe voyage. However ballast water can contain unwanted organisms that are the cause of disturbing the ecosystem by the transfer of potential invasive species. To prevent the destruction of the environment, the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship`s Ballast Water and Sediments(BWM Convention) was adopted in 2004. BWMS (Ballast Water Management System) has been developed to prevent the transportation of organisms to another region in order to fulfill the requirements IMO (International Maritime Organization) regulations. Nowadays there are about 50 approved Ballast Water Management Systems of various types globally. The most common BWMS types are UV (Ultra Violet), Electrolysis and Ozone. Among these types there are many difficulties in determining the optimum type of BWMS which can be suitable for the user and designer`s requirements. The main objective of this research is to select the best BWMS type by using AHP. To apply AHP, the most important criteria for the BWMS development are derived by users and designers. From our results, we can give a guide BWMS type to the developers of BWMS.
An Experimental Study on Dynamic Performance of Large Floating Wave-Offshore Hybrid Power Generation Platform in Extreme Conditions
Kim, Kyong Hwan ; Hong, Jang Pyo ; Park, Sewan ; Lee, Kangsu ; Hong, Keyyong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 7~17
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.7
The present study experimentally considers dynamic performance of large floating wave-offshore hybrid power generation platform in extreme conditions. In order to evaluate the motion performance of the large floating hybrid power generation platform, 1/50 scaled model was manufactured. A mooring line was also manufactured, and free-decay and static pull-out tests were carried out to check the mooring model. A mooring line table was introduced to satisfy the water depth, and environmental conditions were checked. Motion responses in regular waves were measured and complicated environmental conditions including wave, wind, and current were applied to see the dynamic performance in extreme/survival conditions. Maximum motion and acceleration were judged following the design criteria, and maximum offset and mooring tension were also checked based on the rule. The characteristics of hybrid power generation platform are discussed based on these data.
Study on Carbon Dioxide Storage through Mineral Carbonation using Sea Water and Paper Sludge Ash
Kim, Dami ; Kim, Myoung-jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 18~24
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.18
Mineral carbonation is a technology for permanently storing carbon dioxide by reacting with metal oxides containing calcium and magnesium. In this study, we used sea water and alkaline industrial by-product such as paper sludge ash (PSA) for the storage of carbon dioxide through direct carbonation. We found the optimum conditions of both sea water content (mixing ratio of sea water and PSA) and reaction time required in the direct carbonation through various experiments using sea water and PSA. In addition, we compared the amounts of carbon dioxide storage with the cases when sea water and ultra-pure water were separately used as solvents in the direct carbonation with PSA. The amount of carbon dioxide storage was calculated by using both solid weight increase through the carbonation reaction and the contents of carbonate salts from thermal gravimetric analysis. PSA particle used in this study contained 67.2% of calcium. The optimum sea water content and reaction time in the carbonation reaction using sea water and PSA were 5 mL/g and 2 hours, respectively, under the conditions of 0.05 L/min flow rate of carbon dioxide injected at
and 1 atm. The amounts of carbon dioxide stored when sea water and ultra-pure water were separately used as solvents in the direct carbonation with PSA were 113 and
, respectively. The solid obtained through the carbonation reaction using sea water and PSA was composed of mainly calcium carbonate in the form of calcite and a small amount of magnesium carbonate. The solid obtained by using ultra-pure water, also, was found to be carbonate salt in the form of calcite.
Sediment Quality Assessment for Heavy Metals in Streams Around the Shihwa Lake
Jeong, Hyeryeong ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Kim, Eun-Soo ; Ra, Kongtae ; Lee, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 25~36
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.25
Heavy metals in the stream sediments around Shihwa Lake were studied not only to investigate the characteristics of spacio-temporal distribution but also to assess the pollution degree and ecological risk using various pollution indices. Among metals, Zn had the highest values (1,311 mg/kg) and Hg showed the lowest value (0.261 mg/kg). The order of mean concentrations (mg/kg) of metals was Zn>Cu>Pb>Cr>Ni>Co>As>Cd>Hg in stream sediments around Shihwa Lake. Metal concentrations showed different pollution pattern with industrial region, indicating that these metals originated from different sources and industrial region had higher metal concentration than rural/urban regions. The results of geoaccumulation index (Igeo) showed that the stream sediments were significantly polluted with Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb, indicating moderately to highly polluted by these metals. According to PLI consideration, industrial region was more seriously polluted by metals whereas an rural/urban region was not polluted. About 85% of sampling site for Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb from industrial regions were exceeded the PEL values. The mPELQ and SQI values derived from PEL of industrial region were classified as `highly toxic` and `very poor` and metal pollution level tend to be worse in wet season. This indicates that the industrial activities and stromwater runoff represents an important sources of heavy metals around Shihwa Lake.
Bio-environmental Characteristics of the Uljin Marine Ranching Area (UMRA), East Sea of Korea. 1. Spatio-temporal Distributions of Phytoplankton Community
Yoon, Yang Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.37
This study describes the spatio-temporal distributions in phytoplankton community such as species composition, standing crops and dominant species from April to November 2008 in the Uljin Marine Ranching Area (UMRA). A total of 123 species of phytoplankton belonging to 67 genera was identified. In particular, diatoms and dinoflagellates were occupied more than 60.5% and 34.6% of total species, respectively. The annual dominant species were Thalassiosira sp., Pseudo-nitzschia pungens in spring, Leptocylindrus danicus, Guinardia striata in early summer, Cheatoceros cirvisetus, Ch. decipiens in early autumn and Skeletonema costatum -ls (like species), Pn. pungens in autumn. Phytoplankton cell density fluctuated with an annual mean of
between the lowest value of
in early autumn and the highest value of
in spring. According to the cluster analysis, the phytoplankton community of the UMRA was characterized by the nutrient supply from land side and water movement as current.
An Experimental Study on the Bending Behavior of F.R.P. Sandwich Structure with 2nd Reinforced Bonding
Kim, Ik Tai ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 47~51
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.47
It has made a special study of bending behavior of F.R.P. sandwich beams with bonded 2nd-reinforced plies. Specimen`s faces were made of chopped mat 300-450, roving clothes 570, core is urethane foam, resin is 713bp unsaturated polyester for ship construction and the mixture weight ratio of resin versus fiber was 55:45 for bending analysis. The purpose of this paper is to study the exact bending behavior of bonded area`s deflection and stiffness depends upon various bonded F.R.P. (2nd reinforced ply) length and thickness on which covered joints and to find the optimum design for the sandwich structures. All results and suggestions are based on experiment and using thick face calculation.
Numerical Analysis on Depressurization of High Pressure Carbon Dioxide Pipeline
Huh, Cheol ; Cho, Meang Ik ; Kang, Seong Gil ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 52~61
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.52
To inject huge amount of
for CCS application, high pressure pipeline transport is accompanied. Rapid depressurization of
pipeline is required in case of transient processes such as accident and maintenance. In this study, numerical analysis on the depressurization of high pressure
pipeline was carried out. The prediction capability of the numerical model was evaluated by comparing the benchmark experiments. The numerical models well predicted the liquid-vapor two-phase depressurization. On the other hands, there were some limitations in predicting the temperature behavior during the supercritical, liquid phase and gaseous phase expansions.
Variation Characteristics of the Groundwater Level of Natural Vegetation and Sandy Beaches
Park, JungHyun ; Yoon, Han-sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 62~73
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.62
The variation of groundwater by wave, tide and precipitation conditions is closely related to the vegetation environment at the natural vegetation and sandy based beach, and it has a significant impact on the vegetation development and ground stabilization. In this study, the water temperature, electrical conductivity, and pressure were monitored at five observational stations normal to the Jinu-do(Island) shoreline of Nakdong river estuary from March 2012 to September 2014 (approximately 799 days) with the aim of measuring the variation in groundwater-table characteristics. The purpose of the study was to identify factors (tide, wave etc.) affecting groundwater-table variation using time series and correlation analysis, and to record spatial variations in the groundwater level and electrical conductivity as a result of storm events. The observational station in the intertidal zone was strongly affected by wave period and tide level. During the storm period, the groundwater-table and electrical conductivity were stabilized at the edge of sand dunes, vegetation, and areas of transition between freshwater and seawater.
Comparison of Seawater Exchange Rate of Small Scale Inner Bays within Jinhae Bay
Kim, Nam Su ; Kang, Hoon ; Kwon, Min-Sun ; Jang, Hyo-Sang ; Kim, Jong Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 19, issue 1, 2016, Pages 74~85
DOI : 10.7846/JKOSMEE.2016.19.1.74
For the assessment of seawater exchange rates in Danghangpo bay, Dangdong bay, Wonmun bay, Gohyunsung bay, and Masan bay, which are small-scale inner bays of Jinhae bay, an EFDC model was used to reproduce the seawater flow of the entire Jinhae bay, and Lagrange (particle tracking) and Euler (dye diffusion) model techniques were used to calculate the seawater exchange rates for each of the bays. The seawater exchange rate obtained using the particle tracking method was the highest, at 60.84%, in Danghangpo bay, and the lowest, at 30.50%, in Masan bay. The seawater exchange rate calculated based on the dye diffusion method was the highest, at 45.40%, in Danghangpo bay, and the lowest, at 34.65%, in Masan bay. The sweater exchange rate was found to be the highest in Danghangpo bay likely because of a high flow velocity owing to the narrow entrance of the bay; and in the case of particle tracking method, the morphological characteristics of the particles affected the results, since once the particles get out, it is difficult for them to get back in. Meanwhile, in the case of the Lagrange method, when the particles flow back in by the flood current after escaping the ebb current, they flow back in intact. However, when a dye flows back in after escaping the bay, it becomes diluted by the open sea water. Thus, the seawater exchange rate calculated based on the dye diffusion method turned out to be higher in general, and even if a comparison of the sweater exchange rates calculated through two methods was conducted under the same condition, the results were completely different. Thus, when assessing the seawater exchange rate, more reasonable results could be obtained by either combining the two methods or selecting a modeling technique after giving sufficiently consideration to the purpose of the study and the characteristics of the coastal area. Meanwhile, through a comparison of the degree of closure and seawater exchange rates calculated through Lagrange and Euler methods, it was found that the seawater exchange rate was higher for a higher degree of closure, regardless of the numerical model technique. Thus, it was deemed that the degree of closure would be inappropriate to be used as an index for the closeness of the bay, and some modifications as well as supplementary information would be necessary in this regard.