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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 4, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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A Numerical Prediction of Nutrient circulation in Hakata Bay by Sediment-Water Ecological Model(SWEM)
Lee In-Cheol ; Ryu Cheong-Ro ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 3~14
In order to predict nutrient circulation in Hakata bay, we have developed an ecosystem model named the Sediment-Water Ecological Model (SWEM). The model, consisting of two sub-models with hydrodynamic and biological models, simulates the circulation process of nutrient between water column and sediment, such as nutrient regeneration from sediments as well as ecological structures on the growth of phytoplankton and zooplankton. This model was applied to prevent eutrophication in Hakata bay, located in western Japan. The calculated results of the tidal currents by the hydrodynamic model showed good agreement with the observed currents. Moreover, SWEM simulated reasonably well the seasonal variations of water quality, and reproduced spatial heterogeneity of water quality in the bay, observed in the field. According to the simulation of phosphorus circulation at the head of the bay, it was predicted that the regeneration process of phosphorus across the sediment-water interface had a strong influence on the water quality of the bay.
Concentration Changes of Wastewater Effluent Discharge in the Mixing Bone of Masan Sea Outfall
Kang See-Whan ; You Seung-Hyup ; Kim Sang-Ik ; Oh Byung-Cheol ; Park Kwang-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 15~24
The concentration changes of discharged wastewater effluents due to ambient current flows and density stratifications in an outfall mixing zone have been investigated by using the outfall mixing zone analysis of Huang et al.. This analysis was applied to Masan sea outfall case and the concentration distributions of wastewater effluent discharges were simulated using three month period of current-meter data measured in the outfall site. Hourly concentration distributions of wastewater effluents were averaged for the period of 15 days which covers the flow conditions of the neap and the spring tidal currents in Masan Bay. The results show that the wastewater concentrations in the Masan outfall mixing zone were very low due to the higher dilution rates during the period of strong ambient currents and less density stratifications. The higher concentrations in the mixing zone were found in August because of strong density stratifications with low ambient currents. The mixing zone was extended to the west coast beach area because of major tidal current directions. This result can be used to explain the dynamical reasons for the depositional distribution of the contaminated sediments in Masan sea outfall area.
The Controlling factors of Ra Isotopes in Masan Bay
Kim Young Ill ; Chung Chang Soo ; Kim Suk Hyun ; Moon Duk Soo ; Park Jun Kun ; Seo Sung Mo ; Choi Jun Sun ; Yang Dong Beom ; Hong Gi Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 25~34
/sup 226/Ra and /sup 228/Ra analysis were carried out at the representative station of Masan Bay from May to August, 1999. The high activities of /sup 226/Ra and /sup 228/Ra in the surface water were appeared in rainy season (August, 1). However, there is no significant variation in concentrations in the other season. A high negative linear correlation between /sup 226/Ra activities and salinity in the surface water suggests that /sup 226/Ra activity in the surface water was controlled by simple mixing between the two end-members low salinity high /sup 226/Ra activity water of inner Bay and a high salinity low /sup 226/Ra activity water of the continental shelf water out of Bay. /sup 226/Ra activities below the surface mixed layer were higher than those of expected level from the /sup 226/Ra versus salinity. And also /sup 228/Ra//sup 226/Ra ratios in the bottom water were lower compared to those in surface water due to the presence of potential source of /sup 226/Ra below the surface mixed layer. However, it is known that /sup 228/Ra compared to /sup 226/Ra is enriched in bottom sediments and pure water. Therefore, the most probable sources for low /sup 228/Ra//sup 226/Ra activity ration is submarine ground water discharge. Further studies are required to quantify the various sources of /sup 226/Ra and /sup 228/Ra and their relative contributions.
An optimization strategy in wind-driven circulation with uncertain forcing problem off the southeastern coastal waters of Korea
Kim Jong-Kyu ; Kim Heon-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 35~42
We demonstrated the importance of initial estimates of model parameters and the utility of an optimization approach of the uncertain forcing of wind-driven circulation off the southeastern coastal waters of Korea. The wind stress represents the upper boundary condition in this model and enters in the model equation as a forcing term in the numerical formalism. The wind field contributes to maintain the almost time-independent distribution of the upper layer thickness feature in a north-south direction and negative wind stress curl to maintain the formation of warm eddy off the southeastern coastal waters of Korea. Elucidated is the variational characteristics of the East Korean Warm Current due to the variations of the zonally averaged wind stress (southward transport) from the seasonal variations of the meridional transport by the Ekman transport.
A Study on the Pyrolysis System Development for Oil Recovery from Waste Fishing Nets and Ropes
Kim Yong-Seop ; Yu Jeong Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 43~51
Now our ocean environment pollution is very serious. Its harm hinders in marine breeding and the safe navigation of ships at the coast. We have used an assembly system for a measure taken against environment pollution like this. But, here are some problems awaiting solution. First, most of combustible materials among ocean waste are high polymer, so it is necessary some special equipment to incinerate them. In the process we can't overlook air pollution by exhaust gas. Also, when we reclaim these wastes, we remember that they can't be decomposed naturally and leaking water may pollute soil. Thus now a days new treatment method has been developed, it recycles and doesn't product secondary pollution materials by recovering oil from pyrolysis. For it, this study investigated chemicalㆍphysical properties of wastes. And it found condition of recovering the most oil. Also it probed that the variation of temperature raising speed affects the weight reduction characteristics of wastes. Also, while studying recovered oil by waste pyrolysis and the rate of non-condensing gas in accordance with the variation of temperature raising speed. Finally we had confidence the development of pyrolysis oil recovery would succeed because we carried out evaluation at an economic point of view about it.
An Experimental Study on the Parallel plate Arrangement and Oil/water Separation Efficiency for Plate type Oily water Separator
Han Won-Hui ; Kim Gwang-Su ; Lee Jin-Yeol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 52~60
The need to control the oil content in oily bilge water discharges to meet the increasing stringent seawater pollution standards has led to the development of gravity type separators. Among the several gravitational methods, a plate type oily water separator can be used as an assistant equipment for the oil filtering system to meet the present IMO standard of 15 ppm, because it is believed to be an efficient method dealing with a large amount of rich oil with high specific gravity. The purpose of this paper is to examine the efficiency of oil/water separation with the characteristics of separating plate arrangement. An experimental study was carried out to analyse an efficient treatment oil-water mixture with variation of operating parameters, including flow rates, inlet oil concentrations and the height between the plates. The experimental results show that the height between the plates has a significant effect on the separation efficiency. The best efficiency was acquired when the ration of the height between the plates the plates to distance(H/Ci) was 2 with lower inlet oil concentration and lower flow rate.
Development of a barrier system for floating debris at river
Hong K. Y. ; Choi H. S. ; CHo I. H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 4, issue 2, 2001, Pages 61~67
Development of a barrier system for floating debris at river is introduced. The system is to prevent pollution of coastal water caused by marine debris which originates from land. The system consists of harrier boom, mooring system and boom winder. The harrier boom, which is self-inflatable with circular band spring, guides floating debris to a collecting conveyer system. Design parameters of the harrier system were reviewed and its design criteria were established. Based on the established design criteria, a pilot harrier system was built and tested at Tanchon branch of the Han river. It is proved that the suggested system is very efficient to collect floating debris at river.