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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 4, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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The distributional characteristics of the major dissolved artificial radionuclides in the adjacent seas of Korea(I : Yellow Sea)
Chung Chang Soo ; Kim Young ill ; Moon Deok Soo ; Kim Suk Hyun ; Park Jun Kun ; Seo Seung Mo ; Hong Gi Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 3~13
Dissolved /sup 137/Cs, /sup 239.240/Pu, /sup 238/Pu and /sup 90/Sr contents in winter and spring of the Yellow Sea were determined to describe the distribution of artificial radionuclides. Surface water samples (100 liter) were collected by using a submerged pump, and subsurface samples (>10m depth) were collected using a 10L Niskin water sampler mounted to the Rosette sampler. The levels in the surface water ranged between 1.78～3.38 mBq kg/sup -1/ for /sup 137/Cs, 2.17～13.35 μBq kg/sup -1/ for /sup 239,240/Pu, and 1.97～3.96 mBq kg/sup -1/ for /sup 90/Sr, respectively. In particular, the concentration of /sup 239.240/Pu were 1/10 of those in the vicinity of Changjiang estuary (61～83 μBq kg/sup -1/). The difference of /sup 238.240/Pu concentration between surface and bottom water was <3.0 μBq kg/sup -1/in the Yellow Sea. It suggests that in the Yellow Sea which has shallow and high suspended sediments, /sup 239.240/Pu is preferentially removed from the water columm. The water column inventory of /sup 239.240/Pu in the Yellow Sea constitute about 0.7～0.9 % of the estimated fallout input to the area. The activity ratios of /sup 239.240/Pu//sup 137/Cs and /sup 137/Cs//sup 90/Sr ranged between 0.001～0.005, 0.79～1.65, respectively, and similar to those of open ocean which global fallout is the only source of artificial radionuclides. Therefore, it suggests that most of these artificial radionuclides in the Yellow Sea may be controlled by the atmospheric input.
The Characteristics of Tidal Residual Current in Youngil Bay
Kim Jong-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 14~23
The characteristics of tidal circulation with Hyungsan River discharges in Youngil Bay by the numerical experiments is elucidated. For the simulation of tidal residual currents related to inflow by the river discharges in Youngil Bay located in the southeastern part of Korean Peninsula, the two-dimensional numerical experiment is peformed. The tidal elevation boundary conditions of the 4 main tidal harmonic constituents (M₂, S₂, K₁ and O₁) on the open boundary and river discharges at the river boundary are considered. The computed results obtained from numerical experiment showed good agreements with the field observation ones. The residual currents generally flow toward the inner bay through the western (Dalman-Gap) and central areas of the bay, and then the currents go toward the outer bay along the eastern shore (Changgi-Gap) of the bay with anti-clockwise circulation. Especially, in the numerical experiment without Hyungsan River discharges, these flow patterns are disappeared. Based on the results, it showed that the Hyungsan River discharges play the dominant role in the patterns of tidal residual currents. This flow pattern of tidal residual currents are important mechanism of water quality, material transport in Youngil Bay.
Characteristics of chemical environment by changing temperature at the surface layer in the northeast Equatorial Pacific
Son Seung-Kyu ; Hyun Jung-Ho ; Park Cheong-Kee ; Chi Sang-Bum ; Kim Ki-Hyune ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 24~37
Physical and chemical properties of the northest Equatorial Pacific between 5° and 12° N along 131.5 °W wore investigated in association with changes in water column structures during the summer seasons of 1998 and 1999. Climatic disturbances such as El Nino and La Nina, should have affected this area during the study Period. In 1998, a thermocline where temperature rapidly decrease with depth, was formed at 90～110 m water depth. Nutrient depicting areas, specially for nitrate+nitrite and phosphate, or oligotrophic regions were extended down to approximately 100 m depth, which coincided with the surface mixed layer depth. However, in 1999, a very fluctuating thermocline was observed with latitudes. As a result of changes in the water column structures, nutrient concentrations also showed fluctuation parallel to the changes in other physical parameters. In the photic zone, depth integrated nitrogen and phosphorus values were 34 gN/m², 7 gP/m² in 1998 and 130 gN/m², 18 gP/m² in 1999, respectively. The results indicated that nitrogen (96 gN/m²) and phosphorus (11 gP/m²) are supported by up-welling and down-welling phenomena with convergence and divergence in the study area.
Analysis of Effectiveness of Tandem Oil Fences
Han Dong Gi ; Lee Choung Mook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 38~46
To assess the oil-containment effectiveness of tandem oil fences placed in currents, the movement of oil droplets in the fore and aft region of the fences is investigated by experimental and numerical methods. The effect of the flexibility of the fence skirt of single fence on the fence effectiveness is also investigated. Laboratory experiment is conducted to trace the path of a spherical solid particle of equivalent density to an oil droplet which was released in a uniform stream ahead of a model oil fence. Depending upon the releasing position and the flow condition there, it was observed that the particle floated up to the free surface, collided with the fence, or escaped below the fence. By analyzing the droplet trajectories, a numerical method is developed to predict the region ahead of the fore fence where an oil droplet initiating its motion eventually escapes beneath the fence. The effect of the relative sizes of the drafts of the fore and aft fences, the fence separation, and the bottom depth of the sea bed on the effectiveness of tandem fences is investigated using the numerically obtained trajectories of oil droplets.
An experimental study on drifting and sinkage of marine debris
Song Museok ; Lee Junemok ; Lee Moonjin ; Yu Jeongseok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 47~62
An experimental study was peformed to provide the numerical models to predict the physical fate of marine debris with the key information concerning their trifling and sinkage on the sea. For hygroscopic materials their floating times in a pseudo ocean environment were measured, and for non-hygroscopic objects their drifting limes in a certain wave condition were measured. For sinking materials or objects became to be sinkable free falling experiment was performed to evaluate their falling speed. Summarized information was condensed into a numerical model to predict the most possible region of a significant marine debris accumulation, and the seas connected to the Han river and the Nak-Dong river were considered for the simulation.
A Study of SCAMIN assignment of the ENC Objects for ECDIS Display
Shim Woo Seong ; Yang Seung Ho ; Gim Yeong Suk ; Jeon Hea Yeon ; Cha Seung Gun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 63~69
Many countries are producing the ENC(Electronic Navigational Chart)for their own waters and developing the electronic navigational equipment such as ECS, and ECDIS. Though ECDIS has many advantages, it is almost impossible for the mariner to recognize the displayed information because of intense display of objects so called as the clutter. In this paper, the problem of scale factor has been investigated and now methods, variable factor system, to assign the scale factor were proposed.
Maneuvering Performances of a Ship with Flap Rudder
Lee Ho-Young ; Shin Sang-Sung ; Park Hong-Shik ; Park Jong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 1, 2001, Pages 70~74
In this paper, we studied the maneuvering performances of a ship with flapped rudder. PMM tests were carried out for a ship model with horn type rudder or flapped rudder. The Abkowitz's model was used as a basic mathematical model to simulate the maneuvering motions. The maneuvering motions of a ship with flapped rudder were compared with those of a ship with horn-type rudder. As a result, it was found that the turning ability of a ship with flapped rudder was remarkably improved.