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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 6, Issue 2 - May 2003
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
An Experimental Investigation of the Underwater Oil Drop Formation
Song Museok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 3~10
Oil drop formation during the underwater oil discharge is investigated experimentally. The focus is placed on the size of the drops formed with the variation of discharge speed and nozzle diameter. As the Reynolds number based on the nozzle diameter increases, the droplet size decreases first and then increases until an explosive atomization occurs. The length of the jet attached to the nozzle Increases with the Reynolds number and then decreases. The transition occurs when the flow becomes asymmetry.
Estimation of Pollution Loads flowing into Mokpo Harbour - Centering on Pollution Loads from Land in Dry Case -
Kim Kwang-Soo ; Lee Nam-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 11~20
The pollution loads flowing into Mokpo harbour from land in dry case were estimated on the bases of the seasonal flow rates and the seasonal water qualities of streams and effluents located around Mokpo harbour. Average daily amount of fresh water Stowing into Mokpo harbour obtained by the inflow rate data of 4 seasons was found to be about 5.5×10/sup 6/㎥/day and annual inflow rate to be about 2×10/sup 9/㎥/year. The seasonal flow rates of effluents iron Yongsan lake were above 90％ of total flow rates of all inflows in 4 seasons. The concentrations of COD, TSS, TIN and TP at 9 inflow stations Iron streams and effluents in 4 seasons were shown to be in the ranges of 2.87~42.69㎎/ℓ, 3.65~1080.32㎎/ℓ, 0.083~89.744㎎/ℓ and 0.028~6.926㎎/ℓ, respectively. The average loads of COD, TSS, TIN and TP into Mokpo harbour estimated by the data of 4 seasons were found to be about 37 ton/day, 64 ton/day, 13 ton/day and 1.2 ton/day, respectively. The loads of COD, TSS, TIN and TP into Mokpo harbour in summer were shown to be about 82 ton/day, 159 ton/day, 14 ton/day and 2 ton/day, respectively. The main source of pollution loads into Mokpo harbour was found to be the effluent of Yongsan lake.
A Regional Approach for Integrated Coastal Management with Scientific and Local Knowledge
Lee Chan-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 21~29
Fishing, aquaculture, coastal tourism and port activities in southern coastal seas are important to the Korean economy Conventional strategies or quick-fixes may not be the best means of addressing coastal issues. Coastal issues in Korean coastal sea include harmful algal blooms (HAB), oxygen depletion, and sea grass disappearance. Regional coastal management plans have been developed during 2001~present after inauguration of Coastal Management Law in 1999. Activities such as eco-pioneer cities, pollution reduction, constitutional rearrangement, environmental regulation, monitoring indicators, and budgeting would be included in regional coastal management Planning. The successful implementation of integrated coastal management is largely dependent on the engagement of government and non-government organizations to increase the chorus of concern. The need to involve coastal area residents in restoring activities was addressed with the creation of NGOs' Association for Masan Bay Restoration (NAMR). Several restoration efforts by NAMR are currently underway in Masan Bay coastal zone with scientific and local knowledge. A new level of dialogue was achieved suggesting a sustainable picture of Masan Bay coastal area regarding to a new port construction.
Review on the Regional Cooperative Activities for Marine Environmental Conservation in Northeast Asia: with Special Reference to the Northwest Pacific Action Plan (NOWPAP)
Kang Chang-Gu ; Kang Seong-Gil ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 30~43
The geography, circulation pattern, and ecology show that the semi-closed seas of Northwest Pacific be managed as one complete system. Ongoing multilateral cooperative efforts relevant to marine environmental protection in the Northwest Pacific area, include the Working Group for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC) established under the auspices of WNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commissions, the UNDP/GEF Programme on Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in East Asian Seas (PEMSEA), the North Pacific Marine Science Organization(PICES), and the United Nations Environment Programme(WNEP)'s Northwest Pacific Action Plan(NOWPAP). The present report firstly describes the current situations on the existing regional cooperative regimes for marine environmental conservation in the Northwest Pacific region, with a special respect to the Northwest Pacific Action Plan(NOWPAP) which was adopted in 1994 by Japan, People's Republic of China, Republic of Korea and Russian Federation. Then, problems of the existing regimes are also discussed, together with the suggestion of the possible solutions, focusing on NOWPAP. Suggestions include: 1) the Northeast Asian countries should understand the importance of legally-binding regional convention, and should build up any legally-binding instrument which can function as a big umbrella for real regional cooperation without prejudice to the rights of the States, 2) At present stage, it will be possible to make a regional convention flexible without prejudice to the sovereign right of the States or territorial issues; 3) taking into account that the region often faces many generic political problems that often inhibit the effective collective actions on environmental issues, the leadership from UNEP or other international organizations is required; 4) strong institutional and financial framework should be made, and 5) multilateral efforts to respond to the new marine environmental threats should be taken at the regional level in order to protect the coastal and marine environments in the Northwest Pacific.
A Simulation on Water quality improvement by the effluent treatment of landbase-seawater culture system in the Kamak bay
Kim Dong-Myung ; Jang Ju-Hyoung ; Cho Hyeon-Seo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 44~59
The three-dimensional eco-hydrodynamic model was applied to estimate the effect of water quality improvement by the effluent treatment of landbase-seawater culture system in the Kamak bay The computed residual currents were dominated southward flow at the northern narrow strait and eastward flow and clockwise water circulation at the mouth of the bay, strongly. The mean relative errors of DIP, DIN and COD between the simulated and observed results at 9 stations in the Kamak bay were shown 14.3％, 25.8％ and 14.4％, respectively. There were high concentrations of DIP, DIN and COD at the northwestern bay which is influenced by pollution loads. The simulations were performed using an ecosystem model under the conditions of DIP 90％, DIN 80％ and COD 60％ treatment efficiency by the ozone treatment system of landbase-seawater culture system. As a results of simulation, the improvement effects of DIP, DIN and COD are 34.4~54.0％ (average 46.4％), 0.4~25.4％(average 8.4％) and 15.6~29.4％(average 22.7％), respectively. Therefore the area of seawater quality grade I based on COD was extended in the bay.
Experimental Investigation of the flow around an Oscillating Circular Cylinder by Using a PIV System
Song Museok ; Lee Sang-Dae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 60~67
Flow around an oscillating circular cylinder was experimentally investigated. With varying Keulegen-Carpenter(KC) number from 10 to 30 the flow field with vortex sheddings and the related hydrodynamic fortes exerting on the cylinder were measured. A newly developed PW(paricle image velocimetry) successfully captured the complex vortical flows varying with the KC number and the flow patterns were 'traverse street', 'single pairing' and 'double pairing' of vortices with increasing KC number, At a certain KC number range the lift force undergoes a transition showing little periodicity due to surrounding complicated shedded vortices.
Comparison of water qualities and pollutants discharged to the East sea of Korea from Namdae and Yeongok stream in the Gangneung city
Yoon Yi Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 68~77
The Water quality of Namdae and Yeongok stream, located in the Kangnung City, and pollutants discharged to the east sea of Korea were investigated during april to November 2002 in order to understand the costal pollution phenomena. The water qualify grade of Namdae stream vary between II and V of water standard. On the other hand, that of Yeongok Stream is keeping I or II. The temporal and spacial variation of Namdae stream are higher than Yeongok stream. The water pollutants discharged to the east sea of Korea from Yeongok stream are lower 15.5 times for BOD, 2.6 times for COD, 1.7 times for T-N, 6.9 times for T-P than from Namdae stream, of which water flux are 1.4 times higher and contain much more of pollutants than Yeongok stream. It may have some effect on the costal ecosystem according to their pollutant flux