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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 3, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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Characteristics of Water Quality and factor Analysis on the Variations of Water Quality in Coastal Sea around the Keum River Estuary in Summer
Kwon Jung-No ; Kim Jong-Gu ; You Sun-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 4, 2000, Pages 3~22
To know characteristics of water quality in coastal sea around the Keum river estuary in summer, we studied the water quality of surface, middle and bottom level during Jun e～september, 1998. The mean concentrations of COD, DIN, DIP & chlorophyll-a were 1.36mg/L, 28.60㎍-at/L, 0.48㎍-at/L and 4.14㎍/L, respectively, which were over eutrophication criteria in sea water. After the Keum river dyke was constructed, seasonal freshwater discharge was largely changed. About 80% of total annual freshwater discharge was concentrated in summer as rainy season from July to September. The correlation coefficient of DIN versus salinity was shown to be high, and thus the concentration of DIN was closely related to freshwater discharge. Maximum Chlorophyll-a concentration was occurred in September, due to increased DIP concentration, high water temperature and low salinity after heavy rainfall in August. The results of Principal Component Analysis showed that the first factor represented a series of eutrophication factors, the second factor w3s a valiance of seasonal fluctuation, and the third was a variance of progress of mass change.
The Importance of groundwater discharge for environmental assessment of Chinhae Bay
Chung Chong Soo ; Hong Gi Hoon ; Kim Suk Hyun ; Kim Young Il ; Moon Duk Soo ; Park Jun Kun ; Choi Jun Sun ; Yang Dong Beom ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 4, 2000, Pages 23~36
Bottom sea waters in eight stations including from inner bay to outer bay to understand the importance of the submarine groundwater discharge for the environmental assessment of Chinhae Bay was collected in August 1999 and January 2000. Generally, /sup 222/Rn is very useful tracer to assess the submarine groundwater discharge because it is 2-4 orders of magnitude more concentrated in groundwater compared to surface water. The /sup 222/Rn activities ranged between about 33 to 182 dpm/100kg within the bay. Higher activities more than 100 dpm/100kg were found at the inner bay. The /sup 226/Ra activities, its parent, however, were little different between stations. /sup 222/Rn activities at the same station varied with season. It suggests that the major source of /sup 222/Rn is not from the bottom sediment, but from the change of submarine groundwater discharge by precipitation. The contents of Cl/sup -/ and SO/sub 4//sup 2-/ in the groundwater of Wonjeon-ri were very high as 1,312 and 369 ppm, respectively, indicating that this groundwater along the Chinhae coast was affected by seawater. Therefore, the submarine groundwater in the inner Bay may discharge to the overlying water. It indicates that these submarine groundwater discharges may play an important role as another important source of nutrients in the Chinhae Bay, because groundwater around the Chinhae Bay showed high concentration of dissolved inorganic nutrients (average , nitrate>174 μM, silicate>262 μM). Therefore, further studies are required to assess the contribution by the submarine groundwater discharge in the biogeochemical processes of the Chinhae Bay.
Characteristics of Flow and Sedimentation around the Embankment
Lee Moon Ock ; Park Il Heum ; Lee Yeon Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 4, 2000, Pages 37~55
Two-dimensional numerical experiments and field surveys have been conducted to clarify some environmental variations in the flow and sedimentation in the adjacent seas after the construction of a tidal embankment. Velocities of flow and water levels in the bay decreased after the construction of the barrage. When the freshwater was instantly released into the bay, the conditions of flow were unaltered, with the exception of a minor variation in velocities and tidal levels around the sluices at the ebb flow. The computational results showed that freshwater released at the low water reached the outside of the bay and then returned to the inside with the tidal currents at the high water. The front sea regions of the embankment had a variety of sedimentary phases such as a clayish silt, a silty clay and a sandy clayish silt. However, a clayish silt was prevalent in the middle of the bay. On the other hand, the skewness, which reflects the behaviour of sediments, was ±0.1 at the front regions of the embankment while it was more than ±0.3 in the middle of the bay. Analytical results of drilling samples acquired from the front of the sluice gates showed that the lower part of the sediments consists of very fine silty or clayish grains. The upper surface layer consisted of shellfish, such as oyster or barnacle with a thickness of 40～50 cm. Therefore, it seemed that the lower part of the sediments would have been one of intertidal zones prior to the embankment construction while the upper shellfish layer would have been debris of shellfish farms formed in the adjacent seas after the construction of the embankment. This shows the difference of sedimentary phases reflected the influence of a tidal embankment construction.
Behavior of trace metals in Masan Bay, Korea during oxygen deficient period
Jin Y.H. ; Kim K.T. ; Chung C.S. ; Kim S.H. ; Yang D.B. ; Hong G.H. ; Lee K.W. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 4, 2000, Pages 56~64
Behavior of trace metals in Masan Bay, Korea was studied in August 1998 when the oxygen deficient condition occurred. Dissolved Cd and Zn concentration in the surface waters decreased with increasing distance from Masan Harbor. Dissolved concentrations of Cd, Cu Pb and Zn in the surface waters were higher than bottom waters. Particulate(acid-teachable fraction) concentrations of Cu, Cd and Pb in the surface waters of Masan Bay decreased with increasing distance from Masan Harbor. Bottom waters contained higher concentrations of particulate Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn than surface waters. Distribution coefficients between dissolved and particulate phase (K/sub d/) of Cu and Cd decreased with the increasing distance from the Harbor, possibly due to reaction of these elements with sewage-derived particulate matter Al, Zn, Cu, Cd, and Pb in the surface sediment showed relatively high concentration in the inner Masan Bay.
Environmental factors Affecting Distribution of Heterotrophic Bacteria and Chlorophyll a Content in The
Sohn Jae-Hak ; Ahn Tae-Young ; Kim Sang -Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 4, 2000, Pages 65~75
The roles of environmental factors affecting on heterotrophic bacterial distribution at Hangam Bay and Masan Bay in which occurred frequently red tide, during June to November 1996 were investigated. The aquatic environment of Masan Bay and Haengam Bay showed difference in the contents of inorganic nutrients. Haengam Bay may be defined as nitrogen limited aquatic environment. On the other hand, Masan Bay appeared to the appropriate N/P molar ratio of mean 15.9 during the periods of study. By the results of simple regression, chlorophyll a showed significant correlation with precipitation (r=0.813, P<0.05) and phosphorus (r=0.846, P<0.05) at Haengam Bay, but not showed significant correlation with parameters at Masan Bay. The heterotrophic bacteria showed significant correlation with many environmental parameters at Masan Bay (Precipitation, r=0.990, P<0.01 : NO₃-N, r=0.901, P<0.05 : Dissolved inorganic nitrogen, r=0.899, P<0.05 ; N/P molar ratio, r=0.952, P<0.05 : Salinity, r: -0.934, P<0.05) than Haengam Bay (SiO₃-Si, r=0.960, P<0.01). By the results of multiple regression, the chlorophyll a was varied with only 2 factors in Masan Bay (R²=0.100) and 3 factor in Haengam Bay (R²=0.903). The major factor which affected to chlorophyll a was SiO₃-Si (R²%=67.8) in Masan Bay, and -N/P (R²%=37.6) in Haengam Bay. The heterotrophic bacteria were varied with 4 factors in Masan Bay (R²=100) and 2 factor in Haengam Bay (R²%=0.878). The major factor, which affected to heterotrophic bacteria, was SiO₃-Si (R²%=42.3) and salinity (R²%=32.1) in Masan Bay, and SiO₃-Si (R²%=76.3) in Haengam Bay. Resultingly, the influx of freshwater in Masan and Haengam Bay was enriched in inorganic nutrients, and plays an important role in the change of heteroterophic bacteria and chlorophyll a during early summer to autumn.
Estimation of material budget for Keum river estuary using a Box Model
Kim Jong-Gu ; Kim Dong-Myung ; Yang Jae-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 4, 2000, Pages 76~90
The estimation of material cycle of pollutants is necessary for the environment management in coastal zone. Model for material budgets are useful tools to understand the phenomena of natural system and to provide an insight into the complex processes including physical, chemical and biological processes occuring in natural system. Budgets of fresh water, salt and nutrients were estimated in order to clarify the characteristics of seasonal material cycle in Keum river estuary. Inflow volumes of freshwater into system was approximately 1.014×10/sup 8/～12.565×10/sup 8/m³/month and discharge in Keum river has occupied 99.7% of total freshwater. Seasonal variations of freshwater volume in the system were found to be very high in the range of about 4 ～ 14 times due to rainfall in summer season. Existing water mass of freshwater in system calculated by salt budget was approximately 0.339×10/sup 8/～0.652×10/sup 8/m³. Mean residence time of freshwater was calculated to be about 1.6～10.0day, and exchange time was calculated to be about 2.2～11.9day. Mean residence time was short as 1.6day in summer due to precipitation, and long as 10.1day in winter due to a drought. Inflow masses of DIP and DIN were approximately 5.57～32.68ton/month and 234.93～2,373.39ton/month, respectively. Seasonal inflow mass of DIP was larger than the outflow mass except for summer season. Thus, we postulate that accumulation of DIP in the system will happen. Residence times of DIP and DIN were calculated to be 1.1～6.4day and 1.8～10.9day, respectively. The ratio of water residence time versus DIP, DIN residence time was calculated to be 0.39～2.31 times and 0.83～1.13 times, respectively.
Study on the Marine Debris on the Seabed in Chinhae Bay, Korea
Koo Bon-Sam ; Kang Hun ; Hur Sung-Hoi ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 3, issue 4, 2000, Pages 91~98
The present study is the first attempt involving quantification of the different types of debris found on the seabed of Chinhae Bay in the South Sea of Korea. Eleven cruises were undertaken to collect marine debris samples by bottom trawling from February in 1998 to January in 1999. The tows were conducted over a period of 60-90 min, and eight types of debris were counted: plastic, fishing gear, metallic objects, wood, rubber or leather, glass, textile and the others. Results are obtained based on the number and weight of the objects classified as per eight categories and station for a trawling period. The results of this study are that the number and weight of debris found per unit of swept area (1 hectare) were surveyed as 27.8(1,612 in total) and 3,130 g(193,820 g in total), and plastic and fishing gear have the most composition of marine debris by number, on the other hand, metallic objects and fishing gear have the most composition of marine debris by weight.