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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Nov 2004
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Aug 2004
Volume 7, Issue 2 - May 2004
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on the NOx Emission Status and Reduction Technologies of Domestic Marine Engine
Kang K. J. ; Kim S. H. ; Kim E. C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 57~63
In this paper, the NOx emission and the reduction technologies of NOx emission for domestic marine diesel engine were investigated. At first, the present production status of domestic marine diesel engines was investigated. In the next, the NOx emission of domestic marine diesel engines was investigated. Finally, the present status of a reduction technologies of NOx emission was investigated. From this investigation, It could be founded that the domestic marine diesel engines satisfied the IMO current NOx regulations, however the higher technologies must be studied to prepare the more severe IMO regulations of the near future.
Formation and Characteristics of Ocean Fronts at the East China Sea in Southwestern Sea Area from Jeju Island, Summer
Heo M. Y. ; Choi Y. C. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 64~69
The results of analyzing the hydrographic observations in the southwestern sea of Jeju Island in the last 10 days of August 1999 to investigate the characteristics of oceanic front area appeared in the East China Sea in August from is summarized as follows: In Line A, a front appears at Station A5 of 124°E and 31°30'N, showing relatively uniform density of 21.4 to 22.1 in the surface layer of 50m depth, which is distinguished from 22.0 shown in the sides of China and open ocean. In Line B, a front also appears at Station B6 of 124°E and 33°N, of which density is distinguished from 20.0 shown in the sides of China and open ocean as In Line A. As a result, the front area caused by fresh water runoffs from the Yangtze River in the East China Sea is formed at 124°E and 124°30'in the direction of east and northeast from Yangtze River, respectively. Nutrient concentrations in the study area are characterized by higher density in the side of China and by clear density difference between the upper and the lower layers in the side of open ocean, while by uniformly lower density concentration between the upper and the lower layers in the front area. Chlorophyll-α concentrations is high in the sides of China and open ocean, while low in the front area. Judging from the above results, the productivity in the front area is lower according to the inactivity of phytoplankton due to increased flow from vertical mixing between the upper layer and the lower layer. Also, the front area in the East China Sea in summer may be moved towards the adjacent sea of Jeju Island by increasing fresh water runoffs from the Yangtze River in summer.
Development of Dredging Index for the Rational Remediation of Polluted Coastal Sediments
Lee Chan-Won ; Kwon Young-Tack ; Yun Ji-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 70~74
There is a need to have a dredging index for decision of contaminated sediments dredging. Some differences from nation to nation were found in sediment quality guideline being applied by several nations because of economic level, environmental nature, and multiple uses. Therefore, it is not reasonable to adapt one guideline to be applied to sediments dredging. In this study, we developed dredging index by combining four numerical sets of sediment quality judgement into a quadrodiagram for prudential decisions. This newly developed dredging index was applied to the data obtained from Masan Bay before and after the dredging process. The quadrodiagrams of DI give us a nice graphical comparison and numerical values to explain the relative dredging effect under the circumstances of continuous input loadings. When the guideline value of DI is determined for the judgement of dredging considering social and economic impacts on local community, the DI value will be a scientific and reasonable tool in deciding dredging area and dredging depth.
Evaluation of Heavy Metal Pollution in the Dumping Site of the Dredged Sediment, Masan Bay
Kwon Young-Tack ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 75~81
A large amount 2.1×106 ㎥ of the polluted sediment was dredged from the Masan Bay and deposited in Gapo confined area, Masan. The dissolved metal concentrations of seawater in the dumping site (Gapo area) were observed during one tidal cycle and compared with those of seawater obtained from Jinhae Bay. The sediment was evaluated as from Non polluted to Moderately polluted by USEPA standards. It was judged that toxicological effects of sediment analyzed ranged from ERL to ERM with copper and zinc, and ERL with cadmium, chrome, lead, and nickel by the Adverse Biological Effects. The pollutant concentration was low in surface sediment compared to deeper sediment since the sediments with relatively low concentrations of pollutant were dumped to the surface. The pollutant concentration was low in surface sediment compared to deeper sediment since the sediments with relatively low concentrations of pollutant were dumped to the surface. The benthic organisms in Gapo area had higher concentrations of trace metals (Oyster: Zn 238.96, Cu 5.29 ㎍/g wet wt., Clam: Zn 17.71, Cu 1.00 ㎍/g wet wt., Mussel. Zn 187.98, Pb 0.28, Cr 0.15, Mn 4.23, Sr 1.45 and Fe 100.33 ㎍/g wet wt.) compared to outside of dumping site. However, the trace metal level in the bivalves was less than the NFPQIS (National Fisheries Products Quality Inspection Service) standard.
Evaluation of Tidal Flow around the Pile-supported Pier Structures
Park Il Heum ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 82~88
To evaluate the tidal flow around the transmission type harbour structures, the numerical models considering hydraulic resistance are used. The traditional governing equations of depth-integratef hydrodynamics are modified by using of the drag force term. As a numerical model to evaluate the rate of tidal exchange, the Random-walk method is used. The models are applied in a design of the pile-supported pier structures in Busan harbour site, Korea, where the flow speed and the tidal exchange are more promotive than the case of non-transmission structure. The developed model will be applied usefully to design the transmission type structure in the ocean space.
Local Citizenry Consciousness Survey of 『Campaign for Shaping Mokpo into Beautiful Seaport』 1. Urban Environment and Citizenry Cultural Consciousness
Kim Kwang Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 89~97
Recently, Namak New Town is under construction adjacent to Mokpo City, and New Great Harbour Bridge between Mokpo City and Koha Island is designed to be built across Inner Harbour of Mokpo. Citizens' concerns about and participations in 「Campaign for Shaping Mokpo into Beautiful Seaport」 are required to make up the sight of Mokpo harbour beautifully. The of 「Master Plan for the Development of Beautiful Mokpo Seaport」 was reviewed. Citizens' levels of consciousness of and participation in 「Campaign for Shaping Mokpo into Beautiful Seaport」 were ascertained through questionnaire surveys of citizenry opinions, and prerequisites and requirements for the success of 「Master Plan for the Development of Beautiful Mokpo Seaport」 were suggested on the basis of the results of questionnaire surveys. As most of citizens are not satisfied with the existing urban environment in Mokpo City, the urban environment and the view of Mokpo are required to be made up according to the natural, social and environmental characteristics of Mokpo and its adjacent Islands in coastal waters. In order to cultivate citizens' basic cultural consciousness and sense of public kindness, cleanliness and orderliness, various educational programs are required to be developed and executed. Only when local government of Mokpo City collects the public opinions and continues to shape Mokpo into international beautiful seaport in the direction of a reflex of public opinion, Mokpo harbour can be made up into international beautiful seaport successfully with citizens' positive participation in citizenry practicable action plan.
Local Citizenry Consciousness survey of 『Campaign for Shaping Mokpo into Beautiful Seaport』 2. Citizenry Consciousness of Marine Environment
Kim Kwang Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 98~103
Recently, a New Great Harbour Bridge between Mokpo City and Koha Island is planned to be built across Mokpo Inner Harbour, and Namak New Town is under construction adjacent to Mokpo. Citizels' concorn of and participation in 「Campaign for Shaping Mokpo into Beautiful Seaport」 are necessary to match the view of Mokpo harbour with natural scenery beautifully and with marine environment harmoniously. Citizens'ㄹ levels of consciousness of coastal and marine environment were ascertained through questionnaire surveys of local citizenry attitudes and opinions, and citizenry action plans for the conservation of coastal and marine environments around Mokpo harbour are suggested on the basis of the results of questionnaire surveys. Citizens' voluntary participations in local policy for the control of marine wastes production and in a campaign for the collections of marine debris and wastes around beaches and coastal areas are required. The operation of municipal sewage treatment plants is to be performed effectively and efficiently, and to be monitored and evaluated periodically by the general public, the local federation for environmental movement or NGO. The development and performance of marine environmental education programs and an enlightenment campaign for environment preservation are to be incessantly done in cooperation with local residents. Only when local government of Mokpo collects the public opinions and continues to shape Mokpo into international beautiful seaport in the direction of a reflex of public opinion, coastal and marine environment around Mokpo harbour can be kept in good condition with citizens' positive participation in citizenry long-term practical action plans for environment conservation.
A Study on the Pollution of Bisphenol A in Surface Sediment around Gwangyang Bay
Cho Hyeon-Seo ; Kim Yong-Ok ; Shin Tai-Sun ; Horiguchi Toshihiro ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 2, 2004, Pages 104~110
This study was carried out to survey the pollution of bisphenol A(BPA) and total organic carbon(TOC) in surface sediments around Gwangyang bay. BPA is suspected chemicals as endocrine disruption. Gwangyang bay Is located on the mid south coast of Korea. It is a semi-closed bay which Yeosu petrochemical industrial complex, POSCO(Pohang Steel Company) and Gwangyang container harbor are located. The surface sediments were collected at 15 stations with gravity corer at October, 1999, February, May and August, 2000. Also, the stream and intertidal sediment were collected at 5 sites at August, 2000. Concentrations of BPA in surface sediments were in the range of 0.46 to 24.59 ng/g dry wt.. Seasonal range(mean value) of BPA are 0.59 to 9.00(1.88) ng/g dry wt. at October, 0.99 to 2.97(1.57) ng/g dry wt. at February, 0.46 to 24.59(2.53)ng/g dry wt. at May and 0.54 to 2.46 (1.29)ng/g dry wt. at August. BPA was seasonally fluctuated, and the highest mean value and range were detected at May, 2000. BPA was highly distributed in the inner part of Kwangyang bay than Yosu sound. Concentrations of BPA in stream and intertidal sediments showed the highest value in downstream near Yochon petrochemical industrial complex and Yondung stream. It suggests that the source of BPA are industrial wastewater and municipal sewage. TOC in surface sediments were in the range of 0.09∼1.22%. There was no any correlation between the BPA and TOC.