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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 6, Issue 2 - May 2003
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Establishment of Korean Environmental Sensitivity Index Map
Sung H. G. ; Lee H. J. ; Lee M. J. ; Kang C. G. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 3~12
Due to the high demand on energy resources accompanied by continuing industrialization and urbanization, the world marine transportation of crude and product oils is being gradually increased. In Korea, we are exposed to the large-scale marine oil spill accidents because a very large oil tanker of 300,000 tonnage must enter Korean Ports every day to meet the domestic demand on oils. Although we are exerting our strength to reduce the probability of marine oil pollution accidents, a unrestorable oil spill is to occur owing to human errors, severe weather conditions, or combined causes. Thus, area contingency plan equipped with appropriate management system for response and restoration for the worst case discharge scenario must be entirely prepared to protect mine environments and coastal resources. In particular, we are focusing on the Environmental Sensitivity Index Map(ESI Map) to reduce the environmental consequences of both spills and clean-up efforts by specifying protection Priorities in advance and identifying in-situ response strategies. In this paper, Korean ESI Map is introduced with brief definition of sensitivity to oiling and main features of the software developed hitherto.
The Characteristics of suspended particulate matter and surface sediment of C, N in the Northern East China Sea ill summer
KANG Mun Gyu ; CHOI Young Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 13~23
Organic carbon and nitrogen contents in suspended particulate matter (SPM) and surface sediments in seawater were measured in the Northern East China Sea in summer. The distribution of particulate organic carbon(POC) and particulate organic nitrogen(PON) were in the ranges of 54~481㎍/ℓ and 6~85㎍/ℓ, respectively, with relatively high level of concentrations in the western and southern sides of the study area. Also, there has been a significantly positive correlation between POC and PON, gradually increasing toward the deeper range of depth. Average C:N ratios of POC and PON of SPM were 6 in study area. The ratios of POC to PON of SPM increased as the range of depth increased, indicating nitrogen decomposes more rapidly than carbon and is considered to be influenced by the input of detritus from surface sediments. The distribution of total organic matter(TOM), total organic carbon(TOC) and total organic nitrogen(TON) in surface sediments were in the ranges of 3.1~9.6%, 0.282~0.635% and 0.022~0.069%, respectively, with relatively low range in the western and northern sides of the study area. The ratio of TOC to TON of surface sediments were in the range of 9.8~17.4(average of 13), strongly indicating the active role of the input from the terrestrial organic pollutants.
Temporal and Spatial Fluctuations of Coastal Water Quality and Effect of Small Tide Embankment in the Muan Peninsula of Korea
Lee Dae-In ; Cho Hyeon-Seo ; Lee Gyu-Hyung ; Lee Moon-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 24~36
In this study, we estimated the seasonal fluctuations of water quality and effect of small tide embankment in coastal water around the Muan Peninsula, which is located in the northern part of Mokpo city, and layer farming ground is spread around there. Some physical and chemical factors were analyzed to characterize water quality from Jan. to Oct. in 1994. The results were as follows: Dissolved oxygen was slightly under saturation in the almost areas of July, and in some bottom layer at ebb tide of October. Distribution of COD showed high values that over 2㎎/L in October and flood tide of April by the discharge of freshwater and resuspension of benthic sediment, which exceeded water quality criteria II. Maximum values of dissolved inorganic nitrogen ware appeared in surface layer during the flood tide of October, while minimum of that showed in surface layer in April. Concentration of dissolved inorganic phosphorus was higher at July than the others, which ranged from 0.24 to 2.08㎍-at/L. Mostly mean values of N/P ratio were lower than 16, it mean that nitrogen is more limiting nutrient than phosphorus for the growth of phytoplankton. The values of eutrophication index were in the range of 0.07~0.81. However, very high values due to increase of COD were estimated near the tide embankment and southern part in relation to tidal current in October. Water quality around tide embankment was suddenly changed worse within a short period after opening the water gate during the rainfall.
The Estimation of the contribution rate of Mokpo Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant to the Improvement of Marine Water Quality in Mokpo Harbour
Kim Kwang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 37~44
In order to evaluate the contribution of MMSTP operation to the improvement of marine water quality of Mokpo harbour and to estimate the change of pollution loads flowing into Mokpo harbour after the operation of Mokpo Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant (MMSTP), the pollution loads flowing into Mokpo harbour from land in dry weather were surveyed and estimated on the bases of the seasonal flow rates and the seasonal water qualities of streams and effluents located around Mokpo harbour from summer, 1997 to spring, 1998 before the operation of MMSTP, and the pollution loads of the inflow and the effluent of MMSTP were also surveyed and estimated from winter, 1998 to spring, 1999 after the operation of MMSTP. The treatment rates of MMSTP were shown to be about 49% in COD, 76% in TSS, 79% in VSS, 3% in T-N, 7% in DIP, 29% In T-P and -32% in DIN. The change rates of pollution loads flowing into the inner harbour of Mokpo due to the operation of MMSTP were shown to be about 56% in COD, 78% in TSS, 84% in VSS, 45% in DIN, 22% in T-N, 34% in T-P and -14% in DIP The contribution rates of MMSTP operation to the reduction of total pollution loads flowing into the entire Mokpo harbour were found to be about 3% in COD, 3% in TSS, 5% in VSS, 1% in DIP, 3% in T-P and -1% in DIN.
Boundary Element Analysis on the Hydraulic Characteristics of Submerged Breakwater with Trapezoidal Type
Kim Nam-Hyeong ; Yang Soon-Bo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 45~51
The reflection and transmission of submerged breakwater with trapezoidal type are computed numerically using boundary element method. The analysis method is based on the wave pressure function with the contlnuit? in the analytical region including fluid and porous structures. Wane motion within the porous structures is simulated by introducing the linear dissipation coefficient and added mass coefficient. The results indicate that transmission and reflection coefficient are determined due to the change of slope of submerged breakwater with trapezoidal type.
An Experimental Study on the Recovery of Diesel Oil Using a Drum Type Skimmer
Song Dong-Eub ; Jung Song-Whoan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 52~66
Generally we have difficulty in removing oil using mechanical devices because recovery rate and recovery efficiency decrease remarkably when operating in thin oil films or in oils of very high viscosity In the Present study a series of experiments were carried out to study the effect of operating conditions on the rate of recovery for the spilled oil using a drum type skimmer. For each set of experiments depth of immersion, oil film thickness and the circumferential speeds were varied systematically to find the effects on the recovery rate. The results shows that recovery rate is dependent on the contact angle for the depth of immersion and the highest rate of oil recovery shows in the case of a contact angle of 45°(h/d=0.15). For the removal of spilled oil the optimal circumferential speed can be found as the critical value to reach the saturated recovery rate for a given oil film thickness and depth of immersion. Even in thin oil thickness we have enough recovery rate and recovery efficiency within critical circumferential speed this way.
Modeling of Water Circulation and Suspended Sediment Transport in Lake Daecheong
Jung Tae Sung ; Hwang Jung Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 67~82
A 2-dimensional hydrodynamic model has been applied to understand water circulation pattern in Lake Deacheong. The simulation results have been used in sediment transport modeling. A sediment transport model using a particle tracking method has been developed to simulate sediment transport in the ocean, river and reservoir. The model was applied to estimate transport track of particulate pollutants in the lake. The hydrodynamic model was verified for water level variations and showed good agreements. Through the results we found out that water velocity is less than 5 cnysec for mean yearly flow and more than 120 cnysec at some points for the simulated flood flow. The incoming sediment particles in flood season reached into the Daecheong Dam. But the incoming sediment particles in the mean flow were settled down at riverbed and didn't move into the dam. These results can be used in setting up water quality management plan in the lake.