Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 3, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Estimation of verticle fluxes of nitrogen compounds in tidal flats of the Keum river estuary
Kim Do Hee ; Yang Jae Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 2, 2000, Pages 3~10
The main purpose of this study were to estimate the benthic fluxes of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) from the sediment and denitrification rates in tidal flats of the Keum river estuary. Sediment specimens were collected by a core sampler from three stations along the Keum river estuary in April, August and December, 1999. The sediments were composed of 1.18 %, 29.34 % and 69.49 % of gravel and sand, sand and silt, respectively. The mean ignition loss of the sediment was found 6.7 % and its Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) was measured -12 mV. The total hydrogen sulfides was determined about 0.26 mg/gㆍdry. The estimated outflux of ammonium was found 11.2 m mole N/m²ㆍday from the sediment, whereas -1.09 m mole N/m²ㆍday of influx was obtained for nitrate and nitrite through the incubation experiment of sediment cores. Total DIN flux was 10.2 m mole N/m²ㆍday outflux from the sediment. From the incubation experiments executed with the flux studies, mean denitrification rate was found 30.6 m mole N₂/m²ㆍday measured by the direct assay of N₂ production technique. On the basis that DIN flux and denitrification rate in sediment of tidal flat of the Keum river estuary are may be effects to control the algal biomass in the coastal environment, it seems inevitable to pay more attention to investigate the flux of DIN and denitrification rate in tidal flat of the Keum river estuary.
Lagrangian observation and modelling of sea surface wind-induced drift(skin drift)
Lee Moonjin ; Kang Yong Q. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 2, 2000, Pages 11~17
The drift and movement of oil slick in the sea are closely related to the flows at the sea surface (at 0m depth) because specific gravity of an oil is lighter than that of sea water. As an effort toward a development of realistic model for oil spill drift on the sea surface, a study on sea surface wind-induced drift (skin drift) at 4 coastal regions of Korea was carried out. In this study, skin drifts were inferred from difference between the flow at the sea surface and that in underwater (at 1.5m depth). The average speed of skin drift in our experiments was 2.9% of wind speeds and the average direction of skin drift to wind was deflected to the right by 18.6°. The results of this experiment were used in the modelling of the skin drift as a prompt response of time-variable wind. The modelled skin drift, which corresponds to observed wind, successfully reproduced the observed trajectories of sea surface flows.
A Numerical Study on the Leakage of a Liquid from an Underwater Pipe without Pressure Gradient
Song Museok ; Han Jahoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 2, 2000, Pages 18~24
A two-dimensional numerical method for inviscid two-fluid flows with a significant entrainment into both directions is established, and the oil leakage from a non-pressurized underwater pipe is studied. The interface between two fluids is modeled at a vortex sheet. The flow field and the subsequent interface evolution are solved by using the vortex-in-cell method. For longer flow simulation with a realistic two fluids interaction, an efficient merging scheme is introduced. In the Boussinesq limit, the speed of the external fluid intrusion into the pipe is very close to the existing mathematical models, and the lock exchange is observed in spite of a significant roll-up of the interface and entrainments. It is believed that the developed method can be utilized effectively for further detailed studies on various two-fluid flows which are encountered in many different marine oil spill problems.
An Experimental Study on Fire-Resistant Boom
Yu J.S. ; Sung H.G. ; Oh J.H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 2, 2000, Pages 25~32
Fire-resistant boom is one of the most important facilities in in situ homing of spilled oil. Thermal response of a fire-resistant boom to turning is experimentally investigated in this paper by using an electric furnace and a burning test facility. This test facility is composed of a test tank, a fire boom, a hood for inhaling smoke, an incinerator for burning up gases and thermocouples, etc. Thereby a systematic method of approach in small laboratory scale is developed to study the performance of a fire-resistant boom. Burning test is carried out for the fire boom model which has been developed through the present study. It is shown that the present fire boom model has capability to withstand the high temperature around 800℃ and high rate of heat flux on it due to homing. For more realistic experimental environments, larger dimensions in devices and longer time in experiments are recommended in near future.
Dispersion of High Temperature and High Salinity Water Discharged from Offshore Desalination Plant
Lee Moonjin ; Hong Keyyong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 2, 2000, Pages 33~40
Dispersion of high temperature and high salinity water discharged from a desalination plant is numerically estimated to investigate its impact on marine environment. The plant is installed on a floating barge located in Jinhae Bay and takes 200 tons of seawater per day. Fifty tons of intake are changed into fresh water, while 150 tons of those are discharged as the water of 15℃ warmer and 1.33 times saltier than surrounding seawater. In this dispersion model, advection is described by two-dimensional tidal currents and turbulent diffusion is simulated by Monte Carlo technique. Decay of water temperature is modelled by heat exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean, while decay of water salinity is ignored. The distributions of temperature and salinity come to equilibrium when the dispersion model is run for 100 days for temperature and for 365 days for salinity, respectively. At equilibrium state the water temperature and salinity rise 0.01℃ and 0.001‰ higher than ambient seawater, respectively.
An Experimental Study of Improving the Efficiency of Pontoon-Type Floating Breakwaters
Park Jae Hveon ; Ahn Yong Ho ; Kim Do Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 2, 2000, Pages 41~48
An experimental study is made to improve the efficiency of floating breakwaters. Wave transmission coefficients highly depend on the drafts of the floating breakwaters but not on the mooting chain weights. Array of two breakwaters can improve the efficiency of the floating breakwaters. Proper draft combination of the fore and the aft bodies may improve the performance of the floating breakwaters lot various wave periods.
Wave Simulation for the Optimum Design of Jangjeon Harbour
Hong Keyyong ; Yang Chankyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 2, 2000, Pages 49~59
Wave distribution in Jangjeon Harbour is numerically simulated for an optimum design of the harbour facilities. A deep-water design wave is estimated based on stochastic extreme wave analysis of wind data in the vicinity of the harbour, and it is applied to the boundary condition at open sea. Boussinesq wave theory that includes effects of frequency dispersion and nonlinearity is employed for the wave simulation. The porosity and sponge layer are adapted at beach to depict partial reflection and complete absorption of waves, respectively. The design wave for breakwater is computed in global domain with coarse grids and the wave distribution inside of wharf is simulated in local domain with fine grids.