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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Nov 2004
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Aug 2004
Volume 7, Issue 2 - May 2004
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Improvement of Water Quality in Shrimp Aquaculture Farms of Southwestern Coastal Area of Korea
Kim Do-Hee ; Lee Ha-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 159~163
This study was performed to estimate the water quality of pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, ammonium and sulfur hydroxides of sediment in shrimp aquaculture farms of Southwestern coastal of Korea from June to September, 2003. We surveyed the status of water quality and achieved the improve water and sediment quality to restraint the production of ammonium and sulfur hydroxides from sediment of shrimp aquaculture farms. The concentrations of dissolved oxygen increased from noon to the evening for 6 hour and decreased to 2.98 ppm at six o'clock in the next morning and increased repeatedly, even though DO level has a different level in sunny day and cloudy day. This results suggest that the most importance time of the control of DO in shrimp aquaculture farm is next early morning and if the DO concentration increased continuously which may be growing up the concentrations of NH₄/sup +/ and H₂S. The measured of pH and salinity were suitable to growth of shrimp. However, the level of ammonium and sulfur hydroxides produced from the sediments of shrimp aquaculture farms were 2.30 ppm and 0.075 ppm, respectively, which are exceeded to the concentration of guide line for the growth of shrimp. In the results of this study, we found it difficult to improve the water quality using of the present frame of shrimp aquaculture farms. Then, we can improved water quality of DO, NH₄/sup +/ and sediment quality of ORP, H₂S and also achieved down to the rate of shrimp fatal by changed the frame of shrimp aquaculture farms in the scale of laboratory.
Estimation on the Variation of Marine Environment by the Distribution of Organic Matter and Dinoflagellate Cyst in the Vertical Sediments in Gmmak Bay, Korea
Park Jong Sick ; Yoon Yang Ho ; Noh Il Hyeun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 164~173
Field survey on the marine environmental characteristics by the distribution of dinoflagellate cysts and organic matter was carried out bimonthly at 6 stations in Gamak Bay, the southern part of Korean Peninsula from June 2000 to April 2001. The range of environmental factors on vertical sediments such as ignition loss (IL), chemical oxygen demand (CODs), total sulfide (H₂S), particulate organic carbon (POC), particulate organic nitrogen (PON) and phaeopigment were 3.21∼11.18％. 12.25∼99.26 mgO₂/g dry, 2.49∼116.18 ㎍/g dry, 2.91∼116.18 mgC/g dry, 0.53∼2.82 mgN/g dry and 2.49∼116.18 ㎍/g dry, respectively. A total of 38 species dinoflageuate cysts belonged to 21 genera, 36 species, and 2 unidentified species. A cysts density were 18∼3,836 cysts/g dry. Vertical distribution of organic matter and dinoflagellate cysts was rapidly decreased from surface to deeper sediment. The eutrophication in the northwestern parts of Gamak Bay might originated since 1980s.
A review on the Plan for the Further Reinforcement of the NOx Emission Limit for Marine Diesel Engine
Jang M.S. ; Kim S. H. ; Kang K.S. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 174~179
Domestic marine diesel engine makers reduce the NOx emission mostly by applying low NOx fuel nozzle and injection timing retard. However, it is necessary to develop high efficient technology (EGR, DWI and SCR, etc.) to reduce NOx emission in order to prepare for the further reinforcement of the NOx emission limit. Also, in the near future, IMO will restrict additively THC, PM and CO with NOx. Therefore, domestic engine makers have to prepare for it and the relevant government ministries should give a sufficient support to these technology research and establish or amend the relevant law, which should include the excursion riverboat.
A Study on the Improvement of a Hook for the Collecting of Marine Wastes on the Seabed
Kwoun Chul Hui ; Shon Jang-Ho ; Yoon Tae kyung ; Kim Ho-sang ; Choi Jong-Gyoo ; Han Myung Ill ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 180~184
The purpose of this study is the improvement of a hook for the collection of marine wastes on the seabed, which is connected to the spring device. The performance of the modified hook was tested on the seabed around Wando island. The collection efficiency of the hook was improved especially in the rocky area on the seabed. A experiment in the study area is verified with seafloor images displayed by Side Scan Sonar. The modified hook can be used for the collection of marine wastes with the its less frequent loss in the sea.
Analysis on Tension Response of Mooring Line by Lateral Excitation
Jung Dong Ho ; Kim Hyeon Ju ; Moon Deok Su ; Park Han Il ; Choi Hak Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 185~191
A mooring system can be applied to keep the position of a floating structures. In this study, the structural analysis is carried out to analyze the dynamic characteristics of a mooring line for a floating breakwater. A three-dimensional equations of motion for a submerged chain are derived. Bending stiffness is considered for the necessary restoring force in the regions of zero tension. A fortran program is to be developed by employing finite difference method. In the algorithm, an implicit time integration and Newton-Raphson iteration are adopted. The results of simulation show good agreement in tension response pattern with the experimental results of a reference. The results of this study can contribute for the design of mooring system for a floating breakwater.
Numerical Computations on the Hydrodynamic Forces by Internal Waves in a Sediment Pocket
Kyoung Jo-Hyun ; Kim Jang-Whan ; Bai Kwang-June ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 192~198
A numerical method is developed to solve a two-dimensional diffraction problem for a body located in a sediment pocket where a heavier muddy water is trapped. In the present study, the wave exciting forces acting on a submerged body in the water-sediment interface by an incident wave is investigate. It is assumed that the heavier mud is trapped locally in a sediment pocket. A mathematical formulation is made in the scope of the potential theory. The fluid is assumed to be inviscid, incompressible and its motion irrotational. The boundary conditions on the unknown free surface and interface are linearized. As a method of solution, the localized finite-element method is adopted. In the method, the computation domain is reduced by utilizing the complete set of analytic solutions known in the infinite subdomain to be truncated by introduction of an appropriate juncture conditions. The main advantage of this method is that any complex geometry of the boundaries can be easily accommodated. Computations are carried out for mono-chromatic plane progressive surface waves normally incident on the domain. Numerical results are compared with those obtained by Lassiter based on Schwingers variational method. Good Agreements are obtained in general. Another numerical computations are made for the cases with and without a body in the sediment pocket.
Development of Hybrid Three Dimensional Beach Deformation Model and Its Application
Shin Seung-Ho ; Hong Keyyong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 199~206
Construction of a large offshore structure in coastal area may cause serious morphological changes for a wide region ranging from shoreline to offshore behind the structure. Shin et at.  and Shin and Hong  identified the sediment transport patterns behind the large offshore structure through a series of three dimensional movable bed experiments. In present study, a hybrid three dimensional beach deformation model was suggested based on those sediment transport mechanisms revealed by experimental results of the preceding studies. The model was verified by the results of the three dimensional moveable bed experiments and they agreed well not only in reappeared tombolo in shoreline side but also in the erosion and deposition region behind offshore structure. In addition, the model was applied to real beach deformation problem, which was occurred by construction of artificial offshore islands, and it validates the applicability of the model.
An Experimental Study of Sediment Transport Patterns behind Offshore Structure
Shin Seung-Ho ; Hong Keyyong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 207~215
Recently, securing a vast land in the land region becomes more difficult and efforts to seek its alternation in the sea area have been increased. As a consequence, the coastal region has been faced to extensive beach erosion problems. In planning offshore structures such as artificial islands, it is necessary to forecast the influence of the structure construction exerting on the beach erosion of the adjacent coast. In the present study, the sediment movement pattern behind offshore structure was examined through a series of three dimensional movable bed experiments, so as to develop the numerical model which forecasts morphological change including beach erosions. The experimental results reveal that the sediment movement patterns of the beach line side and the depth region are separated at a certain boundary line. In details, at the beach side including swash zone the sediment movement becomes dominant, which is governed by a relation between depth contours and incident wave directions, while at the depth region the bed load and suspended load due to the orbit motion of waves are carried by nearshore currents, and both movements are clearly separated at a specified boundary that is related to partial standing wave from the beach. It is expected that these results can be effectively used for verification of a numerical model on morphological change of the coast.
Numerical Analysis on Nonlinear Sloshing Problem using Finite Element Method
Kyoung Jo-Hyun ; Kim Jang-Whan ; Cho Seok-Kyu ; Bai Kwang-June ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 216~223
A nonlinear sloshing problem is numerically simulated. During excessive sloshing the sloshinginduced impact load can cause a critical damage on the tank structure. A three-dimensional free-surface flow in a tank is formulated in the scope of potential flow theory. The exact nonlinear free-surface condition is satisfied numerically. A finite-element method based on Hamiltons principle is employed as a numerical scheme. The problem is treated as an initial-value problem. The computations are made through an iterative method at each time step. The hydrodynamic loading on the pillar in the tank is computed.