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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 3, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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The Estimation of Marine Environmental Capacity for the Reception of Cooling Water from HTPP in Southern Waters of Cheju Island using a 3-D Hydrodynamic Model
Kim Gwang-Su ; Choi Young-Chan ; Lee Moon-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 3, 2000, Pages 3~12
The field surveys and the measurements of seawater temperatures were conducted every month from 1997 to 1999, and the distributions of seawater temperature were simulated and reproduced by a three dimensional hydrodynamic numerical model over the southern waters of Cheju island. In order to estimate the marine environmental capacity for the reception of the heat loads of cooling water discharged from Hwasoon Thermal Power Plant(HTPP) in the study area, the simulations for predicting the situation of unfavorable environment in which marine organisms might not be satisfied with change in seawater temperature were peformed using a three dimensional hydrodynamic numerical model by controlling quantitatively the heat loads of cooling water from HTPP Currently, HTPP discharges cooling water of 35.9℃ into the sea as much as 112,800m³/day in summer. As the results of simulations, the more the heat loads from the power plant increase, the more increase the seawater temperatures around the water areas adjacent to the power plant. In case the heat loads of cooling water from HTPP become about 5 times as high as the present loads, seawater temperatures at near-shore waters adjacent to HTPP appear to be increased to the extent of 0.5℃ above the existing seawater temperature in summer. The marine environmental capacity for the reception of thermal discharge from HTPP is estimated to be about 530×10/sup 6/kcal/day which is equivalent to the increase of a factor of 2 in the temperature of cooling water without any change in the discharge rate of cooling water or which is equivalent to the increase of a factor of 4.6 in the discharge rate of cooling water without any change in the temperature of cooling water. Comparing the case of the increase in the discharge rate of cooling water with the case of the increase in the temperature of cooling water on the basis of the same heat loads of 530×10/sup 6/kal/day, the former case is expected to increase seawater temperature a little higher and to extend the area affected by heat loads a little broader.
The origin of dissolved inorganic nutrients by Kuroshio Intermediate Water in the eastern continental shelf of the East China Sea
Chung Chang Soo ; Hong Gi Hoon ; Kim Suk Hyun ; Kim Yong Il ; Moon Duk Soo ; Park Jun Kun ; Park Yong Chul ; Lee Jae Hak ; Lie Heung Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 3, 2000, Pages 13~23
The distributions of dissolved inorganic nutrient contents were investigated along transection line J (30° N) in the eastern East China Sea in December 1993 and August 1994, respectively. The concentrations of nitrate and silicate in the Kuroshio Surface Water (KSW) with high temperature and high salinity were low below 2μM and 5μM, respectively. However, these were increased sharply with depth and ranged from 20 to 40, 45 to 100μM, respectively, in the Kuroshio Intermediate Water (KIW). The relationship between temperature and nutrients suggests that Kuroshio Intermediate Water with rich nutrients were intruded into the bottom water of the outer continental shelf in the East China Sea. The bottom water of the outer continental shelf was made of two end-members mixing; nutrient depleted warm water and nutrient enriched cold water. Based on temperature, salinity and silicate concentration, the nutrients in the bottom water of the outer continental shelf suggusted to be supplied through the vertical mixing of Kuroshio subsurface water in the depth range of 100～400m. Upwelled nutrient rich water appears to be a important source of nutrients for primary production in the continental shelf area of the East China Sea.
Eutrophication Characteristics in the Shellfish Farms, the Southern Coastal Sea of Korea
Lee Chan-Won ; Kwon Young-Tack ; Boo Min-Ho ; Kwon Hyok-Bo ; Yang Ki-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 3, 2000, Pages 24~33
The value of beauty and the resources in the southern coastal sea is most important not only ecologically but also economically in Korea. Since 1980s, intensive use and consequent coastal water pollution have caused an increase in the frequency of red tides outbreak in this area. In this study, seawater and sediment were collected in summer and winter of 1998 and 1999, respectively. The status of seawater eutrophication, sediment oxygen demand(SOD), and nutrients release from sediment were measured. There was an obvious trend that COD and total phosphorous concentrations of summer sediments obtained from aquaculture farms were higher than those of winter sediments. It was concluded that sediments accumulated in the shellfish farms of southern coastal sea caused oxygen deficit in the bottom layer of seawater and played an important role for eutrophication.
Multisample Extraction system for Solid Phase Extraction of Dissolved Organic Compounds from Sea Water
Cho Ki Woong ; Jung Kyungwha ; Shin Jongheon ; Kim Suk Hyun ; Hong Gi-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 3, 2000, Pages 34~40
A multisample extraction device was newly designed for efficient extraction of dissolved lipophillic organic compounds from sea water sample. This device allowed extraction of organic compounds from up to 96 sample at a time using 96 multifolder on the principle of solid phase extraction with commercially available octadecyl silane (ODS) cartridges. The recovery yield of the new divice was higher than 90 % while that of conventional liquid-liquid extraction process are only 60 - 70 %. The amount of solvent required for the new device could be reduced to less than 20㎖ per 1ℓ of sample while 1 - 2 ℓ of solvent were used in the conventional liquid-liquid extraction process. The usefulness of this novel method was demonstrated with sea water samples collected from Yellow sea, and the qualitative and quantitative analyses results of the dissolved hydrocarbon showed this method was superior to that of conventional liquid-liquid extraction process in efficiency and reliability.
Environmental Assessment of Ocean Outfall for Effluent from Nambu Sewage Treatment Plant in Suyoung Bay
Park Hae-Sik ; Park Chung-Kil ; Lee Suk Mo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 3, 2000, Pages 41~49
When sewage and industrial wastewater are treated to improve the coastal water quality, we usually consider the reduction of BOD and/or COD. Due to the inflow of untreated nitrogen and phosphorus, however, the coastal water has eutrophicated. Thus, to improve the water qualify, it is necessary to treat and reduce nitrogen and phosphorus which are the factors limiting algal growth. Hence, with regard to the adaption of Ocean Outfall for the treatment of wastewater in Suyoung Bay, we studied the effectiveness and environmental assessment of Ocean Outfall of which cost is lower than that of advanced treatment, The effectiveness of Ocean Outfall of the second treatment effluent in Nambu S.T.P. was simulated, using the eco-hydrodynamic model as far field model the result showed that the water quality of coastal area receiving wastewater on the surface sea has improved. But the concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus around the diffuser of Ocean Outfall system can cause many problems on estuary, such as red tide, eutrophication and aquatic toxicity.
Material Budgets in the Nakdong River Estuary with Simple Box Model
Hong Suk-Jin ; Lee Dae-In ; Kim Dong-Myung ; Park Chung-Kil ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 3, 2000, Pages 50~57
Budgets of fresh water, salt, DIN and DIP in the Nakdong river estuary were estimated in order to clarify the characteristics of material cycling and fluxes of nutrients with a simple box model. Freshwater inflow into this system was approximately 1.1E＋10m³/y, water exchange was 3.3E＋10m³/y and water residence time was 2.03 day assumed with salinity between estuary and adjacent ocean. Nutrients loadings were 3.2E＋09mol DIN/y3.7×10³, 2.7E＋07mo1 DIP/y, respectively. net ecosystem metabolism was 2.4E＋07mo1 C/y. Although the Nakdong river discharge was the main source of nutrients but Jang-rim sewage treatment plant effluent take parts of 16% of nitrogen and 10.2% of phosphorus loadings.
A Note on in-Situ Burning of Marine Oil Spills
Sung H.G. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 3, 2000, Pages 58~65
Responses to marine oil spills can be classified Into categories; 1) mechanical treatment using booms and skimmers, 2) chemical one utilizing dispersants, 3) controlled in-situ burning of spilled oils. In the present paper, characteristics, history, present issues, advantages and disadvanteges, and future applicability of in-situ burning technology which is nowadays winning much attention are summarized on the basis of a survey of related papers and other resources.